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  • 1.
    Adamson, Göran
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    De gode viljers land: En venstrefløjskritik af multikulturalismen som svensk statsideologi2018Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [da]

    Multikulturalisme ses af mange som progressiv og venstreorienteret, og kritikken af den betragtes som reaktionær og racistisk. Denne bog udfordrer denne tankegang og viser – fra et venstrefløjsperspektiv – hvordan den moderne mangfoldighedstankegang tværtimod undergraver fornuft, frihed, lighed og individuel selvbestemmelse. Ved at have et særligt fokus på sær-identiteter og indføre grupperettigheder på bekostning af universel politisk frihed, borgerrettigheder, upartiske institutioner og lighed mellem kønnene er den på kollisionskurs med demokratiets grundværdier. Multikulturalisme er derfor i virkeligheden en konservativ og antimoderne ideologi.

  • 2.
    Adamson, Göran
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Invandring och brottslighet: En datauppdatering för 2000-talet2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Adamson, Göran
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Multikulturen och högerpopulismen2016Ingår i: KvartalArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den multikulturella vänstern har brutit med klassiska vänsterideal som vetenskap, sekularism, anspråk på sanning och fri debatt. Den förkastar högerns nationalism men odlar en etnomystik som är minst lika konservativ. Kulturell självbelåtenhet hånas och hyllas på samma gång. Var finns principen?...

  • 4.
    Adamson, Göran
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Partikortet, korporatism och autonomin inom akademin2018Ingår i: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, s. 89-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Adamson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Inledning2018Ingår i: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, s. 9-22Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Ampem, Daniel Kwame Baidoo
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Reaching Out, Tuning in: On the Problematic Information Structure Hindering Connection between Socially Engaged Organizations and Refugees in the Municipality of Trollhättan2017Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, s. 21-28Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent refugee crises have caused newcomers to settle in different municipalities in Sweden. Different municipalities respond differently to the situations that arise from an increased number of refugees waiting for decisions from the Swedish Migration Agency regarding residence permit. Such variation in response also affects how refugees can access relevant information about activities and initiatives available in the designated municipality while waiting. This study investigated how stakeholders' in the municipality of Trollhättan experienced their possibilities to spread information about their activities targeting refugees. A particular interest was on what kind of activities stakeholders provided, problems they face in reaching out to refugees, and opinions on using technology usage for outreach. Seven stakeholders in Trollhättan municipality were included in the study; a private company, the municipal employment office, a university and four nonprofit organizations. Findings suggest that stakeholders did arrange various types of initiatives but it was hard for refugees placed in Trollhättan to get access to these local initiatives. Stakeholders wanted to reach out to as many refugees as possible but they have a hard time doing so. The study concluded that information access of stakeholders activities is a major problem for refugees in Trollhättan. In order to address the dispersed and hard-to-find information from the varied stakeholders, a mobile app was suggested as a solution to the information problem in order to create a digital cental place for stakeholder initiatives and information spread. These initiatives, if known about, could create a more active and varied everyday life for refugees awaiting decisions from the migration board. For stakeholders to reach out with information of planned activities and for refugees to be able to tunein to these possibilities becomes particularly important in municipalities where refugees are dispersed in various kinds of locations, rather than living in largec amps.

  • 7.
    Beckman, Anita
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    "Jag skulle så jätte, jätte, jättegärna vilja ha ett fast jobb att gå  till": om att vara ung och arbetslös i Västervik2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 8.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Carlström, Eric
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå. University of Gothenburg.
    Learning and usefulness of collaboration exercises: A study of the three level collaboration (3LC) exercises between the police, ambulance and rescue services2015Ingår i: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 428-467Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we studied collaboration exercises (3LC) between the rescue services, ambulance services, and police force, which were developed to enhance learning and usefulness. The exercises’ structure was based on identified deficiencies in previous collaboration exercises. The purpose was to test the exercise model in terms of learning and usefulness. Ten 3LC exercises were observed. A total of 65 semi-structured interviews were conducted (2011–2014) in connection with the exercises. The exercises contained across-boundary elements, seminars, and interactive documentation. The participants were given the opportunity to discuss, analyze, and critically reflect on their efforts. During the seminars, the individual actions were analyzed, which led to alternative strategies that were subsequently tested in a repeated exercise. Our results demonstrate that repetitive features and seminars during collaboration exercises promote learning toward an organic behavior and usefulness in the actual incident work.

