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  • 1.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet.
    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about newly arrived adult migrants' meaning making and learning in Swedish society during the two years' introduction period, after they have received the residence permit. I have specifically studied Arabic speaking adults' meaning making and learning, by carrying out observations and individual in-depth interviews with 12 migrants. The introduction period consists mainly of three so called introduction measures; the civic orientation course, Swedish for immigrants (SFI), and different work related activities, such as internship at different work places.The results show that etablering is about shaping the newly arrived adult migrants into "good" citizens, through the introduction measures, among other things in the civic orientation course, which is regulated through the policy documents, and which so to say provides meaning to the newly arrived. The "good" citizen has some specific characteristics, which, roughly, are that he or she is independent (and advocates individuality), free, equality thinking, secularized, law-abiding (which includes being honest), responsible, and a "good" parent. These characteristics are expressed in different ways in the civic orientation course, for instance through the course material. The Swedish society is described as something desirable, and different from what is implied to be "Arabic" values and ways of thinking. The idea of the "good" citizen appears to aim at constructing the adult migrants' (and their families') identity, something which many of the study's respondents make a resistance to.As concerns the migrant's new experiences, it is, for example, those which the migrant get through the contact with the Swedish Public Employment Service (SPES) that affect the meaning making in the new society. The meaning which most of the respondents have made of the SPES's measures for them is that this authority only offers "prepackaged" solutions, and does not provide the help or support that they need. Also the experiences which the migrant has in the civic orientation course, and the meaning which "old" migrants give to him or her, play a role when he or she makes meaning of Sweden and Swedes, and of his or her new life situation. Further, it has been shown that it is those experiences that the adult individual has been socialized through, and those which he or she has gained through work or education in his or her country of origin, which affect his or her meaning making in Sweden. It is mostly values which concern child upbringing and religion that lead to a certain understanding and construction of one's new life. These values, when related to the values which are included in the "good" citizen idea, also lead to either a resistance or a readiness towards the meaning giving that is embedded in the "good" citizen notion.

  • 2.
    Adamsson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Was National Socialism Anti-Sex?: On Left-Wing Fantasies and Sex as the Dark Matter of Politics2017In: Society (New Brunswick), ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on an extensive amount of work by other researchers, as well as some literary sources from the time, Goran Adamson discusses the widespread view that Nazism was anti-sex. Indeed, during Nazi rule homosexuality and street prostitution were persecuted, and Jews and “degenerates” were prevented from having sex (not merely by law, but by elimination). However, reported circumstances such as cheap access to condoms, a high number of pregnancies during party rallies, and quasi-religious cultivation of “the Germanic sexual instinct” would suggest that matters may have been much less restrictive for the majority of Germans. The idea of an overall Nazi anti-sex attitude may well have been constructed by intellectuals from the Freudian Left/Frankfurt School, especially their theories of an intimate connection between sexual repression and authoritarianism. Such views gained widespread popularity with the 68’ generation, and they were an essential reason why sexuality came to be considered the cure for all social evils. This overestimation of the significance of sexual liberation, and recent conservative reactions to it, constitute an important part of today’s political landscape.

  • 3.
    Alverbratt, Catrin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. Umeå universitet.
    Kauffeldt, Anders
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The process of implementing a new working method - a project towards change in a Swedish psychiatric clinic2014In: Journal of Hospital Administration, ISSN 1927-6990, E-ISSN 1927-7008, ISSN 1927-6990, Vol. 3, no 6, p. 174-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of evidence-based methods in hospital settings is difficult and complex. The aim of the present study was to highlight the implementation process concerning a new working method, i.e. a new assessment tool, based on the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF), among psychiatric nursing staff on five participating wards at a Swedish county hospital. Descriptive, qualitative data were collected through focus group interviews pre- and post-implementation. Data were analysed using directed content analysis, guided by Normalization Process Theory (NPT). The results revealed that just one of the five participating wards met the criteria for a successful implementation process. The results confirm previous studies showing the difficulty of implementation. Although participants agreed with the intention of the model, they were reluctant to apply it in practice. The implementation process seemed to be influenced by factors such as: time pressure; heavy workload; stress; lack of routines in using the tool; lack of nursing staff; as well as cultural characteristics and resistance to change.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Boundary work and boundary awareness: a case study of an emergency exercise with blue light students2015In: Proceedings of the ISCRAM 2015 Conference - Kristiansand, May 24-27 / [ed] Palen, Büscher, Comes & Huges, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Can we be prepared for the next accident or catastrophe?: Potential contributions of emergency collaboration exercises2013In: Proceedings of  The 8th International Conference in Critical Management Studies; 10 Jul 2013-12 Jul 2013; The University of Manchester. Manchester, United Kingdom: The University of Manchester Library; 2013., Manchester: University of Manchester Library , 2013, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catastrophes and accidents (natural,technological, or man-made) have been subjected to scientific research fromdifferent disciplines and perspectives for a long time. Examples of theseperspectives include community risk and vulnerability, human behaviour duringcrisis, fire behaviour and eco-system management, decision-making,communication, and collaboration issues. This paper deals with differentperspectives of preparation and prevention in terms of accidents andcatastrophes. The overall aim is to present an overview of different aspects onthe possibility for organisations and societies to be prepared for the nextincident and to highlight emergency exercises as a part of crisis management. Inthe second part of the paper the project “Collaboration exercises—from parallelto synchronous”, is introduced. The project is carried out in Sweden, and aimsto explore how collaboration between police, ambulance and rescue services ispracticed and developed during exercises. Of particular interest is inter-organisationalcollaboration and learning during exercises. To develop an understanding ofthese processes, a range of different types of emergency collaborationexercises was observed and participants were interviewed about theirexperiences. Tentative findings from the studies so far are briefly introduced.Some challenges of using exercises to increase the preparedness for managing theuncertainty and the unexpected are further discussed.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindström, Berner
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Making collaboration work: Developing boundary work and boundary awareness in emergency exercises2017In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 286-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration in emergency work is challenging on many levels. The unforeseen and temporary nature of incidents presents basic challenges. Another important challenge is boundaries between specialized and autonomous emergency service organizations. We need to know more about how exercises are performed to increase the individuals and organizations preparedness for future joint response work. The aim of this study was to explore how boundary work is carried out at the incident site during exercises, and how boundary awareness is developed based on this boundary work. The analytic focus was on how boundaries were identified, negotiated and managed in the participants work. Empirically, full-scale exercises involving police, ambulance and rescue services and with repetition of practical scenarios and joint-reflection seminars are studied. Much of the work in the exercises was performed within distinct areas of expertise, in accordance with concrete routines, skills and responsibilities. Boundary work was often organized in the form of distribution of labour or creating chains of actions. The exercises shed light on challenges related to other aspects of emergency response,such as a lack of resources, diverging primary responsibilities, time-criticality and hazardous environments. The design allowed participants to explicate boundaries, test and discuss alternative solutions, and to visualize the effects of different solutions as the scenarios were repeated. The boundaries that were identified were often of institutional character, and were also related to the specific scenarios and to the actions taken in the activities. By integrating real-life experiences of collaborative work in the exercise, the exercise gained a certain meaning that was essential for the participants to develop boundary awareness.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    ”Jag skulle så jätte, jätte, jättegärna vilja ha ett fast jobb att gå till”: Om att vara ung och arbetslös i Västervik2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The centre of Child and Youth Studies at University West works strategically with other regional research environments and institutions that study children, youths and young adults. The goal of our research centre is to spread knowledge about the social conditions under which children and young people live, thereby strengthening their position in society. Collaboration with external research environments is one of the ways that our research domain works to reach that goal. Partnerships are formed through a model that strives to create good conditions for both our research and that of our partners. This model is grounded in a dialogue between research partners who work together to select areas of interest and formulate hypotheses. These research projects are financed equally by the university and our partners. The following report is the result of one of  these research partnerships.Advanced industrial society has been replaced by a society based upon knowledge and information where industrial work/manufacturing becomes less common. Västervik is one of the small towns in Sweden whose main industries have closed down or severely decreased their workforce during the last few decades of great structural change. The groups in the job market that have been most affected by these changes are young men and women, something which is evident in the high unemployment rates among the young population. The purpose of this study was to investigate young people’s own experiences and thoughts regarding their own situation as jobseekers in the municipality of Västervik. How do they see themselves and the situation they find themselves in? The narratives were collected in the form of 18 in-depth interviews with young men and women between the ages of 19-25, all them registered at the job center in Västervik. In the report different aspects of their situation are discussed, such as: the young people’s relation to their hometown, their thoughts on the meaning and value of work, the role of education, the economic, social and emotional consequences of unemployment, and their experiences of taking part in various programs for unemployed. The narratives we have encountered can be seen as having some general validity in the sense that many of their experiences are probably shared by other unemployed young people in other locations in Sweden, but Västervik is also a specific town with a specific history and specific conditions.The young men and women have an ambivalent relationship to their hometown. On the one hand they want to start a life in the same location, but on the other, the future there is seen as very uncertain. Many of those interviewed would like to have the kind of industrial jobs that their parents have and grandparents experienced, but which are nowadays less and less common. The norm of a fulltime job is strong among the young men and women – something which strengthens the image of the evident dissonance between their seemingly traditional dreams and intentions and the structures of possibilities the municipality and community suggest for them. Connected to this are the ways the young people must relate to the postindustrial demands of employability – which means the ability to enterprise and market oneself on a competitive market. These demands presuppose abilities that are more likely to be socialized and practiced in certain social environments rather than in others, and the majority of the young men and women interviewed have a background in aworking class environment where these values and approaches are far from selfevident.The socioeconomic marginalization that these young people experienceresults in much curtailed possibilities for a period of youthful experimentation aswell as for an expected adulthood. Being unemployed means one has difficulty ingaining the status of an adult, but due to economic shortages, there are also limits to how much they can take part in this experimental lifestyle that characterizes youth. The young men and women’s situation can thereby be seen as a grey zone; they are neither young nor adults in the normative sense. In some of the narratives the young people express critical thoughts with regard to the social conditions that their difficult situation can be related to. By extension, expressing these thoughts and stating their opinion can be strengthening and mobilizing for them, both as individuals and as a group. Insights may be gained about unemployment as a shared experience rather than as a personal failure

