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  • 1.
    Abbas, Abdullah
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Danielsson, Eddi
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Distansundervisning under COVID-19-pandemin: En analys av dess påverkan på högskolestudenters upplevelse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I studien undersöks effekterna av distansutbildning på högskolestudenter under COVID-19-pandemin. Pandemin var en extraordinär händelse som har förändrat utbildningslandskapet över hela världen. I examensarbetet presenteras bakgrundsinformation om pandemins inverkan på högre utbildning, inklusive de utmaningar och möjligheter som uppstått. Syftet är att undersöka högskolestudenters upplevelse av distansundervisning och påverkan av digitala verktyg. För att få en djupare förståelse av universitetsstudenters erfarenheter under övergången till distansundervisning genomförde vi en enkät med hjälp av snöbollsurval. Denna metod valdes eftersom den ger möjligheten att nå en bredare och mer diversifierad population av studenter. Studiens fokus var på könsspecifika skillnader och faktorer som påverkade studenternas akademiska erfarenhet och prestation. Studien undersökte tillgång till teknik, motivation och engagemang, samt hur dessa faktorer påverkade studenternas övergripande tillfredställelse och framgång. Examensarbetets resultat visar att män och kvinnor påverkas olika av distansutbildning, även om det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad i deras erfarenheter när det gällde de flesta faktorer av online-undervisning. I studien framgick att tillgång till teknik är en betydande faktor som påverkar studenternas akademiska erfarenhet och prestation, vilket framhäver vikten av likvärdiga resurser för alla studenter. Studenternas motivation och engagemang spelar en betydande roll för deras framgång i onlinekurser. Avgörande för att förbättra framtida online-undervisning är en bättre förståelse för könsspecifika skillnader.

  • 2.
    Abbas, Yasir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Effective Cloud Computing Resource Allocation Challenges in Small and Medium Enterprises2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) play a crucial role in the global economy by generating employment opportunities and fostering economic expansion. However, the allocation of cloud computing resources remains a significant challenge for small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs). The primary objective of this qualitative study was to examine the challenges associated with the allocation of cloud computing resources in small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs). The research encompassed a comprehensive examination of existing literature and the utilization of semi-structured interviews to gather data from small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) owners and managers. The study focused only on two developed nations, namely the United States of America and the United Kingdom, as well as two developing countries, namely India and Pakistan. The literature review identified many issues that have an influence on the allocation of cloud computing resources in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). These challenges include financial constraints, organizational culture, availability of competent individuals, and advancements in technology. The insights obtained from conducting interviews with small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) owners and managers provided useful information on the current methodologies employed for assigning cloud computing resources, as well as the obstacles faced by SMEs in effectively distributing these resources. The study's findings indicate that the successful operation of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) heavily relies on the efficient allocation of cloud computing resources. Furthermore, addressing challenges in this area necessitates a purposeful and proactive strategy. The findings of this study offer valuable insights into the cloud computing resource allocation tactics employed by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). As a result, policymakers, researchers, and SME owners and managers may utilize these insights to effectively implement successful strategies for allocating cloud computing resources.

  • 3.
    Abovarda, Adam
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Pålsson, Paul
    NU Hospital Group (SWE); University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    E-learning as Part of Residency Education2023In: Caring is Sharing: Exploiting the Value in Data for Health and Innovation. Proceeddings of MIE 2023 / [ed] Maria Hägglund, Madeleine Blusi, Stefano Bonacina, Lina Nilsson, Inge Cort Madsen, Sylvia Pelayo, Anne Moen, Arriel Benis, Lars Lindsköld, Parisis Gallos, IOS Press, 2023, Vol. 302, p. 496-497Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a literature review in combination with qualitative analysis of course evaluations, this study examines aspects that contribute to enhancing elearning for physicians in a residency education program. The literature review and the qualitative analysis outline three main factors (pedagogical, technological, and organizational), highlighting the importance of a holistic approach that includes learning and technology in context when integrating e-learning strategies in adult learning programs. The findings contribute insights and practical guidance for education organizers on how to conduct e-learning during and after the pandemic.

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  • 4.
    Adebahr, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Andersson, Victor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Övervakning: Var går gränsen?: En studie av lastbilschaufförer som arbetar i Bohuslän och hur de ser på IT som hjälpmedel och övervakning på jobbet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays companies and organizations are implementing IT-systems that enable surveillances, particularly within the transport business. The implementation within the surveillances systems enables a better security and a more efficient workflow. The systems make it possible for companies to see fuel consumption, the position off the truck and also to plan the most efficient routes. The truck drivers have learned to accept that they are being watched through the companies surveillance systems just because it leads to a more efficient route-planning. The drivers understand why they’re being monitored and they feel safe. Since IT-systems came into the transport business drivers are able to see the fuel consumption and by seeing that they can drive more ecological and save money for their company. The truck driver that works in Bohuslän is well aware that these services are crucial for the companies, by having these systems the companies can compete with the foreign hauliers that takes the same job for a much smaller fee. But where is the limit for acceptable surveillance? We answered the issue by doing interviews in two rounds, first with ten truck drivers then with six. We also did a literature study. The drivers where all driving for companies in Bohuslän. The drivers we interviewed had different experience within the business, some drivers worked at big companies and some drivers worked at smaller companies. By sorting the drivers out we were able to sort out our answers and see if there were a difference in the way the drivers were thinking. We wanted to get knowledge of how different business surveilled their employees and how the employees reacted. So we performed a literature study where we read different case studies from the home care, the sales industry and the elementary school. We compared the result from our study with the result from our interviews. We managed to see that truck drivers generally had more loyal thoughts to their company. The drivers that were interviewed where well aware of the hard competition within the industry. As long as surveillance makes the company more efficient and the surveillance don’t violate their private integrity it´s okay to use it.Keywords: Surveillance, loyal workers, IT-system, competition

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  • 5.
    af Geijerstam, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Wedenberg, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Menyers effektivitet och användbarhet på webben2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, everything is expected proceed quickly, easily and smoothly. This also applies to websites on the Internet. When you visit a website, you want thewebsite to be easily accessible and you also want to find what you are looking for quickly. It is therefore important that the menu is easy to navigate. The menu is very important for the experience of the website, as you use the menu to navigate through the website. The menu will guide users through the website, will help them plan their actions, will determine where they are and will help them find their way back if they would get lost.In this study, we have created and designed a website with menus of four different types. Our study is based on a number of theories about cognition, perception,usability and effectivity together with theories about how to create a good menu. We will use these theories in our study to determine which of the menus is the most effective. To find out which menu is the most effective, test participants were asked to conduct a usability test. During the usability test, we tested the effectivity of themenus by measuring the amount of time required by the test participants to perform different tasks, as well as how many clicks were required and how frustrated the test participants became. Then, we compared how the different menus performed inrelation to each other. The test participants were also asked to respond to aquestionnaire where they subjectively described their thoughts on the menus.Our results from this study can be used as guidelines when choosing which type of menu to use on a website, where navigation is expected to be as effective as possible.Our results show that the horizontal menu is the most effective one of the different menus we have tested. However, which menu is the most effective in a given situation or on a given website depends on many factors, and thus, the horizontal menu is not always preferable to use on every website.

