Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1 - 12 av 12
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, Public Health Institute, University of Southern Denmark (DNK).
    Balkfors, Anna
    Malmö University (SWE).
    Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå. Malmö University (SWE).
    Povlsen, Lene
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, Public Health Institute, University of Southern Denmark (DNK).
    Regber, Susann
    School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University (SWE).
    Buch Mejsner, Sofie
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, Public Health Institute, University of Southern Denmark, (DNK).
    Ikonen, Anne Leena
    aculty of Education and Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, (FIN).
    Fosse, Elisabeth
    University of Bergen (NOR).
    Are universal measures sufficient in reducing child poverty in the Nordic countries?: An analysis of policies and political commitments2022Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 50, nr 7, s. 892-902Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) have long traditions of social welfare policies that have eradicated poverty as part of their goals. The purpose of this study was to increase our understanding of why child poverty is still significant in the Nordic countries despite existing strategies. Methods: A qualitative analysis of Nordic government documents and reports between 2007 and 2019 was carried out to track changes in public health priorities and political measures and to determine the similarities and differences between the five countries. Results: In all countries, most of the measures were universal, such as benefits during pregnancy, paid parental leave before and after the child was born, paid parental leave related to children’s sickness, child allowances, day care, free health care for children and support for disabled children. National policies aimed to reduce social inequalities and child poverty exist in all five countries, but unaffordable housing, unequal disposable family income distribution and unequal income distribution at local municipality levels seem to be obstacles to reaching national policy goals. Conclusions: Despite comprehensive universal measures to eradicate child poverty, inequalities are significant and increasing in some of the Nordic countries. This might be due to a lack of proportional universalism, where universal measures are in place in all Nordic countries, but with a lack of scale and intensity proportional to the children and families at risk. The significance of eliminating social inequalities needs to be emphasised at the local level.  

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkha¨lsan Research Centre, Helsingfors.
    From health education to healthy learning: Implementing salutogenesis in educational science 2011Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, nr Suppl 6, s. 85-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     

     Aim:

    The aim is to scrutinise the concept of health education (HE) and to broaden the concept of health literacy (HL) towardsa lifelong healthy learning concept. HL is a broader concept than HE. This paper dissects both the health and the education

    concepts, and puts them into the value system of health promotion (HP) of the Ottawa Charter (OC) using the core principles

    and values of HP, HL, and action competence (AC) in the light of the salutogenesis (SAL). Conceptually the salutogenic

    model focuses on the direction towards the healthy end of the health continuum. The salutogenic theory, based on resources

    and comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness, can be integrated into a learning model. People are seen as active

    and participating subjects shaping their lives through their AC.

    Method:a combination of an analysis of the values andintentions of health promotion according to the OC combined with the existing evidence on the salutogenic approach to

    health, stemming from a systematic research synthesis 1992–2003 and an ongoing analysis 2004–2009 by the authors. In

    addition, the views from a discussion with the participants of a session in the NHPR Conference 2009 are integrated.

    Results:

    The similarities and differences between the salutogenesis, theOCand healthy learning were shown in a graph. Integrating the

    salutogenesis in educational sciences further expands the concepts of HE and HL into healthy learning.

    Conclusions: Theresults of the discussions will further develop and strengthen the concept of healthy learning. 

     

    Abstract

    Aim: The aim is to scrutinise the concept of health education (HE) and to broaden the concept of health literacy (HL) towards

    a lifelong healthy learning concept. HL is a broader concept than HE. This paper dissects both the health and the education concepts, and puts them into the value system of health promotion (HP) of the Ottawa Charter (OC) using the core principles and values of HP, HL, and action competence (AC) in the light of the salutogenesis (SAL). Conceptually the salutogenic model focuses on the direction towards the healthy end of the health continuum. The salutogenic theory, based on resources and comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness, can be integrated into a learning model. People are seen as active and participating subjects shaping their lives through their AC. Method: a combination of an analysis of the values and intentions of health promotion according to the OC combined with the existing evidence on the salutogenic approach to health, stemming from a systematic research synthesis 1992–2003 and an ongoing analysis 2004–2009 by the authors. In addition, the views from a discussion with the participants of a session in the NHPR Conference 2009 are integrated. Results: The similarities and differences between the salutogenesis, theOCand healthy learning were shown in a graph. Integrating the salutogenesis in educational sciences further expands the concepts of HE and HL into healthy learning. Conclusions

    : The results of the discussions will further develop and strengthen the concept of healthy learning.

