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  • 1.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Veronika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bennet, Louise
    Lunds universitet, Centrum för primärvårdsforskning, Limhamns vårdcentral, Region Skåne, Sweden.
    Fellbrant, Klas
    Family Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Skövde, Sweden.
    Hellgren, Margareta
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Attitudes Regarding Participation in a Diabetes Screening Test among an Assyrian Immigrant Population in Sweden2016In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 1504530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. In total, 13 of the 43 participants were diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism, 4 of these 13 had TD2. The interviewed participants perceived that screening was an opportunity to discover more about their health and to care for themselves and their families. Nevertheless, they were not necessarily committed to taking action as a consequence of the screening. Instead, they professed that their health was not solely in their own hands and that they felt safe that God would provide for them. Assyrians’ background and religion affect their health beliefs and willingness to participate in screening for TD2.

  • 2.
    Holm, Anne Lise
    et al.
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Lyberg, Anne
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Going around in a Circle: A Norwegian Study of Suicidal Experiences in Old Age2014In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 734635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Depression has repeatedly been found to be a risk factor for completed suicide, particularly when coupled with a pervasive sense of hopelessness. The aim of this study was to evaluate depressed older persons’ suicidal experiences. Data were collected by means of individual in-depth interviews with nine informants living in two districts of Norway. A hermeneutic analysis was performed. Onemain theme: Going around in a circle and two themes: being alone without meaning in life and struggling to achieve reconciliation emerged from the analysis. An important implication for mental healthcare practice is the need to develop a person’s ability to shape and take control of her/his life. The healthcare organisation must be committed to a plan that sets out strategies enabling suicidal individuals to avoid the negative experience of meaninglessness. It was concluded that suicidal depressed elderly persons need helpto escape from their desperate situation. More research is urgently required in order to prevent suicide in depressed elderly persons whose emotional pain is unbearable.

  • 3.
    Huusko, Linda
    et al.
    Narhälsan Skövde Women’s Health Clinic, Skövde, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, S.
    Women’s Health Clinic, Umeå, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education,Skövde, Sweden.
    Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education,Skövde, Sweden.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education,Skövde, Sweden.
    First-Time Fathers´ Experience of Support from Midwives in Maternity Clinics: An Interview Study2018In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 9618036Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    Research shows that first-time fathers want to take part in preparation for birth and parenthood but they describe being excluded by health professionals. Aim. The aim of this study was to illustrate first-time fathers' experiences of support from midwives in maternity clinics as a step in the validation of "The Father Perceived-Professional-Support" (The FaPPS) scale.

    Methods.

    A qualitative content analysis with an inductive and deductive approach was used; seven first-time fathers were strategically selected and interviewed. In the inductive part the following open question was asked: "How did you perceive the support from the antenatal midwife/midwives?" In the deductive part, the fathers were asked to respond to the FaPPS scale, in order to receive their thoughts and understanding of the scale, inspired by the "Think-aloud" method. Findings. The inductive results showed two main categories: Experience of not knowing what support they needed and Experience of being excluded. The fathers found support from other fathers in parental education classes, but they lack time to discuss. Overall it seems as if the fathers answered both from their own perspective and from the mothers' perspective. This was not evident in the deductive results. The FaPPs scale should therefore include professionals' ability to strengthen social support from other first-time fathers and professionals' ability to offer support to the mother.

    Conclusion and Clinical Implications.

    The fathers experienced exclusion both by themselves and also by midwives. Midwives should offer both parents the opportunity to pose questions. It is important for expectant fathers that time for discussion is planned in parental education classes. The FaPPS scale is useful but needs further development. Parts of our result are in line with earlier research, for decades; therefore it is necessary to focus more on support for fathers.

  • 4.
    Larsson, Inga
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sahlsten, Monika J.M.
    Department of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    The Staff Nurse Clinical Leader at the Bedside: Swedish Registered Nurses’ Perceptions2016In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, p. 1-8, article id 1797014Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Registered nurses at the bedside are accountable for and oversee completion of patient care as well as directly leading and managing the provision of safe patient care. These nurses have an informal leadership role that is not associated with any given position. Leadership is a complex and multifaceted concept and its meaning is unclear, especially in the staff nurse context. The aim was to describe registered nurses’ perceptions of what it entails to be the leader at the bedside in inpatient physical care. A phenomenographic approach was employed. Interviews were performed with Swedish registered nurses (). Five descriptive categories were identified: demonstrating clinical knowledge, establishing a good atmosphere of collaboration, consciously structuring the work in order to ensure patients’ best possible nursing care, customized presence in the practical work with patients according to predetermined prerequisites, and monitoring coworkers’ professional practice. Registered nurses informal role as leader necessitates a social process of deliberate effort to attain and maintain leader status and authority. Participants used deliberate communicative approaches and interactive procedures. Leader principles grounded in the core values of the nursing profession that ensure nursing values and person-centered attributes were a key aspect.