  • 6.
    Afzal, Muhammad Israr
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    A Qualitative Analysis about the Features that Attract the Users Toward V-Commerce2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As our world evolves, technology continues to advance, impacting various aspects of our daily lives. One significant realm that has been revolutionized by technology is marketing, with Information and Communication Technology (ICT) playing a central role in this transformation. An innovative manifestation of this progress is "V-commerce" – a form of online shopping that harnesses the power of virtual reality technology to offer customers a fully immersive and three-dimensional shopping experience. Despite being a novel concept, V-commerce holds great promise in the field of marketing, prompting a need for extensive research to unravel the factors that attract users to embrace this innovative shopping paradigm.

    This study delves into the core aspects that underlie the allure of V-commerce. By examining the elements of virtual presence, intensity, satisfaction, and involvement, the research uncovers the pivotal factors that draw individuals to this technology-driven shopping experience.Through insightful interviews with a diverse group of ten participants, this study seeks to unravel the perspectives, opinions, and insights regarding the determinants influencing the adoption of V-commerce. The findings shed light on the distinct advantages that set V-commerce apart from traditional web-based shopping. The allure of remote communication, the vividness of information, interactive engagement, and unmatched convenience emerge as pivotal factors driving customers toward V-commerce over conventional online shopping methods.

  • 7.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    Johansson, Madeleine
    Department of Adult Psychiatry, NU-Care Hospital, Lärketorpsvägen, 461 73 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Kylén, Erik
    MedFilm AB, Staveredsgatan 20, 461 31 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Stenholm, Joel
    MedFilm AB, Staveredsgatan 20, 461 31 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. School of Business Economics and IT, University West, Gustava Melins Gata 2, 461 32 Trollhättan, Sweden.
    The Development and Evaluation of an Animated Video for Pre- and Postoperative Instructions for Patients with Osteoarthritis: A Design Science Research Approach2024In: Geriatrics, E-ISSN 2308-3417, Vol. 9, no 19, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition in the hip or knee joints that develops during a long period of time and sometimes needs hip or knee joint replacement surgery when pain gets too intense for the patient. This paper describes how an animated video for pre- and postoperative instructions for patients with osteoarthritis was designed. The design science research (DSR) approach was followed by creating a web-based animated video. The web-based animated video is used to support surgical departments with education for patients suffering from OA. In the web-based animated video, information about OA surgical treatment and its pre- and post-arrangements was included. The relevance, the rigor, and the design cycles were focused on, with some iterations of and improvements in the animations. Even after implementation, there was a feedback-loop with comments from the surgeons and their patients. Moreover, as more departments will use the web-based animated video, they want to make their special mark on it, so that further changes will be made. This paper presents the design and successful implementation of an animated video for pre- and postoperative instructions for patients with osteoarthritis, tightly linked to the patient journey and the workflow of healthcare professionals. The animated video serves not only as a tool to improve care but also as a basis for further scientific research studies. 

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  • 8.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    van Laere, Joeri
    School of Informatics, University of Skövde, Box 408, 54128 Skövde (SWE).
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How to Apply and Manage Critical Success Factors in Healthcare Information Systems Development?: †2023In: Systems, ISSN 2079-8954, Vol. 11, no 9, p. -17, article id 469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on Critical Success Factors (CSFs) in Healthcare Information Systems (HIS) development projects have traditionally often been limited to retrospectively identifying CSFs in a finished project. In this paper, we focus on how to prospectively apply and manage CSFs in HIS projects. Based on a holistic perspective and systems thinking, an inductive research strategy was applied and a single in-depth case study was conducted. The findings include detailed descriptions that contribute to further understanding of how to prospectively apply and manage CSFs in HIS projects. The analysis reveals that CSFs must be applied differently and managed on various system levels. Furthermore, it shows how interactions exist between different system levels, both in the case of a specific CSF and between different CSFs on various system levels. Our analysis framework and findings indicate new directions for future research: how to prospectively apply and manage CSFs in HIS development projects can now be investigated both in a more holistic way and more in detail. Finally, healthcare practitioners can use the descriptions as practical checklists for guiding them in how to realize situational adaptation of CSFs in HIS projects across different system levels.  

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  • 9.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karunaratne, Thashme
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Smedberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Interaction Gaps in PhD Education and ICT as a Way Forward: Results from a Study in Sweden2016In: International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, E-ISSN 1492-3831, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 360-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many research studies have highlighted the low completion rate and slow progress in PhD education. Universities strive to improve throughput and quality in their PhD education programs. In this study, the perceived problems of PhD education are investigated from PhD students' points of view, and how an Information and Communication Technology Support System (ICTSS) may alleviate these problems. Data were collected through an online open questionnaire sent to the PhD students at the Department of (the institution's name has been removed during the double-blind review) with a 59% response rate. The results revealed a number of problems in the PhD education and highlighted how online technology can support PhD education and facilitate interaction and communication, affect the PhD students' satisfaction, and have positive impacts on PhD students' stress. A system was prototyped, in order to facilitate different types of online interaction through accessing a set of online and structured resources and specific communication channels. Although the number of informants was not large, the result of the study provided some rudimentary ideas that refer to interaction problems and how an online ICTSS may facilitate PhD education by providing distance and collaborative learning, and PhD students' self-managed communication.

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  • 10.
    Ahanor, Otabor Enoyoze
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Challenges facing Nigerian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) In Adopting Cloud Technology2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformative potential of cloud computing in driving business efficiency and innovation is well-acknowledged globally. However, its adoption among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria, a developing economy, is still under-explored and fraught with unique challenges including infrastructural deficits, high internet costs, limited technical expertise, concerns over data security and sovereignty, and regulatory uncertainties. This study investigates the challenges and opportunities associated with the adoption by leveraging a qualitative research approach, the study utilizes in-depth interviews with a diverse group of stakeholders to collect rich, contextual data. Guided by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and the Technology-Organization-Environment (TOE) frameworks, the collected data is analysed to illuminate the key technological, organizational, and environmental factors affecting cloud adoption. By offering critical insights into the realities and complexities of technology adoption, the study aims to inform strategic decision-making among SMEs, policymakers, and technology vendors. It also proposes actionable recommendations for overcoming the identified barriers and optimizing the potential of cloud technology for the growth and competitiveness of Nigerian SMEs. The outcomes of this research highlight the need for collaborative efforts in fostering an environment conducive to technological advancement and digital transformation in the SME sector in Nigeria.

  • 11.
    Ahlinder, André
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Jerner, Marcus
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    viljan att dela med sig: En undersökning i svenska användares delningsvanor på Facebook.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work researches what motivates swedish Facebook users to pass along and share

    information on Facebook, their attitude towards shared information and what affects this behavior. The goal of this thesis is to research todays behavior and motivations to enlighten  what makes information worth sharing to others on Facebook, instead of simply attracting attention. By using a web survey we have collected data by sampling a part of the actual population  of  swedens Facebook users.Our results show that swedish Facebook users main reason for using Facebook is to socialize with offline friends and share information to show others

    something

    they

    belive

    they

    will

    have

    use

    for

    and/or

    will

    appriciate.