  • 9.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    The dominance of mechanistic behaviour: A critical study of emergency exercises2013Ingår i: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 327-350Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the focus is on emergency exercises between the police, rescue services and ambulance. By practising, it is assumed that the conditions improve for a quick normalisation after an incident. The purpose of this paper is to identify whether the exercises are designed after organic action logic and therefore can be assumed to strengthen the ability to handle emergencies. Data have been collected at two large, regional, full-scale exercises (2008 and 2012). Data collection has been done through observations and document studies. The study shows that mechanistic behaviour is quite prevalent in the two studied exercises. They are time consuming and put little emphasis on practising organic behaviour. Too complex exercise scenarios contribute to a low tempo, long waiting periods and slow implementation. To succeed, the exercises need to have a non-linear time sequence and limited scenarios that invite participants to focus on organisational interfaces.

  • 10.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Mälardalens högskola.
    Models of teamwork: ideal or not?: A critical study of theoretical team models2012Ingår i: Team Performance Management, ISSN 1352-7592, E-ISSN 1758-6860, Vol. 18, nr 5/6, s. 328-340Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - There is a tendency in team research to employ concepts of stepwise models, reachingfrom the primitive to the excellent, to suggest that a higher level of evolution is better than the basic and simple. This tendency includes typologies of teams. This article aims to question the relevance of this view.

    Design/methodology/approach - Data were collected in three steps. In the first step, articles and books analyzing teams and teamwork from stepwise analytical models were collected. In the second step the collected data were classified into different themes. Each stepwise model was classified into one essential denomination. This classification resulted in eight themes. In the third step each theme was analyzed, which led to the fusion of some of the themes.

    Findings - The conclusion is that a synchronous, complementary or mature team is not necessarily optimal. Contrary to this, a differentiated, sequential or multi team approach can be optimal for some purposes. Team research needs to establish a more open, inductive and critical attitude than at present.

    Originality/value - The paper highlights the need to observe and use team theories in a balanced and critical way.

  • 11.
    Burns, Tom
    et al.
    University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden; Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE), Lisbon, Portugal;.
    Roszkowska, Eva
    University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
    Machado Des Johansson, Nora
    Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE), Lisbon, Portugal;.
    Corte, Ugo
    University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden; Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, Helsinki, Finland.
    Paradigm Shift in Game Theory: Sociological Re-Conceptualization of Human Agency,Social Structure, and Agents' Cognitive-Normative Frameworks and Action Determination Modalities2018Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to present some of the initial work of developing a social science grounded game theory—as a clear alternative to classical game theory. Two distinct independent initiatives in Sociology are presented: One, a systems approach, social systems game theory (SGT),and the other, Erving Goffman's interactionist approach (IGT). These approaches are presented and contrasted with classical theory. They focus on the social rules, norms, roles, role relationships,and institutional arrangements, which structure and regulate human behavior. While strategic judgment and instrumental rationality play an important part in the sociological approaches, they are not a universal or dominant modality of social action determination. Rule following is considered, generally speaking, more characteristic and more general. Sociological approaches, such as those outlined in this article provide a language and conceptual tools to more adequately and effectively than the classical theory describe, model, and analyze the diversity and complexity of human interaction conditions and processes: (1) complex cognitive rule based models of the interaction situation with which actors understand and analyze their situations; (2) value complex(es) with which actors operate, often with multiple values and norms applying in interaction situations;(3) action repertoires (rule complexes) with simple and complex action alternatives—plans, programs,established (sometimes highly elaborated) algorithms, and rituals; (4) a rule complex of action determination modalities for actors to generate and/or select actions in game situations; three actionmodalities are considered here; each modality consists of one or more procedures or algorithms for action determination: (I) following or implementing a rule or rule complex, norm, role, ritual,or social relation; (II) selecting or choosing among given or institutionalized alternatives according toa rule or principle; and (III) constructing or adopting one or more alternatives according to a value,guideline, or set of criteria. Such determinations are often carried out collectively. The paper identifies and illustrates in a concluding table several of the key differences between classical theory and the sociological approaches on a number of dimensions relating to human agency; social structure, norms, institutions, and cultural forms; patterns of game interaction and outcomes,the conditions of cooperation and conflict, game restructuring and transformation, and empirical relevance. Sociologically based game theory, such as the contributions outlined in this article suggest a language and conceptual tools to more adequately and effectively than the classical theory describe,model, and analyze the diversity, complexity, and dynamics of human interaction conditions and processes and, therefore, promises greater empirical relevance and scientific power. An Appendix provides an elaboration of SGT, concluding that one of SGT's major contributions is the rule based conceptualization of games as socially embedded with agents in social roles and role relationships and subject to cognitive-normative and agential regulation. SGT rules and rule complexes are based on contemporary developments relating to granular computing and Artificial Intelligence in general.

