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  • 1.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet.
    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about newly arrived adult migrants' meaning making and learning in Swedish society during the two years' introduction period, after they have received the residence permit. I have specifically studied Arabic speaking adults' meaning making and learning, by carrying out observations and individual in-depth interviews with 12 migrants. The introduction period consists mainly of three so called introduction measures; the civic orientation course, Swedish for immigrants (SFI), and different work related activities, such as internship at different work places.The results show that etablering is about shaping the newly arrived adult migrants into "good" citizens, through the introduction measures, among other things in the civic orientation course, which is regulated through the policy documents, and which so to say provides meaning to the newly arrived. The "good" citizen has some specific characteristics, which, roughly, are that he or she is independent (and advocates individuality), free, equality thinking, secularized, law-abiding (which includes being honest), responsible, and a "good" parent. These characteristics are expressed in different ways in the civic orientation course, for instance through the course material. The Swedish society is described as something desirable, and different from what is implied to be "Arabic" values and ways of thinking. The idea of the "good" citizen appears to aim at constructing the adult migrants' (and their families') identity, something which many of the study's respondents make a resistance to.As concerns the migrant's new experiences, it is, for example, those which the migrant get through the contact with the Swedish Public Employment Service (SPES) that affect the meaning making in the new society. The meaning which most of the respondents have made of the SPES's measures for them is that this authority only offers "prepackaged" solutions, and does not provide the help or support that they need. Also the experiences which the migrant has in the civic orientation course, and the meaning which "old" migrants give to him or her, play a role when he or she makes meaning of Sweden and Swedes, and of his or her new life situation. Further, it has been shown that it is those experiences that the adult individual has been socialized through, and those which he or she has gained through work or education in his or her country of origin, which affect his or her meaning making in Sweden. It is mostly values which concern child upbringing and religion that lead to a certain understanding and construction of one's new life. These values, when related to the values which are included in the "good" citizen idea, also lead to either a resistance or a readiness towards the meaning giving that is embedded in the "good" citizen notion.

  • 2.
    Chaat, Hiba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Teaching Civic Orientation for New Residents in Sweden: on Competence Development and Knowledge Sharing in a Growing Profession2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 165-178Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing number of refugees in Sweden, there is increased pressure on integration organizations to educate new residents about their rights and obligations in the new country. In Sweden, this is done with a mandatory course in civic orientation for those who get a residence permit. The courses are held in the native language of the new residents, thus increasing the demand for people with both language and pedagogical skills to hold civic orientation courses. The civic orientation classes include participants with different backgrounds and ages. The only common denominator among the course participants is the language. Thus, it isnot conventional teaching where students have more characteristics in common, and integration workers are not conventional teachers since not all of them are professional, trained educators. Therefore, we claim that we see a new profession in the making since these integration workers are recruited as integration workers in Sweden on the basis of their individual background rather than on formal training. In order to illuminate this new profession, this study compares and contrasts thework situation, processes of competence development and knowledge sharing by integration workers in a small and a big city in two different municipalities in west Sweden. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with eight integration workers and two course coordinators. The analysis was based on the dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation by Nonaka (1994). Results indicated that the work situations share similarities in relation to how the courses were organized and planned for. However, organizational differences became evident due to the number of integration workers, quality management, employee support, and possibilities for knowledge sharing. These differences also created varied difficulties in how to improve courses and learn from other civic orientation teachers. It is concluded that there is a need for better national coordination and knowledge sharing on both the individual and organizational level. The study suggests that there should be a dynamic, interactive national support system where integration workers could systematically and individually share experiences to improve the quality of the civic orientation courses. This becomes essential since local conditions create huge variations regarding experience-based improvement of thecourses, thus jeopardizing both content and process quality of the mandatory courses by putting all responsibility on the individual teacher.