    We

    compare

    our

    findings

    to

    existing

    research

    and

    the

    FIRO

    theory

    about

    human

    interpersonal

    needs.

    We

    find

    that

    users

    sharing

    habits

    can

    be

    identified

    as

    motivated

    by

    interpersonal

    needs

    to

    maintain

    social

    bonds,

    influence

    others

    opinion

    about

    themselves,

    feel

    unique

    and

    stand

    out

    in

    the

    crowd.

    We

    conclude

    that

    human

    needs

    are

    contributing

    to

    sharing

    activity

    on

    Facebook

    and

    influence

    the

    sharing

    habits

    of

    the

    Swedish

    Facebook

    users.

    The

    users

    show

    a

    critical

    view

    on

    sharing

    behavior

    in

    general

    but

    do

    not

    believe

    that

    they

    share

    for

    the

    same

    reason

    themselves.

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    viljan att dela med sig
  • 12.
    Alamin Hassan, Wasem
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Jari, Malcom
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Från Valsedelsystem till blockchain-baserade E-valsystem: En kvantitativ studie om väljarnas acceptans till digitalisering2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Democracy is built on consensus among the population through voting. Today we use paper ballot systems which require a centralized control with a reliable group to carry out the voting process, record and count the vote ballots. In recent years studies shown that the traditional system introduces a lot of possibilities of manipulation and corruption of votes. This thesis introduces an alternative approach to conduct voting. The approach is a e-voting system which uses the blockchain-technique. Blockchain provides several features that can protect against corruption and tampering with votes, and it brings a level of transparency that cannot be match by the traditional paper ballot system.

    This study combines quantitative results from a questionary on voters' attitudes towards e-voting together with relevant research on blockchain-solutions and Swedish laws & procedures. The data which was collected was then transferred to Microsoft Excel where we created diagrams and tables and measured the frequency of the various questions.

    The study reports voters' attitudes towards blockchain-based e-voting systems were positive. It turned out that most of the voters were not against change and those who did not know about blockchain were willing to learn to ensure a secure and reliable a democracy as possible. From the questionnaire survey, the voters replied that the properties that were important for an e-voting were data integrity and anonymity. From the survey data and proposals from previous studies, a proposal for a blockchain-enabled e-voting system was created. By using multiple blockchains, smart-contracts and with the help of an architecture in which voter-data is fragmented, the proposed system could increase the security around anonymity and data integrity in connection to voter data.

  • 13.
    Albinsson, Lina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Niemi Thelén, Mathilda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    “Det är lättare att skriva elaka kommentarer om man ser att någon annan har skrivit först”: En kvalitativ studie om ungas kommunikation på sociala medier, kopplat till begreppen näthat, nätkärlek och digital kompetens2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the subject of young people's communication on social media linked to the concepts of cyberbullying, cyber-love and digital competence. With qualitative methods, focus group interview and interview, four children, two parents and a teacher were interviewed. In the essay, their reflections and perspectives on how they view young people's communication that takes place on socialmedia are highlighted. Previous research shows that the concept of digital competence is difficult to define and there are different interpretations of what the ability to have good digital competence actually means. Research shows that there are tendencies to generalize that all children and young people can handle digitalisation, just because they are born into a time where digital and social media characterize everyday life. The results show that cyberbullying and cyber-love take place in social media. The children surveyed learn to handle communication on social media on their own. To some extent,children have strategies for dealing with online hate and the use of social media, but not to the extent needed. The results also show that both the surveyed parents and the teacher express that there is a need to develop more digital competence and adult participation plays a role in children's development of digital competence.

  • 14.
    Algotsson, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Jonasson, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Samspelet mellan 2D och 3D: 3D-CGI:s inverkan på stämning och perceptuell realism i animen Attack on Titan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attack on Titan (2013) is a popular anime that has been widely distributed around the world. The anime is a prime example when it comes to using 3D Computer Generated Imagery (3D-CGI) combined with traditional 2D animation. This essay is a case study that explores how 3D-CGI impacts the building of atmosphere and tension as well as the perceptual realism in the anime. This has been done in the form of a content analysis where we take a closer look at a selection of scenes. These are establishing, in-depth, or climax, and have further divided them into battle scenes and non-battle scenes. The 3D-elements are divided into three categories, 3D-scenography, 3D-character, and virtual camera. The results show that there are no significant differences in the use of 3D-scenography and virtual camera in the different types of scenes. However, the use of 3D-characters can only be seen in in-depth scenes and battle scenes, respectively. The world of Attack on Titan has many similarities with our reality when it comes to respecting the laws of physics. 3D-CGI contributes with a flawless perspective that increases the sense of distance and speed, however, the use of 3D-characters seems to be largely an economical and time-efficient choice. Nevertheless, the creators have taken advantage of the possibilities that a 3D-character brings by creating tension-inducing imagery.

    3D-CGI has been a contributing factor to the series' perceptual realism mainly because of its use of 3D-scenography and virtual camera, and it has also been a contributing factor in the building of tension and atmosphere mainly with its use of 3D-character.

  • 15.
    Ali Hassen, Yasin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Role of ICT for the growth of small enterprises in Ethiopia2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises strive to survive and grow in the business they are involved. They makeefforts to utilize different resources and technologies available to this end as long as it isaffordable and productive. Information Communication Technology or ICT and e-commerceare among those technologies that take the front line. This study asks the question ‘howmuch are Ethiopian small enterprises responsive to ICT and the internet and how much ofthe benefits have they utilized for their growth?’ It takes five small enterprises involved inimport and export business to perform case study research on the issue and examines theirutilization level of the technology. The findings show that small enterprises in the countryare on a very low level of utilizing ICT and e-commerce due to several reasons among whichare scarcity in infrastructure development and expertise in the area coupled with barriersfrom government policy and bank regulations.

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    MA Thesis
  • 16.
    Ali, Hussein
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Al-Habobi, Ahmed
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svenska molnleverantörers perspektiv på säkerhetsrisker vid användning av molntjänster2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid development of the cloud has contributed to a remarkable change within the IT industry. The outstanding functionality of using the cloud is the possibility to access data from a variety of sources regardless of its geographical location. Today different users around the world utilize the cloud, users from a broad range of businesses and backgrounds. However, there are also downsides to the cloud that might lead to severe negative consequences if not taken into consideration. This study identifies the security risks that could occur by using the cloud. These security risks have been identified and analyzed, in order to minimize them. Therefore, the aim of this study is to highlight the risks of using the cloud in order to minimize security risks and to achieve an increased security when using the cloud. The research question was answered using a scientific methodology based on the collection of qualitative data. The qualitative data was collected through interviews. More specifically, multiple interviewees from different suppliers in Sweden, all whom contributed with relevant information to this study. The result of this study shows that the amount of security risks is dependent on the supplier providing the cloud and the type of cloud infrastructure. Hence, the risks in the cloud could vary depending on which supplier that offers the service. Today it is almost impossible to eliminate the security risks that the cloud entails. However, this study shows that the potential to minimize these risks are found within the set agreement between supplier and customer, risks that both parties agree on are acceptable to the customer. 