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  • 12.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Towards Roma Empowerment and Social Inclusion Through Work-Integrated Learning2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Roma people are the largest ethnic minority group in the EU and all over, they have been subject to prejudice, stigma, discrimination and oppression. Thus, Roma are the most economically and socially excluded and marginalized group in Europe. The Roma living in Sweden are no exception; many are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor objective health. The Roma have been treated as a helpless group in need of "expert" help and action from the authorities. They have usually not been permitted to actively participate in adjusting efforts to their needs and situation. An alternative approach to the Roma situation is to allow the Roma to take the leading role and to initiate processes and activities concerning the group.These were the foundations for the 3-year health promotion project based on participatory action research (PAR) initiated in West Sweden in 2009. Through work-integrated learning(WIL) and the principle of training the trainers, the purpose of the programme was to strengthen Roma empowerment and participation in society, enabling Roma-led integration.The overall aim of the PhD thesis was to analyse and elaborate a WIL model to be applied inempowerment and adult education for the Roma minority- and other vulnerable groups in similar situation. The thesis is based on five papers: Paper 1 aimed to examine how 14 Roma adolescents in West Sweden perceive the concepts of health, well-being and quality of life, and further, to investigate the degree to which theyconsider themselves able to cope with their own life situation within these areas. The data, comprising six interviews, was analysed through qualitative content analysis. The most common understanding of health and well-being was to feel good, secure, happy and having awide social network of family and friends. Health and well-being were considered in a collective perspective, thus controversy earlier studies, the respondents perceived their health and well-being to be good. Freedom, independency, education and employment were the most important elements of QoL. Social support was the most frequently used coping strategy.

