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  • 1.
    Abbas, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dahlberg, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Analys av ett nytt transportupplägg för externa transporter inom Europa för Jula AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Jula AB is a family-owned business, founded by Lars-Göran and Irene Blank in 1979. Julas's concept is based on offering creative Do It Yourself (DIY'ers) and professionals attractive collections with affordable prices. This is achieved by the large volumes of finished products purchased directly without any intermediaries from the suppliers. Since Jula does not manufacture its goods, efficient logistics is essential. The importance of this factor is based on the fact that a large part of the total product value consists of transpor-tation.

    Jula AB mandated two students from University West to develop alternative proposals for a new transportation arrangement. This is aimed to reduce the company's transporta-tion costs. The degree of filling of the carrier's capacity varies today. The cost of the transport depends on the transported volume; the smaller shipments the higher the trans-portation costs. One option to increase the degree of filling is to coordinate the small shipments and thus reduce the cost of the transportation; this can be accomplished by identifying and locating terminals.

    The authors obtained the necessary data from the theoretical materials dealing with the elements of transport planning and a preformed benchmarking at Volvo PV in Skövde. Interviews with employees at Jula, Arcese and University West were also used. The pro-ject was limited to only examine the country with the largest volume and the highest number of shipments; this was done in order to enable the work of the thesis. This resulted in Italy as the relevant country for localization. By using the center of gravity method, the optimal location for establishment of a terminal was determined. This resulted in identi-fying the optimal location to coordinate shipments in the city of Verona, Italy. The pro-posal was presented to the transport companies Collicare and Arcese, the companies ap-peared to each own a terminal in Verona. And thus, two alternatives were able to be es-tablished whereby cost analysis for each one was estimated. This was done to enable a comparison between the proposed transportation arrangements with the one currently uti-lized.

  • 2.
    Abdul Rahman, Deya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ingólfsdóttir, Kolbrá
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Heroes or Traitors?: A comparative study on how U.S. liberal and conservative leading news articles frame Julian Assange & Edward Snowden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to compare how U.S. liberal and conservative media frames the whistleblowers Julian Assange and Edward Snowden. The questions we want to answer are, 1. What traits of heroes can be found in U.S. liberal and conservative media? 2. What traits of traitors can be found in U.S. liberal and conservative media? 3. Is there a difference between the U.S. liberal and conservative media’s representation of Assange and Snowden? In order to analyze the liberal and conservative media, the ontology of social constructivism and theories of framing, ideal types and political ideologies will be used. A qualitative comparative analysis will be conducted in order to find traits of our created ideal types, heroes and traitors in the liberal and conservative U.S. media. The analysis will show that there are great differences in how the newspapers frame the whistleblowers Assange and Snowden.

  • 3.
    Abenius, Anna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Advertisement Through the Male Gaze: A Qualitative Study on How Gendered Fashion Advertisement is Perceived2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis examines the perception of gender stereotyped fashion advertisement according to two generational groups of women (>60 or <25) without university degrees. The study is comparative and derives from a problem definition which focuses on the (re)production of gender roles through advertisement which perpetuates unequal power structures. The study aims to describe the perception of the two groups through in-depth interviews with six women in total. Thus, the study uses a qualitative approach and has a twoparted theoretical framework. The selection of advertisements that are reviewed by the respondents originates from the Male Gaze theory and the Madonna/Whore Complex with indicators of nudity and position. Moreover, the interviewees’ responses are analyzed through the Madonna/Whore Complex, the Objectification Theory and the Theory of Generations. This thesis suggests that the categorization of women as Whores or Madonnas in advertisement is perceived to be true by both groups. It proposes a great generational difference, as that the younger generation women see the categorization of women as either Whores or Madonnas in the social world, while the older do not. Concluding, harmful beauty norms and feminine behavioral traits seem to be partly internalized

  • 4.
    Adeyemi, Cornelius
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Barton, Lino
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Colonial discourse in development aid publications: A Comparative study of the UK and Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is performed as a comparative small-N study making use of post-colonial theory aiming to analyse whether, and if so how, Western government agencies working in the field of 'development assistance' reinforce colonial stereotypes by availing colonial discourse. Post-colonial and discourse theory are used to challenge colonial theory, allowing to break the binary opposition and power structures of the Self and the Other, opening a third space where hybrid identities can be acknowledged.

    With Critical Discourse Analysis serving as a tool in the construction of a text analytical method applied to the documents published by the Swedish governmental development agency, Sida and the British Department for International Development (DFID) to examine whether and how they (re-)produce colonial discourse in their publications.

    The monumental role of Britain in the colonisation of lands and people versus Sweden's comparatively small and short territorial possession of colonies, and especially how both nations relate differently to their colonial past represented in contemporary discourse, makes this paper an interesting comparative study. The research contributes to knowledge on how Western governmental development agencies sustain and/or contest remnants of colonial structures embedded and projected through discourse.

    The main findings of this study are that both the DFID and Sida engage in and (re-)produce CD in their publications. However, to a certain extent they do differ, with Sida making use of non-CD to a significantly larger extent than the DFID.

  • 5.
    Agus, Claudio
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Svensson, Lukas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Vilka egenskaper påverkar slutpriserna på bostadsrätter i centrala Göteborg?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze different condominium characteristics and to find out how much they affect the prices of condominiums located in the central areas of Gothenburg. A hedonic pricing model and several regression analyzes have been used to find the results. Information from 332 sold condominiums from 18-02-2015 to 18-05-2015 has been used in the calculations, grouped into different variables. The various independent variables as living space, fees and location explains the dependent variable that is the final price of condominiums. A shorter time interval has been used to minimize price impact from macroeconomic factors such as inflation, interest rates and economic forecasts. Four different parish areas have been explored: Johanneberg, Vasa, Annedal and Domkyrkan. The information about the condominiums sold was retrieved from värderingsdata.se. The results showed that the size, fees, balcony, floor and age influence the prices. The size indicated the absolute greatest impact on prices.

