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  • 1.
    Goel, Sneha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Ahlfors, Magnus
    Quintus Technologies AB, Västerås, Sweden.
    Bahbou, Fouzi
    ARCAM AB, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Joshi, Shrikant V.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Effect of Different Post-treatments on the Microstructure of EBM-Built Alloy 7182019In: Journal of materials engineering and performance (Print), ISSN 1059-9495, E-ISSN 1544-1024, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 673-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electron beam melting (EBM) of Alloy 718 is of rapidly growing interest as it allows cost-effective production of complex components. However, the inherent flaws in the component in as-built state are of concern in view of the severe working conditions in which Alloy 718 components typically operate. The present work entails an investigation of changes in microstructure that accompany some post-treatments that are being widely considered to address defects in EBM processed Alloy 718. The effect of two different post-treatments, namely hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and a combined HIP + heat treatment (HT) carried out inside the HIP vessel, have been studied and results from as-built and post-treated specimens were compared in terms of porosity/lack-of-fusion, microstructure, phase constitution (NbC content, ÎŽ-phase) and micro-hardness. Post-treatment resulted in reduction in defect content by more than an order of magnitude. HIPing led to complete dissolution of ÎŽ phase. In comparison to as-built material, HIPed specimens exhibited significant drop in hardness. However, a sharp ‘recovery’ of hardness to yield values higher than in as-built condition was observed after HIP + HT and can be attributed to precipitation of γ′′ phase. © 2018, The Author(s).

  • 2.
    Holmberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. Swerea-IVF AB, 431 22, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Wretland, Anders
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Berglund, Johan
    Grit Blasting for Removal of Recast Layer from EDM Process on Inconel 718 Shaft: An Evaluation of Surface Integrity2016In: Journal of materials engineering and performance (Print), ISSN 1059-9495, E-ISSN 1544-1024, Vol. 25, no 12, p. 5540-5550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The heat generated during EDM melts the work material and thereby allows large amounts to be removed,but an unfavorable surface of a recast layer (RCL) will also be created. This layer has entirely different properties compared to the bulk. Hence, it is of great interest to efficiently remove this layer and to verify that it has been removed. The main objective of this work has been to study the efficiency of grit blasting forremoval of RCL on an EDM aero space shaft. Additionally, x-ray fluorescence (XRF) has been evaluated asa nondestructive measurement to determine RCL presence. The results show that the grit-blasting processing parameters have strong influence on the ability to remove RCL and at the same time introduce beneficial compressive stresses even after short exposure time. Longer exposure will remove the RCL fromthe surface but also increase the risk that a larger amount of the blasting medium will get stuck into the surface. This investigation shows that a short exposure time in combination with a short grit-blasting nozzle distance is the most preferable process setting. It was further found that handheld XRF equipment can be used as a nondestructive measurement in order to evaluate the amount of RCL present on an EDM surface.This was realized by analyzing the residual elements from the EDM wire.

  • 3. Manisekaran, T.
    et al.
    Kamaraj, M.
    Sharrif, S. M.
    Joshi, S. V.
    Slurry erosion studies on surface modified 13Cr-4Ni steels: Effect of angle of impingement and particle size2007In: Journal of materials engineering and performance (Print), ISSN 1059-9495, E-ISSN 1544-1024, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 567-572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydroturbine steels, such as 13Cr-4Ni martensitic steels, are generally subjected to heavy-erosive wear and loss of efficiency due to solid particulate entrainment in the water. Surface-modified steels have proven to give better performance in terms of erosive wear resistance. In the present study, an attempt is made to investigate the effect of angle of impingement and particle size on slurry-jet erosion behavior of pulsed plasma nitrided and laser hardened 13Cr-4Ni steels. Laser hardening process has shown good performance at all angles of impingement due to martensitic transformation of retained austenite. Plastic deformation mode of material removal was also an evident feature of all laser-hardened surface damage locations. However, pulsed-plasma nitrided steels have exhibited chip formation and micro-cutting mode of erosive wear. Erosion with 150-300 mu m size was twice compared to 150 mu m size slurry particulates.

  • 4.
    Åstrand, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Bolmsjö, Gunnar
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems.
    Sikström, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation Systems.
    Lindgren, Eric
    Improved fatigue properties of welded box beams by tailored welding procedures for high penetration fillet weldsIn: Journal of materials engineering and performance (Print), ISSN 1059-9495, E-ISSN 1544-1024Article in journal (Other academic)
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