  • 3.
    Forsman, Anna K
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University, Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Vaasa, Finland.
    Fredén, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik. Högskolan Väst, NU-akademin Väst.
    Lindqvist, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Department of Sociology, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wahlbeck, Kristian
    The Finnish Association for Mental Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Contribution of the Nordic School of Public Health to the public mental health research field: a selection of research initiatives, 2007-2014.2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, nr 16 Suppl, s. 66-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of public mental health has been defined by an expert group convened by the Nordic School of Public Health (NHV) as encompassing the experience, occurrence, distribution and trajectories of positive mental health and mental health problems and their determinants; mental health promotion and prevention of mental disorders; as well as mental health system policies, governance and organization. The mental health priorities of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2010 signalled a mutual Nordic exchange of knowledge in the following thematic areas: child and adolescent mental health; working life and mental health; mental health in older people; strengthening the role of primary care in mental health service provision; stronger involvement of users and carers; and reduction of use of coercion in psychiatric care. Efforts to realize these priorities included commissioning the Nordic Research Academy for Mental Health, an NHV-based network of research institutions with a common interest in mental health research across the Nordic countries, to develop, organize and follow-up projects on public mental health. The research initiatives included mental health policy analysis, register-based research and research focused on the users' perspective in a Nordic context, as well as EU-level research policy analysis. The public mental health research conducted at the NHV highlighted the complexity of mental health and emphasized that the broad determinants of mental health need to be increasingly addressed in both public health research and practice. For example, health promotion actions, improved access to health care, a healthy alcohol policy and prevention of suicides and violence are all needed to reduce the life expectancy gap - a red flag indicator of public health inequalities. By exchanging knowledge and best practice, the collaboration between the Nordic countries contributes to the welfare of the region. The expertise and traditions developed at the NHV are of significant importance in this work.

  • 4.
    Hansson, Anders
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för datavetenskap och informatik.
    Marklund, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care.
    Gedda, Birgitta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning.
    Mattsson, Bengt
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care.
    Working together - primary care doctors' and nurses' attitudes to collaboration2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 78-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Multidisciplinary teamwork is recommended for various disorders and it has been suggested that it is a way to meet the new challenges and demands facing general practitioners (GPs) in modern society. Attempts to introduce the method in primary care have failed partly due to GPs' unwillingness to participate. The aim of this study was to measure attitudes towards collaboration among GPs and district nurses (DN) and to investigate whether there is a correlation between a positive attitude toward collaboration and high self-esteem in the professional role. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Attitudes toward Physician Nurse Collaboration and the Professional Self-Description Form (PSDF) was used to study a cohort of 600 GPs and DNs in Vastra Gotaland region. The purpose was to map differences and correlations of attitude between DNs and GPs, between male and female GPs, and between older and younger DNs and GPs. Results: Four hundred and one answers were received. DNs (mean 51.7) were significantly more positive about collaboration than GPs (mean 49.4). There was no difference between younger and older, male and female GPs. DNs scored higher on the PSDF-scale than GPs. Conclusions: DNs were slightly more positive about collaboration than GPs. A positive attitude towards collaboration did not seem to be a part of the GPs' professional role to the same extent as it is for DNs. Professional norms seem to have more influence on attitudes than do gender roles. DNs seem more confident in their profession than GPs.