  • 6.
    Ahlquist, Morgan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Zetterman, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rekryteringsprocessen: En studie om de olika faktorer som påverkar rekrytering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recruitment-subject is very emotional regardless of context. We noticed initially that the subject is very diverse and therefore we had to limit ourselves. The intent of the study was to be objective. We chose to research about the recruitment process and the building blocks behind it. The process is undeniably the heart of the recruitment process and employee turnover, which is why it should be highly developed and effective.

    This study is primarily based on a qualitative method, whereas the purpose is to answer the research question; "How does the recruitment process work? – What is the most important part in the recruitment process?". Theory and research are based on current as well as established work within the subject. The reason we use established work is that it is still useful to the degree that it has not been proved wrong or obsolete to this day. The empirics was gathered through six different set of interviews with different participants. The participants are employed within different areas of their respective organization and thereby give us different perspectives of the process. The study results in an analysis of our theory and empirics. The analysis in turn will be based upon our hermeneutical method, meaning that it is our own interpretation based on the research material. The interpretation is validated based on the theory and research presented in the study. The analysis results in a conclusion that answers the two research questions.

    The result of our research study proves that the process is dependent on different factors, such as requirement analysis, selection methods and well planned interviews. A key to success during the recruitment process are personality and behavior tests. The most important factor during the recruitment process is the more current method, which is based on e-recruitment. E-recruitment focuses on being effective and automated. It is a hybrid among the studied recruitment forms that does not affect the size of the recruiting organization.

  • 7.
    Ahmed, Mustafa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Fröst, Victoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Personal Experiences of Somali Women in Uddevalla: A comparative case study on Somali women’s understandings of their experiences in the integration process2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In connection to an existing research project, Micro-migration and Integration with relevance for Uddevalla, this study aims to analyse and compare the subjective understandings of Somali women’s experiences in the integration process in the Swedish society. Integration is a multifaceted and ongoing process in which the self-understandings of this notion is bound to change over time in relation to socio-economic and cultural contexts. In light of this, the thesis employs a comparative case study that is based on data collected through focus group discussions with newly arrived women and women who have stayed in Sweden for a longer time. The analytical framework utilizes acculturation theory to study what traces of integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization can be identified in the selfunderstandings and how they develop over time. Some of the conclusions from the study by the interviewees notify language being crucial. Both groups understand that Swedish constitutes a step in the overall process for establishment and the newly arrived women showed an awareness about it being the ultimate factor that can speed up their own integration process. The findings of the research include that there is a deviation of the understandings between the groups when it comes to housing and identity. The group of newly arrived women with the exception of one participant, indicated a clear separation in regard to both aspects above whereas the women who have lived in Sweden for 9-10 years showed clear traces of integration. Hence, in the beginning of the integration process a person might have a theoretical understanding that indicates separation but experience a discursive shift towards the lens of integration.

  • 8.
    Aigbefo, Glory
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aseghehey, Mekonen Araia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Business and Financial Analysis of Arctic Paper Munkedals AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis evaluates both the business and financial performance of Arctic Paper Munkedals AB. The company was founded in 1817 and is located in Munkedal, Sweden. The evaluation was achieved through ratio analysis of the annual reports of Arctic Paper Munkedals AB over a five-year period and business performance analysis using the balanced scorecard model. The data collections are from the annual financial reports for five years before the 2008 recession. Different financial ratios were evaluated such as short-term liquidity ratios, leverage ratios, profitability ratios, asset utilization and capital market ratios. The mathematical calculations were established for ratio analysis from 2003-2007 along with graphical analysis and comparisons. According to Altman (The Journal of Finance, 1968), observed evidence for five years prior to failure was cited as conclusive that ratio analysis can be useful in the prediction of failure. The research paper also analyzes the business performance of Arctic Paper Munkedals AB using the balanced scorecard model. This model is a customer-based planning and process improvement system, with its primary focus on driving an organization's change process by identifying and evaluating pertinent performance measures. It complements the traditional financial perspective with other non­financial perspectives such as customer satisfaction, internal business process as well as learning and growth. The balanced set of performance measures tells a concise yet complete story about the achievement and performance of the organization toward its mission and goals. It provides a holistic view of what is happening in the organization.

  • 9.
    Akimana, Allison
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    New Public Management Vs Professionalism: A qualitative case study of the local political governance and its effect on the role and autonomy of teachers in the Swedish public compulsory schools2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last three decades have been characterized with tremendous changes and reformations in the Swedish school policy as a result from the global trend of reorganizing the public sector. These reformations consisted of shifting the responsibility of managing the organization and financial distribution from the government to the local municipalities. However, with that fact, the Swedish educational sector has been experiencing a teacher shortage especially in the public compulsory schools at the local level. Which leads to the purpose of this study how local authorities are promoting teachers and their role.

    The aim of this thesis is to study and analyze how the local political governance is designed (through local policies/regulations, financial management and auditing) is affecting the role and autonomy of teachers in the public compulsory schools in relation to the new public management and professionalism as management models. This is a qualitative descriptive case study where the municipality of Trollhättan and its local regulatory tools will be analyzed, and where potential conflicts that may arise between the two management models will be theoretically explained.

    Finally, as the analysis shows, there are features of the disagreement between the new public management and professionalism (control and autonomy) in the design of the local political governance of the school policy and its effect on the role of teachers. It is also remarkable that the way of governance of the school policy by local authorities plays an important role in promoting the role of teachers.

  • 10.
    Akyol, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Popovski, Filip
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hushållens skuldsättning: En studie om faktorerna bakom hushållens skuldsättning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to investigate which factors are the most crucial in the Swedish household indebtedness. We use Meng et al. (2011) model to access the impact of unemployment, the number of new construction of housing, population, gross domestic product, real estate price index, consumer price index and the interest rate on the Swedish household indebtedness for the period 1995-2015. In addition, we use cointegration and ECM "Error Correction Model" to determine the long run and the short run impact of these factors on the Swedish household indebtedness. The results in the study reveal the GDP and housing prices as the most crucial factors that household debt has increased in the long term, while the most decisive short-term factors are unemployment and housing prices.

