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  • 1.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindström, Berner
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Making collaboration work: Developing boundary work and boundary awareness in emergency exercises2017In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 286-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration in emergency work is challenging on many levels. The unforeseen and temporary nature of incidents presents basic challenges. Another important challenge is boundaries between specialized and autonomous emergency service organizations. We need to know more about how exercises are performed to increase the individuals and organizations preparedness for future joint response work. The aim of this study was to explore how boundary work is carried out at the incident site during exercises, and how boundary awareness is developed based on this boundary work. The analytic focus was on how boundaries were identified, negotiated and managed in the participants work. Empirically, full-scale exercises involving police, ambulance and rescue services and with repetition of practical scenarios and joint-reflection seminars are studied. Much of the work in the exercises was performed within distinct areas of expertise, in accordance with concrete routines, skills and responsibilities. Boundary work was often organized in the form of distribution of labour or creating chains of actions. The exercises shed light on challenges related to other aspects of emergency response,such as a lack of resources, diverging primary responsibilities, time-criticality and hazardous environments. The design allowed participants to explicate boundaries, test and discuss alternative solutions, and to visualize the effects of different solutions as the scenarios were repeated. The boundaries that were identified were often of institutional character, and were also related to the specific scenarios and to the actions taken in the activities. By integrating real-life experiences of collaborative work in the exercise, the exercise gained a certain meaning that was essential for the participants to develop boundary awareness.

  • 2.
    Arveklev Höglund, Susanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Drama and Learning in nursing education-A Study in first and second cycle2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Academy in Szczytno, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fatigue, vigor and dedication: the role of job-related emotions2013In: Imagine the future world: How do we want to work tomorrow? / [ed] Hertel, Guido & Holling, Heinz, 2013, p. 11-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim of the study was to examine the role of job-related positive and negative emotions between acute fatigue at work and engagement. We tested two components of engagement: vigor (energetic aspect) and dedication (motivational aspect). We hypothesized that negative emotions mediate in energy depletion process and positive emotions mediate in broadening of energetic and motivational resources.

    Design/Methodology. Fatigue was measured by an index in accordance with the Japan Society for Occupational Health. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale – short version (UWES) was used to evaluate vigor and dedication (Schaufeli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006). Job-related affective well-being (JAWS) was used to assess positive and negative emotions (Van Katwyk et al., 2000). The study group consisted of 174 police officers (the average tenure of 10 years, range 1–23).

    Results. Baron and Kenny approach and the Sobel test supported our hypotheses. Fatigue was more negative related to vigor than dedication. We observed that positive and negative emotions fully mediated between fatigue and vigor (large effect size f2 = .36). Additionally, positive emotions fully mediated between fatigue and dedication (medium effect size f2 = .16). We confirmed these results by the Sobel test.

    Limitations. The correlational design was applied.

    Research/Practical Implications. Our results indicate that in police officers positive emotions may lead to broadening of energetic and motivational resources.

  • 4.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nordevik, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Uppfattningar och nöjdhet kring en HR-funktions uppgifter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With real world research as the theoretical framework, a study was conducted as an assignment by the HR-function at Parker Hannifin AB in Sweden. Bearing in mind that there have been ambiguities concerning the roles of managers and HR-staff in previous research and that the managers’ perceptions about the HR-function affects the role of the HR, this study was conducted. This study about perceptions and satisfaction concerning the working of an HR-function aimed to highlight possible differences in customer satisfaction amongst managers based on which unit they belonged to, level of managerial position, the time they have worked as managers in the organization, and the frequency of contact with the HR-department. Moreover, the study considered whether the opinions concerning areas of improvement have changed since the last conducted research. This research was conducted through an analysis of documents and a self-produced questionnaire which was sent to all managers within Parker in Sweden. The results indicated that the same areas of improvement-needs remains, that existing documents are inconsequent in relation to each other, and that several significant differences between managers’ perceptions emerged. The HR-departments along with the different documents should tentatively become more consistent so that their roles become clearer.

  • 5.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    How doctors practice teamleadership2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The overall purpose of the article was to study how doctors practise leadership in multidisciplinary teams. The article seeks to answer the question: Which approach do doctors use to lead multidisciplinary psychiatric teams?

    Methodology: Six psychiatric teams were studied at a university hospital. Each team was followed for eighteen months. Data were collected during a period of four years (2008–2011). Data were collected through interviews with doctors (n = 19) and observations (n = 30) of doctors’ work in a multidisciplinary psychiatric team.

    Findings: Doctors in a multidisciplinary team use either self-imposed or involuntary leadership. Oscillating between these two extremes is called reversible leadership.

    Research limitations: The study was performed at a psychiatric ward during treatment conferences in a university hospital. This limitation means that there is cause for some caution in interpreting the results.

    Practical implications: The results are useful for understanding leadership in multidisciplinary teams within the health and medical care system. The reversible leadership means that doctors can more easily oscillate from difficult situations and deal with internal tensions, facilitating leadership and management of the multidisciplinary team in the intended direction.

    Originality / value: Doctors in multidisciplinary psychiatric teams use reversible leadership.

  • 6.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande i psykiatriska team: om sammanhållning, sortering och kontroll2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about leadership and decision-making in psychiatric teams. To manage healthcare, cross-organisational work has been used as a working method in teamwork.

    The overall aim of the study was to study how leadership and decision-making are applied in psychiatric teams. The issues addressed are: to describe and to understand how leadership in psychiatric teams is applied, to describe and to understand how decision-making in psychiatric teams is applied, explain why there are potential differences between talk and practice, and to explain why teamwork is applied in psychiatry.

    The study's theoretical framework is based on the challenges that arise when teamwork is organised in a multi-professional context. In the study, decision theory, leadership theory and new institutional theory are used to help to link together and provide explanations for behaviour patterns of professions.

    The study's data were collected between 2008–2011 through interviews, observations and document studies. Total study consists of 101 interviews with 111 informants. Observations have been done of 10 teams on 132 occasions for a total of 230 hours. Observations have focused on the teamwork carried out in the treatment conferences.

    The study shows that: 1) there is an informal contract in teams that governs who does what in different situations, 2) doctors applied a reversible leadership where they alternated between the involuntary and the self-imposed, 3) teams used decision norms that are governed by situation-specific micro-codes, 4) there is an episodic culture which decreased the incentive to provide preventive and long-term treatment, 5) teamwork was used to provide the opportunity for solidarity, classification and control, and 6) there was no striving for perfection in decision-making; instead, the teams were satisfied with an acceptable level that everyone could agree on.

  • 7.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme. University of Gothenburg.
    Learning and usefulness of collaboration exercises: A study of the three level collaboration (3LC) exercises between the police, ambulance and rescue services2015In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 428-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we studied collaboration exercises (3LC) between the rescue services, ambulance services, and police force, which were developed to enhance learning and usefulness. The exercises’ structure was based on identified deficiencies in previous collaboration exercises. The purpose was to test the exercise model in terms of learning and usefulness. Ten 3LC exercises were observed. A total of 65 semi-structured interviews were conducted (2011–2014) in connection with the exercises. The exercises contained across-boundary elements, seminars, and interactive documentation. The participants were given the opportunity to discuss, analyze, and critically reflect on their efforts. During the seminars, the individual actions were analyzed, which led to alternative strategies that were subsequently tested in a repeated exercise. Our results demonstrate that repetitive features and seminars during collaboration exercises promote learning toward an organic behavior and usefulness in the actual incident work.

  • 8.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Samverkansövningar: Om lärande och nytta2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study relates to collaboration exercises, with particular focus on the full-scale exercises between the police, rescue services and ambulance. To succeed in a complex situation, it requires that the personnel’s ability to collaborate across organisations be developed and refined.

    The overall aim of this study was to examine how collaboration is practised and how exercises lead to learning and usefulness. A research summary was initially done in this study. Based on that, a number of key concepts were developed that proved helpful when we followed the Swedish collaboration exercises through interviews and observations. The collected analysis has since been the basis for the design of a new exercise model, 3LC, three-level collaboration. It is based on the experiences we have had in studies of traditional exercises.

    The 3LC exercises that were conducted consisted of two practical sessions and three seminars. Each session was followed by an evaluative seminar with the aim that participants themselves would reflect and develop their patterns of behaviour. The two practical sessions were identical. It gave the participants the opportunity to rehearse and methodically try new approaches. The first exercise session was carried out according to the procedures that normally apply and govern the actions at an actual event. The second exercise session was preceded by a self-critical seminar where participants themselves identified what could be improved for the next exercise session.

    The research project was carried out from 2011 to 2014. A total of 19 collaboration exercises were studied, including 16 full-scale exercises. A total of 97 interviews and 125 hours of observation were carried out in this study. A questionnaire (CLU instrument) was developed, which was answered by 272 exercise participants.

    The study shows that collaborative sessions in the exercises contributed to the participants learning more and having greater usefulness from the exercises. 3LC exercises were perceived to enhance learning by 26 per cent and usefulness by 17 per cent, compared with traditional exercises. Collaborative exercises are benefitted when participants analyse their weaknesses themselves. Repetitive elements where participants try out alternative strategies improve preparedness prior to actual events.

  • 9.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sjuksköterskan som chef och ledare: en utmaning2017In: Pedagogik för sjuksköterskor / [ed] Håkan Sandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, 1, p. 295-313Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Berlin, Johan M
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Carlström, Eric D
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Collaboration exercices; what do they contribute ?: a study of learning and usefulness2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to study whether exercises contribute to learning that can be useful in actual emergency work. It reports the findings of a study about professional emergency personnel’s perceptions of the impact of collaboration exercises. Surveys were distributed and collected from emergency personnel in conjunction with three collaboration exercises that took place in Sweden in spring 2012. The survey included personnel holding different positions within the police department, fire department and ambulance services. Among them were also operational personnel such as officers. A total of 94 professional emergency personnel agreed to participate by answering the survey. The response rate was 95%.The study shows that collaborative elements in exercises contribute to perceived learning (R2 = 0:53), and that learning, in turn, has a perceived beneficial effect on actual emergency work (R2 = 0:26).The perceived results of collaboration,learning and their impact on actual emergency work, however, are moderate.The exercises were characterised by long waiting times and gave few opportunities to practise different strategies. Only a few respondents felt that they learned something about the collaborating organisations’ ways of communicating and prioritising. Many also thought that the exercises were more useful for command officers than for operational personnel.Thus, the study shows that by strengthening the collaborative elements of the exercises, the perception of the participants’ actual emergency work can be developed.

  • 11.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Team i vård, behandling och omsorg: Erfarenheter och reflektioner2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Team är populära, inte minst inom vård, behandling och omsorg.Trots att det börjar bli en väl etablerad företeelse tycks teamfortfarande stå för förnyelse och nytänkande. Teamarbete harsåledes kommit att få en allt viktigare roll.

    I denna antologi behandlas frågor som: Varför uppstår team? Vadgör team nödvändiga? Vad är utmärkande för olika typer av team? Vad skapar väl fungerande team? Vilka effekter får teamarbete förverksamheten? Du som läsare bjuds på både kritiska betraktelser,utvecklingsspår och verktyg.

    Boken vänder sig till studerande och forskare vid högskolor ochuniversitet samt till praktiskt verksamma inom vård-, behandlingsochomsorgsorganisationer. De olika kapitlen kan läsas friståendeoch ger var för sig en god bild av teamets funktion.

    ---

    Team i vård, behandling och omsorg förmedlar en unikinsikt och förståelse kring teamarbetes betydelse, funktionssätt och utmaningar baserad på omfattande och mångårig forskning. Boken förtjänar därför attanvändas inom alla utbildningar på högskolenivå som är inriktade mot vård- och omsorg.

    Stefan Tengblad, professor i företagsekonomi

  • 12.
    Berntsson, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wikström, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säkerhetsklimat: en studie om skillnader mellan ledning och medarbetares uppfattning av säkerhetsarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The safety of an organization is based not only on safe equipment and quality assurance processes, but also on the interaction between people (Törner, 2008). A good safety climate has a positive impact on safety and has been shown to reduce accidents. The aim of the present study was to find out if there are differences in safety climate between employees and management in an industrial enterprise with a quantitative approach. The study includes a survey with 31 participants in manufacturing industries in western Sweden between the ages of 22-65 of whom 3 were women and 28 were men. To reach out to the participants a web survey based on NOSACQ-50 (Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire) was used, which measures seven dimensions of safe climate. The results showed that safety climate was at a good level for both management and employees. However, the two groups did not differ in how they perceived safety. The result also showed that there were correlations between the dimensions of NOSACQ-50. Although no significant differences between management and employees were discovered, the study highlights the importance of studying safety climate from several perspectives. There may be benefits in considering safety climate from a group perspective as this may generate a deeper understanding of safety climate as a whole, and how organizations can achieve a more coherent safety climate

  • 13.
    Bjerninge, Beatrice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om individers personlighetsdrags samband till den upplevda arbetstillfredsställelsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was aimed to investigate the relationship between the personality traits included in the Five Factor Model and the degree to which individuals experience job satisfaction. The study also investigated if it was possible to see a relationship between job satisfaction and individuals’ age. Job satisfaction was measured by the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, MSQ, which explores an individual's experience of intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. Individuals' level of personality dimensions were studied using a Swedish shortened version of the Five- Factor Model. The material that forms the basis for the study's results come from 52 completed questionnaires carried out at two different workplaces. A clear result was that higher Extraversion was associated with higher degree of job satisfaction. Whether age was related job satisfaction, the present study showed a negative medium strong connection to the external job satisfaction. Since each individual, based on FFM, has a unique combination of the five personality traits, the study cannot generalize how individuals in general perceives job satisfaction. The study has only been able to reinforce the results of what previous studies have concluded; that there are correlations between the five personality traits and job satisfaction

  • 14.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att leva i transithallen: en fenomenologisk studie om arbetssökande kvinnor med utländsk bakgrund och med funktionshinder2002Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Bozsodi, Judit
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan sex timmars arbetstid skapa ett hållbart arbetsliv?: En kvalitativ studie baserad på några medarbetares erfarenhet av sex timmars arbetsdag.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction can be a means of reducing stress in society. Having a reasonable working time for wage workers is important in order to get the job done today. Today's problem is to create a sustainable working life for people in the future. According to the Ministry of Labor, several factors show that working life is not adapted to people's ability and needs. Work-related ill health is growing, which has been shown in increasing sick leave and stress in working life. Even the recovery time has decreased which leads to wear damage (Ds 2000: 22, p.14). The study aims at examining employee's experience of working time shortening thirteen years after organizational reform and see what this type of working-time reduction has meant for internal values such as: motivation, participation, requirements and learning that are indicators of a sustainable working life. Data gathering has helped with semi structured interview questions combined with open questions to get a more detailed answer. The study is based on a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The interview includes eight workshop staff in a car company that has worked with both eight hours and six hours of work since 2002. The results showed that six hours of work with retained pay create motivation for employees who increase their productivity unemployment and efficiency even after thirteen years. This may be because they are experiencing their psychosocial work environment positively, which are the main motivational factors, indicating sustainable working life. Furthermore, the requirement has increased after the shortening of working hours, as the pressures to perform in a short period of time are experienced stressful. However, despite this picture, there is no risk of ill health when the employee's absence due to illness is not increased. Six-hour working day with retained salary contributes to reduced sick leave for long-term sickness who work full time instead of being partially ill-treated. The role of organizations is to create greater conditions for recovery for individuals to work longer and to have a sustainable working life. The result is consistent with previous research that has been done in a shorter period of time, where self-perceived health is increasing. Furthermore, the result shows that the activities and focuses on people's learning and skills development can thus maintain a sustainable working life. The theoretical frame of reference for the study contains the requirements -control-support model, experience theory, organization's change, Kasam.

  • 16.
    Bucken-Knapp, Gregg
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Varieties of capitalism and labor migration policy2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Faced with a declining workforce, why does the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) oppose employer proposals for increased labor migration from non-EU countries? This article explores whether perspectives on policymaking in the varieties of capitalism (VoC) literature can account for this puzzle. VoC scholars maintain that policymakers prefer reforms conforming to the national political economy, improving firm capacity and ensuring better economic performance. Employers are also thought to support policies incentivecompatible with the prevailing model of capitalism. My analysis shows that while the SAP backed labor migration policies compatible with the Swedish coordinated market economy, it did not do so for reasons of efficiency or economic performance. The SAP fears that liberal reform, preferred by employers, will damage the Swedish model, undermine active labor market policies and weaken unions. The case of Swedish labor migration policy underscores how economic reform reflects political conflict and not the desire to preserve equilibrium.

  • 17.
    Bunting, Leona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Göteborgs universitet.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Johanson, Marita
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Learning film production2014In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 296-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to contribute knowledge about learning linked to the film industry by investigating how film producers reason about learning for and in the profession. 

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on semi-structured interviews with twenty film producers, both university and workplace trained (UWT) and workplace trained (WT). The content analysis is based on the transcribed dialogues. The study is empirical, explorative and qualitative.

    Findings – The interviewees consider networks to be of utmost importance for gaining entrance to and continuously finding work in the film industry. They also reason about required knowing and what learning practices are available. Although formal education is not advocated by all, it can hold intrinsic value for the individual. Traditions of learning are being scrutinized and critical reflection is replacing naivety and emotionality.

    Practical implications – Different aims regarding learning in the formal education system and film industry result in a gap which needs to be bridged in order to challenge conserving and reproducing patterns of learning. Collaboration is suggested as a solution benefiting both the individual learner and the film industry. The resulting knowledge from this study can be used by the formal education system and the film industry when developing forms for collaboration surrounding learners of film production. 

    Originality/value – The focus presented in this paper of learning in and for film production has been sparingly addressed in previous research.

  • 18.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    De Colli, Daniel
    Polismyndigheten i Västmanland.
    Forskning hand i hand med praktiken: Betydelsen av känslan av sammanhang för olika copingresurser i stressituationer hos poliser i yttre tjänst2012In: SALUS 2012 Den goda arbetsplatsen - hållbart arbetsliv, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbete och dess villkor är för det mesta betydelsefullt. Den goda arbetsplatsen strävar efter att medarbetare utvecklar copingresurser som kan användas i stressituationer. Samtliga poliser som arbetar i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift måste ha en utbildning i bastaktik där det bl. a ingår stresshantering och ett kommunikativt förhållningssätt. Polisyrket karakteriseras av en hög grad av psykosocial stress. I studien deltog 101 poliser (29 kvinnor) i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift. Svensk version (Ekecrantz & Norman, 1991) av Coping Resourse Inventory (Marting & Hammer, 1988, 2004) användes för att mäta copingresurser och svensk version av Sense of Coherence Scale, SOC (Antonovsky, 1993) användes för att mäta känslan av sammanhang. Resultaten visade bl a att SOC total och begriplighet predicerade variationen i kognitiva resurser; SOC total predicerade variationen i emotionella resurser; hanterbarhet predicerade variationen i sociala, andligt/filosofiska, fysiska och totala resurser till att klara stress. Svenska poliser i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet i sin tjänst har hög känsla av sammanhang. De har relativt höga totala resurser till att klara stress.

  • 19.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Ekegren, Maria
    Mårdberg, Bertil
    "You have to use your brain, heart and soul": A new model of Leadership Intelligence2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 ABSTRACT / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 18-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership intelligence is a new Swedish leadership model (Ronthy, 2006; in press). The aim of this presentation is to present and discuss some results from a project “Studies on a new Swedish leadership model.” The aim of this project was to empirically test and develop a practicable management model based on the theory of leadership intelligence. Leadership intelligence consists of a number of competencies, skills and attributes. Leadership intelligence is a combination of the leader’s logical and analytical skills, his/her ability to manage his own and others’ emotions, and finally his deeper desire and willingness to see the meaning of what he is doing. The latter intelligence belongs to the existential query field and answers the question WHY. Today, according to Ronthy, executives focus on WHAT, very little on HOW, and rarely on WHY. Leadership should include all these three dimensions. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years, from different organizations and companies made self-reports by logging on to the Internet using a recently designed questionnaire for how managers perceive their leadership. Traditional statistical methods (factor analyses, SEM) as well as qualitative interviews with leaders, suggest a possible relationship between theory and empirical data. We have focused on developing of a relatively short, reliable and valid self-report measure of leadership intelligence that can be further developed and applied in different practical situations.

  • 20.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring jämställdhet, funktionshinder och etnicitet: en studie med beskrivande vinjetter som metod2004Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Forsgren, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Working with Manchester triage: job satisfaction in nursing2014In: International Emergency Nursing: Oral abstracts – 1st Global Conference on Emergency Nursing & Trauma Care: Dublin, Ireland, 18–21 September 2014, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 254-254Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study covers nurses' job satisfaction during triage at emergency departments in Western Sweden. Method: Data were collected from 74 triage nurses using a questionnaire containing 37 short form open questions. The answers were analysed descriptively and by measuring the covariance. Two open questions were analysed by content analysis. Results: The results showed a high degree of job satisfaction (88%). Triage as a method, the interesting nature of the work, and a certain freedom in connection with the triage tasks contributed to job satisfaction (R2 = 0.40). The nurses found their work interesting and stimulating, although some reported job dissatisfaction due to a heavy workload and lack of competence. Most of the nurses thought that Manchester Triage System (MTS) was a clear and straightforward method but in need of development. One result from the content analysis was difficulties in decision-making during the assessment of patients with multiple diseases. Since this patient group had increased in number, greater demands were placed on the nurses' competence. Conclusions: The rational modelling structure by which the triage method is constructed is unable to distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse takes into account. When the model is allowed to take precedence over experience, it can be of hindrance and contribute to certain estimates not corresponding with the patient's needs. The participants requested regular exercises solving and discussing patient scenarios, which can contribute to develop the instrument.

  • 22.
    Francisco, R.
    et al.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Klein, A. Z.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Engeström, Y.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Sannino, Annalisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University of Tampere, Finland Center for Research on Activity, Development and Learning (CRADLE), Finland; Rhodes University, South Africa.
    Knowledge on the move: Expansive learning among mobile workers2018In: Online Collaboration and Communication in Contemporary Organizations / [ed] Ditte Kolbaek, IGI Global, 2018, p. 179-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile workers are professionals who frequently work on the move, far from a fixed workplace, often performing knowledge-intensive activities. Mobility challenges creation and sharing of knowledge among these professionals, and the existing literature lacks powerful theoretical frameworks conducive to creating supportive learning pathways for them to meet these challenges. This chapter is a theoretical and practical contribution to fill this gap by analyzing a case of expansive learning initiated by mobile workers themselves. Based on longitudinal participant observation, the study traces the steps undertaken by these professionals to create a new artifact that helped them to know what, when, where, and how they needed to perform their work activities. © 2018, IGI Global. All rights reserved.

  • 23.
    Fredriksdotter Larsson, Ewa
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Hur ofta fattar du beslut?: om målbilder och beslut hos företagare och chefer2001Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Examensarbete på personalvetarprogrammet: en modell att bygga vidare på2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfvendahl, Eva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL) som en ekvation2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

  • 27.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lärande samverkan: ett interaktivt forskningsprojekt i hemtjänsten2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Home help work: balancing loyalties2015In: Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Lindvert, Jessica & Thedvall, Renitha, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility, measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy and new ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 29.
    Hyrén, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Styrning av högre utbildning: motstridiga institutionella logiker2017In: Universitet AB: om kommodifiering, marknad och akademi / [ed] Marcus Agnafors (red.), Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Education, Umeå.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Department of Social Work,Sweden.
    Handling Plurality and Dealing with Difficult Work Experiences: A Comparative Study of Human Service Professionals’ Work with Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities2018In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 36-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how administrators in social services (n = 70) and habilitation staff in healthcare (n = 40) in Sweden experience difficulties in their work with people with intellectual disabilities. The research aim was to investigate the most typical aspects of difficult working situations and to apply a comparative analysis of differences and similarities, where the respondents' organizational affiliations are taken into account. The results are primarily based on a content analysis. Contextual standardized questions were included in this study. The results revealed that experiences of difficulties were categorized in four typological themes: difficult situations associated with (1) structure, (2) professional role, (3) relationships, and (4) collaboration. The respondents' experiences of difficult situations in social services and healthcare organizations did not correspond to the respondents' work dissatisfaction or unclear goals. On the contrary, handling this plurality within a specific organizational context was a fundamental aspect of professionalism. The different characteristics of the organizations in this study reflected two different institutional logics. While the administrators mainly operated within an administrative logic based on a regulatory framework, the habilitation staff operated within a therapeutic logic based on a cognitive framework. Consequently, the two groups had their own specific norms and rule systems, which influenced when, and to what extent, everyday situations were experienced and defined as difficult. The organizational context seems to influence experiences of difficult situations in the work with people with ID and this calls for a discussion of how it impacts the quality of services within intellectual disability services.

  • 31.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Education, Umeå University, Umeå.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sources of job satisfaction in intellectual disability services: a comparativ eanalysis of experiences among human service professionals in schools, social services, and public health care in Sweden2017In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, ISSN 1366-8250, E-ISSN 1469-9532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The research aim of this study was to analyse aspects of job satisfaction in daily work with people with intellectual disability (ID) in schools, social services and health care. Method With a comparative approach we collected data via a digital questionnaire with in total 333 respondents. The empirical material was analysed through a thematic content analysis. Results The result showed that perceptions of job satisfaction could be differentiated into five typological categories: (1) the target group; (2) social rewards; (3) social relations; (4) professional core mission; and (5) results and outcomes. The findings also showed apparent differences in responses, both in terms of frequency and content, which seem to be associated with the respondents' organisational affiliations. Conclusion This study suggests that differences in experiences seem to be associated with work assignments, professional identities and organisational affiliation

  • 32.
    Jansson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Theliander, Jan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Kvalifikation och turordning vid uppsägning: tendenser till förändringar i praxis inom ramen för LAS : en studie inom Metallindustriarbetarförbundet avdelning 112:s område2004Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Principal´s Work: The Conditions, Obstacles and Opportunities for Learning in the Daily Activities2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 435-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School is often described as a complex organization with multiple challenges and expectations, where many studies have focused on teachers´ and students´ the situations. In these studies the principal's role are often described as changing from an educational leader to being and becoming organizational manager. But what the principal's daily work consists of and what competences leadership requires, are not as clearly studied area. Especially not in relation to how the introduction of ICT in education challenges established routines. The aim of this study is to reveal how ICT influence principal´s everyday workload. Data consists of includes audio-recorded interviews with ten secondary school principals. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed based on principals' views on the leadership, peer-support, ongoing change, scope of action and management of their unexpected. The results show that principals has a complex role, both presuppose and develop other skills than teachers often need. The conditions for learning, individually of collectively, in these studied organizations can be said to be good, and even though ICT is a mean for information, communication and administrative tasks, it is seldom seen as a way for reflection or learning. Despite that, they express that ICT has a potential for reducing some administrative tasks and make discussions, decisions, goals and ongoing dilemmas transparent and inclusive over time and place. The results indicate what characterizes principal´s professional knowledge to a great extent is multifaceted but consist of physical meetings with different purposes. As ICT is introduced this challenges the historical established routines that frames the work, but simultaneously it opens up for new possibilities, which in all will change the role for principal's work.

  • 34.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Rektorer styr och ställer: Synen och utövande av ledarskap styr pedagogik och skolutveckling2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1) ledarskapsideal, (2) kollegialt stöd, (3) ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4) begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: ”Ledarskapsparadox” speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL).

  • 36.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    European co-coperative education- can we formulate an mutual understanding2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Juntikka, Jaana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bolander, Henrietta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Välmående bland ledare kan förutsägas av (o)välvillig personlighet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the help of personality tests and by knowing the individual's personality, research has shown that it's possible to predict behavior and perceived mental health to some extent. The present study aimed to examine whether and how the personality trait agreeableness relates to perceived well-being among leaders. Furnham, Richards and Paulhus (2013) argue that Dark Triad, socially deviant personality traits, is an extension of agreeableness. Therefore Dark Triad was used in this study and in order to possibly obtain more connections for perceived well-being. Instruments used were IPIP-NEO-120 (α=.87), based on the Big Five theory, the most common theory among personality research. To measure Dark Triad traits Dirty Dozen (α=.86) was used. To measure well-being GHQ-12 (General Health Questionnaire) (α=.87) was used. The study was conducted by an online survey that was answered by respondents who have or have had a leader position (N=99). Respondents age ranged from 25-67, the gender distribution was 54% male and 46% female. Insignificant results were found between agreeableness and perceived well-being. Significant results were found between Dark Triad and perceived well-being (r=.22*), which is further interpreted to mean that people tend to feel better if they possess deviant personality traits, and particularly narcissism. A reasonable conclusion from the study is that it's not possible, based on our sample, to predict how well-being is perceived in the role of leader with agreeableness but to some extent with the help of Dark Triad.

  • 38.
    Kjellén, Bengt
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Fear in the workplace: meanings, manifestations and management2002Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Kocziszky, Georgi
    et al.
    University of Milscolc.
    Nagy, Zoltan
    University of Miscolc.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Györffy, Ildikó
    University of Miscolc.
    Gender related out-migrationtendencies in Northern Hungary and in Västernorrland, Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Kärmander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ studie av arbetsvärderingar hos generation X och Y2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine which values in the workplace that existed within the two generations, X and Y, if these differed and were consistent with previous research. Working Values were divided into three categories; Leadership, Loyalty and Motivation. The study was made with a qualitative approach and conducted at a large construction company. A semi-structured interview was used on four participants, two men and two women. All worked as foremen and two of the participants belonged to the generation X and generation Y. For the analysis, a thematic analysis was used to develop relevant themes. The results that emerged showed that there were differences between the generations, but these were relatively small, and the question may also be whether it really was due to generation or to other factors, such as age or experience. The most obvious differences that's been emerged within motivation was that generation Y not valued high salary as high as generation X and that generation Y tended to look to their own personal development a bit more than generation X, which instead saw salary and influence as an important factor. Within Leadership was generation X was in need of immediate feedback, such as in terms of quick response and feedback of their performance, while generation Y was in need of more continuous feedback and jacking while working. Within loyalty generation X tended to want to combine work life and private life, while generation Y puts leisure in the first place, even if they also were willing to make sacrifices for their employer. Generation Y also had somewhat greater expectations of their employers

  • 41.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Service quality in fitness centres: examining the dimensions2016In: 1st International Conference on Advanced Business and Social Sciences, 28-29/1, 2016, Jelantik, Indonesia, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fitness industry is expanding in most parts of the world. Nevertheless,the amount of research regarding this industry has thus far been relativelylimited. In previous research, quality dimensions for fitness companieshave been explored and a tentative framework has been proposed. Thepurpose for the present study is to examine the framework and quantifyits components. A survey has been conducted. A questionnaire based onprevious research was developed and delivered by telephone to 86 fitnesscentres of which 67 agreed to participate, giving a response rate of 78%.The items of the quality dimensions in the studied framework were analysedwith Cronbach's Alpha and were found to be statistically reliable. Theunderlying structure of the enablers in the framework was examined withexplorative factor analysis resulting in five underlying enablers. Moreover,the impact of the enablers on the profitability of the centres was measured.The results should be interesting for managers in this sector, as well as, forthe advancement of service quality theory.

  • 42.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Entrepreneurial learning for quality and competitiveness: a study in the spa-industry2015In: 10 European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ECIE, 16-18/9 2015, Genua, Italy, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar.
    A healthier working life: the importance of work-integrated learn-ing and physical exercise2016In: 19th QMOD Proceedings. International Confernce on Qualtiy and Service Sciences. Building a Culture for Quality, Innovation and Sustainability, 21-23 September 2016, University of Roma Tre, Rome, Italy / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park & Jens J. Dahlgaard, Lund, 2016, p. 1738-1747Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPurpose - The purpose of the paper is to explore the role of learning and physical exercise foremployee health from a quality management perspective. Possible correlations that exist betweenemployees' health, work-integrated learning, physical exercise and dimensions underlyingleadership commitment and participation are examined. A case study has been undertakenat a highly innovative company in Sweden. An additional aim is to examine the possibilities forimprovements for the company has as it is in an expansive state.Methodology/approach - The empirical data are derived from two focus group interviews withselected employees having different functions in the studied organisation and two in-depth interviews.Additionally, a questionnaire has been completed by all employees that were presentduring a company meeting. The interviews are analysed with a method inspired by groundedtheory. In addition a SWOT-analysis was carried out.Findings - The statistical analysis revealed significant correlations between the employees' healthand the dimensions development and being informed. Significant correlation was also found betweenthe employees' health and physical exercise during working hours as well as betweenemployee health and work integrated learning. Moreover, the interviews gave insights into theimportant role that physical exercise during the working day has for employee well-being.Research limitation/implication - Since this is a case study the possibility to generalise thefindings outside the company may be limited.Originality/value - The connection between employee health, work-integrated learning andphysical exercise for employees has not been very well examined in previous research.

  • 44.
    Larsson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Krol, Nicole
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjuksköterskors syn på ledningens säkerhetsarbete: en kvantitativ studie om tillit, organisationsidentifikation och säkerhetsklimat2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trust can be linked with confidence when speaking of confidence in another person's actions and reliability. The concept of organizational identification (OID) describes the degree to which individuals identify with their organization. OID affects the level of trust in management, and the extent to which employees identify with the organization's values and goals. The purpose of this study was to investigate nurses' degree of confidence in management's safety work and how the correlation appeared between trust, OID, and number of years employed in the organization. The study was based on two issues: 1) Is there a link between perceived trust in management's safety and level of OID and will it in this study be considered a positive correlation? 2) What is the connection between the nurses' length of service, age and level of OID? The study was conducted using a quantitative method, and data were collected through a questionnaire survey. The sample consisted of 42 nurses at a hospital in the Västra Götaland region. The survey instrument was based on two established questionnaires where relevant issues to study were selected in order to measure the variables trust and OID. The collected data were interpreted and analyzed in the software IBM SPSS Statistics21. The result was based on responses from 32 nurses, when 10 questionnaires were disregarded. The study results showed that the degree of trust in management and the degree of OID depends on each other. To a large extent, having faith in management's safety was related to a high degree of OID experience with the organization. Results also showed that the degree of OID did not increase with the age or the number of years in the organization. Previous research with the results of the study revealed the importance of the relationship between the level of perceived trust in management and the OID

  • 45.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    Safety on passenger ferries from catering staff’s perspective2016In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 5, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of employees on passenger ferries consist of the catering staff: those who operate in restaurants, shops, and in the hotel on board. Research on this category is scant. The aim of this study is to investigate the catering staff’s experiences and perceptions of safety practice on board passenger ferries. The methods are semi-structured interviews and a qualitative content analysis of official documents and research articles. Results: Increased safety regulations and directives on an international and a national level have taken place after the major ferry disasters of late 1990s. Changes in the safety organization on the passenger ferries have resulted in more involvement of the catering crew in safety on board. Safety awareness and the way the catering staff think about safety have improved. The risk of terrorism has further reinforced safety awareness. A clear challenge for safety work on ferries is the reduction of catering crew. The transition to job flexibility for catering crew may constitute risk factors regarding safety and security. © 2016 by the author.

  • 46.
    Lycke, Liselott
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Tano, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Kvalitetskultur och lärande organisation genom AIL2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har offentlig sektor pressats att öka effektiviteten, minska kostnaderna och förbättra kvaliteten, bl.a. genom påverkan från New Public Management (NPM). Detta innebär bland annat ökad marknads¬orientering, ökad konkurrens, kundfokus, förbättrad service, decentralisering, större kontroll och ökat fokus på ledarskap (Thylefors, 2016).Universiteten är myndigheter inom den offentliga sektorn och har märkt av effektiviseringskraven och kostnadsjakten. Lärosäten är komplexa professionella organisationer där högutbildade personer arbetar självständigt och styr sitt eget arbete. Det innebär att beslutsfattandet ofta är decentraliserat och att ledarskapet ofta är svagt. Konsekvensen blir organisationer som är svåra att förändra (Mintzberg, 1989).Vid Högskolan Väst pågår det en innovativ process för att bygga upp en kvalitetskultur och ett hållbart, effektivt sätt att arbeta. Syftet är bl.a. kostnadsreducering och effektivisering genom förenkling och transparens. Projektet startade hösten 2014 och ett omfattande arbete med att identifiera och kartlägga processer pågår. Under processkartläggningen deltar medarbetare från olika områden och funktioner inom hela högskolan och hänsyn har tagits till kompetens och personliga kunskaper och erfarenheter.Genom regelbundna träffar i workshop har deltagarna bidragit med personliga och organisatoriska kunskaper när processerna kartlagts. Arbetssättet som använts är AIL-modellen beskriven av Eriksson (Eriksson, 2015). Modellen är ett arbetssätt där teoribaserad kunskap och erfarenhet bearbetas genom produktiv reflektion. Reflektionen utvecklar nytt, djupare lärande som inte¬greras i det pågående arbetet. Bearbetandet av nytt lärande och erfarenhetsba¬serad kunskap bidrar till att ny, djupare, kunskap utvecklas. Denna nya kunskap kan i sin tur integreras i arbetet och blir ny kompetens för deltagarna.Under kartläggningen har komplexiteten i lärosätets verksamhet blivit tydlig och resulterar i en gemensam bild, vilket bidragit till att skapa en helhetssyn genom ökad förståelse för hur detaljerna samverkar. Författarna, som båda varit involverade i projektet i olika grad, har genom sina kunskaper, erfarenheter och roller inom lärosätet insett att projektet kan bidra till ett nytt sätt att arbeta som integrerar kvalitetsarbetet i det dagliga arbetet. Processkartläggningen skapar förutsättningar för att t.ex. integrera kvalitetssäkringssystemet för utbildning på ett tydligt sätt. Författarna är just nu involverade i det arbetet. Arbetssättet och det breda deltagandet har bidragit till stort engagemang och skapar goda förutsättningar för ett nytt processorienterat synsätt där förståelse för verksamhetens processer och komplexitet underlättas. Detta ger i sin tur förutsättningar för att bygga en lärande organisation med tydlig kvalitetskultur.

  • 47.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Delaktighet i olika världar: om övergången mellan gymnasiesärskola och arbetsliv2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Mårdén, Björn
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Handledare i kamp mot arbetslöshet2002Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Det lärda samtalet, och dess fiender2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samverkansforskning, för interprofessionellt lärande och utveckling av tidiga insatser i förskolan2016In: ViLär 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
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