  • 5.
    Hansson, Anders
    et al.
    University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County; Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen for hälsopromotion och vårdvetenskap.
    Larsson, Lena G.
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Sweden.
    Forsman, Berit
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Alsén, Pia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Flawed communications: Health professionals’ experience of collaboration in the care of frail elderly patients2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, nr 7, s. 680-689Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Frail elderly patients who have multiple illnesses do not fare well in modern health care systems, mainly due to a lack of care planning and flawed communication between health professionals in different care organisations. This is especially noticeable when patients are discharged from hospital. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals’ experience of obstacles and opportunities for collaboration. Methods: Health professionals were invited to participate in three focus groups, each consisting of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist and a patient or a family member representative. These individual people were then asked to discuss the obstacles and opportunities for communication between themselves and with the patients and their relatives when presented with the case report of a fictitious patient. Content analysis was used to identify categories. Results: Several obstacles were identified for effective communication and care planning: insufficient communication with patients and relatives; delayed collaboration between care-givers; the lack of an adequate responsible person for care planning; and resources not being distributed according to the actual needs of patients. The absence of an overarching responsibility for the patient, beyond organisational borders, was a recurring theme. These obstacles could also be seen as opportunities. Conclusions: Obstacles for collaboration were found on three levels: societal, organisational and individual. As health care professionals are well aware of the problems and also see solutions, management for health care should support employees’ own initiatives for changes that are of benefit in the care of frail elderly patients with multiple illnesses.

  • 6.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margareta
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden The Queen Silivia Children’s Hospital Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SWE).
    Ragnarsson, S.
    Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, (SWE).
    Brorsson, A -L
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet (SWE).
    Garcia de Avila, M.
    Department of Nursing, Botucatu Medical School - UNESP (BRA).
    Forsner, M.
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, (SWE).
    Kull, I.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden Sachs’ Children and Youth’s Hospital, Södersjukhuset (SWE).
    Olinder, A. L.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden Sachs’ Children and Youth’s Hospital, Södersjukhuset (SWE).
    Mattson, J.
    Department of Health Science, The Swedish Red Cross University College, Sweden Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet (SWE).
    Nilsson, S.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Centre for Person-Centred Care, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Rullander, A -C
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University (SWE).
    Rydström, L -L
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet (SWE).
    Olaya-Contreras, P.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Centre for Person-Centred Care, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Berghammer, Malin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå. The Queen Silivia Children’s Hospital Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SWE).
    Young children’s voices in an unlocked Sweden during the COVID-19 pandemic2022Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 50, nr 6, s. 693-702Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: During the COVID-19 pandemic, Sweden was one of the few countries that rejected lockdowns in favour of recommendations for restrictions, including careful hand hygiene and social distancing. Preschools and primary schools remained open. Several studies have shown negative impacts of the pandemic on children, particularly high levels of anxiety. The study aim was to explore how Swedish school-aged children aged 6–14 years, experienced the COVID-19 pandemic and their perceived anxiety. Methods: In total, 774 children aged 6–14 years and their guardians answered an online questionnaire containing 24 questions, along with two instruments measuring anxiety: the Children’s Anxiety Questionnaire and the Numerical Rating Scale. A convergent parallel mixed-methods design was used for analysing the quantitative and qualitative data. Each data source was first analysed separately, followed by a merged interpretative analysis. Results: The results showed generally low levels of anxiety, with no significant sex differences. Children who refrained from normal social activities or group activities (n=377) had significantly higher levels of anxiety. Most of the children were able to appreciate the bright side of life, despite the social distancing and refraining from activities, which prevented them from meeting and hugging their loved ones. Conclusions: These Swedish children generally experienced low levels of anxiety, except those who refrained from social activities. Life was nonetheless mostly experienced as normal, largely because schools remained open. Keeping life as normal as possible could be one important factor in preventing higher anxiety and depression levels in children during a pandemic.  

