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  • 1.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att få pengarna att räcka till som de brukar: Barns och ungas perspektiv på föräldrars arbetslöshet2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about the ways in which children in families with previous economic stability experience and adapt to substantially decreased household income as a consequence of a parent's/parents' unemployment. While much is known about children growing up in poor families, and how they understand and act in relation to the family's economic situation, little is known about children who suddenly find themselves living in economic adversity. In the context of post-financial crisis Sweden where in the late 2000s/early 2010s large numbers of families with previously stable incomes found themselves in economic adversity, the objective of the research is to investigate how children and young people experience substantial decreases in household income as a consequence of parental unemployment. In particular focus is directed to the ways in which they reason about and respond to the family's new economic circumstances. Interviews with children (N=45) whose parents had previously been in long-term employment but lost their jobs were carried out. Drawing on national data provided by the National Transition Fund for Blue-collar Workers (TSL) and (ii) the Local Transition fund for white-collar staff in the private sector (TRS), five municipalities in the west of Sweden with the highest numbers of transition grants were initially identified for recruitment of families subjected to unemployment during the years of 2010-2013.The interview data was analysed using thematic content analysis (Broun & Clark2006) with focus directed to children's agency (Kuczinski 2003). While the results are largely in line with previous research on children living in long-termpoor families, that is to say that parents put children´s needs first, children take responsibility for the family situation by not financial demands on the parentsone major difference emerged. None of the types of self-excluding behavior characteristic of avoidance-oriented strategies was found. Unlike children living in poverty where self-exclusion and the avoidance of exposure to stigmatizing situations where resource disparities are highlighted are common, the children in the current study did not regard parental unemployment and the family's loss of income as a source of shame. Rather, they expressed awareness of how macroeconomic forces had impacted on their lives and, as active agents, developedstrategies that enabled them to adjust to the family's new economic reality. The implications of this result indicate that social workers working with children insuch situations need to reconsider interpretations of behavior that are rooted inthe assumption that economic adversity generates shame and stigma.

  • 2. Bowen, E,
    et al.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meeting adolescents 'where they're at': the use of technology to prevent violence and abuse in adolescent romantic relationships2017In: Eliminating gender-based violence / [ed] A. Taket & B.R. Crisp (red), Abingdon: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Eriksson, Tommy
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Psykologi.
    Icke-intagna i fängelse är idag mindre målmedvetna (conscientiousness) och mindre vänliga (agreeableness) änintagna på svenska kriminalvårdsanstalter med säkerhetsklass I2014In: GRASP 2014 - Oberoende i flocken? Inkludering och exkludering som sociala processer., Linköping, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuella studier visar att i det alltmer individualistiska samhället kultiveras mindre trevliga egenskaper som kan leda till uteslutning av andra. Exempelvis, graden av empati, har under de senaste decennierna minskat. Tidigare forskning visat att intagna i fängelse hade lägre grad av målmedvetenhet (eller samvetsgrannhet, eng. conscientiousness) och vänlighet (eng. agreeableness), än icke-intagna. En person med låg grad av målmedvetenhet är opålitlig, lat, vårdslös och försumlig. En person med låg grad av vänlighet är cynisk, oartig, misstänksam, konfliktbenägen och självisk. Det finns inga aktuella studier som har undersökt personlighetsegenskaperna enligt s.k. BigFive bland intagna i fängelse i en svensk kontext. Syfte var därför att undersöka om intagna på kriminalvårdsanstalt i Sverige (säkerhetsklass I) skiljer sig från icke-intagna i målmedvetenhet och vänlighet. BigFive mättes med hjälp av Goldbergs (1999) IPIP. Studie 1 visade att intagna (n = 46) hade högre grad av målmedvetenhet än studenter (n = 32) och lika hög grad av målmedvetenhet som vaktpersonal (n = 45). Studie 2 visade att intagna (44 kvinnor och 81 män) hade högre grad av målmedvetenhet än icke-intagna; specifikt hade intagna högre grad av dess två facetter ordningsamhet och självdisciplin än icke-intagna (78 kvinnor och 54 män). IPIP visade på goda psykometriska egenskaper och resultaten kontrollerades för graden av skönmålning. Betydelsen av resultaten kan diskuteras kring antagandet att varje person anpassar sina personlighetsdrag utifrån den sociokulturella kontext han eller hon lever i, även om dessa personlighetsdrag antas uteslutande ha sitt ursprung i en biologisk bas. Intagnas personlighet kunde ha påverkats till det positiva av olika program inom kriminalvården, medan icke-intagnas personlighet kunde ha påverkats till det negativa av det digitala samhället i en snabb förändring, där individen sätter sina egna behov framför andras, kanske genom att vara mer opålitlig och uteslutande.