  • 17.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Competence development at workplace: a work integrated informal learning (WIIL) approach2016In: Far East Journal of Electronics and Communications, ISSN 0973-7006, Vol. 2, p. 35-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. We analyzed employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning. The analysis is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. The purpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we obtain quantitative data from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favor social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 18.
    Ali, Rashid
    et al.
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Ashgar, Summara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kim, Sung Won
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering Yeungnam University, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Kim, Byung-Seo
    Department of Computer & Information Communication Engineering Hongik University, Sejong, Republic of Korea.
    Social Networking sites for Interdisciplinary Learning at Workplace: Work integrated informal Learning (WiiL)2016In: International Conference on Advanced Computing, Communication and Information Sciences (ICACCI-2016): Proceedings, Pushpa Publishing House , 2016, p. 9-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning (WIL) studies usually focuses on educational situations when professional organizations are actively involved in learning processes for students in higher education. However, after completing the institutional period entering the professional arena, the professional person is still actually a student at the workplace as s/he never stops learning. Learning within the organization is not only linked to the formal training and education of the employees, but also to informal processes of sharing knowledge. The knowledge is often embedded in organizational activities, practices and norms, as well as in social ties among individuals in the organization. Our analysis of employees' behavior and acceptance of online social networking as an information system (IS) of learning is performed by a descriptive case survey within a telecom corporation in Pakistan. Thepurpose of our study is to bring an informal learning system at workplace. In this study we quantitative data isobtained from 105 out of 180 targeted employees. The results show that a majority of the studied employees favors social networking to connect colleagues at different levels and more than half of the respondents share their knowledge and experiences using social sites. Nearly half of the respondents strongly agree that knowledge sharing is an important role of social sites within the organization and many are in favor of social media as an informal learning system. The results also show how the professionals use social networking sites to share their experiences and to build a virtual break in hierarchical levels of professions. This paper illustrates the benefits of social networking sites as an informal work integrated learning tool that also serves as an IS model for the organization.

  • 19.
    Al-Mashhadi, Maryam
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Karlsson, Kevin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hur upplevs den digitala kompetensen bland studenter som läser en IT-utbildning?: En kvantitativ studie om digital kompetens på Högskolan Väst2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur studenter på en programbaserad IT-utbildning upplever deras digitala kompetens samt om en demografisk faktor som kön kan ha en påverkan på studenternas upplevda digitala kompetens. En enkätundersökning som formulerades utifrån Digcomp 2.0 ramverket besvarades av studenterna på Högskolan Väst.

    Resultatet som samlades in kunde peka på en sämre upplevd digital kompetens inom två aspekter av Digcomp 2.0 men kunde inte påvisa någon signifikant könsskillnad. Oavsett erhöll studien en låg reliabilitet och slutsatser kunde därför inte dras. Sammantaget kan resultatet peka mot att respondenternas upplevda digitala kompetens har fortfarande potential för vidareutveckling. 

  • 20.
    Amanuel, Yobel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Kozarcanin, Enis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Digitala vårdmöten: En kvalitativ studie om vårdpersonalens upplevelser och erfarenheter av vårdmöten på distans2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of healthcare in Sweden has introduced new experiences for healthcare staff. The health service has developed something called digital care meetings, this is an aid for people who do not have the opportunity to visit hospitals or health centers physically. The patient gets an opportunity with digital care meetings to book an appointment for a follow-up or examination of a health problem and then carry out the meeting via their computer or mobile phone.

    The new technology has affected certain work activities and the care staff's experience of these aspects may vary. Therefore, this study has conducted interviews with healthcare professionals who have different professional roles to be able to describe their experience of digital healthcare meetings. These interviews were analyzed using a content analysis.

    The conclusions of the analysis were that the healthcare staff experienced digital care meetings as an alternative for patients and not a substitute for physical care meetings.

  • 21.
    Ames Villar, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Aldén, Mattias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Från penna till polygon: En kvalitativ forskning om animatörers förhållningsätt till Disneys 12 animationsprinciper2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will investigate how Disney's 12 principles of animation is used today by professional 3D CGI animators in their work.

    The purpose of this study is to get an insight on how Disney's 12 principles of animation has changed for application in 3D CGI animation, as they were originally made for hand-drawn animation.

    Based on a selective choice based on a survey sent to studios working with animation and to freelance animators, we conduct interviews with the animators who answered the survey and could provide empirical data to our research.

    In the interviews, we ask how the respondents apply Disney's 12 principles of animation in their work in order to evaluate how they have changed since the 30s.

    The results we got showed that all respondents agree that Disney's 12 principles of animation are important tools in the creation of believable character animations.

    Some respondents chose to go through each animation principle and explain how they utilize each principle in their work, while other respondents stated they did not carefully followed these principles as they work with timelimited projects which means they do not have time to go through them all

  • 22.
    Amiri, Aimal
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Simaei, Peyman
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Undersökning av Matter-standarden för IoT inom säkerhetsbranschen i ett västsvenskt IT-säkerhetsföretag2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of the IoT (Internet of Things) has changed people's way of life. With the help of home applications that integrate thermostats, switches, smart locks, appliances and monitoring systems, people can have the opportunity to interact and monitor their homes from anywhere. Due to the fact that more industries and people have adopted IoT, concerns about the integrity and security of IoT devices have been raised. Since IoT was introduced to the market, several stakeholders, suppliers and researchers have developed IoT solutions in parallel. Although there are several protocols and device types for IoT on the market, only a few IoT products from different vendors are compatible with each other. This qualitative study is about the challenges, opportunities and security aspects that exist when connecting IoT with the Matter standard. The study reports even that the radio communication standard Matter solves some of the security challenges posed by IoT, it is still unclear how well it can protect users' privacy.

  • 23.
    Amoson, Jonas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Porting the Netsurf web browser to Plan 92023In: IWP9 2023 : 9th International Workshop on Plan 9 (IWP9) Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 21–23 April 2023: Proceedings / [ed] Engel, Michael, Waterloo: University of Waterloo , 2023, p. 91-97Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Netsurf has recently been ported to Plan 9 (9front), bringing a more powerful browser to the Plan 9 users. This paper describes the steps done inthe porting effort and the solutions considered for challenges encountered in the tool chain, the environment and the build system. Solutionsfall in different categories, depending on where they can be implemented: in upstream Netsurf, in 9front or if they have to be maintainedas patches outside the official Netsurf sources.

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  • 24.
    Anderson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Skudrickiene, Jurate
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Effekten av att balansera bildkvalitet och prestanda: för ökad upplevd säkerhet och en bättre användarupplevelse inom e-handel2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are several areas of research that concern image quality in relation to performance as well as the "feeling of perceived security" on a webpage.

    The main purpose of this study is to find out to what extent image quality and performance (web page load time) can affect the sense of how secure and reliable a webpage feels, as well as how the experience can be affected by the lack of a good balance between image quality and performance. We also want to find out if any of those factors may be of gender-related significance.

    We have conducted a survey where respondents were asked to visit 3 similar example websites but with different image resolutions.

    The results based on our survey suggest that a good balance between image quality and performance both increases trust and provides a better user experience, although it does seem in general like people put more emphasis on the images being of a satisfying quality than to the fact that the page's loading time is short. We have thus concluded that one then regards web pages as more reliable, which increases the tendency to trust the page and complete a purchase, as well as to return to the page in the future.

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  • 25.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Henningstam, Fanny
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den digitala kompetensen inom äldreomsorgen: En kvalitativ studie ur vårdpersonalen perspektiv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of health care contributes to increased efficiency and thus has the potential to meet society's growing care needs and demand. The digitalisation brings with it opportunities, but also challenges for healthcare staff, given that digitalisation means that they need digital skills. The competence of the staff is one of the most important aspects for a successful digitalisation in healthcare. When digitalisation was implemented in healthcare, the aspect of digital competence did not receive sufficient attention. Healthcare staff can develop a frustration with adopting new technology if they do not have the digital skills needed to manage the technology. Hence the research question: How do care staff in the elderly care experience the use of digital tools at work, and how do they themselves see challenges and needs in terms of digital competence in the workplace? The purpose is to gain an understanding of the care staff's digital competence in elderly care, by examining their experiences and attitudes to using digital tools, as well as what training they have received to carry out digital tasks. A qualitative study was conducted with semi-structured interviews to collect data. The interviews were conducted at two nursing homes and at one home care service. Ten people working in elderly care have participated in the study. When analyzing data a thematic analysis was performed. The main result that emerged in the study was that the current training for the digital tools is not sufficient. Based on their own experiences, the care staff believe that a more thorough and continuous education should be introduced. This is to give healthcare professionals the opportunity and resources to be able to develop digital competence. In summary, this study shows a need for updated knowledge and understanding of the purpose of digitalisation, which can contribute to increased confidence in IT and the digital competence of healthcare staff. In summary, the study creates an understanding of the healthcare staff's experience of digital tools, as well as the knowledge and training that the staff perceive as necessary to strengthen their digital competence. Furthermore, the care staff also feel that the digital tasks are mismanaged, and in order to minimize the shortcomings regarding digital competence and the use of digital tools, the care staff believe that a more thorough and continuous training is necessary.

  • 26.
    Andersson, Filip
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Stjernqvist, David
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Integritetsparadoxen vid personanpassad annonsering: Informatik- och ekonomistudenters upplevelser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how informatics- and economics students experience that their personal integrity is affected by personalized ads on Facebook. This study will present how data collection takes place, what rules exist when collecting data and how personalized ads can be possible to design. Furthermore, this study uses the SOR-modelas an analytical framework for the purpose of distinguishing different factors that affect the respondents' personal integrity. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with fictitious advertisements as complement towards four informatics students and four economics students at University West. The interviews were recorded and transcribed with selective transcription to identify key quotes. These quotes have then been grouped according to data collection, personalized ads, privacy paradox and click intent. The results of this study show that the design of the ad has a major impact on how the privacy paradox is perceived. How this study's respondents perceive the privacy paradox of personalized ads is based on how confident the respondent feels towards the data collection that takes place.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Animation och visuell perception: En möjlig syntes mellan animerade bilder och statiska produkter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This thesis examines the possibility of initially capturing the recipient's attention with an animated character. Selected animated movements of the character are used to move the recipient's concentration and attention further to desired points and artifacts off-screen.The purpose is to get a clearer indication of which of the selected movements are more likely to be effective for this purpose. The methods are selected for qualitative research and consist of a design process to produce visual material adapted for a visual experiment in a defined environment with associated qualitative interviews of randomly selected informants. The results were based on analyzes of primary data from the visual experiment with visual perception as a theoretical explanatory model. This data is considered to support a hypothetical possibility to use an animated character to design a synthesis between the monitor's internal visual content and nearby external artifacts.

    The end results shows that a static movement strategy is needed for an animated character to effectively move the recipient's attention between the internal and external content within the desired context. This is considered to include a chronologically structured interaction between dynamic body movements followed by temporarily static gestures that informatively indicate a clear direction.

  • 28.
    Andersson Hallsten, Edwin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Andersson, Niklas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Digitaliseringens påverkan på butiksanställda: En kvalitativ studie ur butikspersonalens perspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a highly ranked country when it comes to digitalization, this means that many parts of society are, and continue to be digitalized and the trade sector is not an exception. In pace with digitalization, store staff's work and tasks change, which is why the purpose of this study is to investigate what pros and cons digitalization has brought with it from the employee's perspective. The research question that was used in this survey was: How do store employees feel that digitalization affects their work environment? To answer the question, seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with respondents from two of the leading grocery stores in Sweden. The material collected from the interviews was transcribed and a thematic analysis was then performed, which became the basis for the result and discussion part of this paper. The results showed that digitalization entails changed tasks as they can be eliminated, changed, or added due to digitalization. In many cases, these changes were seen as a good support for the staff, however, it was mentioned that digitalization rarely eliminates tasks but rather changes them, as the time saved from how the task was previously performed is instead used to maintain the system that changed the task. The constant digitalization has driven the stores to become extremely dependent on the technology to run their business, several respondents pointed out the fact that if the wrong system is down, there is no backup plan to continue running the store without this system.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nordberg, Daniel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    There´s no sound in space: En studie om ljuddesign för fiktiva objekt inom Science Fiction2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work examines how a sound can affect the experience of an object with the focus set on sound design for an object which lacks a real world reference. The study's purpose was to research the experience of an object in relation to the sounds level of realism. We collected data through web based surveys to see how an object could be perceived differently by just altering the level of realism in the sound. The survey then gets backed up by an analysis of two movies where the related phenomenon where present. Our results leads to a discussion where possible correlations between sound and it’s level of realism are revealed which then could become a foundation for future studies.   

  • 30.
    Andersson, Jonatan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Szanto, Therese
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    You pay I play: Microdonationer kring Twitch.tv med fokus på tittarna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since Twitch started its livestreaming site in 2011 live streaming have grown incredibly fast. In 2014 Twitch had 100 million unique viewers monthly. The streams on Twitch range from esports players to people streaming for fun. Today there are streamers that are not working but instead create a living based on streaming and micro donations from its viewers. We are curious and want to explore how a streamer can live just by playing computer games. They accumulate an audience who will return as soon streamer begins streaming. In addition to advertising on their page to get streamers into micro donations through their viewers. These micro donations account for a large portion of their income.

    We focus on those watching rather than those who stream. How is it that someone would be willing to donate money to a streamer? We then decided to do a survey on motivation and microdonations Twitch viewers will answer. The questions is focused on what kind of genre, user prefer to watch and and what motivates them to donate.

    In our study, it was only 36.5% who spent less than 4 hours per week on Twitch, the rest of the responses were from people who spent over 4 hours. According to the responses of our survey people were not affected by others when it came to the choice of stream to watch. Many people choose the stream due to the streamer being entertaining or playing the same game as the streamer. Even if the people who answered our survey spent alot of time on Twitch only a part of them choose to donate 43% of them have neither donated or subscribed to a stream before. Only 5.5% donates much (over $ 10) and often. According to the answers only 56.1% have donated or subscribed to a stream before. We must take into account that 75.6% are young people under 24 years old and may not have an income, hence it is difficult to donate despite the fact that they want. Although many are donating very small sums, there are people who donate incredibly large sums which a streamer can almost fall into a state of shock.

    There was a number of different factors that motivated people to donate their money to streamers. The three most prominent factors were “Entertaining streamer” a streamer who engages the audience and makes them laugh, “I play the same game” the viewers recognize the game and play it during their own time and “I want to learn something” the viewers want to improve their own skills and learn something new. More than half the people who responded would be willing to spend atleast 10$ a month on Twitch related material. Most of the people who answered were men and around 1525 years. Benefits i.e getting something in return for a donation had a much lower impact towards motivating people than expected.

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  • 31.
    Andersson, Marcus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kartläggning och automatisering av den interna varuförsörjningskedjan: en fallstudie på Lindex AB2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den snabbt ökande digitaliseringen som sker i dagens samhälle påverkar såväl människor som teknik. Utvecklingen av digitala kanaler låter oss idag kommunicera och handla på helt nya sätt samtidigt som robotar är på väg att bli en del i vardagen. Inom e-handel har utveckling av automatiserade system och robotliknande teknik kommit långt och kan bidra till effektivare processer i företag. Lindex AB är ett av Sveriges största modeföretag och konkurrera ständigt med andra företag på marknaden för att uppfylla kunders behov och krav på service. Något som blivit allt viktigare på detaljhandelsmarknaden är försäljning genom digitala kanaler och e-handel där ordrarna ökar samtidigt som det ställs högre krav på kortare ledtider.

    Lindex har i denna studie en central del där syftet är att undersöka möjligheter och hinder för automatiserade lösningar i lager genom att studera orderhanteringen i Lindex e-handelsmiljö. Studien innefattar en teoridel som introducerar läsaren till automatisering av lagerprocesser där flera exempel på robotlösningar och avancerade lagersystem presenteras. Att ha robotar som transporterar varor till personalen istället för den traditionella versionen där personalen plockar varor från stationära plockplatser är idag en möjlighet. Detta kan innebära effektivare processer och slutligen kortare ledtider till kund.

    Intervjuer och observationer ligger till grund för studiens kvalitativa undersökningsansats som ger följd till ett resultat med mycket bilder. Totalt har sex observationer och tre intervjuer genomförts för att noggrant studera företagets processer. Deltagande observationerna har genomförts där författaren fått möjligheten att följa och studera nyckelprocesserna i Lindex varuflöde på en lagernivå.

    Slutsatsen visar på att det skulle vara svårt att automatisera processer på grund av flera hinder men tyder på att en av processerna som observerats har god möjlighet till automatisering på grund av dess starka koppling till lagersystem.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Måns
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    GraphQL vs. REST med relationsbaserade- och icke-relationsbaserade databaser: En komparativ studie av prestanda i webbtjänster.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing usage of cloud-based services and the rapid development of mobile devices the need for quick and lightweight data fetching rises. But to be able to deliver a seamless and effective experience for users and clients, it is necessary that the communication between applications on the internet can maintain a high quality. A common technology for communications between web services is Representational State Transfer (REST) architecture. REST entails restrictions that can reduce the ability to design flexible web services, which can mean a degraded performance with longer response times. Alternative solutions have begun to emerge, including the query language GraphQL, which has been developed with the aim of stretching the limitations that previously existed and thus achieving a different flexibility. To contribute with aresult that was applicable with different types of database solutions, GraphQL and REST were tested with both a relational- and a non-relational database.

    In this study, a comparison of performance with different types of queries was performed to evaluate whether GraphQL can contribute with flexibility while maintaining an equivalent performance. The study was based on measuring latency and data volume for a more or less complex set of requests.

    The results showed that GraphQL performs better than REST in terms of latency when more than one endpoint is used for REST. At only one endpoint, REST, when using both a SQL- and a NoSQL database, is faster than its GraphQL counterpart. In terms of data volume, REST performs better than GraphQL in all cases. When requesting data from four endpoints in REST, GraphQL has a smaller data volume than REST NoSQL, but REST SQL is still the smallest. 

    GraphQL with SQL a database performs better than GraphQL with NoSQL database, in terms of both latency and data volume, in all cases. In terms of latency, REST with NoSQL database performs better than REST with a SQL database in three cases out of four. In terms of data volume, REST with a SQL database performs better than REST with a NoSQL database in all cases both in size of request and size of response. 

  • 33.
    Andersson, Peter
    et al.
    Gothenburg university.
    Cederlund, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    Gothenburg university.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Crossing borders by the use of digital tools in classrooms representing different socioeconomic backgrounds2015In: NERASymposium: “Situating literacies in educational settings”, 4-6 March 2015, Gothenburg, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Andersson, Ulf
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Informatics and Media production2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 35.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Can Measurements of Online Behavior Predict Course Performance?2016In: Proceedings of the 7th International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics: IMCIC 2016 and the 7th International Multi-Conference onSociety and Information Technologies: ICSIT 2016: Volume II (Post-Conference Edition), 2016, p. 4-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a pilot study on the relationship between performance in online classes and behavior in online discussion forums. Measuring student activity on the discussion forum, the collected data is then analyzed and mapped to the performance of the students on the course. The student activity was dividedinto a number of parameters, and during the study these parameters were compared to the performance of the students.The significance of each parameter was also analyzed through a Kruskall-Wallis-test Overall there was a strong tendency thatstudents with more activity and engagement received higher grades. This is in the future useful for developing some kind of monitoring to identify and support students on the verge of failing the course.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How well can completion of online courses be predicted using binary logistic regression?2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses binary logistic regression to create models for predicting course performance. The data used is the data-trail left by students activities on a discussion forum while attending an online course. The purpose of the study is to evalute how well models based on binary logistic regression can be used to predict course completion.Three sets of data was used for this. One set collected at the end of the course, one collected after 75% of the course and one set collected after half the course. The result of the study says that it's possible to design models with an accuracy of between 70% and 80% using these methods, regardless of what time is used.

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  • 37.
    Andersson, Viktor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kunskapskrav för webbutvecklare: Vilka kunskaper efterfrågas i jobbannonser?2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Demand for web developers has increased significantly in recent years in line with the growth and development of the Internet, while demand has increased it also has become more and greater. Job advertisements in web development went from requiring one or two programming languages to now requesting several technical skills in, for example, different languages and frameworks. They also demand several years of experience and knowledge in these areas and, for example, that you should be able to communicate, be agile and creative. In addition, technology and knowledge are replaced over the years and new, more modern solutions become popular. So therefore I want to find out what different knowledge that web developers need according to job advertisements and if it differs from previous studies and if the requirements for the number of knowledge have been raised.