  • 11.
    Alanko, Eveliina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pandid, Mila
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Who is the victim?: A descriptive single case study of the United Nations’ construction of the sex trafficking victim2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a descriptive single case study where the construction of the sex trafficking victims by the UN is analysed. More specifically, the study examines the construction of the actual victim and non-victim through the theoretical assumptions of masculinity and femininity. It asks 1) How does femininity and masculinity contribute to the construction of the actual victim by the UN? and 2) How does femininity and masculinity contribute to the construction of the non-victim by the UN? Making it possible to draw conclusions about the "ideal victim" of sex trafficking. Through the use of qualitative content analysis, we look at how the UN uses feminine and masculine assumptions in the construction of sex trafficking victim. The findings indicate that the UN uses more feminine assumption when describing the actual victim and masculine assumptions when describing the non-victim. Hence, supporting the construction of "ideal victim" being a woman. As the UN is a significant actor on the field of trafficking issue, the assumptions and ideas it spreads through its documents and media campaigns, has a significant affect to other actors in the field, IOs, IGOs, NGOs and governments, thus spreading the socially constructed gender stereotypes of the female victim and male predator.

  • 12.
    Albinsson, Julia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Faktorer som påverkar skuldkvoten hos de svenska hushållen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the determinants of the Swedish debt ratio for the period 1996-2016. The model that this project is built around is made by Meng et al (2011) where the dependent variable is debt ratio for swedish households and the explanatory variables are GDP, real interest rate, HPI (House Price Index), number of new constructed houses, unemployment ratio and change in inflation. This essay uses cointegration test and Error Correction Model to investigate the short run and long run determinants of the Swedish household debt ratio. The final result after an Error correction model shows that HPI, GDP and unemployment are the variables that affects the debt ratio for Swedish households the most.

  • 13.
    Alfredsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hushållens konsumtion: En kvantitativ studie om makroekonomiska faktorer som påverkar hushållens konsumtion i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of Swedish households represents two-thirds of Sweden's total GDPgrowth and can therefore be seen as the engine in the Swedish economy. Changes in consumption can therefore be of great importance to the country's economy and are important to analyze. The purpose of this study is to analyze how macroeconomic variables affect the consumption of Swedish households. The macroeconomic variables that will be investigated are: disposable income, inflation, interest rate, and wealth, consisting of financial and real assets. In order to facilitate understanding of the consumption behavior households, the most well-known consumption theories will form the basis of the study, which are: Keynes Consumption Theory, Life Cycle Hypothesis and the Permanent Income Hypothesis. A quantitative study is performed which means that the relationship between selected variables will be examined by the time period from 1986 to 2017 by an econometric model. Based on previous research and collected data sets, an Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ADL). The results of the study indicate that there is a relationship between changes in consumption and changes in the explanatory variables disposable income, inflation and housing wealth. The impact of the the variables on consumption over time is very difficult to identify because of lack of significance in the time lags.

  • 14.
    Almqvist, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nadj, Sanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Leder invandring till ekonomiska förluster?: Hur arbetskraftinvandringen påverkar Sveriges ekonomi2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a history of labor migration since the World War II. The migration structure has however changed over the last decades and contains a greater number of refugees. The purpose of this paper is to examine the issue of labor migration on the economic growth in Sweden. Also throughout the study we will investigate whether Sweden needs labor migration to meet the needs of the labor market. With this study we want to create a discussion that could provide a greater understanding to the impact of labor migration. The time period in this study extends from 1970 to 2014. A Panel Vector autoregressive model (VAR) will be used to analyze the relationship between labor migration and economic growth. By support of previous research, a theoretical discussion and a comparison of results regarding labor migrations effect on the economic growth will be carried out. In the study we can deduce a positive impact on the Swedish economic growth of the immigration. The variable immigration does however not only take the labor migration into account, which can lead to a deceptive result, because the impact of all immigration is captured in this variable. In the analysis of the result we can interpret that immigration does not displace domestic labor, because of the positive impact of immigration on the employment rate.

  • 15.
    Al-Qaraghuli, Ziyad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Discourse & Representations of Refugees in Sweden: A descriptive and comparative study of how refugees have been represented in Swedish newspapers before and after the implementation of the new immigration policies of 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis is a descriptive study of the refugee media discourse and refugee media representations during 2016 in the 5 biggest Swedish newspapers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, and Svenska Dagbladet). This thesis focuses on the news articles and explores the representations of refugees in these articles prior to the implementation of new Swedish migration policies, from Jan 1, 2016 until July 20, 2016 and after their implementation, i.e. from July 20, 2016 to Dec 31, 2016. The analysis of the data by using discourse theory and the representations theory in of the us vs them field and the economic and security threat field reveals that a change and shift in the refugee media discourse and the representations of refugees occurred between the two time periods.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Carl
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Government Debt and Economic Growth: An empirical comparison between three levels of debt Sweden, the United States and Japan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the long-run effect of government debt on economic growth. The analysis, covering the growth for Sweden, the United States and Japan, is based on a cointegrated material consisting of just over ten control variables. The material stretches over a span of five decades, beginning in the year of 1963. Independent variables in this study is solely of economic kind. The empirical results from the multiple regression analysis of each country respectively indicates that there is no linear relationship between government debt and economic growth. Furthermore, the analysis presents a strong effect of each country's primary balance deficit and surplus on economic growth. The material on which this study is based suffers from endogeneity where first and foremost a loop of causality is the root of the problem. The perception of the existence of a loop is enhanced in the case of Japan where a test for causality suggests a similar probability that the government debt is causing economic growth as the opposite. A corresponding test for Sweden and the U.S. indicates a causing effect of economic growth on government debt

  • 17.
    Andersson, Jakop
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Jonathan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hedge funds: A bang for the buck?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hedge funds are an investment alternative that has become more available to retail investors, it is a segment in the financial sector that now manage over 2000 billion USD. A key factor to it is increased popularity is due to the substantial decrease in minimum investment, making it a more considerable alternative for the average investor. With the latest year’s volatile markets, one could understand that the fundamental structure of a hedge fund seems lucrative, being able to hedge their portfolios in declining markets. These advantages do not come without a price and hedge fund are known to take the highest management fees in the business, allowing for successful hedge fund managers to obtain some of the highest salaries on this plant. Are these salaries justified due to abnormal returns?