  • 8.
    Andreasson, Kristin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ottosson, Theréce
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    [Men det är ju så det borde vara...]: en kvalitativ studie om sex unga kvinnors förhållande till kvinnlighet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to try to identify what young women see as typically female and how this affects them as individuals, focusing on the female body. How free or limited do they consider themselves to respond to prevailing ideals of beauty, to men and other women. Our questions are how young women construct femininity through the body and why? We do this by using a holistic gender perspective and with the help of key theoretical concepts; gender, normative femininity, heteronormativity, performance, freedom/power and the female body,. We have had a qualitative approach and we have done interviews with six girls in secondary school age. The material is processed and analyzed on the basis of the IPA model, which aims to build themes from the interviews. The themes we have stressed in the study are: Female with large F, To find balance, I want to be unique... (but in the right way), Get a good boyfriend and learn to socialize with girls, To be something for everyone and desire after impossibility and the road ahead. By letting our informant´s voices be made visible in our analysis, we have been able to answer the question of how they experience their own construction of femininity. What becomes visible in the analysis is the great knowledge and awareness which are among the girls on this subject. This shows the complexity that exists around young women today. More conclusions that can be drawn is that whichever way the woman construct her femininity gives different degrees of social status. Lack of freedom is not about the limited possibilities for action it is rather the impact the effectiveness of the choices made and the awareness of those who provide the experience of not being free. 

     

  • 9.
    Andresen, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tomic, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En undersökning av vilka faktorer som samvarierar med visstidsanställdas korttidssjukskrivning på en telefonbank2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of absenteeism has in recent years led to high costs for sick leave and early retirement in the public budgets. This study is based on quantitative data obtained through a designed questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to identify factors that correlate with the high short-term absence for sickness among temporary employees at a company. Previous studies have shown an association with short-term sick leave and leadership variables such as, perceived stress, motivation and tasks. The study's problem main question included these four disciplines. These were then analyzed in relation to age, sex and number of times the employee had been at home despite having been able to work. The study included temporary employees aged 18 to retirement-age. Of the 90 employees a total of 40 surveys were gathered. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskall-Wallis tests were used to calculate the differences between groups (age and sex). Spearman’s rank correlation was used to calculate the relationship between variables. Results of the study showed that women appeared to have stayed at home more frequently than men even though they would have been able to work. The study also revealed that there was a significant difference between the variable "to stay at home despite the fact that the individual was able to work

  • 10.
    Arveklev Höglund, Susanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Drama and Learning in nursing education-A Study in first and second cycle2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lessons Learned From A Cross-Sector Development Project: An Integrative Research Approach2018In: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, p. 3914-3922Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on the experiences of work-integrated learning from a Swedish-Norwegian cross-sector research project where actors from university, industry, government and volunteer sector collaborate on city center development. The empirical setting of the present study consists of six smaller cities in rural municipalities with limited resources and experiences of collaboration with higher education institutions. The following research question is addressed: How can research and development projects serve as a vehicle for facilitating mutual knowledge exchange between academia and society in cross-sector and rural collaboration contexts? The aim is hence to suggest a tentative collaboration model that identify and integrate knowledge flows between actors involved in cross-sector collaborations in such setting. To gain deep insights in the complex dynamics of project collaboration we applied a mixed methods approach including surveys, structured, in-depth qualitative interviews, observations, workshops and student projects. The data collection was performed during 2016-2017. Findings indicate that trust, continuity, and relationship building are the basis vital for successful creation, development and maintenance of knowledge flows. Furthermore, there is a need to develop an integrative tool box with different methodological tools, work practices and strategies to plan, perform, compile to leverage the knowledge flows and coproduce sustainable results. Our tentative model aims to illustrate conceptualize lessons learned on work-integrated learning and collaboration with academia. We discuss how the model may support co-creative and mutual results over time. 

  • 12.
    Balalia, Alina
    et al.
    Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Assessing TerritorialImpact Assessment: the Case of Services of General Interest2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Academy in Szczytno, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fatigue, vigor and dedication: the role of job-related emotions2013In: Imagine the future world: How do we want to work tomorrow? / [ed] Hertel, Guido & Holling, Heinz, 2013, p. 11-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim of the study was to examine the role of job-related positive and negative emotions between acute fatigue at work and engagement. We tested two components of engagement: vigor (energetic aspect) and dedication (motivational aspect). We hypothesized that negative emotions mediate in energy depletion process and positive emotions mediate in broadening of energetic and motivational resources.