  • 4.
    Fetiu, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Akkaya, Aylin Linda
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    "Människor mår bäst av att känna betydelse i något": En kvalitativ studie om personliga strategier yrkesverksamma inom Rättspsykiatrin använder sig av för att främja välbefinnande.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Research tells us that mental illness, stress, exhaustion and burnout have become more noticed among staff in psychiatry especially among staff in forensic psychiatry. Lack of knowledge, social support and motivation are some of the factors that affect staff in a negative way. Satisfaction and respect among colleagues are things that instead brings joy and strength at work.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to examine the personal strategies professionals in forensic psychiatry uses to promote and preserve their well-being.

    Method:

    A qualitative approach was chosen and six professionals were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. The transcribed texts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results:

    The results of the interviews resulted in three themes: the experience of security and confidence at work, the art of seeing a difficulty as a challenge and well-being of different dimensions. The themes in turn resulted in six subthemes: security and confidence, sense of security, the network's importance to the well-being, self-motivation and personal strategies, meaningfulness in work and leisure and well-being factors characterized by.

    Conclusion:

    Personal strategies professionals in forensic psychiatry uses are the strategies that come with the experience. Colleagues, leadership, work environment, life outside work are some of the important factors that professionals feel provides energy to work in the best possible way. Family and friends are important for the professionals well-being and at work the security and confidence to the colleagues are important.

  • 5.
    Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Lyckeby, Sweden Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; 4Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Persson, Björn N.
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Lyckeby, Sweden; Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Lyckeby, Sweden; Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; 7Department of Social Psychology, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Item Response Analysis of the Short Dark Triad QuestionnaireIn: ICPS 2017International Convention of Psychological Science, Vienna, Austraia, 23 - 25 March 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used Item Response Theory to analyze item functionality in the Short Dark Triad Questionnaire.The responses were less reliable when θ was less than 0, while most reliable when θ was 0-3. The onedeviation from this pattern was narcissism, which showed stable reliability coefficients between -2and 3.Supporting summaryBackground: Character is defined as individuals’ goals and values or what people make ofthemselves intentionally. In this context, Dark Triad Theory suggests that malevolent human charactercomprises: Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measuredusing single long instruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there is a necessity of short andvalid personality measures in psychological research. We aimed to expand the understanding of oneof the most popular short Dark Triad measures, namely the Short Dark Triad Questionnaire, usingItem Response Theory to analyze item functionality.Method: Participants (N = 1,487, nmales = 608, nfemales = 879) were recruited from Amazon’sMechanical Turk. Mean age was 33.28, SD = 11.66. They received $0.50 as compensation forparticipating and only residents of the US were allowed to accept participation.Results: We ran three separate unidimensional models, one for each of the dark character traits. Scaleinformation curves revealed that the items deliver most information when θ levels are approximatelybetween 0 and 3. Importantly, the information by the Machiavellianism items, and thus alsoreliability, substantially declines when θ is approximately 2. Reversed items tended to get the lowestalphas, with 4 out of 5 reversed items being in the bottom 7 items. Psychopathy and Machiavellianismitems had both highest and lowest alphas, whereas the narcissism items were more clustered in themiddle. At the highest scale-step (b4), the items with the lowest discriminatory ability also showedmore extreme difficulty, above 3 SD. The same trend could be seen at the lower end (b1). The itemswith the lowest discriminatory ability were more extreme, sometimes below 3 SD. Psychopathy items2 and 7 and Machiavellianism items 1 and 4 stood out as weak items. These four items also had thelowest a-parameter estimates, further confirming their relatively weak characteristics. The betas formost of the psychopathy items imply that the items function the best for people above the mean ontrait psychopathy, whereas both Machiavellianism and narcissism betas were more evenly distributed.Conclusion: The Short Dark Triad is less reliable for low levels (i.e., when θ is less than 0) on thelatent trait, especially for psychopathy. The reliability is highest when θ is between 0 and 3. The onedeviation from this pattern is narcissism, which shows stable reliability coefficients (approximately.80) between -2 and 3 θ.