    To answer this questions as comprehensive as possible, we first conducted a test for the random walk hypothesis, exploring if it is possible to predict market movements. Finding this possible, we proceeded to test for how well European and North American hedge fund managers have performed overall.

    Testing for excessive return over relevant benchmark indices by performing tests for the capital asset pricing model, Jensen’s alfa and the Fama and French three factor model to validate the results even further. With all tests concluding that hedge fund managers succeed to outperforming their benchmark indices. We later conducted tests for both the Sharpe and Treynor ratio to interpret how much of a risk-adjusted abnormal return the hedge fund managers achieved.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Stolt, Sofia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigration & fastighetspriser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the immigration to Sweden affects the Swedish real estate prices, and if so, how and to what extent. The study relates to property prices of houses in Sweden during the years 1993 – 2012. A subsidiary purpose is to investigate which group of immigrants that has the most effect on real estate prices, the returning Swedish-born or the foreign-born. The study is based on several multiple regressions including variables retrieved from the DiPasquale and Wheaton-model. The variable to be explained in the analyses is the property price and the explaining variables are interest rate, disposable income, debt, unemployment, new construction, rent, gross domestic product and immigration.

    Similarly to previous research from Switzerland, Spain, Canada, USA and New Zealand, the study concludes that there is a positive relationship between immigration and property prices. The Swedish results, however, demonstrates a stronger connection than the other countries in the short run. Regarding the subsidiary purpose regarding the influence of different groups of immigrants, the study shows that it, in the short run, is the returning Swedes that to a greater extent affect property prices

  • 19.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Božić, Sandra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Western Cinematic Representations of Sub-Saharan Post-Colonial Africa: An in-depth qualitative content analysis of Blood Diamond, Hotel Rwanda and The Last King of Scotland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze the representation of how the colonial past, in itself and in its consequences, is portrayed in Blood Diamond, Hotel Rwanda and The Last King of Scotland. All three movies are produced in Hollywood and they will be analyzed in an in-depth Small-N study. Our analytical framework is drawn from theories on how film creates meaning, postcolonial theory that includes concepts from Fanon, Said and Young, colonial patterns regarding Sub-Saharan Africa and finally Eurocentrism. Our three movies which serve as data, are analyzed with a qualitative content analysis through themes extracted from our theories in order for us to see how the colonial past is represented. Our findings show that in all three movies it was a representation of a colonial past portrayed in different ways regarding which theme that was being analyzed. The analysis further shows that the representation of the colonial past was seen as an underlying meaning, in the portrayal in the direct dialogues, or it was represented differently depending on whose perspective that was being told in all three movies. The intention of this thesis is to contribute to the field of Western representation of “the other” in movies and the representation of its colonial heritage.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Can Measurements of Online Behavior Predict Course Performance?2016In: Proceedings of the 7th International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics: IMCIC 2016 and the 7th International Multi-Conference onSociety and Information Technologies: ICSIT 2016: Volume II (Post-Conference Edition), 2016, p. 4-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a pilot study on the relationship between performance in online classes and behavior in online discussion forums. Measuring student activity on the discussion forum, the collected data is then analyzed and mapped to the performance of the students on the course. The student activity was dividedinto a number of parameters, and during the study these parameters were compared to the performance of the students.The significance of each parameter was also analyzed through a Kruskall-Wallis-test Overall there was a strong tendency thatstudents with more activity and engagement received higher grades. This is in the future useful for developing some kind of monitoring to identify and support students on the verge of failing the course.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How well can completion of online courses be predicted using binary logistic regression?2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses binary logistic regression to create models for predicting course performance. The data used is the data-trail left by students activities on a discussion forum while attending an online course. The purpose of the study is to evalute how well models based on binary logistic regression can be used to predict course completion.Three sets of data was used for this. One set collected at the end of the course, one collected after 75% of the course and one set collected after half the course. The result of the study says that it's possible to design models with an accuracy of between 70% and 80% using these methods, regardless of what time is used.

  • 22.
    Andreasson, Ann-Sofie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Women in the Swedish Armed Forces: How does the Swedish Armed Forces promote women in order to attract them to their organisation?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following Bachelor thesis is analysing how the Swedish armed forces promotes women in order to attract them to their organisation. Specifically it investigates (1) "How does the Swedish armed forces break the social norms of what it means to be a soldier?" (2) "How do they present a gender equal division of labour?" (3) "How do they try to affect women´s attitude towards the organisation?" This study investigates the Swedish armed forces, an organisation with a great underrepresentation of women. The underrepresentation of women is something that the Swedish armed forces openly tries to change through their marketing. This thesis is a single case study with both qualitative and quantitative approach, using Harding´s gender process theory in a descriptive design. By gathering television commercials from the Swedish armed forces user page on YouTube, I explore how the Swedish armed forces tries to minimize the underrepresentation of women. Their strategies are analysed by using Harding´s three gender processes. The results show that the organisation is active in all three processes, but focuses on breaking the social norms of what it means to be a soldier.

  • 23.
    Angenete, Eva
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg.
    Angerås, U.
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Börjesson, M.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekelund, J.
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Thorsteinsdottir, T.
    University of Iceland, Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Haglind, Eva
    Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, SSORG, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, SE-416 85, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Physical activity before radical prostatectomy reduces sick leave after surgery: results from a prospective, non-randomized controlled clinical trial (LAPPRO)2016In: BMC Urology, ISSN 1471-2490, E-ISSN 1471-2490, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 50-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that early physical rehabilitation after surgical procedures is associated with improved outcome measured as shorter hospital stay and enhanced recovery. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the preoperative physical activity level and subsequent postoperative complications, sick-leave and hospital stay after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer in the setting of the LAPPRO trial (LAParoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open). METHODS: LAPPRO is a prospective controlled trial, comparing robot-assisted laparoscopic and open surgery for localized prostate cancer between 2008 and 2011. 1569 patients aged 64 or less with an occupation were included in this sub-study. The Gleason score was <7 in 52 % of the patients. Demographics and the level of self-assessed preoperative physical activity, length of hospital stay, complications, quality of life, recovery and sick-leave were extracted from clinical record forms and questionnaires. Multivariable logistic regression, with log-link and logit-link functions, was used to adjust for potential confounding variables. RESULTS: The patients were divided into four groups based on their level of activity. As the group with lowest engagement of physical activity was found to be significantly different in base line characteristics from the other groups they were excluded from further analysis. Among patients that were physically active preoperativelly (n = 1467) there was no significant difference between the physical activity-groups regarding hospital stay, recovery or complications. However, in the group with the highest self-assessed level of physical activity, 5-7 times per week, 13 % required no sick leave, compared to 6.3 % in the group with a physical activity level of 1-2 times per week only (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In our study of med operated with radical prostatectomy, a high level of physical activity preoperatively was associated with reduced need for sick leave after radical prostatectomy compared to men with lower physical activity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered at the ISCRTN register. ISRCTN06393679 .