    Design/Methodology. Fatigue was measured by an index in accordance with the Japan Society for Occupational Health. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale – short version (UWES) was used to evaluate vigor and dedication (Schaufeli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006). Job-related affective well-being (JAWS) was used to assess positive and negative emotions (Van Katwyk et al., 2000). The study group consisted of 174 police officers (the average tenure of 10 years, range 1–23).

    Results. Baron and Kenny approach and the Sobel test supported our hypotheses. Fatigue was more negative related to vigor than dedication. We observed that positive and negative emotions fully mediated between fatigue and vigor (large effect size f2 = .36). Additionally, positive emotions fully mediated between fatigue and dedication (medium effect size f2 = .16). We confirmed these results by the Sobel test.

    Limitations. The correlational design was applied.

    Research/Practical Implications. Our results indicate that in police officers positive emotions may lead to broadening of energetic and motivational resources.

  • 14.
    Becker Gruvstedt, Maria
    et al.
    Academy of Music in Malmö, Lund University.
    Niemi, Mariella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Östnäs, Anna
    The first steps on starting courses in music for students with intellectual disabilities at the Academy of Music in Malmö, Lund University: Ways, means and barriers2012In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: Special Issue: A World of Potential, 2012, Vol. 56, no 7-8, p. -713Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The education system in Sweden has not yet formed a sustainable way into higher education and lifelong learning for students with intellectual disabilities. Discussions on inclusive education nationally in society are ongoing but few concrete examples have yet been implemented. This presentation will present experiences from the first attempt to organize and provide courses for students with intellectual disabilities within higher music education in Sweden. Methods: Two courses were given at the Academy of Music in Malmö, Lund University in 2010 and 2011. The content of the first course focused on the history of music, rhythm and ensemble playing. The second one focused on Opera as an art form with both process and product as means of learning. Results & Conclusions: The experiences show the students' capability to develop and enhance musical expression. However, questions concerning (a) the quality of music education currently available to students with ID, (b) pedagogical approaches in the academy, (c) rules for admission to higher education and (d) different attitudes to widening participation within the academies has emerged and need to be processed.

  • 15.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Re-imagining Work and Masculinity in a Postindustrial Society2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the narratives of young working-class men, living in a small town in Sweden that is located outside the regions with economic growth. As in many other European countries, the rate of unemployment among Swedish youth is disproportionally high. Based upon material consisting of in-depth interviews with unemployed young men, the paper will analyze the changed meaning of masculinity in relation to work in a postindustrial society. Since working-class masculinity has traditionally been closely connected to wage labor and to the ability to provide for oneself as well as being the breadwinner of the family, the lack of resources that unemployment implies, means that masculinity and its relational implications must be re-imagined. The young men's narratives can thereby be seen to reflect social and cultural changes that have taken place on a structural level related to the labor market, the educational system, as well as the changed conditions for the formation of social identities. The intergenerational working-class culture on the one hand and neoliberal ideas permeating activities for the unemployed, such as training- and coaching-programs, on the other – serve as reference points for the young men's experience of subordination. In many ways the situation described was marked by deficiency and vulnerability, an effect of the social division of today, where the long-term unemployed are depicted as 'abject others' and even more so if placed in subordinated categories such as (non)working-class males, living in the back country. But what also can be traced in the young men's own narratives are some critical reflections and possible alternative ways of forming social identities and masculinities. This is furthermore related to different kinds of work ethics than the familiar one they have been socialized into when growing up and the other one that they have met as jobseekers.

  • 16.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nordevik, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Uppfattningar och nöjdhet kring en HR-funktions uppgifter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With real world research as the theoretical framework, a study was conducted as an assignment by the HR-function at Parker Hannifin AB in Sweden. Bearing in mind that there have been ambiguities concerning the roles of managers and HR-staff in previous research and that the managers’ perceptions about the HR-function affects the role of the HR, this study was conducted. This study about perceptions and satisfaction concerning the working of an HR-function aimed to highlight possible differences in customer satisfaction amongst managers based on which unit they belonged to, level of managerial position, the time they have worked as managers in the organization, and the frequency of contact with the HR-department. Moreover, the study considered whether the opinions concerning areas of improvement have changed since the last conducted research. This research was conducted through an analysis of documents and a self-produced questionnaire which was sent to all managers within Parker in Sweden. The results indicated that the same areas of improvement-needs remains, that existing documents are inconsequent in relation to each other, and that several significant differences between managers’ perceptions emerged. The HR-departments along with the different documents should tentatively become more consistent so that their roles become clearer.

  • 17.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Bokrecension | Jonsson, R. (2013). Organisatoriska bakslag - mer än tio år av förändringar i två svenska kommuner2013In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 78-83Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bokrecension | Billy Ehn och Orvar Löfgren (2012). Kulturanalytiska verktyg. Gleerups Förlag.2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 183-187Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Flexibilitet eller kontroll?: Om regler, rutiner och ansvar2011In: Mot svårare tider: om vikten av politiskt ledarskap och ekonomistyrning / [ed] Nilsson, Viveka, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2011, 1:1, p. 40-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammantaget ger ekonomicheferna uttryck för att de har ett tämligen gottinflytande över frågor som handlar om regelverk, normer, organisationsstrukturoch graden av delegation. Med tanke på att den totala svarsfrekvensenuppgår till 77 procent kan vi uttala oss tämligen väl om de undersökta tjänstemännensuppfattningar. Detta reser en rad intressanta frågor. Vilken gradav frihet och delegering är lämplig i en kommun? Hur ska man balanserakontroll, insyn och transparens mot ökade administrativa kostnader? Hurska man väga demokrati mot effektivitet? Frågan om graden av delegering handlar om en löpande avvägning mellanflexibilitet och kontroll. Frågan är vad som ska prioriteras mest i vilket lägeoch vilka delar som ska prioriteras på bekostnad av annat? Var betoningeni dessa frågor ska ligga är föremål för en ständig pendelrörelse över tid. Ibland betonas flexibilitet och i andra lägen kontroll. Detta hänger nära ihopmed kommunens regler, rutiner och ansvarstagande.

  • 20.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    How doctors practice teamleadership2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The overall purpose of the article was to study how doctors practise leadership in multidisciplinary teams. The article seeks to answer the question: Which approach do doctors use to lead multidisciplinary psychiatric teams?

    Methodology: Six psychiatric teams were studied at a university hospital. Each team was followed for eighteen months. Data were collected during a period of four years (2008–2011). Data were collected through interviews with doctors (n = 19) and observations (n = 30) of doctors’ work in a multidisciplinary psychiatric team.

    Findings: Doctors in a multidisciplinary team use either self-imposed or involuntary leadership. Oscillating between these two extremes is called reversible leadership.

    Research limitations: The study was performed at a psychiatric ward during treatment conferences in a university hospital. This limitation means that there is cause for some caution in interpreting the results.

    Practical implications: The results are useful for understanding leadership in multidisciplinary teams within the health and medical care system. The reversible leadership means that doctors can more easily oscillate from difficult situations and deal with internal tensions, facilitating leadership and management of the multidisciplinary team in the intended direction.

    Originality / value: Doctors in multidisciplinary psychiatric teams use reversible leadership.

  • 21.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande i psykiatriska team: om sammanhållning, sortering och kontroll2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about leadership and decision-making in psychiatric teams. To manage healthcare, cross-organisational work has been used as a working method in teamwork.

