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  • 1.
    Adolphs, Svenja
    et al.
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Clark, Leigh
    University College Dublin, School of Information and Communication Studies, Dublin, Ireland.
    Dörnyei, Zoltan
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Glover, Tony
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Muir, Christine
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Sánchez-Lozano, Enrique
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Valstar, Michel
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Digital innovations in L2 motivation: Harnessing the power of the Ideal L2 Self2018In: System (Linköping), ISSN 0346-251X, E-ISSN 1879-3282, Vol. 78, p. 173-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustained motivation is crucial to learning a second language (L2), and one way to support this can be through the mental visualisation of ideal L2 selves (Dörnyei & Kubanyiova, 2014). This paper reports on an exploratory study which investigated the possibility of using technology to create representations of language learners' ideal L2 selves digitally. Nine Chinese learners of L2 English were invited to three semi-structured interviews to discuss their ideal L2 selves and their future language goals, as well as their opinions on several different technological approaches to representing their ideal L2 selves. Three approaches were shown to participants: (a) 2D and 3D animations, (b) Facial Overlay, and (c) Facial Mask. Within these, several iterations were also included (e.g. with/without background or context). Results indicate that 3D animation currently offers the best approach in terms of realism and animation of facial features, and improvements to Facial Overlay could lead to beneficial results in the future. Approaches using the 2D animations and the Facial Mask approach appeared to have little future potential. The descriptive details of learners' ideal L2 selves also provide preliminary directions for the development of content that might be included in future technology-based interventions.

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  • 2.
    Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Apelgren, Britt Marie
    Göteborg University, Department of Education.
    Young learners and multilingualism: A study of learner attitudes before and after the introduction of a second foreign language to the curriculum2008In: System (Linköping), ISSN 0346-251X, E-ISSN 1879-3282, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 607-623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whilst adults in Sweden place great importance on communicative competence in English, interest in learning other FLs and support for multilingualism are low. This is mirrored in the attitudes of pupils in compulsory and post-compulsory education, where English is a popular subject but opt-out and drop-out rates for FLs are high. Whilst international research has shown that initial enthusiasm for FLs often declines after instruction begins, and that girls are more positive to FLs than boys, little is known about the language attitudes of pupils at the time when a new FL is introduced into the curriculum. The aim of this study is thus to investigate Swedish girls’ and boys’ FL attitudes prior and subsequent to the introduction of a new FL into the curriculum, to compare these with attitudes to their first FL, English, and to investigate gender variances. The results reveal that although pupils’ enthusiasm for their new FL declines after a year of instruction, it is nevertheless stronger than for English. Girls and boys approach their studies of a new FL with different attitudes, girls having more positive self-concepts as FL speakers and a greater interest in the communicative potential of FLs.

  • 3.
    Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Lund University, Centre for Languages and Literature, Box 201, SE-221 000, Lund (SWE).
    Liu, Meng
    Beijing Foreign Studies University, School of English and International Studies, No.2 North Xisanhuan Road, Beijing (CHN).
    Can L2 motivation be modelled as a self-system?: A critical assessment2023In: System (Linköping), ISSN 0346-251X, E-ISSN 1879-3282, Vol. 119, article id 103158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some two decades ago, Dörnyei (2005) proposed that motivation for L2 learning could be modelled as a self-system. Despite the profound influence of Dörnyei’s scholarship and impact of the L2 Motivational Self System (L2MSS) model, the fundamental premise that motivation for L2 learning can constitute a self-system has escaped critical scrutiny. Highlighting how the self-system constitutes a framework within which self-referential cognition is organized, and that self-appraisal occurs in relation to socially-derived standards (Bandura, 1978; Higgins, 1990), this article critically assesses the utility of a self-system conceptualization. This is accomplished by addressing five problem areas connected with the L2MSS and which relate to the model’s self-system conceptualization: the “fantasy problem” (nondifferentiation of desire and fantasy), the “ought-to L2 self problem” (unspecificity of relevant others and internalization processes), the “integrativeness problem” (difficulty of incorporating affiliation motives), the “learning experience problem” (failure to account for relational and biographical influences), and the “context problem” (inadequate modelling of learner–environment interactions). Critical engagement with these problem areas demonstrates how the self-system conceptualization embodied in the L2MSS is tightly circumscribed, and how a self-regulatory system framework can provide greater utility. 

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  • 4.
    Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Lund University, Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund (SWE).
    Thorsen, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Uztosun, Mehmet Sercan
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Teacher Education, Trondheim,(NOR), Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Education, Çanakkale (TUR).
    Exploring language learners’ self-generated goals: Does self-concordance affect engagement and resilience?2023In: System (Linköping), ISSN 0346-251X, E-ISSN 1879-3282, Vol. 112, p. 1-12, article id 102971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the importance that goals have for language learning (Lee & Bong, 2019), little is known about the effects on learner behaviours. Combining individualized (idiographic) and standardized (nomothetic) methodologies, this study investigated whether the self-concordance of learning goals formulated at the beginning of a program of language education affected engagement and resilience at the end of the first year. Following research demonstrating the mediating roles of goal effort and goal progress (Vasalampi et al., 2009), these variables were included in the study design. Participants were 41 teacher education students on a university program in Turkey. Data was collected on four occasions over two semesters. Analyses were carried out using path modelling. Results showed that starting the program with self-concordant goals had positive effects on engagement and resilience later in the year. Effects of self-concordance were mediated by goal effort and goal progress. For engagement, a direct effect of self-concordance was also found. Findings point to an important relationship between the quality of language learners’ goals and L2 learning behaviours. Further, the study highlights the value of idiographic methods in goal-focused research.  

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