  • 24.
    Anomaa, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The dominant frames in the reportage of NATO in the Finnish and the Swedish media: A comparative study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conversation rounding the question if Finland and Sweden were to apply the membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has been a heavily debated issue in different news medias for several years.

    This thesis constitutes an attempt to characterize the dominant frames that the media, in both Finland and Sweden, uses when discussing issues rounding NATO. The theory which is used to understand the phenomena is framing. 150 articles, published in the Finnish Helsingin Sanomat and the Swedish Dagens Nyheter during the timeframe of January-August 2017 were analysed.

    The research methods that were used in the thesis are quantitative analysis through descriptive statistical analysis and a comparative study of the results.

    The thesis concludes that, the most used dominant frames are frames that describe conflicts between different actors. This conclusion, with respect to the theory, means that it is unlikely that the Finnish or the Swedish population would think more highly of joining NATO in the near future.

  • 25.
    Aracic, Tea
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Saini, Simranpreet
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Perceptions of integration: We came here to add more colour in a colourful society2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to see how asylum seeking refugees, between the ages of 18-25 years old, perceive their integration and to further investigate if the perception of integration differs within this group. More specifically this thesis asks two questions: (1) How do young asylum seeking men and women perceive the concept of integration in terms of mutuality and onesidedness? (2) Are there any similarities or differences within this group when it comes to their perceptions of integration? This thesis is designed as a qualitative case study with comparative elements and semi-structured interview questions. It consists of a combination of a theory of integration as a process within the economic, social and political spheres, and a theory of integration as a process based on mutual adjustment or one-sided adjustment relationships. From the analysis, it resulted that there are more differences than similarities among the asylum seeking refugees. Especially among men and women when it comes to the perception of integration, and more specifically within the economic and social sphere. Within the economic sphere, women strongly associate this with a one-sided relationship, while men tend to perceive that relationship within the social sphere. However, both women and men expressed the need for a mutual relationship within the political sphere due to the asylum process which lies in the hands of the society and not something that these women and men can decide on their own.

  • 26.
    Arvedal, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aronsson, Hampuz
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Actively managed mutual funds versus index funds: Risk-adjusted performance from an investor's perspective2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the performance of 15 Swedish index stock funds and 30 Swedish actively managed mutual stock funds during the period 27th of March 1995 to 27th of March 2015, from and investor's perspective. Specifically we use Jensen's alpha and capital asset pricing model (CAPM) to examine fund performance. The result indicates that actively managed funds in Sweden do not outperform index funds, according to Jensen's alpha and beta. Actively managed funds are thus not worth their extra management fees and costs.

  • 27.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lessons Learned From A Cross-Sector Development Project: An Integrative Research Approach2018In: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, p. 3914-3922Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on the experiences of work-integrated learning from a Swedish-Norwegian cross-sector research project where actors from university, industry, government and volunteer sector collaborate on city center development. The empirical setting of the present study consists of six smaller cities in rural municipalities with limited resources and experiences of collaboration with higher education institutions. The following research question is addressed: How can research and development projects serve as a vehicle for facilitating mutual knowledge exchange between academia and society in cross-sector and rural collaboration contexts? The aim is hence to suggest a tentative collaboration model that identify and integrate knowledge flows between actors involved in cross-sector collaborations in such setting. To gain deep insights in the complex dynamics of project collaboration we applied a mixed methods approach including surveys, structured, in-depth qualitative interviews, observations, workshops and student projects. The data collection was performed during 2016-2017. Findings indicate that trust, continuity, and relationship building are the basis vital for successful creation, development and maintenance of knowledge flows. Furthermore, there is a need to develop an integrative tool box with different methodological tools, work practices and strategies to plan, perform, compile to leverage the knowledge flows and coproduce sustainable results. Our tentative model aims to illustrate conceptualize lessons learned on work-integrated learning and collaboration with academia. We discuss how the model may support co-creative and mutual results over time. 

  • 28.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Different Measures of Economic Growth Lead to Different Conclusions?2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2010. Innovation and Multidimensional Entrepreneurship - Economic, Social and Academic Aspects : Revised papers presented at the 13th Uddevalla Symposium, 19-22 August, 2010, Jönköping, Sweden  / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2011, p. 57-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When regional growth studies are conducted, a common measure of economic growth is the wage sum. One reason for this may be the limited access to GDP (Gross Domestic Product) data on regional level. However, in Sweden there exists GDP data on municipal level, which enables studies where the effects of using GDP data or wage data can be compared. The aim of the present study is to investigate the difference the use of the measures GMP (Gross Municipal Product) and the sum of wages has on growth models. Since the two measures are similar but not identical the choice of measure of growth can influence the conclusions of an investigation. This might lead to contradictory results on for instance how knowledge activities influence economic growth. Therefore an empirical investigation on Swedish data is conducted in order test whether or not the use of GMP and wage sum respectively in a regional economic growth model give rise to different results. GMP and wage sum data on municipality level are used to calculate two output measures; percentage change and percentage change per employee in two different time periods. Local, intra-regional and inter-regional accessibility to R&D are the main explanatory variables used in the model. The results indicate that the models using any version of change in wage sum as dependent variable has more statistically significant parameters than the corresponding model using change in GMP.