    The overall aim of the study was to study how leadership and decision-making are applied in psychiatric teams. The issues addressed are: to describe and to understand how leadership in psychiatric teams is applied, to describe and to understand how decision-making in psychiatric teams is applied, explain why there are potential differences between talk and practice, and to explain why teamwork is applied in psychiatry.

    The study's theoretical framework is based on the challenges that arise when teamwork is organised in a multi-professional context. In the study, decision theory, leadership theory and new institutional theory are used to help to link together and provide explanations for behaviour patterns of professions.

    The study's data were collected between 2008–2011 through interviews, observations and document studies. Total study consists of 101 interviews with 111 informants. Observations have been done of 10 teams on 132 occasions for a total of 230 hours. Observations have focused on the teamwork carried out in the treatment conferences.

    The study shows that: 1) there is an informal contract in teams that governs who does what in different situations, 2) doctors applied a reversible leadership where they alternated between the involuntary and the self-imposed, 3) teams used decision norms that are governed by situation-specific micro-codes, 4) there is an episodic culture which decreased the incentive to provide preventive and long-term treatment, 5) teamwork was used to provide the opportunity for solidarity, classification and control, and 6) there was no striving for perfection in decision-making; instead, the teams were satisfied with an acceptable level that everyone could agree on.

  • 22.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Synchronous work - myth or reality?: a critical study of teams in health and medical care2010In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 1314-1321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Rationale, aims and objectives  In this article, ideal conceptions about teamwork are tested. The research question posed is: How are teams in psychiatry formed? Three theoretical concepts that distinguish groups from teams are presented: sequentiality, parallelism and synchronicity. The presumption is that groups cooperate sequentially and teams synchronously, while the parallel work mode is a transitional form between group and team. Methods  Three psychiatric outpatient teams at a university hospital specialist clinic were studied. Data were collected through 25 personal interviews and 82 hours of observations. The data collection was carried out over 18 months (2008–2009). Results  Results show: (1) that the three theoretical distinctions between group and team need to be supplemented with two intermediate forms, semiparallel and semisynchronous teamwork; and (2) that teamwork is not characterized by striving towards a synchronous ideal but instead is marked by an adaptive interaction between sequential, parallel and synchronous working modes. Conclusions  The article points to a new intermediate stage between group and team. This intermediate stage is called semiparallel teamwork. The study shows that practical teamwork is not characterized by a synchronous ideal, but rather is about how to adaptively find acceptable solutions to a series of practical problems. The study emphasizes the importance of the team varying between different working modes, so-called semisystematics.

  • 23.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Åhlström, Pär (red.) (2010). Verksamhetsutveckling i världsklass. 1. uppl. Lund: Studentlitteratur2012In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 91-96Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme. University of Gothenburg.
    Learning and usefulness of collaboration exercises: A study of the three level collaboration (3LC) exercises between the police, ambulance and rescue services2015In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 428-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we studied collaboration exercises (3LC) between the rescue services, ambulance services, and police force, which were developed to enhance learning and usefulness. The exercises’ structure was based on identified deficiencies in previous collaboration exercises. The purpose was to test the exercise model in terms of learning and usefulness. Ten 3LC exercises were observed. A total of 65 semi-structured interviews were conducted (2011–2014) in connection with the exercises. The exercises contained across-boundary elements, seminars, and interactive documentation. The participants were given the opportunity to discuss, analyze, and critically reflect on their efforts. During the seminars, the individual actions were analyzed, which led to alternative strategies that were subsequently tested in a repeated exercise. Our results demonstrate that repetitive features and seminars during collaboration exercises promote learning toward an organic behavior and usefulness in the actual incident work.

  • 25.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Samverkansövningar: Om lärande och nytta2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study relates to collaboration exercises, with particular focus on the full-scale exercises between the police, rescue services and ambulance. To succeed in a complex situation, it requires that the personnel’s ability to collaborate across organisations be developed and refined.

    The overall aim of this study was to examine how collaboration is practised and how exercises lead to learning and usefulness. A research summary was initially done in this study. Based on that, a number of key concepts were developed that proved helpful when we followed the Swedish collaboration exercises through interviews and observations. The collected analysis has since been the basis for the design of a new exercise model, 3LC, three-level collaboration. It is based on the experiences we have had in studies of traditional exercises.

    The 3LC exercises that were conducted consisted of two practical sessions and three seminars. Each session was followed by an evaluative seminar with the aim that participants themselves would reflect and develop their patterns of behaviour. The two practical sessions were identical. It gave the participants the opportunity to rehearse and methodically try new approaches. The first exercise session was carried out according to the procedures that normally apply and govern the actions at an actual event. The second exercise session was preceded by a self-critical seminar where participants themselves identified what could be improved for the next exercise session.

    The research project was carried out from 2011 to 2014. A total of 19 collaboration exercises were studied, including 16 full-scale exercises. A total of 97 interviews and 125 hours of observation were carried out in this study. A questionnaire (CLU instrument) was developed, which was answered by 272 exercise participants.

    The study shows that collaborative sessions in the exercises contributed to the participants learning more and having greater usefulness from the exercises. 3LC exercises were perceived to enhance learning by 26 per cent and usefulness by 17 per cent, compared with traditional exercises. Collaborative exercises are benefitted when participants analyse their weaknesses themselves. Repetitive elements where participants try out alternative strategies improve preparedness prior to actual events.

  • 26.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sjuksköterskan som chef och ledare: en utmaning2017In: Pedagogik för sjuksköterskor / [ed] Håkan Sandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, 1, p. 295-313Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric D.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    The Three-Level Collaboration Exercise: Impact of Learning and Usefulness2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 257-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the emergency personnel’s perception of the effects of exercises, with regard to learning and usefulness. The exercises were quasi-experimental and constructed in such a way that employees from different organizations overlapped each other’s tasks. This was accomplished by: having asymmetries included in the scenarios, repeating exercise procedures and testing different strategies, which were discussed at joint seminars. The exercises were compared to a similar study, published in this journal, of nonquasi-experimental but merely traditional exercises. Surveys were distributed and collected from emergency personnel in connection with seven exercises. At the exercises, 94.3% of the personnel thought that the exercises had a focus on collaboration (traditional exercises, 75.6%).

  • 28.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Mälardalens högskola.
    Models of teamwork: ideal or not?: A critical study of theoretical team models2012In: Team Performance Management, ISSN 1352-7592, E-ISSN 1758-6860, Vol. 18, no 5/6, p. 328-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - There is a tendency in team research to employ concepts of stepwise models, reachingfrom the primitive to the excellent, to suggest that a higher level of evolution is better than the basic and simple. This tendency includes typologies of teams. This article aims to question the relevance of this view.

    Design/methodology/approach - Data were collected in three steps. In the first step, articles and books analyzing teams and teamwork from stepwise analytical models were collected. In the second step the collected data were classified into different themes. Each stepwise model was classified into one essential denomination. This classification resulted in eight themes. In the third step each theme was analyzed, which led to the fusion of some of the themes.

    Findings - The conclusion is that a synchronous, complementary or mature team is not necessarily optimal. Contrary to this, a differentiated, sequential or multi team approach can be optimal for some purposes. Team research needs to establish a more open, inductive and critical attitude than at present.