  • 5.
    Larsson, Inga
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sahlsten, Monika
    University of Skövde, (School of Life Sciences, Högskolevägen 1, 541 28 Skövde, Sweden.
    Segesten, Kerstin
    University College of Borås, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Allégatan 1, 501 90 Borås, Sweden.
    Plos, Kaety
    Gothenburg University, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy , Box 457, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patients' Perceptions of Nurses' Behaviour That Influence Patient Participation in Nursing Care: A Critical Incident Study2011In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 534060Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patient participation is an important basis for nursing care and medical treatment and is a legal right in many Western countries. Studies have established that patients consider participation to be both obvious and important, but there are also findings showing the opposite and patients often prefer a passive recipient role. Knowledge of what may influence patients' participation is thus of great importance. The aim was to identify incidents and nurses' behaviours that influence patients' participation in nursing care based on patients' experiences from inpatient somatic care. The Critical Incident Technique (CIT) was employed. Interviews were performed with patients (), recruited from somatic inpatient care at an internal medical clinic in West Sweden. This study provided a picture of incidents, nurses' behaviours that stimulate or inhibit patients' participation, and patient reactions on nurses' behaviours. Incidents took place during medical ward round, nursing ward round, information session, nursing documentation, drug administration, and meal.

  • 6.
    Lyberg, Anne
    et al.
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Holm, Anne Lise
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Lassenius, Erna
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Vestfold University College.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg.
    Older Persons’ Experiences of Depressive Ill-Health and Family Support2013In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, p. 1-8, article id 837529Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore experiences of the meaning of family support among older persons with depressive illhealth.Data were collected from twenty-nine participants through semistructured interviews and analysed using interpretative hermeneutic and reflective methodology. The findings revealed a main theme, hovering between feelings of belongingness and aloneness in relationships with family members, based on two themes: a sense of being worthy and a sense of being unworthy.Experiences of support and lack of support from family members were not opposites but connected in internal relationships andcan be pictured as a movement on a continuum of ambiguity. Family support promotes the emotional needs of older persons withdepressive ill-health to be confirmed. The family plays a vital role, not always by direct assistance, but indirectly by supporting theolder person's own "guiding principles" for managing her/his situation. The feelings of aloneness as well as shame and guilt at pooror absent family responsiveness should be adequately addressed. Innovative nursing care can lead to improvement by focusing on acquiescence to the older person's life situation.

  • 7.
    Möller Ranch, Matilda
    et al.
    Neonatal Care Unit, NÄL Hospital Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Jämtén, Sofia
    Pediatric Healthcare Setting, Capio, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences, Skövde, Sweden.
    Ekström-Bergström, Anette
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences, Skövde, Sweden.
    First-Time Mothers Have a Desire to Be Offered Professional Breastfeeding Support by Pediatric Nurses: An Evaluation of the Mother-Perceived-Professional Support Scale2019In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 8731705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although the World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for six months, the rate of breastfeeding has decreased worldwide. Breastfeeding is the natural way of feeding a baby, but it is a process that has to be learnt. It is not unusual for problems to occur and hence support for breastfeeding is vital. The aim of this study was to explore first-time mothers' experiences of the breastfeeding support offered by pediatric nurses, as well as to develop and evaluate the Mother Perceived Support from Professionals (MoPPS) scale.

    Methods: A qualitative design involving both inductive and deductive approaches was chosen. Nine first-time mothers were interviewed regarding their experiences of the breastfeeding support offered by pediatric nurses. Semistructured interviews were conducted. The mothers were also asked to grade their experiences of breastfeeding support on the MoPPS scale. A qualitative content analysis was applied when analyzing the data obtained using both the inductive (interviews) and deductive (MoPPS scale) approaches.

    Results: The results revealed that the mothers felt the desire to breastfeed, although they all experienced some difficulties. They wanted the pediatric nurses to be perceptive and provide professional support based on their own experiences. When the pediatric nurses took time and booked extra appointments, the mothers felt supported. The inductive analysis resulted in one theme: "When wanting to breastfeed, mothers have a desire to be offered professional breastfeeding support". Two main categories were identified, namely "Mothers wanted but lacked breastfeeding support" and "Mothers received professional support." The deductive analysis of the MoPPS scale showed similar results, and the questions were perceived as relevant to the aim. The mothers considered it important that the pediatric nurses had sufficient knowledge about breastfeeding. It was also considered important that the pediatric nurses involved the mothers' partners in the breastfeeding support. Therefore, we suggest that these areas should be included in the MoPPS scale for pediatric nurses.

    Conclusions: The MoPPS scale can be a useful tool for helping pediatric nurses to offer mothers professional breastfeeding support. Indeed, when offering breastfeeding support, pediatric nurses can use the items included on the MoPPS scale as guidance.

  • 8.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Finnström, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Mörelius, Evalotte
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Forsner, Maria
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    The Facial Affective Scale as a Predictor for Pain Unpleasantness When Children Undergo Immunizations2014In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, p. 628198-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Needle fear is a common problem in children undergoing immunization. To ensure that the individual child’s needs are met during a painful procedure itwould be beneficial to be able to predictwhether there is a need for extra support.Theself-reporting instrument facial affective scale (FAS) could have potential for this purpose.The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the FAS can predict pain unpleasantness in girls undergoing immunization. Girls, aged 11-12 years, reported their expected pain unpleasantness on the FAS at least two weeks before and then experienced pain unpleasantness immediately before each vaccination. The experienced pain unpleasantness during the vaccination was also reported immediately after each immunization. The level of anxiety was similarly assessed during each vaccination and supplemented with stress measures in relation to the procedure in order to assess and evaluate concurrent validity.The results show that the FAS is valid to predict pain unpleasantness in 11-12-year-old girls who undergo immunizations and that it has the potential to be a feasible instrument to identify children who are in need of extra support to cope with immunization. In conclusion, the FAS measurement can facilitate caring interventions.

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