  • 29.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Do different measures of economic growth lead to different conclusions?2012In: Entrepreneurship, social capital and governance: Directions for the sustainable development and competitiveness of regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson, Roger R Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 263-280Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growth and regional growth are regularly concepts of current interest. Studies of regional growth have been conducted by numerous scholars but the way that the growth concept is defined and the way it is measured varies a great deal. Lack of proper regional data may be a reason why this discrepancy occurs. Economic growth is closely related to the industrial structure, health, and demography and income distribution of the economy. The measure used for national economic growth is the change in gross domestic product (GDP). GDP measures the value added of all goods and services produced in the economy. The production of goods and services generates primary incomes for households; another method of measuring GDP is therefore to add up all incomes. One part of this income consists of the sum of all wages paid to households. Hence wage sum data are sometimes used as an alternative measure of economic growth. There are different ways to use GDP and wage sum data to measure economic growth at the regional level. In Sweden, the gross regional product (GRP) change is used by Statistics Sweden and Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth. The Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis (Growth Analysis) on the other hand uses changes in labor productivity as a measure of economic growth in regions. Growth analysis then uses wage sum per employee or wage sum per capita as an estimator of labor productivity.

  • 30.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Employment and Economic Activity in Different Swedish Border Regions2015In: Uddevalla Symposium 2015. Regional Development in an International Context. Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development: Revised papers presented at the 18th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, Sönderborg, Denmark / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, p. 45-57Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigate how the effect of cross border activities between Sweden and its three Nordic neighbours influence the Swedish local economies along the border using municipal data from 2009. Two measures for the local economies are examined, economic activity (measured by gross pay per inhabitant) and employment rates. The Swedish border regions where divided into four regions: The Swedish border to Finland, The Swedish border to the part of Norway not included in the Oslo labour market, The Swedish border to the Oslo labour market, and the Swedish-Danish border region. The regression models show how the the regions compare to the Swedish average when controlled for market structure and accessibility to population. For Sweden's border regions to Denmark and the Oslo labour market there are significant improvements in both economic activity and employment rates when the border activity is included. The improvement is highest for the Oslo border regions. For the Swedish border to Finland and to the part of Norway not included inte the Olso labour market the border activity has no significant influence on either economic activity or employment rates.

  • 31.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Employment and economic activity in different Swedish border regions2018In: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett and Tina Wallin, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 265-290Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Indicators of Economic Development: An Exploratory Study Using Swedish Municipal Data Contrasting Economic Development and Growth2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 111-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores different definitions of Economic Development and possible measures for Economic Development and how they relate to measures commonly used for studying Economic Growth. The data is from 2013 and 2014 and are found in official Swedish data repositories and include variables such as gross pay per inhabitant, citizen satisfaction with the municipal, Gini-coefficient for Swedish municipals. Our main conclusions are that indicators for Economic Growth and Economic Development in some cases move in opposite directions and hence that driving growth might diminish parts of the development.

  • 33.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Indicators of economic development: an exploratory study using Swedish municipal data contrasting economic development and growth2018In: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 359-376Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores possible measures of economic development and how they relate to measures commonly used for studying economic growth. Since potential factors for measuring economic development typically differ greatly over large geographical areas, we will study the indicators on a municipality level to avoid large geographical units of analysis. The data is from 2013 and 2014 and is found in official Swedish data repositories, and include variables such as gross pay per employee, citizen satisfaction with the municipality and Gini-coefficient for Swedish municipals. The results indicate that trying to find one overall measure for economic development is not feasible. Our main conclusions are that indicators for economic growth and economic development in some cases move in opposite directions. There is a need for more direct and harmonized, national and international data to further drive the research in the field of economic development.

  • 34.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Productivity and Cross border Accessibility to Human Capital: A Study Comparing Norwegian and Swedish Border Regions2014In: Uddevalla Symposium 2014. Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium 12-14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2014, p. 69-84Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While border regions are peripheral areas on a national scale, they gain a more central position in the actual border region, due to their location at the interface of domestic and foreign markets. It is a specific location advantage for firms located in border regions that they are close to foreign labour markets making it easier to employ workers from abroad. An increased labour mobility results in a pooling of workers from both sides of the border. With few border impediments, the labour markets located on the two sides of the border might melt into a common labour market, allowing a more efficient allocation of labour. The aim of this study is to examine to what extent economic productivity (gross pay) in the border regions between Sweden and Norway is affected by accessibility to highly educated labour. The southern border between Norway and Sweden is interesting to study since, on the Norwegian side of the border, the local labor market region Sør-Østfold is a neighboring region to the Oslo region, while on the Swedish side of the border, the regions are more considered to be rural areas. As main result we show that the parts of productivity generated by the cross-border workforce is shown to be driven by the accessibility of cross-border human capital both for municipals with an influx of foreign workforce and for the municipals with an outflow of workforce to a foreign country.

  • 35.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Productivity and cross-border accessibility to human capital: A study comparing Norwegian and Swedish border regions2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Lina Bjerke, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 48-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Late Season Tourists on the Swedish West Coast2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 77-90Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the development of city centers and tourist destinations it is, as for any development of attractive offers, imperative to be informed about who the customer is and what s/he needs, wants and desires. For tourist destinations, various customer types can be identified, each with different purposes, needs and wishes.Some types may be present around the year, whereas others may show up during specific points in time. The aim of this report is to identify who the late season visitor is and what s/he actually does when visiting the small town of Lysekil on the Swedish West coast. On the basis of a sample of 155 tourists, participating instructured interviews performed in the in the late part of the summer season, including the months of August and September, it can be concluded that the only clearly identifiable segment during this period consist of couples over 50 who spend their vacation in their motor homes, visiting different locations for a couple of day seach, and mainly spending their time and money shopping and dining at restaurants.