  • 6.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University-Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.
    Hwang, C. Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    “It's About Time!”: Company Support for Fathers' Entitlement to Reduced Work Hours in Sweden2015In: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen nations offer fathers the right to reduce work hours to care for children. Incorporating a gender perspective, this study uses a mixed-methods approach to examine the implementation of this policy in the first nation to offer it, Sweden. It investigates whether the institutional and cultural environment exerts pressure on companies to facilitate fathers' hours reduction, companies' levels of support for fathers' use of this entitlement and correlates of company support. The persistence of the “male model of work” appears to be an important barrier to implementation of a policy that offers promise in offering fathers time to care.

  • 7.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    A Coherence of Identities or an Identity of Coherence?: A Review of the Recent Discussion on Well-Being, Social Identities and Integration in a Multicultural Context2015In: Building Barriers and Bridges: Interculturalism in the 21st Century / [ed] Gourlay, Jonathan & Strohschen,Gabriele, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2015, 1, 11-19 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A principal element in the process of integration is identity. The ability of immigrants to integrate the cultural identity of their country of origin and the cultural identity of their new country to form a coherent self-concept has been found to be positively related to various forms of psychological well-being. But there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the optimal integrated identity structure. While supporters of the acculturative approach argue that a strong identification to both the original and the new groups maximizes well-being,others insist more on the importance of maintaining a coherent identity, regardless of the strength of identification and regardless of the number of social identities.As most researchers in the health oriented debate on identity have focused on abicultural context, knowledge of the identity structure that promotes well-being in a multicultural surrounding is limited. The identity politics dominating mainstream multicultural discourses are theoretically grounded on the idea that humans have essential, unchanging cores that are fully formed and integrated. Within this paradigm, groups are identified by characteristics that are understood as inherently distinctive. Therefore in order to understand the process by which social identities become integrated into a concept of self an intercultural approach of the understanding of social identities and well-being is suggested. The aim of this chapter is to review the debate on the concept of coherence in relation to identity and well-being in a multicultural context and to investigate whether identity based coherence is challenged or promoted by an intercultural approach of understanding.

  • 8.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Förunderlighet och radikalitet: En samhällspsykologisk analys2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tvärtemot vår tradition om att vi skulle vara neutrala och lagom så framträder vid kritisk analys en bild av att Sverige är förunderligt och radikalt. Detta visar sig utgå ifrån en stark allians mellan staten och folket. Systemet utlovar trygghet, jämlikhet och rättvisa livsmöjligheter. Baksidan är att dessa kommer med ett högt pris och följaktligen har lagar, skatter och övervakning genom åren smugit sig in i varje moment i vår vardag. Boken vill påvisa hur detta pågående utbyte av en typ av frihet mot en annan för med sig en rad sociala och psykologiska samhällseffekter och ytterst sett förändrar oss själva. Följ med i en annorlunda och orädd samhällsberättelse och var en del i avslöjandet av den förunderliga svenskhet som gömmer sig bakom begreppet lagom.