    Originality/value - The paper highlights the need to observe and use team theories in a balanced and critical way.

  • 29.
    Berlin, Johan M
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Carlström, Eric D
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Collaboration exercices; what do they contribute ?: a study of learning and usefulness2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to study whether exercises contribute to learning that can be useful in actual emergency work. It reports the findings of a study about professional emergency personnel’s perceptions of the impact of collaboration exercises. Surveys were distributed and collected from emergency personnel in conjunction with three collaboration exercises that took place in Sweden in spring 2012. The survey included personnel holding different positions within the police department, fire department and ambulance services. Among them were also operational personnel such as officers. A total of 94 professional emergency personnel agreed to participate by answering the survey. The response rate was 95%.The study shows that collaborative elements in exercises contribute to perceived learning (R2 = 0:53), and that learning, in turn, has a perceived beneficial effect on actual emergency work (R2 = 0:26).The perceived results of collaboration,learning and their impact on actual emergency work, however, are moderate.The exercises were characterised by long waiting times and gave few opportunities to practise different strategies. Only a few respondents felt that they learned something about the collaborating organisations’ ways of communicating and prioritising. Many also thought that the exercises were more useful for command officers than for operational personnel.Thus, the study shows that by strengthening the collaborative elements of the exercises, the perception of the participants’ actual emergency work can be developed.

  • 30.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Team i vård, behandling och omsorg: Erfarenheter och reflektioner2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Team är populära, inte minst inom vård, behandling och omsorg.Trots att det börjar bli en väl etablerad företeelse tycks teamfortfarande stå för förnyelse och nytänkande. Teamarbete harsåledes kommit att få en allt viktigare roll.

    I denna antologi behandlas frågor som: Varför uppstår team? Vadgör team nödvändiga? Vad är utmärkande för olika typer av team? Vad skapar väl fungerande team? Vilka effekter får teamarbete förverksamheten? Du som läsare bjuds på både kritiska betraktelser,utvecklingsspår och verktyg.

    Boken vänder sig till studerande och forskare vid högskolor ochuniversitet samt till praktiskt verksamma inom vård-, behandlingsochomsorgsorganisationer. De olika kapitlen kan läsas friståendeoch ger var för sig en god bild av teamets funktion.

    ---

    Team i vård, behandling och omsorg förmedlar en unikinsikt och förståelse kring teamarbetes betydelse, funktionssätt och utmaningar baserad på omfattande och mångårig forskning. Boken förtjänar därför attanvändas inom alla utbildningar på högskolenivå som är inriktade mot vård- och omsorg.

    Stefan Tengblad, professor i företagsekonomi

  • 31.
    Bernhard, Irene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Towards Inclusive E-Government: The Development of Municipal Contact Centers in Sweden2013In: Developing E-Government Projects: Frameworks and Methodologies / [ed] Zaigham Mahmood, Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2013, 1, p. 225-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, five case studies of the implementation of contact centers in Swedish municipalities are described and discussed with a focus on inclusive e-government. The research methods used are mainly qualitative interviews with different categories of municipal personnel and also with some citizens. The main conclusions are that the implementation of contact centers contributes to increased accessibility of municipal services, even for those citizens who might have problems using Internet services. The study indicates and development towards increased equal treatment of citizens and a contribution to reducing problems related to the “digital divide.” Municipal services became more adapted to citizens’ needs by using citizen-centric methods and dialogue during the development process and in the daily work of the contact centers. The implementation of municipal contact centers can thus be seen as a step towards inclusive e-government, but there is still a need to go further in this direction.

  • 32.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Conceptualizing University-Society Collaboration: A Literature Review Focusing on Drivers of Collaboration2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration and learning are vital for development in all sectors of society and there is a constantneed for new ideas, innovation and development. Previous research addresses several approaches for university-society collaboration, e.g. Work-Integrated Learning (WIL), University-Industry Government (Triple-helix), University Community Partnership (UCP), and Public Private Academic Partnership (PPAP). These are all aiming at planning, performing, compiling and leveraging knowledge exchange and co-creating sustainable results. This conceptual paper draws on an initial literature review on how established frameworks and models in the field of university-society collaboration are related to contemporary drivers of collaboration, such as co-creation, trust and relationship building. The aim of the paper is to gain deeper insights in the complex dynamics of collaboration by exploring relevant research literature and to suggest future directions for research in university-society collaboration. Hence, the research questions to be addressed in this paper are: What are the key drivers that underlie the dynamics of university-society collaboration? How can university-society collaboration be approached in order to facilitate co-creating results? The results suggest that the key driver for university-society collaboration is trust. However, there are several underlying triggers and mechanisms facilitating trust. As trust is context and actor dependent and need to be approached in an open and continuous way in order to co-create sustainable results. Emergent drivers of collaboration and universities roles are also discussed.

  • 33.
    Bernlo, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Boman, Christine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "... att göra världen begriplig...": Betydelsen av KASAM för barn inom institution och öppenvård2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med uppsatsen var att ta reda på om KASAM-begreppet, trots att det har några år på nacken, fortfarande ses som betydelsefullt. Vi utgick från personalens perspektiv gällande KASAM's betydelse för barn 0-12 år, placerade på institution eller med någon form av insats från öppenvården. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer tog vi del av personalens erfarenheter av KASAM's betydelse för barnen, hur de arbetar och om de metoder de använder sig av , ger möjlighet att skapa en känsla av sammanhang för barnen. Vid tolkningen av vårt intervjumaterial utgick vi från tre teman baserade på våra frågeställningar. Det som framkom av materialet var att KASAM har stor betydelse för barnens välbefinnande. KASAM-begreppet är högst närvarande i de metoder som används inom verksamheterna, även om personalen inte talar om det i termer av KASAM.

     

  • 34.
    Berntsson, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wikström, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säkerhetsklimat: en studie om skillnader mellan ledning och medarbetares uppfattning av säkerhetsarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The safety of an organization is based not only on safe equipment and quality assurance processes, but also on the interaction between people (Törner, 2008). A good safety climate has a positive impact on safety and has been shown to reduce accidents. The aim of the present study was to find out if there are differences in safety climate between employees and management in an industrial enterprise with a quantitative approach. The study includes a survey with 31 participants in manufacturing industries in western Sweden between the ages of 22-65 of whom 3 were women and 28 were men. To reach out to the participants a web survey based on NOSACQ-50 (Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire) was used, which measures seven dimensions of safe climate. The results showed that safety climate was at a good level for both management and employees. However, the two groups did not differ in how they perceived safety. The result also showed that there were correlations between the dimensions of NOSACQ-50. Although no significant differences between management and employees were discovered, the study highlights the importance of studying safety climate from several perspectives. There may be benefits in considering safety climate from a group perspective as this may generate a deeper understanding of safety climate as a whole, and how organizations can achieve a more coherent safety climate

  • 35.
    Bjerninge, Beatrice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om individers personlighetsdrags samband till den upplevda arbetstillfredsställelsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was aimed to investigate the relationship between the personality traits included in the Five Factor Model and the degree to which individuals experience job satisfaction. The study also investigated if it was possible to see a relationship between job satisfaction and individuals’ age. Job satisfaction was measured by the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, MSQ, which explores an individual's experience of intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. Individuals' level of personality dimensions were studied using a Swedish shortened version of the Five- Factor Model. The material that forms the basis for the study's results come from 52 completed questionnaires carried out at two different workplaces. A clear result was that higher Extraversion was associated with higher degree of job satisfaction. Whether age was related job satisfaction, the present study showed a negative medium strong connection to the external job satisfaction. Since each individual, based on FFM, has a unique combination of the five personality traits, the study cannot generalize how individuals in general perceives job satisfaction. The study has only been able to reinforce the results of what previous studies have concluded; that there are correlations between the five personality traits and job satisfaction

  • 36.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Drama as a trans-structural catalyst in a global-local and formal -informal rhizome of ESD agents.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drama as a trans-structural catalyst in a global-local and formal -informal rhizome of ESD agents.