  • 37.
    Arvidson, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Linn
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    What causes household debt to increase in Sweden?: a quantitative study of factors influencing indebtedness of Swedish households2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The level of indebtedness of Swedish households seems to be an upwards going spiral which has no end to it. Warnings are frequently announced from governmental institutions as other sources and the risk households undertake can cause damage not only to the individual household but to the whole economy. If housing prices begin to decrease during a recession, i.e. a housing bubble would start to deflate, it could take a long time for the economy to stabilize. The growing household debt ratio might provide even more fuel to the potential fire. What this thesis is aiming to do is to give better understanding of how Swedish households' indebtedness is composed, or more precisely what might cause it to increase in the way it does. Especially factors beside the disposable income is in focus since the debt to income ratio has risen substantially over the past few decades. An empirical, quantitative analysis is carried out using an OLS multiple regression model and an Error Correction model. Economic theory and insights from previous studies are used as a justification to the variables in the model. The analysis points at development of new properties, increasing housing prices, inflation and rising consumption as being possible explanatory factors in the estimated model. The time series analysis is made using quarterly data with observations of the years 1996 – 2015.

  • 38.
    Arvidsson, Ola
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Är Kinas växelkurs rätt prissatt?: Håller Kinas växelkurs enligt PPP mot USA, Storbritannien och Tyskland2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if the relative Purchasing Power Parity holds for the Chines exchange rate since the reform on their currency in year 1994. Comparisons were made with Chinas three largest trade partners USA, UK and Germany between the years 1994 to 2013. Stationary and cointegration has been controlled on all variables in order to proceed to regression tests for the monthly data. We used data for the countries consumer price index, nominal exchange rate and real exchange-rate. The result of the study showed that the relative Purchasing Power Parity does not hold. We also used diagrams of the real exchange rate for a simplified test. These also showed that neither absolute nor relative Purchasing Power Parity holds.

  • 39.
    Asal, Mahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jalilvand, Abol
    Loyola University, Chicago.
    Do Size and Value Premia Vary across Industry and during the Bull and Bear Market Conditions?: Evidence from the Euro Area2014In: Proceedings of Eurasia Business Research Conference / [ed] Mr. Md. Mahbubul Hoque Bhuiyan, 2014, Vol. no 319Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The elimination of exchange rate risk and overall integration of the European equity markets have created new opportunities to utilize industry-specific diversification strategies for portfolio and risk management decisions. Using daily return data for five major industries in the Euro area over the period, 2001-2012, our findings show that an industry-specific three-factor Fama and French type model provides a robust explanation of security returns. While, our results further emphasize the widespread influence of the “value” and “size” premiums in the Euro area, we show that the pattern, sign, size, and significance of these factors vary widely across different industries and during the “bull” (2003-2007) and “bear” (2007-2009) market conditions. The size premium predominantly plays a positive, stable and significant role in explaining security returns under different market conditions. On the other hand, the results for the value premium is not convincing. Its estimated coefficients are both positive and significant (30% of all cases), and negative and significant (66% of all cases). Nor does our results provide convincing evidence for the conventional risk-based argument in support of the existence of size and value premiums in the Euro area. Value stocks are generally associated with higher betas than those of growth stocks only during the bear market condition. The betas for small caps are consistently lower than those for the large caps. Finally, the momentum effect does not appear to play a strong rule in explaining security returns in the Euro area.

  • 40.
    Asal, Maher
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Estimating the Cost of Equity Capital of the Banking Sector in the Eurozone2015In: Journal of Applied Finance and Banking, ISSN 1792-6580, E-ISSN 1792-6599, Vol. 5, no 6, p. 69-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this paper are, first, to estimate the long-run cost of equity capital for the banking sector using data from the Eurozone, US, UK, Sweden and Switzerland for the period 1999-2014. Our inference differs from that of previous studies because we employ a dynamic panel GMM model with a fixed effect and a multi-factor asset pricing framework to explain the variation of the cost of equity capital across banks in terms of risk-factors including, bank size, leverage, business cycle and regulations. Second, this model analyzes whether the cost of equity of banks in Eurozone differs from banks’ cost of equity in the U.S. Our findings show that the multi-factor asset pricing framework does provide a robust explanation of the cost of equity for banking sector. Our findings are consistent with those of IIF (2011) in that a higher leverage ratio, an increase in capital requirement and regulation resulting in an increase of the cost of equity in the banking sector. However, the pattern, sign, size, and significance of these factors vary widely between the Eurozone and the US

  • 41.
    Asal, Maher
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of Swedish real house prices2018In: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 45-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to assess the long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of real house prices in Sweden for 1986Q1 to 2016Q4. More specifically, the author examines the extent to which real house prices are determined by affordability, demographics and asset price factors.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The author conducts a cointegration analysis and applies a vector autoregression model to examine the long- and short-run responsiveness of Swedish real house prices to a number of key categories of fundamental variables.

    Findings

    The empirical results indicate that house prices will increase in the long run by 1.04 per cent in response to a 1 per cent increase in household real disposable income, whereas real after-tax mortgage interest and real effective exchange rates show average long-term effects of approximately – 8 and – 0.7 per cent, respectively. In addition, the results show that the growth of real house prices is affected by growth in mortgage credit, real after-tax mortgage interest rates and disposable incomes in the short run, whereas the real effective exchange rate is the most significant determinant of Swedish real house appreciation.

    Originality/value

    The impact of the two lending restrictions been implemented after the financial crisis – the mortgage cap in October 2010 and the amortization requirement in June 2016 – are ineffective to stabilize the housing market. This suggests that macroprudential measures designed to ease pressure on housing prices and reduce risks to financial stability need to focus on these fundamentals and address the issues of tax deductibility on mortgage rates and the gradual implementation of debt-to-income limits to contain mortgage demand and improve households' resilience to shocks.

  • 42.
    Asal, Maher
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Long-Run Drivers and Short-Term Dynamics of the Swedish Real House Prices2016In: Abstract of Economic, Finance and Management Outlook: 7th International Conference on Economics,Finance and Management Outlooks, 15-16 October, 2016, Hotel Grand Flora Dubai, UAE, 2016, Vol. 7, article id 307/16/7 th ICEFMOConference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses cointegration and vector autoregressive (VAR) model to investigate the long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of the real house prices in Sweden forthe period 1986Q to 1995Q4. Specifically, we examine the extent to which real houseprices are determined by affordability, demographic, and asset price factors. The empirical results indicate house prices to increase in the long-run by 0.8% in response to a 1% increase in household's real disposable income, while after tax mortgage interest rate and real effective exchange rate show average long-term effects of approximately - 1% and - 5.3%, respectively. Suggesting that fiscal policy aimed todampen real house appreciation needs to adress the issue of tax deductibility onmortgage rate. In addition, our results indicate that the growth of real house prices is affected by the growth of mortgage credit, after tax mortgage interest rate and disposable income in the short run, and among which the real effective exchange rateis the most significant determinant behind Swedish real house appreciation.