    The Roma adolescents preferred the tight relationship within the Roma community and associated mostly with Roma, a phenomenon previously referred to as homophily. The processof homophily seemed to be a salutogenic factor and a general resistant resource of the Roma adolescents and hence health-enhancing. Homophily was suggested as a determinant factor of health.Paper 2 aimed to explore how Roma people in West Sweden understand health, well-being,and quality of life, and how they cope with their life-situation. The data, consisting of 27 interviews (n = 33), were analysed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The findings indicated that the respondents perceived health as a resource and an ability to self-manage. Crucial elements of the respondents' health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security,and involvement in society. The findings demonstrated that the respondents perceived their health and life situation as good, despite being marginalized and discriminated. A possible explanation to this is what the respondents described as survival strategies. As a result of decenniums of oppression, the Roma have developed survival strategies helping them to cope with the situation and to survive. Paper 3 aimed to analyse whether there is connection between health literacy and empowerment. The paper is based on a literature search conducted in December 2013. Of the total 303 initial hits, no articles primarily addressing the issue were found; yet five articles were identified taking up on both health literacy and empowerment, hence reviewed in more detail. The five articles acknowledged a nexus between health literacy and empowerment, though the nexus itself was never discussed in specific. The paper suggests that for health literacy to be critical to empowerment, the focus has to be on social determinants of health and the involved individuals', groups and/or communities perceptions on health and health needs defined by themselves. Such a perspective will build on the genuine needs of the people in concern. The paper proposes functional- and interactive health literacy as another way to label capacity building for health and empowerment, and critical health literacy as a way to describe empowerment. Hence, health literacy might be regarded as a tool for empowerment. Health literacy is considered not to automatically lead to empowerment. Health literacy as such might be increased by health education. Crucial for empowerment is to achieve the critical level of health literacy including an ability to question the prevailing power relations and societal conditions and reflecting on these, a strengthened sense of power, self-esteem and self efficacyand an ability to utilize these resources to engage in social and political action for change.Paper 4 aimed to explore how participatory action research (PAR) and work integrated learning (WIL) might function as empowering tools in the Roma inclusion process and to propose a working model to use in empowerment of the Roma minority- and other vulnerable groups in similar situation. The data were collected and produced continuously during the project and consisted of interviews, self-evaluation reports and written essays by the seven Roma participants, participatory observations, research groups' workshop notes, 21 monthly project reports, the project plan, syllabus of the WIL training programme and notes from ajoint planning workshop. The data were considered as a whole and analysed in a triangulating fashion using hermeneutical understanding inspired by heuristic research. Through improved abilities to mobilise the local Roma community for social change, the participants' critical health literacy improved, allowing them to experience a greater control over their own lives and integration processes. The results indicate an increased empowerment of the local coordinators indicating that WIL may be a worthwhile approach in strengthening the individual empowerment of Roma people. Based on the findings, health literacy was suggested as a catalyst in the empowerment process, serving as a tool for analyzing and describing the process of empowerment.Paper 5 aimed to analyse the health promotion project from the Roma participants' perspective. The focus was on the participants' perceived individual empowerment and perceptions on their contribution to the common good and community empowerment. The data, consisting of interviews and self-evaluation reports of the Roma participants,participatory observations, newspaper articles with interviews of the participants and 21 monthly reports, were analysed through an approach that comes closest to hermeneutical phenomenology. The findings indicate that the WIL approach, the participating nature of the programme, and the trust and support from both the Roma and the non-Roma facilitators, were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged portraying the participants' psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, sense of power and sense of enculturated social inclusion. Sense of enculturated social inclusion demonstrated the participants "new" way of understanding social inclusion; turning social inclusion from something they feared to something they embraced. As the participants realized that social inclusion would not require them the let go of their Roma identity and culture, their Roma identity was strengthened, they became more hopeful, felt more in control and felt generally better. Despite of limited time and resources for local community directed activities, the participants perceived that improvements were achieved at the local level. In conclusions, the findings indicate that when based on the specific health needs of the people involved, basic/functional- and interactive health literacy together comprise the same idea as capacity building for health that might lead to empowerment. What found to be essential for the Roma local coordinators development of empowerment was the combination of the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the project, the trust and support from the non-Roma facilitators and Roma colleagues, and the perception of being respected as human beings and as equals. The local coordinators empowerment consisted of strengthened Roma identity, sense of power and sense of enculturated social inclusion. This indicates that the suggested WIL model/approach, comprising a participatory approach with health literacy as a tool may be a worthwhile strategy in empowering Roma people and enhancing their self-led social inclusion process. A possible road for Roma self-led integration, hence, might be through a process of enculturated social inclusion. This may also be the case for other vulnerable groups in similar situations. Further research and interventions are needed however, in order to elaborate and verify WILs' potential and sustainability in empowering other minority- and vulnerable groups

  • 13.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik.
    Roma Empowerment and social inclusion through Work-Integrated Learning2015Ingår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, nr jan-march, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society and their sense of community, as well as to promote self-led integration. The study aimed to analyze the program from the Roma coordinators' perspectives, focusing on perceived individual empowerment and perceptions of contribution to the common good and to community empowerment. The findings, based on qualitative data, primarily interviews with the Roma coordinators, indicated that the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the program, and the trust and support from the Roma colleagues and non-Roma facilitators were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged that portrayed the participants' psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, a sense of power, and a sense of enculturated social inclusion.