    In the center of the stage stands a collaborative theatre co –production facing sustainability with stakeholders from five continents. The project sets out to investigate a number of questions; How and if can Drama serve to enhance ESD learning with an emphasis on emerging processes in a trans-structural setting? What effect can an embodied learning that also includes a visit to the as- if –imaginary domains have on a intercultural ESD discussion? As Drama means doing - acting as well as reflecting there is a potential for a critical reflexivity, how can that be investigated? What are the ethical implications involved in the usage of such transformative tools? These are a few off all the questions that has triggered my interest in using Drama whilst working with ESD in an intercultural and network-based learning context. Findings from a pilot case study will be presented and I look forward to the possibility of enhancing the discussion within this distinguished crowd.

  • 37.
    Bodhall, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Johansson, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Men kan damen vara lite tyst: Att födas eller göras till flicka2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att fördjupa kunskapen om hur flickor bemöts i samspel med läraren. Bakgrunden till att vi valde att undersöka just detta är att det är ett intressant och aktuellt ämne i samhället idag med tanke på hendebatten som pågår. Vi är intresserade av att se hur det ser ut i en förskoleklass. Hur ska flickor vara enligt läraren, hur går det att se i förhållningssättet, accepteras flickorna som de är eller tillrättavisas de, eftersom de inte uppfyller de förväntningar som finns. Vi har valt att undersöka lärarens förhållningssätt gentemot flickorna, eftersom vi anser att det inte finns så mycket forskning om flickor i detta sammanhang och vi vill bidra till detta. Vi har lagt vårt fokus på att undersöka hur läraren förhåller sig till flickorna. Finns det underliggande normer i lärarens förhållningssätt, vilka förväntningar har läraren på flickorna, vad bryter mot normerna för hur flickor bör bete sig enligt läraren är exempel på frågor, som vi har fokuserat på. Vi har genomfört fyra videoobservationer i samlingstillfällen i en förskoleklass. Vi har valt att titta på lärarens förhållningssätt gentemot flickorna ur två olika synvinklar när vi analyserar videoobservationerna. De två analyssätt vi använt är dels teorin att människor föds till att vara flickor eller pojkar och att det finns en biologisk aspekt i könet. Detta kallas utvecklingspsykologi. Det andra analyssättet vi använt oss av innebär att barnen konstrueras till att vara flickor eller pojkar, vilket benämns socialkonstruktionism. Vi intresserar oss för att se hur lärarens samspel med flickorna kan se ut om vi analyserar det ur dessa synvinklar. Resultatet av vår studie visar att det finns vissa normer för hur flickor bör bete sig. De olika analyssätten vi använt för att titta på våra videoobservationer, "vi görs till flickor" och "vi föds till flickor" visar båda att det finns en tanke om att flickorna ska vara lugna, vänta på sin tur och inte prata rakt ut eller avbryta läraren. Det finns även i dessa olika synsätt att se på världen en tanke att flickor och pojkar är olika. Vi har enbart valt att analysera flickorna men det finns också en aspekt som inte går att bortse ifrån angående pojkarna, eftersom det förekommer pojkar i samlingen också. När vi analyserar genom synsättet att kön är konstruerat synliggörs, att läraren för in flickorna på den bana hen anser som det rätta sättet att vara som flicka. När är vi undersökte samma observationer på det sätt att det är en biologisk aspekt att flickorna föds till flickor så synliggörs lärarens förhållningssätt att det finns ett rätt och fel sätt för flickor att bete sig. Flickorna ska i detta synsätt vara som de blir födda till att vara. Om en flicka, som det händer i en av observationerna, avbryter läraren rättar denne till detta och menar, att det inte är rätt sätt för en flicka att bete sig. De olika synsätten "vi görs till flickor" och "vi föds till flickor" visar båda ett resultat som tyder på att normerna för hur flickor ska bete sig är starkt förankrade i hur samhället ser ut och hur det har sett ut genom historien. Flickorna ska inte bryta mot det feminina och om de försöker sig på att komma in på det maskulina tillrättavisas de.

  • 38.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att leva i transithallen: en fenomenologisk studie om arbetssökande kvinnor med utländsk bakgrund och med funktionshinder2002Report (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Bohman, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sandén, Susanne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Den broderande kvinnan och den bilkörande mannen: En studie om jämställdhet inom äldreomsorgen ur ett brukarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka om det finns skillnader mellan kvinnor och män i biståndsutredningar samt att analysera och reflektera över de önskemål och behov som uttrycks. Frågeställningarna handlar om hur jämställdhet kommer till uttryck inom äldreomsorgen i Lidköpings kommun och om eventuella skillnader mellan kvinnor och män kan utläsas i biståndsutredningar. Avsikten är att undersöka jämställdheten inom äldreomsorgen ur ett brukarperspektiv. För att finna svar på studiens frågeställningar har en dokumentanalys gjorts av 60 biståndsutredningar. Dokumenten har stegvis granskats och flera intressanta mönster har framträtt. Studiens resultat visar att kvinnor och män får den hjälp de ansöker om och att det inte finns några egentliga skillnader i vilka insatser de ansöker om. Detta resultat visar att kvinnor och män biståndsbedöms jämställt då det är behov som styr bedömningen och inte kön. Då studien också syftar till att reflektera över specifika önskemål har detta gjorts och det har visat sig att önskemål sällan uttrycks i biståndsutredningarna. Vår uppfattning om detta är att önskemål förmodligen uttrycks, men att de inte dokumenteras. Då materialet granskats för att finna eventuella skillnader mellan kvinnor och män har flera intressanta upptäckter gjorts som visar att kvinnor och män beskrivs på olika sätt i utredningarna. Vår tolkning av detta är att kvinnor beskrivs som hemorienterade och männen som omvärldsorienterade.

  • 40.
    Bozsodi, Judit
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan sex timmars arbetstid skapa ett hållbart arbetsliv?: En kvalitativ studie baserad på några medarbetares erfarenhet av sex timmars arbetsdag.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction can be a means of reducing stress in society. Having a reasonable working time for wage workers is important in order to get the job done today. Today's problem is to create a sustainable working life for people in the future. According to the Ministry of Labor, several factors show that working life is not adapted to people's ability and needs. Work-related ill health is growing, which has been shown in increasing sick leave and stress in working life. Even the recovery time has decreased which leads to wear damage (Ds 2000: 22, p.14). The study aims at examining employee's experience of working time shortening thirteen years after organizational reform and see what this type of working-time reduction has meant for internal values such as: motivation, participation, requirements and learning that are indicators of a sustainable working life. Data gathering has helped with semi structured interview questions combined with open questions to get a more detailed answer. The study is based on a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The interview includes eight workshop staff in a car company that has worked with both eight hours and six hours of work since 2002. The results showed that six hours of work with retained pay create motivation for employees who increase their productivity unemployment and efficiency even after thirteen years. This may be because they are experiencing their psychosocial work environment positively, which are the main motivational factors, indicating sustainable working life. Furthermore, the requirement has increased after the shortening of working hours, as the pressures to perform in a short period of time are experienced stressful. However, despite this picture, there is no risk of ill health when the employee's absence due to illness is not increased. Six-hour working day with retained salary contributes to reduced sick leave for long-term sickness who work full time instead of being partially ill-treated. The role of organizations is to create greater conditions for recovery for individuals to work longer and to have a sustainable working life. The result is consistent with previous research that has been done in a shorter period of time, where self-perceived health is increasing. Furthermore, the result shows that the activities and focuses on people's learning and skills development can thus maintain a sustainable working life. The theoretical frame of reference for the study contains the requirements -control-support model, experience theory, organization's change, Kasam.