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    et al.
    Department of Research and Development, Region Kronoberg, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Sweden.
    Wickberg, Birgitta
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fathers' depressive symptoms in the postnatal period: Prevalence and correlates in a population-based Swedish study2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, nr 7, s. 688-694Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of depression in new fathers. Methods: A population-based sample of 885 Swedish fathers and their partners completed a questionnaire, including the EdinburghPostnatal Depression Scale at three months postpartum. Correlates of depressive symptoms were analysed with univariate andmultiple variable regression models. Results: Symptoms of depression were found in 6.3% of the fathers and 12.0% of themothers, and the point prevalence of major depression in fathers was 1.3%. The strongest correlates of depressive symptoms in fathers were problems in the partner relationship, a low educational level, previous depression, stressful life events and low partner support. The cross-sectional design could affect the magnitude of the results, and causal inferences cannot be made. Conclusions: Although the rate of depressive symptoms is lower in fathers than in mothers at three months postpartum, the associated factors are similar to those found in studies of mothers. The first visits at the childhealth centre could include a discussion with both parents about normal transition problems; balancing work,personal and family needs; and distress. When signs of distress or partner relationship difficulties are picked up,this should be followed up and support interventions offered.

  • 8.
    Povlsen, Lene
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark, Unit for Health Promotion Research, Denmark.
    Regber, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Sweden.
    Fosse, Elisabeth
    Bergen University, Department of Health Promotion and Development, Faculty of Psychology, Norway.
    Karlsson, Lena Eklund
    University of Southern Denmark, Unit for Health Promotion Research, Denmark.
    Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Economic poverty among children and adolescents in the Nordic countries2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, nr 20_suppl, s. 30-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: This study aimed to identify applied definitions and measurements of economic poverty and to explore the proportionsand characteristics of children and adolescents living in economic poverty in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway andSweden during the last decade and to compare various statistics between the Nordic countries. Methods: Official data fromcentral national authorities on statistics, national reports and European Union Statistics of income and living conditionsdata were collected and analysed during 2015–2016. Results: The proportion of Nordic children living in economic povertyin 2014 ranged from 9.4% in Norway to 18.5% in Sweden. Compared with the European Union average, from 2004 to 2014Nordic families with dependent children experienced fewer difficulties in making their money last, even though Icelandicfamilies reported considerable difficulties. The characteristics of children living in economic poverty proved to be similar inthe five countries and were related to their parents' level of education and employment, single-parent households and – inDenmark, Norway and Sweden – to immigrant background. In Finland, poverty among children was linked in particular tolow income in employed households. Conclusions: This study showed that economic poverty among Nordic familieswith dependent children has increased during the latest decade, but it also showed that poverty rates are notnecessarily connected to families' ability to make their money last. Therefore additional studies are neededto explore existing policies and political commitments in the Nordic countries to compensate families withdependent children living in poverty.

  • 9.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping, Sweden..
    Berlin, Anita
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping, Sweden..
    Barimani, Mia
    Academic Primary Care Centre, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Stockholm, Sweden. .
    Maternal depression symptoms during the first 21 months after giving birth2021Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 49, nr 6, s. 606-615, artikel-id 1403494820977969Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: The first year after childbirth involves a major transition for women, which can accentuate inadequacies and feelings of powerlessness, making them vulnerable to depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and frequency of maternal postpartum depressive symptoms at different times after giving birth (0-21 months).

    METHODS: Data were collected cross-sectionally using a web questionnaire containing the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). A total of 888 mothers with children in the age range 0-21 months responded.

    RESULTS: The results showed different levels of depression over the range of months included in the study. The overall prevalence using EPDS ⩾ 12 was 27.8%. There were higher levels at 9-12 months and 17-21 months. The highest levels of symptoms of depression were found at nine, 12, and 17 months after birth, and the lowest levels at two and 16 months.

