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  • 1. Archana, M. S.
    et al.
    Srikanth, Vvss
    Joshi, Shrikant. V.
    Joardar, J.
    Influence of applied pressure during field-assisted sintering of Ti(C,N)-WC-FeAl based nanocomposite2015In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 1986-1993Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ti(C,N)-WC-FeAl based nanocomposites are processed by field-assisted sintering at 1500 degrees C. The phase and microstructural evolution during the process under the influence of different applied pressures of 30, 50 and 100 MPa are studied using x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Lattice parameters of (Ti,W)(C,N) solid solution and binder phases after sintering are found to vary with applied pressure. The nanocomposite grains are observed to possess a core-rim microstructure. Microstructural variations in terms of type, size and fraction of "corerim" structure as a function of applied pressure are investigated. The hardness and indentation fracture toughness values are in the range of 17.6-18.4 GPa and 5.9-6.8 MPa root m, respectively. These values are comparable with those reported for Ti(C,N)-based composites with metal binder. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

  • 2. Barick, P.
    et al.
    Prasad Saha, B.
    Mitra, R.
    Joshi, Shrikant V.
    Effect of concentration and molecular weight of polyethylenimine on zeta potential, isoelectric point of nanocrystalline silicon carbide in aqueous and ethanol medium2015In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 4289-4293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of dispersant concentration and its molecular weight on zeta potential of nanocrystalline silicon carbide in an aqueous medium was investigated. An increase in the concentration of the dispersant, such as polyethylenimine (PEI), in slurry prepared from nanosized silicon carbide, was found to augment the iso-electric point and zeta potential. However, the zeta potential was observed to decline as the pH of the slurry shifts towards the basic region. This aforementioned behavior is attributed to the enhanced mutual repulsion between the polymer chains of the dispersant adsorbed on the surfaces of SiC particles and those approaching the surfaces. The higher ionization potential of polymers in the acidic region compared to the basic region increases the adsorption. The relationship between zeta potential and pH is however, noted to remain virtually unchanged with molecular weight of PEI. Further, it is observed that zeta potential of SiC decreases with the increase in solid content of the slurry. Rheology study reveals that the ethanol based slurry has a lower viscosity than the water based slurry, making ethanol the preferred dispersing medium for colloidal processing of nanometric SiC powder. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

  • 3.
    Barick, Prasenjit
    et al.
    International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur Post, Hyderabad, 500005 Telangana, India.
    Chakravarty, Dibyendu
    International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur Post, Hyderabad, 500005 Telangana, India.
    Saha, Bhaskar Prasad
    International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur Post, Hyderabad, 500005 Telangana, India.
    Nitra, Rahul
    Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302 West Bengal, India.
    Joshi, Shrikant
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West. International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur Post, Hyderabad, 500005 Telangana, India.
    Effect of pressure and temperature on densification, microstructure and mechanical properties of spark plasma sintered silicon carbide processed with β-silicon carbide nanopowder and sintering additives2016In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 3836-3848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of applied pressure and temperature during spark plasma sintering (SPS) of additive-containing nanocrystalline silicon carbide on its densification, microstructure, and mechanical properties have been investigated. Both relative density and grain size are found to increase with temperature. Furthermore, with increase in pressure at constant temperature, the relative density improves significantly, whereas the grain size decreases. Reasonably high relative density (~96%) is achieved on carrying out SPS at 1300 °C under applied pressure of 75 MPa for 5 min, with a maximum of ~97.7% at 1500 °C under 50 MPa for 5 min. TEM studies have shown the presence of an amorphous phase at grain boundaries and triple points, which confirms the formation of liquid phase during sintering and its significant contribution to densification of SiC at relatively lower temperatures (≤1400 °C). The relative density decreases on raising the SPS temperature beyond 1500 °C, probably due to pores caused by vaporization of the liquid phase. Whereas β-SiC is observed in the microstructures for SPS carried out at temperatures ≤1500 °C, α-SiC evolves and its volume fraction increases with further increase in SPS temperatures. Both hardness and Young׳s modulus increase with increase in relative density, whereas indentation fracture toughness appears to be higher in case of two-phase microstructure containing α and β-SiC.