  • 3.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring jämställdhet, funktionshinder och etnicitet: en studie med beskrivande vinjetter som metod2004Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Bunting, Leona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Wallin, Emmie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Mammor som kulturtolkar: En förstudie om invandrarkvinnors möten med skola i Västra Götaland2013Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Vi är här nu!": Mobilisering och självorganisering bland flyktingar på Restad Gård2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Unusually many refugees have arrived in Sweden during the 2010s, only in 2015 did 163,000 refugees seeking for asylum. Many came because of the war in Syria that has been taking place since 2011, but during the period many people have been forced to flee war, violence and natural disasters from a number of other countries as well. A large part of the newly arrived were placed in refugee facilities while waiting for decision of residence permit. Restad Gård, just outside the city Vänersborg, in the west part of Sweden, is one of the biggest refugee facilities in the country. This study is about the situation for the newly arrived refugees at the facility, and especially about the self-organization a group of refugees started under the name Support Group. Initially, the reason for the self-organization was to solve several acute needs and problems at the facility, later on it was developed to a new model for including refugees into the new community, and to involve themselves in the process.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how self-organization among asylum-seekers in the asylum facility was experienced to affect the inclusion process in the new country. Through group interviews and individual interviews we have mainly focused on the asylum-seekers' own experiences of how their activities influenced the inclusion process and relationships with other residents and actors with which they interacted. The asylum-seekers own stories, which are rarely heard, are here given a necessary space. We have also asked for experience among other involved actors, and we highlight relevant media submissions as well as authorities' actions on the matter. It was also our ambition to provide a relatively detailed description of the process during the period in question, 2013-2017, in order to document it. Other topics discussed during the interviews were how the asylum-seekers were received in the new country; how they experienced their time at the facility; how the self-organization started and developed; how collaborations with other actors arose and worked; which their goals with the self-organization were; and if they think they succeed to achieve these. The media material partly reflects how the group communicated its activities outwardly, and partly how local press represented and commented on them. Material from the authorities depicts some of the more formal conditions for the asylum seekers work and how this partially changed over time.

    The study shows that work on self-organization has made a difference for the situation of asylum-seekers in several ways; they have created many activities at the asylum facility, which reduced the risk of insomnia, passivation and mental ill health during the often long waiting period; opportunities for preparing and qualifying for an inclusion process have been improved; found methods to quickly bring people into internship and work; people's identities, solidarity and control of their own situation have been strengthened; the image of refugees as passive victims and aid recipients has been partially challenged; many constructive collaborations withother actors have been established and they have created a common voice for the group capable to claim their own needs and wishes.

    At the same time, it appears that perceived differences between groups of asylum-seekers sometimes prevent the possibility of reaching all asylum-seekers, and they often have difficulties with being recognised as equal, competent and full-fledged partners as conceptions about "the other" as dependent, passive and beneficiaries dominate, which tend to worsen when they, by other actors, are perceived as competitors for the money that is searchable for inclusion work.

    If self-organization among asylum seekers will have the opportunity to continue to develop into new inclusion methods, it might contribute to mobilizing the group's resources and thereby a faster and smoother inclusion process. Central to this is that practical aspects of inclusion - such as work and living, housing, language and education – should be related to ideas about identification and inhesion if newcomers social and cultural position are about to change. Crucial for success is also how authorities and other citizens will respond to, providing space for and utilize the constructive power created by the self-organization.

  • 6.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Ageingand Economic Performance: Dilemmas and Dichotomies2012In: Yearbook of Finnish Population Studies, ISSN 1796-6183, Vol. XLVII, p. 89-112Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Idea of Intercultural Education and the Dilemma of Diversity2016In: Bridging Differences: Understanding Cultural Interaction in Our Globalized World / [ed] Newtona (Tina) Johnson and Shawn Simpson, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2016, p. 3-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Wiest, Karin
    et al.
    Institut für Länderkunde, Leipzig.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rural development, female mobility and the provision of SGI – a target group oriented approach.2013In: Second ESPON Scientific Report, Luxembourg, 2013, p. 61-67Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 8 of 8
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