  • 14.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    The meaning of health, well-being, and quality of life perceived by Roma people in West Sweden2013Ingår i: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 243-260Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respondents mainly understood the concept of Health as "being healthy" and "feeling good". Elements that were crucial part of the respondents' health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security, and the extent of involvement in society. The results indicate that the respondents perceive their health and life situation as good, despite of their marginalized situation and discrimination.

  • 15.
    Halleröd, Mikaela
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Värdet av att verka tillsammans: En kvalitativ studie om samarbete, samordning och samverkan ur ett medarbetar- och chefsperspektiv2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur olika yrkeskategorier inom vuxenutbildningens utbildning i svenska för invandrare (sfi) verkar tillsammans inom ramarna för verksamheten.

    Genom individuella intervjuer framkommer möjligheter och svårigheter. Empiri har bearbetats genom tematisk analys. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för studien är en modell om samarbete, samordning och samverkan genom olika grader av vertikal respektive horisontal integrering av styrningsmekanismer och frivilliga initiativ.

    Resultatet visar att det förekommer en mängd olika tillfälliga samarbeten. De intervjuade ger exempel på yrkeskategorier som möts i det vardagliga arbetet. Dessutom sker arbete mellan olika yrkeskategorier i en mer samordnad form genom team. Vidare synliggörs respondenternas upplevelser av värdet av att samarbeta, exempelvis stärkta relationer och en bättre arbetsmiljö. Ett annat värde som lyfts fram är den ökade möjligheten för personal att identifiera behov av stöd hos eleverna, som leder till bättre anpassningar av undervisningen. Resultatet visar också hur verksamheten samordnas genom team, samt potential för samverkan. Samverkan mellan yrkeskategorier uppnås inte fullt ut idag inom sfi.

    Slutsatserna visar att det finns en samsyn hos chefer och övriga yrkeskategorier gällande vilka mekanismer som försvårar respektive möjliggör samverkan. Rutiner för samverkan saknas. Det medarbetarna också efterfrågar är någon som leder arbetet och beslutar att man ska samarbeta och hur det ska gå till. Det vill säga någon som bär ansvaret för att planera, genomföra och följa upp samverkan.

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  • 16.
    Humer, Alois
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Austria.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Marques da Costa, Nuno
    University of Lisbon, Portugal.
    European Types of Political and Territorial Organisation of Social Services of General Interest2013Ingår i: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, nr special issue, s. 142-164Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly understood across Europe that the provision of Social Services of General Interest (SSGI) is important. Several official documents guarantee every EU citizen access to, and the availability of, SSGI. Nevertheless, when it comes to producing, financing, administrating and territorially organising SSGI, the approaches and practices used across the various European states differ significantly while often mirroring the functioning of the social welfare and national administrative planning systems that prevail on the ground. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic analysis of how European states (the EU 27 plus Croatia and the EFTA countries of Iceland, Norway and Switzerland) cope with the organisation of SSGI in the fields of education, care, labour market, social housing and insurance schemes. Outlining the similarities and differences of the various national approaches leads to the creation of a European typology of SSGI organisation. This typology will then be compared to existing typologies and classifications of social welfare and spatial planning systems.