  • 9.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The effect of information overload on charity donations2014In: International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 2163-1948, E-ISSN 2163-1956, Vol. 4, no 1, 41-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effect of information overload, due to information about people in increasing extent and number of needs, on altruism, such as charity giving. Information overload has previously been conceived in terms of quality as well as quantity of information. The former is conceptualised as extent of need and the latter as number of needs in the present research design. Two studies were conducted to test the prediction that information overload and charity donation size are inversely related. Study 1 was designed according to a 2 x 2 factorial design: Number of needs (high vs. low) x Extent of needs (long term and large scope vs. short term and small scope). Study 2 used a modified similar approach manipulating only number of needs. A sample of 60 and 44 undergraduate students filled out a charity donation form in the two studies. The results show a significant relationship between the factors of extent of need and number of needs with amount of money pledged for charity. People gave less the greater the extent of the need and the greater the number of needs. Both studies suggest information increase about extent and number of needs has inhibiting effects on charity giving. This effect, attributed to information overload, is labelled moral exhaustion.

  • 10.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Structure and process quality as predictors of satisfaction with elderly care2015In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure versus process approach to quality of care presented by Donabedian is one of the most cited ever. However, there has been a paucity of research into the empirical validity of this framework, specifically concerning the relative effects of structure and process on satisfaction with elderly care as perceived by the older persons themselves. The current research presents findings from a national survey, including a wide range of quality indicators for elderly care services, conducted in 2012 at the request of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare in which responses from 95,000 elderly people living in 324 municipalities and districts were obtained. The results revealed that the only structural variable which significantly predicted quality of care was staffing, measured in terms of the number of caregivers per older resident. More interestingly, process variables (e.g. respect and access to information) explained 40% and 48% of the variance in satisfaction with care, over and above the structural variables, in home care and nursing homes respectively. The findings from this large nationwide sample examining Donabedian's model suggest that quality in elderly care is primarily determined by factors pertaining to process, that is, how caregivers behave towards the older persons. This encourages a continued quality improvement in elderly care with a particular focus on process variables.

  • 11.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Roos, Magnus
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    The American dream in a Swedish representative sample: Personality traits predict life outcomes better than childhood background2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The American Dream is that any individual, not regarding family background, can achieve what they desire, in terms of life,economic liberty, and happiness. An indication of the American dream would be if individual adult personality traits predicted lifeoutcomes better than childhood background. A sample of the Swedish population, representative in age, sex, and occupation (N= 5,280) was 2012 measured on adult personality traits, childhood socioeconomic status (SES), and 3 life outcomes – education,income, and life outcome satisfaction. Childhood SES accounted for almost twice the disattenuated variance (22%) compared topersonality (12%) in educational attainment, while personality accounted for almost twice the variance (12%) compared to childhoodSES (7%) in annual income. Life outcome satisfaction was only predicted by personality (37%) and not by childhood SES (0%).Moreover, particularly the traits extraversion and neuroticism showed a full compensating catch-up effect on high childhood SESin annual income. Expressions of personality may be growing in predictive importance and constitute a societal trademark of theAmerican dream being present. Sweden is a renowned progressive, individualistic, and egalitarian country, which could make theresults of wide-reaching interest.

  • 12.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Impact of parent-child communication and adolescent interpretation of parental monitoring efforts on risk behavior in early adolescence.2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, 75-75 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study investigates how interaction between parents and early adolescent boys and girls, influences different types of risk behaviour. Special focus is given to parental knowledge and monitoring strategies, as well as adolescent interpretation of parental efforts. Usinga sample of 1520 early adolescent boys and girls, we examine the structures in relations between adolescent disclosure parental control, solicitation and knowledge and adolescent feelings of being overly controlled

  • 13.
    Norlander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tre vanliga grabbar: En studie om platsens betydelse för delaktighet och identitet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the places importance for young people with disabilities. The study’s central questions are what type of places they visit and what characterizes them. It is also about answering the questions why the places are visited and what meaning this has for participation and identity. The study´s central concept is room/place, participation and identity. Knowledge review will be based on the key concepts. The collection of the empirical material has been inspired by the ethnographic methodology,which in this study included seven observation sessions and six interviews.