  • 41.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Kvalitet, värde och livskvalitet2013In: Den omätbara kvaliteten / [ed] Lars Strannegård, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 2, p. 175-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Bucken-Knapp, Gregg
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Varieties of capitalism and labor migration policy2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Faced with a declining workforce, why does the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) oppose employer proposals for increased labor migration from non-EU countries? This article explores whether perspectives on policymaking in the varieties of capitalism (VoC) literature can account for this puzzle. VoC scholars maintain that policymakers prefer reforms conforming to the national political economy, improving firm capacity and ensuring better economic performance. Employers are also thought to support policies incentivecompatible with the prevailing model of capitalism. My analysis shows that while the SAP backed labor migration policies compatible with the Swedish coordinated market economy, it did not do so for reasons of efficiency or economic performance. The SAP fears that liberal reform, preferred by employers, will damage the Swedish model, undermine active labor market policies and weaken unions. The case of Swedish labor migration policy underscores how economic reform reflects political conflict and not the desire to preserve equilibrium.

  • 43.
    Bunting, Leona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Göteborgs universitet.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Johanson, Marita
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Learning film production2014In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 296-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to contribute knowledge about learning linked to the film industry by investigating how film producers reason about learning for and in the profession. 

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on semi-structured interviews with twenty film producers, both university and workplace trained (UWT) and workplace trained (WT). The content analysis is based on the transcribed dialogues. The study is empirical, explorative and qualitative.

    Findings – The interviewees consider networks to be of utmost importance for gaining entrance to and continuously finding work in the film industry. They also reason about required knowing and what learning practices are available. Although formal education is not advocated by all, it can hold intrinsic value for the individual. Traditions of learning are being scrutinized and critical reflection is replacing naivety and emotionality.

    Practical implications – Different aims regarding learning in the formal education system and film industry result in a gap which needs to be bridged in order to challenge conserving and reproducing patterns of learning. Collaboration is suggested as a solution benefiting both the individual learner and the film industry. The resulting knowledge from this study can be used by the formal education system and the film industry when developing forms for collaboration surrounding learners of film production. 

    Originality/value – The focus presented in this paper of learning in and for film production has been sparingly addressed in previous research.

  • 44.
    Burke, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ståhl, Christina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vägleda barn i ett senmodernt samhälle: en studie där föräldrar berättar om sina upplevelser av att uppfostra barn i vår tid2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om hur föräldrar ser på sin föräldraroll idag och vi har valt att betrakta det ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv med sociokulturella teorier. Syftet är att undersöka senmoderna föräldrars syn på sin roll som uppfostrare under deras barn/barns uppväxt. Vi ställer oss frågorna: Vad innebär en senmodern, god uppfostran och hur vill föräldrarna att deras barn ska leva som vuxna? Vi använder oss av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod, fokusgruppsintervjuer, där medlemmarna i gruppen interagerar och delar med sig av egna erfarenheter. Intervjumaterialet som ligger till grund för studien är analyserat horisontellt och sammanslaget. Vi intervjuar även "experter" som i yrket jobbar nära familjer. Den informationen kontrasterar och kompletterar gruppintervjuerna. I analysen utgår vi huvudsakligen från begrepp som sociologerna Beck, Bauman, Giddens och Habermas har använt för att beskriva det senmoderna samhället: individualism, ambivalens, reflexivitet, självidentitet och självförverkligande; tid och stress, konsumism, livsvärld/systemvärld och förvetenskapligande av det privata. Vi använder även några andra begrepp som kontrast mot det senmoderna: familj och tradition; och uppfostran. I diskussionen funderar vi över vad studien kan lära oss om det senmoderna föräldraskapet. Föräldrarna som intervjuats besitter en god förmåga att hantera senmodernitetens krav och snabba kast. Det viktigaste de vill ge sina barn är trygghet, kärlek och social kompetens för att barnen så småningom själva skall kunna bemästra sin framtid och sitt vuxenliv.

  • 45.
    Bülow, Pia
    et al.
    Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Seitl, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Rolander, Bo
    Landstinget i Jönköping.
    PR-team som modell för samordnad rehabiliteringsutredning på vårdcentraler i Jönköpings län: Arbetsrapport2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten presenterar och diskuterar resultatet av en studie omkring en regionalt i Jönköpings län framtagen modell för rehabiliteringsutredning i primärvården – PR-team. Studien bygger på tre olika material och har genomförts som tre separata delstudier. Resultaten för delstudierna redovisas i rapporten var för sig.Den första delstudien bygger på material från ett register över samtliga patienter i primärvården i Jönköpings län som har en sjukskrivning som överstiger 28 dagar. Resultat från delstudien visar att en högre andel män genomgår PR-team vid privata vårdcentraler jämfört med kvinnor och att PR-teamutredningar vid offentliga vårdcentraler i en tredjedel av fallen genomfördes under de första 90 dagarna av sjukskrivningsperioden. Vidare noterades att psykisk ohälsa angavs oftare för kvinnor än för män samt att nästan dubbelt så många kvinnor som män avslutades mot arbete eller studier.Den andra delstudien bygger på observationer av genomförda möten i rehabiliteringsteamet där den sammanvägda bedömningen av rehabiliteringsutredningen diskuteras och dokument­eras. I delstudien ingår även intervjuer med mötesdeltagare i så kallade PR-teammöten. Resultatet visar att ett PR-teammöte utgörs av flera delar och att en relativt stor del av mötestiden handlar om hur dokumentationen ska ske och hur olika tolkningar ska göras för att kunna fylla i blanketten på ett korrekt sätt. Det märktes stor skillnad mellan teamen vilket sannolikt berodde på respektive teams vana att arbeta enligt modellen för PR-team samt möjligen en påverkan av att observeras och spelas in.Den tredje delstudien är en analys av dokumentationen från 177 rehabiliteringsutredningar. Analysen visar att dokumentationen utgör en textgenre som nästan helt saknar uttalade subjekt. Det gäller både patienten som texten handlar om och den/de personer som gör bedöm­ningen. I den tematiska analysen framstår smärtproblematik som den främsta anledningen till att en teamutredning genomförs. Tre fjärdedelar av utredningarna handlade om kvinnor. Lång sjukskrivningshistoria, låg utbildning och migrationshistoria framstod som särskilda sårbarhetsfaktorer där såväl att patientens framtidsbild som att teamets bedömning pekade mot ringa förutsättningar för återgång till arbete.