  • 38.
    Andreasson, Karin
    et al.
    University West, University West, the Library.
    Näverå, Elisabeth
    University West, University West, the Library.
    Arbete för ökad samverkan mellan lärare och bibliotek2009In: PUH: Pedagogiska utvecklingsprojekt i högskolan 2009 / [ed] Sigrén, Peter, Borås: Högskolan i Borås, Centrum för lärande och undervisning , 2009, p. 13-17Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Ansah, Helen
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Assessing the Factors that Influence the Adoption of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Ghana Healthcare Service2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to access the factors that influence the adoption of AI and robotics in the Ghana healthcare from the perspective of medical professionals and patients. Technology acceptance model was used to access the factors that influence the adoption of AI and robotics. A qualitative method with semi-structured interviews was applied to this study. This study included 8 participants with different occupations. This study resulted in many different views and perspectives. Whereas some participants were resisted the use of robotics and AI in GHS, others found it interesting. The results indicated that AI and robotics can be adopted by the GHS to supplement the human resource need, support medical professionals in their line of duty to reduce stress and enhance the quality-of-service delivery by improving diagnosis. The study suggested that to influence the adoption of AI and robotics, medical professionals must be trained, and the public must be sensitized. Also, AI and robotics can be included in school curriculums and successfully implemented by piloting or trials.

  • 40.
    Arghavan Shahlaei, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rangraz, Masood
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Stenmark, Dick
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Conceptualizing Competence: A Study On Digitalization Of Work Practices2020In: Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), 2020, article id 197Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Competence development at work has since long been a core managerial challenge and a topic that has received a steady research interest. In academia, the topic has been explored in what we see as two scholarly traditions: 1) the earlier scholarship on ‘competence’ where discussions of technology have largely been absent, and 2) the later scholarship on ‘digital competence’ where the focus has been on the individual’s abilities to use particular Information Technology (IT) artifacts. With the increased sophistication of digitalization in today’s society, we suggest—while attending to digitalization—competence scholarship needs to go beyond the study of individuals’ ability to use particular IT artifacts. One way to do so is to investigate how digitalization transforms work conditions, and how individuals respond to these shifts. In this study, we focus on the role of today’s cyber-infrastructural technology, such as social media, in re-writing work conditions. By examining, through in-depth interviews, how the work of communication practitioners is digitalized, we 1) extend the conceptualization of digital competence beyond the customary IT competence, and 2) suggest two levels of competence based on two empirically grounded conceptualizations; competence as the optimization of existing resources, and competence as the envisioning of new possibilities.

  • 41.
    Arghavan Shahlaei, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rangraz, Masood
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Stenmark, Dick
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied Information Technology.
    Transformation Of Competence: The Effects Of Digitalization Oncommunicators' Work2017In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS),: ECIS 2017 Proceedings, 2017, p. 195-209Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studying human competence in relation with digitalization is currently an under-researched area within information systems scholarship. This paper presents a response to the contemporary calls within the IS field for studying the changes brought on by the advent of digitalization. Based on indepth interviews with professional communicators, we illustrate the effects of digitalization on the formation of work related competences. Employing a new sociotechnical system approach (Neo-STS), we analyze and illustrate the effects of digitalization in multiple ways. First, we propose that any further study of competence cannot be inadvertent to the phenomenon of digitalization. Second, we suggest a new approach for studying competence in relation with digitalization as opposed to studying "digital competence". Third, by applying a Neo-STS perspective, we provide a substantiated explanation of the transformation of competences in the work of communicators.

  • 42.
    Arvidsson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Kutavicius, Ignas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vänta! Vart tog alla idioter vägen?!: En kvantitativ studie av beteendemönster för politiskt åsiktsutbyte hos Facebook-, Twitter- och Reddit-användare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has become a big part of how we communicate with each other. It has also become a virtual meeting point to discuss politics. But is the communication model used by some of the most popular social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter and Reddit adapted well enough for political discussions to take place in a democratic way? Eli Pariser (2011) argues that personalization algorithms lock us in a filter bubble, while other studies also have found that users actively block out information that is not in line with their own political opinion themselves, resulting in selective exposure (Garrett, 2009). In this study we use a survey research to get insight about Facebook, Twitter and Reddit users behavioral and interaction habits with political content and how it affects political content visibility on their own feeds. The results have shown that majority of our respondents often share and in other ways interact with political content that primarily is in line with their own opinion, but show interest in discussing politics even with those they disagree with. Our research participants have also expressed a desire for a more balanced spectrum of political opinions in their feeds as well as discussions. They have also pointed out that there is a need for improvements in moderation of political discussions so they do not turn into smear and hate speech.

  • 43.
    Arvidsson, Mikaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Wilenius, Frida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Value of Investments in Competence Development and Cross-Cultural Knowledge Sharing2015In: Proceedings Cross-Cultural Business Conference 2015, Steyr, Austria / [ed] Margarethe Überwimmer, Teresa Gangl, Martina Gaisch, Robert Füreder, David Humbarger, Friedrich Bauinger, Hannes Hofstadler, Jörg Kraigher-Krainer, Christian Stadlmann, Pavel Štrach, Andreas Zehetner (Eds.), Aachen: Shaker Verlag, 2015, p. 13-27Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Asatiani, Aleksandre
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Information systems for sustainable remote workplaces2023In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 32, no 3, article id 101789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review discusses the challenges associated with the sustainability of remote workplaces, which have become more prevalent due to the growing trend of work digitalization and the pandemic-induced push to remote work. These challenges are highlighted in literature across various disciplines, including information systems, but these discourses have remained isolated from each other. In this review, we consolidated and synthesized research on remote work from the perspective of individual workers by reviewing 187 articles published between 1999 and 2020 in recognized academic journals from fields including information systems, organizational studies, economics, human resources, sociology, and psychology. We identified five key themes that concern opportunities and challenges to sustainable remote workplaces: (1) key characteristics, (2) work-life boundaries; (3) health and well-being; (4) social interaction, and (5) leadership. Building on our findings we created a framework that recognizes two interrelated categories of factors influencing remote workplace sustainability – rigid base characteristics and contextual remote workplace variables – that together shape the trajectory of remote workplace sustainability in the long term. The framework also identifies the potential role of information systems in modulating the impact of the base characteristics to build continuities that encourage more sustainable remote workplaces. The paper concludes by offering a research agenda for information systems for sustainable remote workplaces based on the three IS theoretical frames: inclusion, dignity, and boundary objects.

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  • 45.
    Askengren, Stephanie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hjort, Camilla
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Krisens effekt på kommunernas arbete med webbtillgänglighet: – En kvalitativ undersökning kring tillgängligt material på webben under en världskris.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During a crisis situation in society, people need information about what exactly is happening. It places great demands on municipalities to quickly come up with new information that everyone can access. In order for all people to be able to access the material and information that is posted, a web standard is required for the information to be adapted to different screens, auxiliary tools and people with disabilities. The Act on Access to Digital Public Service (DOS) should ensure that all people can visit the web on their own terms. The Act comes into force and must be followed by public actors on September 22, 2020. The purpose of the essay is to create an understanding of how municipalities work with web accessiblity during crisis situations, and to gain an understanding of how crisis situations affect web accessibility work. Methods that we have chosen to use to collect data are a qualitative research method by conducting interviews with both experts on the subject as well as people working in municipal offices. The result of this study shows how municipalities can use the laws and guidelines as a priority list for continued work. With the interviews we have done with municipal employees, we have also come up with strategies that could be implemented in the municipality's work with web accessibility during crisis situations.

  • 46.
    Asp, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Jensen, Caroline
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Facebookgrupper och delade dokument: En kvalitativ studie om hur studenter använder sociala medier i sitt skolarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify what different types of social media students use and how they actually use these different social medias in their school work.

    Social media is nowdays a natural part of our lives and our society. We interact and communicate with people close to us as well as people on the other side of the world. We use social media to seek information, receive news, share our thoughts, our lives and our opinions. Social media has gained a prominent place in our society and beginning to be used more and more in schools and education. The qualities of social media has been said to stimulate learning and in some cases improve efficiency and facilitate school work.

    We have chosen to look at how students in higher education are using social media in their studies. The selection group we focused on is the first-year students who take the program Digitala Medie at University West. We selected these students based on our own experience of the program, and we know that these students have a fundamental interest in social media and the use of these.

    The results show that Facebook is the social media most used by students, both in their individual work and group work. It is primarily the Facebook function "groups" that is used, where students created two groups for the whole class as well as small groups for each team project. Combined with Facebook groups students use Google docs as a place to collaboratively write texts and presentations. In the individual schoolwork Facebook is primarily used as a communication channel, both with teachers, classmates and team members. The students use the joint groups to contact the teacher by "tagging" them, to get help with problems and answers to questions, to get the support and motivation from classmates and to share essential information.

    In group projects, then current Facebook group works as an extension of the project, this is where most communication, decision-making and cooperation takes place. Even though the students indicate flaws and minor problems with both Google drive and Facebook in context with their school work, none of the participants search for new alternatives. The results of our study may be of interest for other students and teachers as it can inspire to new ways to apply social media in education.

    In our study, we present a variety of tools and services that students use in their schoolwork. We also present distinct examples of how students use different services and platforms. For teachers, this may be interesting to take note of when it can help them to understand students' needs regarding learning tool. It also provides an insight into how students communicate and interact outside the classroom

  • 47.
    Asp Johansson, Vidar
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Väisänen, John
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vårdens behov av modernisering av sina kommunikationssystem: En kvalitativ studie om varför man använder omodern teknik och hur den skulle kunna digitaliseras2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in digitizing health care in Sweden is increasing, however, there are still old technologies that seem impossible to get rid of. The fax machine is used daily in healthcare and is therefore a difficult process to replace. Studies show that it is necessary to replace the fax machine as it is a safety issue. The fax machine fails in patient safety, which is important to maintain in healthcare. The problem arises because the caretaker must print out the patient information and then fax it and it can be faxed wrong, but even if it is correctly faxed, there are several of the staff members that it gets through.

    This study tries to find out how this information could be digitized by reviewing how the fax is used in healthcare organizations. Replacing the fax could lead to more efficient care, reduce duplication and create more secure communication within the healthcare.

    This study has conducted interviews with a qualitative approach with healthcare staff from municipalities around western Götaland in Sweden for a deeper insight into the use of the fax and how it could be replaced. The theory is based on a sociotechnical perspective, taking into consideration both the technology and social aspects of a process change. Using the theory, previous research has been developed that has been the basis for setting up interview questions. Where all parts of the theory were analyzed to provide the best solution for how the faxed information could be digitized.

    The result of the study showed that it was necessary to change both work processes and create new features in the system to communicate between different systems. Alternatively introduce a common system for all healthcare providers. One needs to know exactly how a process is performed in an organization and digitize it one by one to make the fax disappear completely.

  • 48.
    Augustsson, Filip
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Processkartläggning vid nätanslutning för ökad kundnöjdhet2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2022 a study was performed looking at the possibility to increase customer satisfaction at Vattenfall Eldistribution AB. Dissatisfied customer occur in several businesses and Vattenfall Eldistribution AB is the company that the author has studied to develop improvement. The study has been focusing on the areas first hand connections, change of contract, temporary change of contracts and network connections without long term obligations which constitute the most errands for the Company yearly. Another problem is that the numbers of errands regarding new network connections have increased in a pace with which the staffs are not able to cope.

    In order to accomplish the purpose of this survey it has followed the DMAIC-principle in order to define, measure, analyze and to identify areas of improvement. By using observations and interviews, flow charts depicting the areas of improvements have been developed to illustrate the present situation. From the previous data collected quantitative data has been collected and analyzed to finalize probable areas of improvement. As a comparison a process analysis has been performed against the travel leisure group TUI in order to find if there are processes which could be applicable in Vattenfall EldistributionAB. The study also showed there is a large discrepancy regarding the timeframe a connection should take and the time it really takes. According to the interviews this is due to lack of resources to deal with each errand. In the interviews it was also disclosed that in handing an errand over to this is done all but efficient. It has also been found that customer satisfactions not always have been and it’s best due to lack of communication from the Company as promised. This has ended up in Installation Support being preoccupied with customer complaints which could have been avoided earlier in the chain of communication.

    In lieu of this study several areas of improvements have been explained in order to improve customer satisfaction. By enhancing procedures in the day to day operations resources will be freed to be redistributed to other areas of business which today are short on resources. By implementing Customer Satisfaction Management systems which helps the employee to keep track of the customers and in which the customer can see where his/her project is would free employee time and also increase customer satisfaction since the customer would in real time see where the project is. Vattenfall Eldistribution AB should analyse and evaluate the pros and cons from implementing a FMEA based process.

  • 49.
    Augustsson, Jens
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Holm, Alexis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Framtidens konsumtion av digitala tjänster: En studie kring bruk av digitala tjänster på mobila enheter, baserat på ett Smart City-perspektiv.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how mobile user habits can provide a basis for applications and services based on a Smart City perspective, this by using two scientific methods, interviews and user diaries. The study will also analyze and develop the method for further studies in this subject. The cell phone has in recent years evolved into a unit where the original phone functions and features have become secondary. Even though its main purpose is still to communicate with others, it’s now done primarily through other types of services. Today the development goes from a use of digital services where each unit has a specific purpose, to a practise where they work together and share a common purpose. As a result of the fact that our use and our habits of these devices are changing, the nature of the services provided by these devices are also changing. Due to this, there is an ongoing evolution towards, and a demand for, new services that can take advantage of new technologies to dissolve the border between the digital and the physical reality. Which, from a Smart City perspective, could have great potential in several areas of social and organizational development.

    One can also se that the way we consume digital services is changing. We have gone from having a device centerd focus, were every unit has a specific purpose to a serviced centerd focus, were the units work as a collaborative ecosystem. These units share a collective pupose, to act as a window towards the internet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Framtidens konsumtion av digitala tjänster
  • 50.
    Axelsson, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Teknik och samhälle,.
    Sonnenwald, Diane
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Teknik och samhälle.
    Att etablera ett kollaboratorium inom biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap: behov och utmaningar från ett praktikerperspektiv2007In: Svensk biblioteksforskning, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 1653-5235, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
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