  • 4.
    Ganvir, Ashish
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Vaidhyanathan, Venkateswaran
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Gupta, Mohit Kumar
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Pala, Zdenek
    Institute of Plasma Physics CAS, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic.
    Lukac, Frantisek
    Institute of Plasma Physics CAS, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic.
    Failure analysis of thermally cycled columnar thermal barrier coatings produced by high-velocity-air fuel and axial-suspension-plasma spraying: A design perspective2018In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 3161-3172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Axial-suspension-plasma spraying (ASPS) is a fairly recent thermal spray technology which enables production of ceramic top coats in TBCs, incorporating simultaneously the properties of both the conventional-plasma sprayed (highly insulating porous structures) and electron-beam-physical-vapor-deposited (strain-tolerant columnar structures) top coats. TBCs are required to insulate the hot components in a gas turbine engine against high temperature and harsh operating conditions. Periodic heating and cooling of turbine engines during operation can create severe thermal cyclic fatigue conditions which can degrade the performance of these coatings eventually leading to the failure. An in-depth experimental investigation was performed to understand the failure behavior of columnar TBCs subjected to thermal cyclic fatigue (TCF) test at 1100 C. The study revealed that the TCF performance was influenced to an extent, by the top coat microstructure, but was primarily affected by the severity of thermally grown oxide (TGO) growth at the bond coat-top coat interface. Mixed failure modes comprising crack propagation through the bond coat-TGO interface, through TGO and within the top coat were identified. Based on the analysis of the experimental results and thorough discussion a novel design of microstructure for the high TCF performance columnar TBC is proposed. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

  • 5.
    Kanhed, Satish
    et al.
    Laboratory for Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Awasthi, Shikha
    Laboratory for Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Goel, Sneha
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Pandey, Aditi
    Laboratory for Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Sharma, Rajeev
    Laboratory for Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Upadhyaya, Anish
    Powder Metallurgy Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Balani, Kantesh
    Laboratory for Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, 208016, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Porosity distribution affecting mechanical and biological behaviour of hydroxyapatite bioceramic composites2017In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 43, no 13, p. 10442-10449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present work aims to the study of developing porosity in hydroxyapatite (HAp) scaffold by using graphite porogen (with 0-30 vol%) followed by engineering the changes achieved by conventional- (CS) and microwave sintering (MS) techniques. The generated porosity was controlled between similar to 6-27% as the porogen concentration increases in HAp scaffold. Voronoi tessellation was utilized in order to evaluate the distribution of pores. The enhanced mechanical properties including fracture toughness (0.83 MPa m(1/2)), fracture strength (7.5 MPa), and hardness (183.7 VHN) were observed for microwave sintered HAp scaffold with 8% porosity. The fitting between porosity and fracture strength elicited that microwave sintered HAp with 8% porosity provides maximum crack-propagation resistance while restricting grain size (similar to 0.23 mu m) and eliciting high extent of sintering (similar to 1.34) because of their rapid heating rates. The cell viability (MTT assay) and cell culture confirm the cytocompatibility of porous HAp for application as bone implant that need accelerated replacement of bone tissues.

  • 6.
    Murray, James W.
    et al.
    University of Nottingham, Faculty of Engineering, UK.
    Leva, Alessandro
    University of Nottingham, Faculty of Engineering, UK.
    Joshi, Shrikant V.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    Hussain, Tanvir
    University of Nottingham, Faculty of Engineering, UK.
    Microstructure and wear behaviour of powder and suspension hybrid Al2O3–YSZ coatings2018In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 44, no 7, p. 8498-8504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Suspension based plasma sprayed coatings can yield superior microstructural and tribological properties compared to conventional powder based plasma sprayed coatings. This study investigates a new hybrid method, using simultaneous spraying from powder and suspension, to produce composite coatings using alumina and yttria stabilised zirconia (YSZ), with potentially excellent wear and thermal properties. Dry sliding wear showed the alumina suspension-YSZ suspension coating yielded half the specific wear rate of the alumina powder-YSZ suspension, explained by preferential gamma alumina formation and increased porosity in the latter. Both YSZ-containing samples showed superior toughness and wear rate than simple alumina powder and suspension coatings.

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