    The result shows that the boys mainly visited two different places. This is about the publicand non-public places. Public places can be described as a place for everyone and the nonpubliconly for people with disabilities. The boys show more participation towards publicplaces which can provide activities, fellowship and well-being. Both places can offer participation, but are dependent on other factors, which in this case is about activities and visitors. None of the places shows identity, but rather the interaction between the individual and the environment. Participation doesn’t necessarily show the personal identity. In the lastchapter the importance is highlighted through a perspective of social work activity. First andforemost the public places potential is highlighted and it´s limitations for participation and theidentity process. Secondly, it is also a discussion about future planning in daily socialpedagogic practice, both on an individual and society level.

  • 14.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    Säkerhet och arbete på passagerarfärjor ur intendenturpersonalens perspektiv2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, no 2, 27-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University of Skövde.
    Empathy and universal values explicated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis2016In: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 156, no 6, 610-619 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research reports that empathy is on the decline in present-day society, together with an increasing trend in self-enhancing values. Based on the empathy-altruism hypothesis, we investigated whether these constructs are interlinked by analyzing the relationships between emotional and cognitive empathy and 10 universal values. In the first study, using a middle-aged U.S. sample, the results showed that empathy was strongly and positively related to altruistic values and negatively to self-enhancing values in a pattern that aligned with the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In a second confirmation study, these findings were replicated and extended, while also controlling for the Big Five personality traits, to discount that empathy is only captured by basic personality. Only emotional empathy, not cognitive empathy, accounted for up to 18% additional variance in altruistic values, which further confirmed the emphasis on feelings, as postulated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis. 

  • 16.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden .
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden 6Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg, Sweden Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; m. fl..
    The Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT): Exploitation of Others2016In: Association for Psychological Science (APS) 28th Annual ConventionMay 26 - 29, 2016, Chicago, Illinois, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    A short measure of the Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism) showed consistent factorstructure and convergent validity. Narcissism, however, didn’t contribute with information to the coreconstitution of the Dark Triad. Instead, a Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT: exploitation of others),accounted for the core of the measure.

    Supporting summary

    Background: The dark side of human character has been conceptualized in the Dark Triad Model:Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measured using single longinstruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there is a necessity of short and valid personality measuresin psychological research. As an independent research group, we replicated the factor structure, convergentvalidity and item response for one of the most recent and widely used short measures to operationalize thesemalevolent traits, namely, the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. We aimed to expand the understanding of what the DirtyDozen really captures because the mixed results on construct validity in previous research.

    Method: We used the largest sample to date to respond to the Dirty Dozen (N = 3,698). We firstly investigatedthe Dirty Dozen’s factor structure using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Secondly, using sub-sample (n = 500)and correlation analyses, we investigated the Dirty Dozen dark traits convergent validity to Machiavellianismmeasured by the Mach-IV, psychopathy measured by Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire Revised, narcissismsusing the Narcissism Personality Inventory, and both neuroticism and extraversion from the Eysenck’squestionnaire. Finally, besides these Classic Test Theory analyses, we analyzed the responses for each DirtyDozen item using Item Response Theory (IRT).