  • 17.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change.
    Anchoring energy efficiency information in households’ everyday projects: peoples’ understanding of renewable heating systems2015Ingår i: Energy Efficiency, ISSN 1570-646X, E-ISSN 1570-6478, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 353-364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article claims that the contents of energy conservation information policy instruments must be better adapted to household members’ everyday life experiences in order to capture their interest and transform information into action. The article elaborates on how to ground energy policy information in the everyday doings and strivings of households. Using two time-geographical concepts, i.e. activity and project, we investigate how people understand and define their energy-related activities as parts of overarching everyday projects with a focus on the constraints on energy conservation. The analysis is empirically based on interview data from a case study of households’ use of renewable heating technologies. The results illustrate how peoples’ heating activities are related to everyday projects such as reducing environmental impact, comfort for a convenient daily life, the household budget balance, learning about and/or maintaining home technologies and hobbies. One conclusion is that information instruments focusing solely on one or two such projects might hamper the translation from information to action and also limit the number of people interested in or able to access the information. Another conclusion is that the growing use of energy efficient technologies might influence new habits and perceptions of the everyday use of energy, making common economic motives for saving energy less useful. Anchoring energy-related information and support in the everyday activities and projects of households would facilitate the translation process. If this is achieved, information could prove a useful instrument in the broader reorganization of societal institutions in a sustainable direction.

  • 18.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vinthagen, Stellan
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Dimensions of Everyday Resistance: An Analytical Framework2016Ingår i: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, Vol. 42, nr 3, s. 417-435Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since James Scott introduced the concept of everyday resistance’ in 1985, research has grown within partly overlapping fields. Existing studies utilize very different definitions, methodologies and understandings of everyday resistance’, which makes a systematic development of the field difficult. In previous work, the authors have suggested a theoretical and definitional framework where everyday resistance is understood as a specific kind of resistance that is done routinely yet is not publicly articulated with political claims or formally organized. A more comprehensive and systematic exploration of this challenging phenomenon is possible through an analysis where: repertoires of everyday resistance are taken into account, together with relations between actors, as well as the spatialization and temporalization of resistance. These analytical dimensions are explained and motivated through illustrations from existing research. Finally, it is argued all four dimensions need to be studied in intersections.

  • 19.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Winman, Thomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Being a Rector: A Study of Knowledge Needs and Knowledge Development in Secondary Schools2015Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2015. Regional Development in an International Context. Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development: Revised papers presented at the 18th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, Sönderborg, Denmark / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, s. 357-368Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Johansson, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Lalander, Philip
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Vardagslivets socialpsykologi2010 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Korp, Peter
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för arbete, ekonomi och hälsa (HTU).
    Hälsopromotion: en sociologisk studie av hälsofrämjandets institutionalisering2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Ljung, Margareta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Ethical Conceptions of Young People in Different Work Areas2002Ingår i: International Sociological Association, 2002Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition to a post-industrial society has implied great changes, including partial dissolution of existing value systems and of btraditional unitary conceptions regarding work, identity, rationality, truth and morality. Increased globalization, faster communication and, not least, greater mobility between different nations and cultures have caused changes of traditional value systems. Many people today, especially young people, experience difficulty defining moral questions and values which they find complicated and hard to agree on. However, interest in moral and ethical questions has not diminished. On the contrary, as traditional basic moral values have begun to dissolve, people are becoming forced to reflect upon their own personal responsibility to other people and how society is actually functioning on an ethical plane. Research today shows that new patterns of working life with increased flexibility, but also accompanying stress and uncertainty are a consequence of deep structural changes. This has consequences for human identity, which is exposed to fragmentation and disconnectedness. The ethic dimension of the human character is expressed by loyalty, trust and mutual interaction, which are not easy to maintain today in working life. The changes affecting working life can also be noticed in other social areas - school, family and social interaction as a whole. A resulting powerlessness and marginalization from traditional support systems characterizes the social situation of many young people. The present study investigates how young people in western Sweden reason, think and act based on their conception of the world of morality. Young people from different work areas are being interviewed - from industry, a computer company, health care and adult education. Relevant concepts are authority, self-respect, deviation, trust, strength-weakness, solidarity and compassion.