  • 46.
    Chaat, Hiba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Teaching Civic Orientation for New Residents in Sweden: on Competence Development and Knowledge Sharing in a Growing Profession2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 165-178Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing number of refugees in Sweden, there is increased pressure on integration organizations to educate new residents about their rights and obligations in the new country. In Sweden, this is done with a mandatory course in civic orientation for those who get a residence permit. The courses are held in the native language of the new residents, thus increasing the demand for people with both language and pedagogical skills to hold civic orientation courses. The civic orientation classes include participants with different backgrounds and ages. The only common denominator among the course participants is the language. Thus, it isnot conventional teaching where students have more characteristics in common, and integration workers are not conventional teachers since not all of them are professional, trained educators. Therefore, we claim that we see a new profession in the making since these integration workers are recruited as integration workers in Sweden on the basis of their individual background rather than on formal training. In order to illuminate this new profession, this study compares and contrasts thework situation, processes of competence development and knowledge sharing by integration workers in a small and a big city in two different municipalities in west Sweden. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with eight integration workers and two course coordinators. The analysis was based on the dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation by Nonaka (1994). Results indicated that the work situations share similarities in relation to how the courses were organized and planned for. However, organizational differences became evident due to the number of integration workers, quality management, employee support, and possibilities for knowledge sharing. These differences also created varied difficulties in how to improve courses and learn from other civic orientation teachers. It is concluded that there is a need for better national coordination and knowledge sharing on both the individual and organizational level. The study suggests that there should be a dynamic, interactive national support system where integration workers could systematically and individually share experiences to improve the quality of the civic orientation courses. This becomes essential since local conditions create huge variations regarding experience-based improvement of thecourses, thus jeopardizing both content and process quality of the mandatory courses by putting all responsibility on the individual teacher.

  • 47.
    Dahl, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Shaat, Suzanne
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Genom västerländska ögon: en postkolonial analys av dokumentärserien En resa för livet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna C-uppsats granskar vi dokumentärserien En resa för livet utifrån ett postkolonialt perspektiv. Studien grundar sig i ett övergripande intresse för hur koloniala föreställningar fortfarande genomsyrar välgörenhetsdiskursen. För att definiera studiens problemområde har vi tre frågeställningar: Hur framställs de fyra svenska artisterna respektive de filippinska medverkande i dokumentärserien? Reproduceras koloniala föreställningar i dokumentärserien och i så fall på vilket sätt? Hur presenteras fattigdomsproblemet och vilka möjliga lösningar läggs fram i dokumentärserien? Studien innefattar en text- och bildanalytisk metod vilken appliceras på materialet - samtliga fyra avsnitt av dokumentärserien En resa för livet som sändes i TV4 under januari/februari 2014. Serien producerades i samarbete med SOS Barnbyar. Vår huvudsakliga teoretiska utgångspunkt är postkolonialism och denna kompletteras med teorier kring vithet och den Andre. I vår analys har vi kommit fram till att koloniala värderingar präglar serien, bland annat genom hur de filippinska fattiga barnen och deras familjer framställs som underlägsna och passiva i kontrast till hur de fyra svenska artisterna porträtteras. I serien konstrueras Västvärlden och Tredje världen som varandras motsatser, där artisterna och SOS Barnbyar får stå för det mänskliga och civiliserade medan de filippinska barnen framställs som de Andra. Vi har också funnit hur man i och med serien kan sägas konsumera den Andre och dennes kultur genom en exotisering av densamma. Slutligen problematiserar vi En resa för livet som marknadsföring för SOS Barnbyar. Det faktum att seriens syfte var att rekrytera nya faddrar till organisationen leder till att själva orsaken till fattigdomen osynliggörs och därmed att den koloniala maktordningen reproduceras

  • 48.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Määttä, Sylvia
    The influence of gender in academia: a case study of a university college in Sweden2011In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, ISSN 2040-7149, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 379-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to describe senior lecturers' experiences of and reflections on the influence of gender on their work and career possibilities.

    Design/methodology/approach – Eight informants, four female and four male university teachers, representing different schools at a Swedish university college were interviewed. A qualitative content method was used for analysis.

    Findings – The findings revealed that the lecturers at the university college had an experience of academic gender neutrality. The findings also pointed to experiences of gendered practice that had been internalized and made normal. It also revealed that the lecturers did not consider or reflect on the gap between experiences of and reflections on gender neutrality and gendered practice.

    Research limitations/implications – Even if the number of informants is small, the findings have something important to tell about the gap between gender-neutral academia and practice in academia.

    Originality/value – The findings imply that although the Swedish model of equality work has been successful in many ways, a confrontation on the micro-political level is required to achieve a gender equality workplace environment and to increase women's career possibilities.

  • 49.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    De Colli, Daniel
    Polismyndigheten i Västmanland.
    Forskning hand i hand med praktiken: Betydelsen av känslan av sammanhang för olika copingresurser i stressituationer hos poliser i yttre tjänst2012In: SALUS 2012 Den goda arbetsplatsen - hållbart arbetsliv, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbete och dess villkor är för det mesta betydelsefullt. Den goda arbetsplatsen strävar efter att medarbetare utvecklar copingresurser som kan användas i stressituationer. Samtliga poliser som arbetar i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift måste ha en utbildning i bastaktik där det bl. a ingår stresshantering och ett kommunikativt förhållningssätt. Polisyrket karakteriseras av en hög grad av psykosocial stress. I studien deltog 101 poliser (29 kvinnor) i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift. Svensk version (Ekecrantz & Norman, 1991) av Coping Resourse Inventory (Marting & Hammer, 1988, 2004) användes för att mäta copingresurser och svensk version av Sense of Coherence Scale, SOC (Antonovsky, 1993) användes för att mäta känslan av sammanhang. Resultaten visade bl a att SOC total och begriplighet predicerade variationen i kognitiva resurser; SOC total predicerade variationen i emotionella resurser; hanterbarhet predicerade variationen i sociala, andligt/filosofiska, fysiska och totala resurser till att klara stress. Svenska poliser i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet i sin tjänst har hög känsla av sammanhang. De har relativt höga totala resurser till att klara stress.

  • 50.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Ekegren, Maria
    Mårdberg, Bertil
    "You have to use your brain, heart and soul": A new model of Leadership Intelligence2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 ABSTRACT / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 18-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership intelligence is a new Swedish leadership model (Ronthy, 2006; in press). The aim of this presentation is to present and discuss some results from a project “Studies on a new Swedish leadership model.” The aim of this project was to empirically test and develop a practicable management model based on the theory of leadership intelligence. Leadership intelligence consists of a number of competencies, skills and attributes. Leadership intelligence is a combination of the leader’s logical and analytical skills, his/her ability to manage his own and others’ emotions, and finally his deeper desire and willingness to see the meaning of what he is doing. The latter intelligence belongs to the existential query field and answers the question WHY. Today, according to Ronthy, executives focus on WHAT, very little on HOW, and rarely on WHY. Leadership should include all these three dimensions. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years, from different organizations and companies made self-reports by logging on to the Internet using a recently designed questionnaire for how managers perceive their leadership. Traditional statistical methods (factor analyses, SEM) as well as qualitative interviews with leaders, suggest a possible relationship between theory and empirical data. We have focused on developing of a relatively short, reliable and valid self-report measure of leadership intelligence that can be further developed and applied in different practical situations.

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