    Results: The results confirmed previous findings of a bi-factor model fit: one latent core dark trait, plus thethree dark traits. An additional exploratory distribution analysis showed that all three Dirty Dozen traits had astriking bi-modal distribution, which might indicate unconcealed social undesirability with the items. The threeDirty Dozen traits did converge to, although not strongly, with the contiguous single Dark Triad scales (rbetween .41-.49). The probabilities of filling out steps on the Dirty Dozen narcissism-items were much higherthan on the Dirty Dozen items for Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Overall, the Dirty Dozen instrumentdelivered the most predictive value with persons with average and high Dark Triad traits (Theta > -0.5).Moreover, the Dirty Dozen scale was better conceptualized as measured of a combined Machiavellianismpsychopathyfactor, not narcissism, that can be replaced with item 4: ‘I tend to exploit others towards my ownend’.

    Conclusion: The Dirty Dozen showed a consistent factor structure, a relatively convergent validity similar tothat found in earlier studies. Narcissism measured using the Dirty Dozen, however, did not contribute withinformation to the core constitution of the Dirty Dozen construct. More importantly, the results imply a SingleItem Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT) measure of a manipulative and anti-social core as the content of the DirtyDozen scale.

  • 17.
    Rodvik, Jana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det går bra nu, jag har hittat en mening med livet igen: en kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande ungdomars integration i samhället2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är uppbyggd och inspirerad utifrån det hermeneutiska perspektivet. Syftet med studien är att undersöka ensamkommande ungdomars upplevelser av hur deras integration i samhället ser ut, samt vad för olika copingstrategier ungdomarna använder sig av i de svårigheter och motgångar som kan möta dem under och efter deras asylprocess. Människor som flyr från sina hemländer på grund av till exempel krig är inte något nytt fenomen. Detta har förekommit tidigare och så länge oroligheter finns i olika länder kommer det troligen inte att stanna av den närmaste tiden. Ensamkommande ungdomar som kommit till Sverige för att söka asyl är en stor grupp och det sociala arbetet med att integrera dem pågår ständigt i samhället. Eftersom ungdomarna kan hamna i situationer som kan vara svåra att hantera så kan de i dessa situationer använda sig av olika copingstrategier. I studien har jag valt att intervjua afghanska pojkar, där fokus låg på att få reda på deras upplevelser utifrån en intervjuguide. Analysen av studien har genomförts med inspiration från den hermeneutiska cirkeln utifrån hur ungdomarna använder sig av copingstrategier. Tidigare forskning har även kopplats till min studie som har visat på likheter men även olikheter inom forskningen av ensamkommande ungdomar, forskningen som har använts kommer från både Sverige och några andra länder i Europa. Det framkommer i resultatet att ensamkommande ungdomar har liknade upplevelser av hur deras integration i samhället ser ut och vad de själva anser är problemområden som behöver ändras på. Det framkommer även att de använder liknande copingstrategier och att de är aktiva i att ständigt förändra sin situation till någonting bättre och att de trots motgångar och svårigheter ser ljust på framtiden.

  • 18. Skinner, A.T.
    et al.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lansford, J.E.
    Bornstein, M.H.
    Chang, L.
    Deater-Deckard, K.
    Di Giunta, L.
    Dodge, K.A.
    Malone, P.S.
    Oburu, P.
    Pastorelli, C.
    Steinberg, L.
    Tapanya, S.
    Uribe Tirado, L.M.
    Zelli, A.
    Alampay, L.P.
    Al-Hassan, S.M.
    Bacchini, D.
    Bombi, A.S.
    Cross-national collaboration in the study of parenting and child adjustment2017In: Child-rearing: Practices, attitudes and cultural differences / [ed] G. Egloff, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Strandberg, Cornelia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Jonsson, Paula
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Upplevelser av att vara närstående till personer med alkoholberoende: EN LITTERATURSTUDIE2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    One of the western world´s foremost public health problems is alcohol addiction. There is no exactly definition of what alcohol addiction is, but the medical perspective of it as a disease dominate the picture of it. It´s not only the person with the alcohol addiction who is affected of it. Next of kin have to deal with physical and psychical problems and social alienation. The interaction goes both ways, between the alcohol addicted and the next of kin. It´s common for the next of kin to slip into codependency, to excuse the behavior and to take the blame for it.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study is to illustrate experiences of being next of kin to persons with alcohol addiction.