    CONCLUSIONS: Many mothers experience symptoms of depression after giving birth that can continue well beyond the child's first year. We have identified different levels of depression at different points in time after giving birth, with highs and lows throughout the first 21 months. This highlights a need to screen for depression more than once during the first years, as well as a closer cooperation between midwives and child healthcare nurses in supporting mothers in the transition to motherhood. This is an important aspect of public health, which not only involves mothers with symptoms of depression, but also their ability to care for their child and a possible negative impact on the child's development.

  • 10.
    Schyllander, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish Civil Contingencies Agcy, Karlstad.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
    Nyberg, Cecilia
    Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
    Eriksson, Ulla-Britt
    Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
    Ekman, Diana Stark
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    Case analyses of all children's drowning deaths occurring in Sweden 1998-20072013Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 174-179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The goal of this research project was to explore circumstances surrounding each drowning death occurring to children and adolescents ages 0-17 in Sweden during the years 1998-2007. Methods: Records from the National Board of Forensic Medicine (NBFM) and other sources were analysed. We collected information on children's personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnic background, weight, height, physical condition, and pre-existing health conditions) and the circumstances of deaths (time and place of occurrence, type of drowning, resuscitation efforts and medical care given, for example). We also collected information on prevention factors: the physical environment, adult supervision, whether or not the child could swim, and if the child was using a personal flotation device at the time of death. Results: Our analysis showed that 109 children had drowned in Sweden during the study period - of this group, 96 had died from unintentional causes. Children from immigrant backgrounds, particularly with families coming from the Middle East and Iran, were inordinately represented in the group of victims who had died from unintentional drowning deaths. Other risk factors included: coming from a single parent-headed family, alcohol use by older victims and a lack of ability to swim. Conclusions: Prevention efforts to prevent drowning in the future should focus on preventing alcohol use by young bathers; better fencing around swimming sites; improved coverage of swimming lessons to all children in Sweden, especially children from immigrant families; more education on drowning risks for single parents; and better awareness by adults on the need for constant supervision of children and adolescents in and near water.

  • 11.
    Sjölander, Per
    et al.
    Southern Lapland Research Department, Vilhelmina.
    Hassler, Sven
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Stroke and acute myocardial infarction in the Swedish Sami population: incidence and mortality in relation to income and level of education2008Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 84-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Agder, Center for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Grimstad, Norw.
    Sundsli, Kari
    Diakonhjemmet University College, Department of Social Welfare and Occupational therapy, Sandnes, Norway.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik.
    Dale, Bjørg
    University of Agder, Center for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Grimstad, Norw.
    Psychometric properties of Antonovsky's 29-item Sense of Coherence scale in research on older home-dwelling Norwegians.2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, nr 8, s. 867-874Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to test the homogeneity and construct validity of the Sense of Coherence 29-item scale (SOC-29) among older home-dwelling Norwegians.

    METHODS: A postal questionnaire, consisting of background variables, five health-related questions, the SOC-29, and three other instruments measuring mental health, self-care ability, and risk for undernutrition, was sent to 6033 home-dwelling older people (65+ years) in southern Norway. A total of 2069 participants were included. Homogeneity was assessed with Cronbach's alpha coefficient and item-to-total correlations. The construct validity was assessed with "the known-groups technique," a linear stepwise regression analysis with SOC score serving as the dependent variable and with confirmatory factor analysis.

    RESULTS: With a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.91 and statistically significant item-to-total correlations, the SOC-29 was found to be homogeneous. Construct validity was supported because the SOC-29 could separate known groups with expected high and low scores. The factors that could predict SOC were mental health, self-care ability, feeling lonely, being active, and chronic disease or handicap. Evidence of construct validity was displayed in a confirmatory factor analysis that confirmed SOC-29 as one theoretical construct with the three dimensions, comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Norwegian version of the SOC-29 is a reliable and valid instrument for use in research among older people. The results confirm that SOC has a particularly strong relationship with mental health and self-care ability.

1 - 12 av 12
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf