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  • 1.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Was National Socialism Anti-Sex?: On Left-Wing Fantasies and Sex as the Dark Matter of Politics2017In: Society (New Brunswick), ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on an extensive amount of work by other researchers, as well as some literary sources from the time, Goran Adamson discusses the widespread view that Nazism was anti-sex. Indeed, during Nazi rule homosexuality and street prostitution were persecuted, and Jews and “degenerates” were prevented from having sex (not merely by law, but by elimination). However, reported circumstances such as cheap access to condoms, a high number of pregnancies during party rallies, and quasi-religious cultivation of “the Germanic sexual instinct” would suggest that matters may have been much less restrictive for the majority of Germans. The idea of an overall Nazi anti-sex attitude may well have been constructed by intellectuals from the Freudian Left/Frankfurt School, especially their theories of an intimate connection between sexual repression and authoritarianism. Such views gained widespread popularity with the 68’ generation, and they were an essential reason why sexuality came to be considered the cure for all social evils. This overestimation of the significance of sexual liberation, and recent conservative reactions to it, constitute an important part of today’s political landscape.

  • 2.
    Andreasson, Kristin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ottosson, Theréce
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    [Men det är ju så det borde vara...]: en kvalitativ studie om sex unga kvinnors förhållande till kvinnlighet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to try to identify what young women see as typically female and how this affects them as individuals, focusing on the female body. How free or limited do they consider themselves to respond to prevailing ideals of beauty, to men and other women. Our questions are how young women construct femininity through the body and why? We do this by using a holistic gender perspective and with the help of key theoretical concepts; gender, normative femininity, heteronormativity, performance, freedom/power and the female body,. We have had a qualitative approach and we have done interviews with six girls in secondary school age. The material is processed and analyzed on the basis of the IPA model, which aims to build themes from the interviews. The themes we have stressed in the study are: Female with large F, To find balance, I want to be unique... (but in the right way), Get a good boyfriend and learn to socialize with girls, To be something for everyone and desire after impossibility and the road ahead. By letting our informant´s voices be made visible in our analysis, we have been able to answer the question of how they experience their own construction of femininity. What becomes visible in the analysis is the great knowledge and awareness which are among the girls on this subject. This shows the complexity that exists around young women today. More conclusions that can be drawn is that whichever way the woman construct her femininity gives different degrees of social status. Lack of freedom is not about the limited possibilities for action it is rather the impact the effectiveness of the choices made and the awareness of those who provide the experience of not being free. 

     

  • 3.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Re-imagining Work and Masculinity in a Postindustrial Society2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the narratives of young working-class men, living in a small town in Sweden that is located outside the regions with economic growth. As in many other European countries, the rate of unemployment among Swedish youth is disproportionally high. Based upon material consisting of in-depth interviews with unemployed young men, the paper will analyze the changed meaning of masculinity in relation to work in a postindustrial society. Since working-class masculinity has traditionally been closely connected to wage labor and to the ability to provide for oneself as well as being the breadwinner of the family, the lack of resources that unemployment implies, means that masculinity and its relational implications must be re-imagined. The young men's narratives can thereby be seen to reflect social and cultural changes that have taken place on a structural level related to the labor market, the educational system, as well as the changed conditions for the formation of social identities. The intergenerational working-class culture on the one hand and neoliberal ideas permeating activities for the unemployed, such as training- and coaching-programs, on the other – serve as reference points for the young men's experience of subordination. In many ways the situation described was marked by deficiency and vulnerability, an effect of the social division of today, where the long-term unemployed are depicted as 'abject others' and even more so if placed in subordinated categories such as (non)working-class males, living in the back country. But what also can be traced in the young men's own narratives are some critical reflections and possible alternative ways of forming social identities and masculinities. This is furthermore related to different kinds of work ethics than the familiar one they have been socialized into when growing up and the other one that they have met as jobseekers.

  • 4.
    Bodhall, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Johansson, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Men kan damen vara lite tyst: Att födas eller göras till flicka2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att fördjupa kunskapen om hur flickor bemöts i samspel med läraren. Bakgrunden till att vi valde att undersöka just detta är att det är ett intressant och aktuellt ämne i samhället idag med tanke på hendebatten som pågår. Vi är intresserade av att se hur det ser ut i en förskoleklass. Hur ska flickor vara enligt läraren, hur går det att se i förhållningssättet, accepteras flickorna som de är eller tillrättavisas de, eftersom de inte uppfyller de förväntningar som finns. Vi har valt att undersöka lärarens förhållningssätt gentemot flickorna, eftersom vi anser att det inte finns så mycket forskning om flickor i detta sammanhang och vi vill bidra till detta. Vi har lagt vårt fokus på att undersöka hur läraren förhåller sig till flickorna. Finns det underliggande normer i lärarens förhållningssätt, vilka förväntningar har läraren på flickorna, vad bryter mot normerna för hur flickor bör bete sig enligt läraren är exempel på frågor, som vi har fokuserat på. Vi har genomfört fyra videoobservationer i samlingstillfällen i en förskoleklass. Vi har valt att titta på lärarens förhållningssätt gentemot flickorna ur två olika synvinklar när vi analyserar videoobservationerna. De två analyssätt vi använt är dels teorin att människor föds till att vara flickor eller pojkar och att det finns en biologisk aspekt i könet. Detta kallas utvecklingspsykologi. Det andra analyssättet vi använt oss av innebär att barnen konstrueras till att vara flickor eller pojkar, vilket benämns socialkonstruktionism. Vi intresserar oss för att se hur lärarens samspel med flickorna kan se ut om vi analyserar det ur dessa synvinklar. Resultatet av vår studie visar att det finns vissa normer för hur flickor bör bete sig. De olika analyssätten vi använt för att titta på våra videoobservationer, "vi görs till flickor" och "vi föds till flickor" visar båda att det finns en tanke om att flickorna ska vara lugna, vänta på sin tur och inte prata rakt ut eller avbryta läraren. Det finns även i dessa olika synsätt att se på världen en tanke att flickor och pojkar är olika. Vi har enbart valt att analysera flickorna men det finns också en aspekt som inte går att bortse ifrån angående pojkarna, eftersom det förekommer pojkar i samlingen också. När vi analyserar genom synsättet att kön är konstruerat synliggörs, att läraren för in flickorna på den bana hen anser som det rätta sättet att vara som flicka. När är vi undersökte samma observationer på det sätt att det är en biologisk aspekt att flickorna föds till flickor så synliggörs lärarens förhållningssätt att det finns ett rätt och fel sätt för flickor att bete sig. Flickorna ska i detta synsätt vara som de blir födda till att vara. Om en flicka, som det händer i en av observationerna, avbryter läraren rättar denne till detta och menar, att det inte är rätt sätt för en flicka att bete sig. De olika synsätten "vi görs till flickor" och "vi föds till flickor" visar båda ett resultat som tyder på att normerna för hur flickor ska bete sig är starkt förankrade i hur samhället ser ut och hur det har sett ut genom historien. Flickorna ska inte bryta mot det feminina och om de försöker sig på att komma in på det maskulina tillrättavisas de.

  • 5.
    Brownhill, Simon
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom .
    Warin, JoLancaster University, United Kingdom .Wernersson, IngaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Men, masculinities and teaching in early childhood education: International perspectives on gender and care2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This stimulating book sets out to critically explore the notion of men, masculinities and teaching in early childhood education. It addresses the global pattern of gender, teaching and care where men are in the minority, and explores the notion that the greater involvement of men within teaching and associated professions has the potential to transform gender relations for future generations. International contributors raise critical questions about the construction of masculinities, the continuing reluctance of men to engage in this type of work, and the influence of political and public debates on the issue. Through this engaging discussion readers are asked to question whether this is something that we should care about, with key topics including: The roles of men in education and care Teachers’ beliefs, norms and values of gender equality The construction of male identities Gendered ideals, and children’s interpretations of gender. Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education brings together a refreshing and critical set of perspectives linked to an increasingly important educational debate and will be a valuable text for practitioners, professionals, policy makers and parents/carers. © 2016 Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson. All rights reserved.

  • 6.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Määttä, Sylvia
    The influence of gender in academia: a case study of a university college in Sweden2011In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, ISSN 2040-7149, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 379-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to describe senior lecturers' experiences of and reflections on the influence of gender on their work and career possibilities.

    Design/methodology/approach – Eight informants, four female and four male university teachers, representing different schools at a Swedish university college were interviewed. A qualitative content method was used for analysis.

    Findings – The findings revealed that the lecturers at the university college had an experience of academic gender neutrality. The findings also pointed to experiences of gendered practice that had been internalized and made normal. It also revealed that the lecturers did not consider or reflect on the gap between experiences of and reflections on gender neutrality and gendered practice.

    Research limitations/implications – Even if the number of informants is small, the findings have something important to tell about the gap between gender-neutral academia and practice in academia.

    Originality/value – The findings imply that although the Swedish model of equality work has been successful in many ways, a confrontation on the micro-political level is required to achieve a gender equality workplace environment and to increase women's career possibilities.

  • 7.
    Granbom, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Teachers’ beliefs, norms and values of gender equality in pre-schools2015In: Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education: International perspectives on gender and care / [ed] Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2015, p. 83-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Johansson Bunting, Leona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Wallin, Emmie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Mammor som kulturtolkar: En förstudie om invandrarkvinnors möten med skola i Västra Götaland2013Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hur svårt kan det vara?: Jämställdhet i måleribranschen2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The painting trade is dominated by men, both concerning numbers and with regards to how the job as a painter is supposed to be performed. There doesn't have to be a problem with the actual performance of the job. But on the other hand problems arise when gender coded traditions hinder the necessary improvement of the trade and affect the working conditions for painters of all kinds. In daily work situations, men as well as women need to relate to the masculine norms of the trade. They all do it in different ways, consciously and subconsciously. But things are changing. The profession and the trade are in the middle of a transformation where traditional conceptions of gender are challenged. The number of educated female painters is increasing, and they have difficulties finding their place in the trade. There is no fast and simple solution of this gender equality problem, but there are methods available for how serious gender equality interventions can be carried out. Above all the problem demands interruptions of old patterns of thought and behaviour in order to make a change. This text presents results from an ethnographic study of the painting trade and shows how established patterns are defended as well as questioned in the daily work. The aim of the study is to understand how working conditions, competence and know-how, work organisation and division of labour, and management attitudes are related to conceptions of masculinity and femininity.

  • 10.
    Högberg, Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Kvinnor som producenter2011In: Att göras till filmarbetare / [ed] Herrman, Margareta, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2011, p. 142-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Feta män: Maskulinitet, makt och motstånd2017Book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Johansson, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Eldén, Sara (2009). Konsten att lyckas som par: populärterapeutiska berättelser, individualisering och kön. Diss. Lund : Lunds universitet, 20092009In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 2, p. 63-65Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Johansson, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Familjeliv2009 (ed. 1.)Book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Johansson, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Greiff, Geoffrey L. (2008) Buddy System : Understanding Male Friendship. Oxford: Oxford University Press2009In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 296-297Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Laskar, Pia
    et al.
    The Royal Armoury Museum and the Swedish History Museum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Mulinari, Diana
    University of Lund, Gender Studies, Sweden.
    Decolonising the Rainbow Flag2016In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 192-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to explore the location and the meaning given to the rainbow flag in places outside the hegemonic centre. Through three case studies in the global North and South, held together by a multi-ethnographic approach, as well as a certain theoretical tension between the rainbow flag as a boundary object and/or a floating signifier, we seek to study where the flag belongs, to whom it belongs, with particular focus on how. The three case studies, which are situated in a city in the Global South (Buenos Aires), in a conflict war zone in the Middle East (the West Bank) and in a racialised neighbourhood in the Global North (Sweden), share despite their diversity a peripheral location to hegemonic forms of knowledge production regimes. Central to our analysis is how the rainbow flag is given a multitude of original and radical different meanings that may challenge the colonial/Eurocentric notions which up to a certain extent are embedded in the rainbow flag. © 2009-2017 Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research. All rights reserved.

  • 16. Lundahl, Mikela
    Från genus till sexuell mångfald.2006In: Från Sapfo till Cyborg / [ed] Lennerhed Lena, Hedemora: Gidlunds förlag , 2006, p. 201-229Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Holter, Øystein Gullvåg (red.) (2007). Män i rörelse: jämställdhet, förändring och social innovation i Norden. Stockholm: Gidlund2009In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 39, p. 208-210Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lorentzen, Jørgen & Ekenstam, Claes (red.) (2006). Män i Norden: manlighet och modernitet 1840-1940. Möklinta: Gidlund2008In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 3, p. 176-178Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lorentzen, Jørgen & Ekenstam, Claes (red.) (2006). Män i Norden: manlighet och modernitet 1840-1940. Möklinta: Gidlund2009In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 39, p. 221-223Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Åsa Bengtsson: Nyktra kvinnor: Folkbildare, företagare och politiska aktörer: Vita Bandet 1890-1930. Makadam förlag, Göteborg/Stockholm 2012. 380s, ill. English summary. ISBN 978-91-7061-092-9.2013In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 2, p. 99-101Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Pherson, Tommy
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Genusnormer: normer som skapar kvinnor och män2015In: Jämlik vård: normmedvetna perspektiv / [ed] Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth, Lyckhage, Gunnar, Tengelin, Ellinor, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22. Sjögren, Karin
    et al.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    What gender barriers do students face in WIL placements?: A comparative study between WIL and Non- WIL Students in an international empirical study.2018In: VILÄR Abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 6-6Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an earlier project (2014-2015) we found that young adults and specifically women was a exposed group when it came to reported psychological vulnerability. This triggered us to design for a new study to learn more about their sense of belonging in and out of study context. We plan to use a mixed methods approach with individual interviews, focus groups, and a broader online survey on students that are enrolled in WIL-programs, the student need to have completed at least a practicum or coop-period prior to participation in the research study. Our next steps will be to start the ethics protocols for both the University of Waterloo and the University of Toronto. Thereafter Scotland and Sweden apply for theirs. The research questions is: What gender challenges do WIL students face that impact their career identity, sense of belonging, work self-efficacy, overall wellbeing, sociability, and transition to full-time employment after graduation? What gender specific barriers impact WIL students' perceptions of being valued in the workplace (on the team, in meetings)? What gender specific barriers impact WIL students' perceptions of how employers perceive their technical competencies? What resources do WIL students perceive are available to them from their universities and employers to help overcome these barriers? In the interactive session we will discuss both the research questions/content and the methodological approaches.

  • 23.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Boys, the Girls, and the Party: Representations of Gender and Rape Culture in Three Swedish Adolescent Films2018In: Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective / [ed] Inal, Tuba & Smith, Merril D., Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger, 2018, p. 1-185-1-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Civilization, Nation and Gender in Interpretations of Male Violence Against Women in Sweden.2011In: Annual meeting of the International Studies Association 2011, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    “Kön och våld på de kulturella slagfälten.”2011In: Workshop om kön och internationell politik, Stockholms universitet. / [ed] Maud Eduards, Fia Sundevall, Paulina de los Reyes, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Towns, Ann E.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Carrying the load of civilisation: The status of women and challenged hierarchies2014In: Millennium: Journal of International Studies, ISSN 0305-8298, E-ISSN 1477-9021, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 595-613Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores some ways in which the condition of women has been articulated as a standard of civilisation, focusing on articulations by a range of European and non-European political thinkers and political actors in the 19th century and the present, two important periods marked by intense discussions of the status of women and civilisation. In short, the status of women is used by a broad range of actors to draw up civilisational boundaries and to mobilise for action. The standard also functions as an arena of contestation in which alternative visions of a good society are debated. However, whereas the alleged link between sexual equality and "the West" was highly disputed in the 19th century, this claim is much less contested today. The article ends with a discussion of the problematic implications of using the status of women as a standard of civilisation for feminisms around the world. © The Author(s) 2014.

  • 27.
    Viking, Tuija
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    En studie om interprofessionellt lärande i teamarbete: Fallet med en 'best practice´ för tvångsvård2019Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det interprofessionella lärandet, IPL, i team har blivit ett populärt medel för att öka samarbete och kvalité i den sociala sektorn och hälso- och sjukvård. En alltmer specialiserad och fragmentiserad vård, som ofta genomförs i team, har lett till stor spridning av interprofessionell utbildning, IPE. Studerande och/eller medlemmar från olika professioner lär sig därmed, med, från och om varandra. Sådant lärande antas ske vid utbyte av och reflektion över varandras olika erfarenheter, perspektiv och kunskaper, d.v.s. professionella skillnader, och leda till förbättrad effektivitet och kvalitet i vården.

    Inom hälso- och sjukvårdsområdet har man dock bara i mindre skala undersökt vad IPL i etablerade team innebär och hur professionella skillnader påverkar lärandet. Denna licentiatuppsats hade som övergripande syfte att bidra med ökad kunskap inom detta område. Här studerades ett arbete, med kliniska riktlinjer för psykiatrisk tvångsvård, som skulle genomföras av ett interprofessionellt team. Huvudfrågan var hur teamet arbetade med riktlinjerna och hur professionella skillnader kom till uttryck och gav implikationer för IPL. Licentiatuppsatsen är en fallstudie. Undersökningen baseras dels på material (mötesprotokoll, mejlkommunikation, dokument och mediarapporter) från teamets tre-åriga arbete, dels nio intervjuer och en observation av seminariet där teammedlemmar presenterade de färdiga riktlinjerna. Studie 1 syftade till att undersöka hur teamet hanterade en kontrovers och hur de strategier som användes gav konsekvenser för interprofessionellt lärande. Studie 2 syftade till att studera hur teamet granskade kön/genus i arbetet med riktlinjerna och vilka implikationer det blev för riktlinjerna och för interprofessionellt lärande. Fokus här är därmed på ett lärande i ett "färdigt" team. Resultaten i studierna baseras på fallbeskrivning och narrativ analys. Fynden i studierna tolkades huvudsakligen utifrån sociokulturell teori och idéer och insikter från kontroversstudier (studie 1) och det genusvetenskapliga fältet (studie 2).

    Resultatet i studie 1 visade att kontroversen hanterades främst genom en kompromiss. Resultatet visar också hur lärandestrategier nyttjades vid användning av texter. Lärandet utmanades dock när maktstrategier användes genom hävdande av auktoritet snarare än utforskande av kunskapsläget.

    Resultatet i studie 2 visade hur kön/genus aktualiserades i en diskussion om könsskillnader i användning av tvångsbälten. I diskussionen användes professionsspecifika erfarenheter och kunskaper om kön/genus, vilket kan antas främjade IPL. Teamets lärande om komplexiteten kring kön/genus resulterade i riktlinjer som betonar makt och med fokus på den individuella patienten. Därmed ledde teamets analys och lärande relaterat till kön/genus paradoxalt till könsneutrala riktlinjer. Slutsatsen är att studierna, på olika sätt, visade förekomst av IPL och hur detta påverkades både positivt och negativt av professionella skillnader.

  • 28.
    Warin, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, United Kingdom.
    Wernersson, Inga
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Introduction2015In: Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education: International perspectives on gender and care / [ed] Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2015, p. 1-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Wernersson, Inga
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    More men?: Swedish arguments over four decades about ’missing men’ in ece and care2015In: Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education: International perspectives on gender and care / [ed] Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2015, p. 13-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Wernersson, Inga
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Om "pojkkris", jämställdhet och förakt för svaghet2014In: Skolan ut ur krisen: en forskarantologi om framtidens utbildningspolitik / [ed] Stenberg, Lina, Stockholm: Tankesmedjan Tiden , 2014, p. 29-41Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Pojkkrisen”, pojkars lägre skolprestationer, verkar nästan ha blivit bortglömd i den stora ”kunskapskrisen”.  Inte heller är den specifikt svensk och har inte väckt lika häftiga reaktioner här som på en del andra håll. Förändrade könsskillnader i skolresultat kan inte förstås som ett till skolan begränsat fenomen, utan måste relateras till skeenden på strukturell och individuell nivå.  Både politisk intention och förändringar i övergripande strukturer har i vissa avseenden omformat genusordningen. Både den generella skolkrisen och ”pojkkrisen” rör sig runt ”kunskap” med den snäva innebörden ”skolämneskunskap” och relateras starkt till nationell och individuell ekonomisk stryka. Den sammanhållna obligatoriska skolan har även andra mål som handlar om många dimensioner av kunskap och förmåga att leva och fungera i ett samhälle. Jämlikhet och jämställdhet var från grundskolans start centrala mål och motiv för sådan kunskap. Ett problem i kriserna – både den generella och den specifika – verkar vara att ämneskunskap tenderar att presenteras som skolans enda mål, medan annan kunskap reduceras till ”stödfunktioner” (t ex ordning och reda).

    Flickors skolprestationer har under lång tid varit något bättre i genomsnitt än pojkars. När en rad hinder för flickors utveckling tagits bort blir detta försprång tydligare. Huvudskälet till flickornas fördelar är inte överlägsna intellektuella förutsättningar, utan sannolikt att flickorna arbetar mer effektivt med det som behövs för att klara skolan. Man talar om ”antipluggkultur” hos pojkarna, men den kan också beskrivas som en rädsla för individuellt misslyckande vilken strukturellt fungerar som försvar för en maskulin maktordning. Skräck och förakt för svaghet som en del av traditionell maskulinitet kan därmed ses som en verksam mekanism i ”pojkkrisen” – och som en ingrediens i ”kunskapskrisen”.

    Ett problem i arbete för jämställdhet – och jämlikhet – är att det är så mycket lättare att argumentera för en rörelse ”uppåt” i den hierarki man vill utplåna än motsvarande rörelse ”neråt”. Flickor kan i det existerande systemet att välja ”traditionellt manliga karriärvägar” och därmed nå positioner som inte var tillgängliga för ett par generationer sedan. Styrkan att använda sina möjligheter är lätt att hylla, men när vi gör det har vi samtidigt tappat bort en av kärnorna i jämställdhetstanken, att det är viktigt att platta ut hierarkin. Det går att bygga strukturer som långsiktigt motverkar snarare än förstärker denna tendens. Skolors elevsammansättning, former för undervisning och bedömning, tillgång till olika former av stöd kan utformas för att dämpa konkurrens och utslagning. Skolans utformning är dock ett uttryck för det samhälle den tjänar och därmed kan lösningen på problemen inte begränsas till skolan.

  • 31.
    Wernersson, Inga
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Warin, Jo
    Lancaster University, United Kingdom.
    Brownhill, Simon
    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Conclusions2015In: Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education: International perspectives on gender and careSimon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson / [ed] Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2015, p. 130-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
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