  • 43.
    Asal, Maher
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Testing for the presence of skill in Swedish mutual fund performance: Evidence from a bootstrap analysis2016In: Journal of Economics and Business, ISSN 0148-6195, E-ISSN 1879-1735, Vol. 88, p. 22-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a pooled panel bootstrap procedure and different benchmark models of performance to investigate presence of skill in mutual fund performance across different investment styles based on Swedish data from February 2007 to March 2015. To check robustness, we apply serial correlation, unit root, and variance ratio tests to examine the predictability and market efficiency of gross and net excess returns. The results suggest that Swedish funds underperform their benchmarks, net of costs. In addition, very few managers outperform the market, and too many managers underperform the market due to good and bad skills rather than good or bad luck. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

  • 44.
    Asal, Maher
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Impact of Euro on Sectoral Equity Returns and Portfolio Risk2011In: International Advances in Economic Research, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 119-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the implications of the adoption of the euro and the resulting monetary policy integration for investors in the Euro area in terms of stock market diversification. In particular, we study the difference between investment strategies based on country indices and on sector indices. In addition, we use GARCH-M to model return and volatility for the daily sectoral euro equity indices from 1992 to 2009 to analyze how and to what extent volatility in the sector equity index is driven by shocks occurring in the US, aggregate European equity index, aggregate Euro Zone equity index, and the global equity index. We find strong evidence that diversification over sectors yields more efficient portfolios than diversification over countries and that the volatility spillover of the aggregated Euro zone equity return index on the sectoral equity return index has increased after the launch of the euro. © 2011 International Atlantic Economic Society 

  • 45.
    Asplund, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lindblad, Sabina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Finanskrisens påverkan på Sveriges export.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study how the financial crisis in 2007-2008 in the US influenced the Swedish export. The chosen model includes the following variables: total exports, foreign real GDP, export price and the export-weighted effective exchange rate against the Swedish krona. The model is taken from Aydin et al (2004) which in turn has developed the model from Warner and Kreinin (1983). Aydın et al (2004) have used this model in its report to explain the Turkish export supply and import demand. Except the variables in the model it has been added another variable, bank lending to non-financial companies. This variable has been added in order to investigate whether Sweden's exports were affected by a financial crisis in Sweden during this period.In the paper, there will be six different regressions, two showing how the Swedish export looked like before the crisis broke out, two during the crisis and two regressions from 2000 until 2014. This is to clarify how the export was affected by year to year. The last variable that was the Swedish banks' lending to non-financial companies showed no significance to the Swedish imports which then meant that it was concluded, the Swedish exports therefore had no impact of the financial crisis that was in Sweden.

  • 46.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Time-geographic Appraisal for Local Sustainable Development2015In: International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, ISSN 1832-2077, Vol. 10, p. 15-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is often described as including ecological, social and economic dimensions. The conventional view of "sustainable" development is largely based on ideas of economic growth, which promotes expansion in space and compression in time – what we call a global market economy. Furthermore, the dominant conventional view also enhances a technical-economic approach that results in a rather narrow subject specific research focus on specific problems. Thereto connected strategies thereby use general technological and institutional policies and solutions that tend to conceal the reality of how people act and respond in relation to resources and constraints in a time-spatial context. So, the conventional development perspective seems in many ways to be unsustainable in ecological, social and thereby also economic terms. This article is of a conceptual character and focuses on local development in a time-space context. The article is inspired by Hägerstrand's time-geographical approach, and explores an approach that contextualizes processes of change in time and space. This time-spatial approach thereby enhances an alternative view for integrated local social-, economic- and ecological sustainable development processes. In so doing, this approach has the potential to enhance a more all-embracing sustainable development approach applicable to design local policy instruments and strategies.This article is of a conceptual character and focuses on local development in a time-space context. The article is inspired by Hägerstrand's time-geographical approach, and explores an approach that contextualizes processes of change in time and space. This time-spatial approach thereby enhances an alternative view for integrated local social-, economic- and ecological sustainable development processes. In so doing, this approach has the potential to enhance a more all-embracing sustainable development approach applicable to design local policy instruments and strategies.

  • 47.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From Global to Local2014In: Uddevalla Symposium 2014. Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium 12-14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2014, p. 85-96Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Fox, Roddy
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    International collaboration for pedagogical innovation: Understanding multiracial interaction through a time-geographic appraisal2015In: Knowledge for a sustainable world: A southern African–Nordic contribution / [ed] Tor Halvorsen, Hilde Ibsen and Vyvienne RP M’kumbuzi, Cape Town: African Minds, 2015, p. 207-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    An Alternative Time-Spatial Approach Towards Post-Monetarism2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2010. Innovation and Multidimensional Entrepreneurship - Economic, Social and Academic Aspects : Revised papers presented at the 13th Uddevalla Symposium, 19-22 August, 2010, Jönköping, Sweden  / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2011, p. 71-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Local alternative development through a time-spatial lens: A case study of Ydre inspired by Hägerstrand2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital And Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson, Roger R Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 378-391Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary market-oriented society, we seem to be more globally interdependent. The market economy system enhances large-scale production where search for increased productivity strives to 'compress' time. At the same time, the market economy tends to expand in space, for example sells products over longer distances. A result of this 'space expansion' and 'time compression' through the conventional economic market system is that local small-scale production and trade have increasing difficulty in competing and surviving (Assmo and Wihlborg, 2007). Even so, conventional economic growth (valued in monetary terms) is commonly seen as the only way to cure any development problem arising from poverty, unemployment, crime, pollution and depletion of natural resources. In a provocative manner similar to Daly (1992), one can argue that this conventional monetary valued growth perspective is trapped in a terminal state of 'growthmania'. People's organization of daily activities to improve or sustain their livelihood is much more than what is generally calculated and thereby shown in monetary values.

1234567 1 - 50 of 402
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