    Method:

    The bachelor´s thesis is a literature review based on both quantitative and qualitative research with a dominance of qualitative research. A total of thirty-one articles were selected out, where nine were analyzed.

    Result:

    The most experiences of being next of kin to a person with alcohol addiction are negative. The next of kin find their quality of life deteriorated in several areas because of the person with alcohol addiction. The surrounding can be both supporting and inhibiting. The result shows that an awakening can occur and that the next of kin can find quality in life and themselves again.

    Conclusion:

    To be a next of kin to an alcohol addicted person affects life negatively in many ways. The quality of life impairs with increased burden at home, on the economy and on parenting. The social environment can be supporting, but it can also give the next of kin the blame for the problematic alcohol consumption and the next of kin has to face shame and guilt. Despite the negative impact of the relatives, the next of kin regains life and identity.

    Knowledge of the next of kin´s experiences is meant to encourage professionals to pay attention to the negative effects of alcohol addiction in close relationships

  • 20.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.(Medarbetarskap och Organisatorisk resiliens (FORE), Followership and Organizational Resilience).
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande..
    Brukarorientering och nöjdhet i svensk äldreomsorg2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 1, 178-189 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Young students memory and reflections on the 22/7 terror attacks in Norway2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, 137-137 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young students memory and reflections on the 22/7 terror attacks in Norway Right before the critical events in Oslo and on Utøya in Norway 22/7, 2011, Anders Behring Breivik electronically distributed a compendium comprising his far-right militant ideology encompassing Islamophobia, support for far-right Zionism and opposition to multiculturalism and feminism. The text can be found on the Internet, as well as thousands of others texts profiling the same right-wing ideology. Hence some researchers talk about the dark Internet . This paper discusses findings based on focus-groups interviews with young people (age 18-23) in Sweden, Norway and Finland. Focus of the interviews are on the remembrance of the terror attacks, but also with a special focus on the young peoples knowledge and possible reactions when confronting messages like those AndersB Breivik expressed. Where do young people meet such messages and how do they react when meeting them? Moreover, do the young people remember teaching and discussions in school concerning the terror attacks in Norway, Islamophobia and right-wing contemporary ideologies? This research will have implications for understanding young peoples reflections on the use of the Internet and on education in a broad sense concerning right wing ideologies.

  • 22.
    Warg, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olsen, Stephen
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Stegberg, Tomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    @Itudes: A study concerning the connection between attitudes and ICT usage.2000In: Proceedings of the 23rd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 23 Doing IT together / [ed] Svensson Lars, Snis Ulrika, Sørensen Carsten, Fägerlind Hannah, Lindroth Tomas, Magnusson Maria and Östlund Christian, 2000, 1137-1148 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the factors that could influence an individual’s attitudes towards computers and

    Internet? Our study tries to give some possible answers to this question. The aim of this

    study was to see if there were any connections between the individual’s degree of usage

    of computers/Internet and attitudes towards the same. Furthermore we wanted to examine

    if there were any differences between men and women’s attitudes towards computers and

    the Internet as well as if there were any differences in their degree of usage. We also

    wanted to examine if there were any differences between individual’s from different

    socio-economic backgrounds regarding their attitudes. The study included 270 members

    of a non-governmental organisation. The results showed a connection between an

    individual’s attitudes toward computers/Internet and degree of usage. We also found a

    connection between socio-economic background and his or her attitudes toward

    computers. We did not however find any differences between men and women’s attitudes

    and degree of usage of computers and the Internet.

     

  • 23.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Inkludering och lärande: Erfarenheter ochbetraktelser utifrån uppbyggnaden och utvecklingen av ett socialpedagogiskt arbetssätt på Agnesbergs folkhögskola i Göteborg2014Book (Other academic)
1 - 23 of 23
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