  • 23.
    Ljung, Margareta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Function Based Manning and Aspects of Flexibility2010Ingår i: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 121-133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to examine the concept of flexibility from a shipping perspective. Flexibility is examined in order to develop strategies, theoretical and applicable, in the field of Function Based Manning (FBM), for achieving optimized manning, which is not the same as reduced manning, with a healthy crew. This is a complex concept in many aspects. Based on research on working life and work organizations conducted by social scientists, two aspects of flexibility are examined; functional flexibility including job enrichment and competence training, and working time flexibility. These issues are analyzed from a shipping perspective. The concept is double-edged in the sense that it entails both having flexibility and being flexible. Does flexibility only serve the interests of the employer? Or, do workers also benefit from flexibility? By combining these two aspects of flexibility, a win-win situation benefiting both employers and employees can be achieved. This article highlights and discusses strategies intended to promote the implementation of amodel of optimized manning.

  • 24.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, .
    Functions, performances and perceptions of work on ships2014Ingår i: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 231-250Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The demands for greater efficiency and increased profitability in shipping have increased with hardened competition. In recent years major reductions in manning have been made. When the STCW Convention was revised in 1995, this led to changes in terms of the organization of work on board. By using a functional approach, it became possible to handle current demands that all tasks on board are founded on competency-based skills. This article reports the results from an investigation of work functions performed on board ships. The aim was to investigate how these functions are performed today and how marine officers perceived this. Main questions were as follows: How do officers handle the working situation with a reduced crew? Which job functions do they have and how are these performed? How do officers experience the work situation on board? Field studies, involving participant observation and interviews on various types of vessels were conducted and issues were illuminated and analyzed from a socio-technical perspective. The results revealed some specific areas. Reduced crews highlight the need for the right kind of knowledgeable people. Not everyone can be good at everything, maybe not even within their own profession. The predominating issue is about the increased administrative work and the lack of skills development. A continuous professional development should be part of the work and a planned activity. Vessel crews are trying to create flexible solutions for performing the work on board. They are doing this in various ways, depending on the number of the crew, the leadership and the specific vessel culture.

  • 25.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Handle with Care: Staff Experiences of Difficulties working with People with Intellectual Disabilities2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing care and support to people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is in several aspects a complex and challenging assignment. It could be argued that this complexity has fundamentally to do with different organizational conditions. Analysing the specfiic characteristics of experienced difficulties could generate a new understanding of the organizational prerequisites of working within intellectual disability services. This presentation examines how LSS administrators (n=70) and habilitation staff (n=40) in Sweden experience difficulties working with people with ID. Drawing upon both quantitative and qualitative data generated from a larger web survey a content analysis was used. In order to complement the qualitative analyses we also used descriptive numerical analyses. The results reveals that staff experiences of difficulties in work with people with ID could be differentiated in four typological themes; (1) Structure, (2) Profession, (3) Relations and (4) Collaboration. As shown in our presentation, experience of difficult situations in human service organizations does not necessarily correspond with work dissatisfaction or unclear goals. On the contrary, we argue that it is a fundamental aspect of professionalism to handle this plurality within a specific organizational context. The different characteristics of the organizations in our study reflect two different institutional logics. While the LSS administrators mainly operates within an administrative logic based on a regulative framework, the habilitation staff are operating within a therapeutic logic based on a cognitive framework. Consequently they have their own specific norms and rule systems, which influence when and to which extent everyday situations are experience and defined as difficult.

  • 26.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Sorbring, Emma
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och organisationsstudier.
    Löfgren- Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Risks and opportunities in new emancipatory landscapes?: On young people with intellectual disabilities, Internet use and identification processes2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young peoples identity formation processes on the Internet is a growing field, there are few studies that illustrate conditions for pupils with intellectual disabilities (ID). Recent Scandinavian studies have indicated that there is a new generation of young people with ID who has developed alternative ways of relating to issues of participation and identity. It's about how they choose to present themselves and how they navigate the various social media. By presenting themselves through descriptions of their own interests and personal characteristics instead of exposing the disability so-called alternative identities can be developed, where disability is not necessarily put in focus. Young people with ID often have different degrees of communicative constraints, which on the one hand implicates that the value of new social arenas can be of great importance. On the other hand, the use of the Internet could also be problematic in different contexts. An on-going Swedish research project aims to investigate these processes based on the perspectives of young people with ID, school staff and parents. In a pilot study based on focus group interviews we found that professionals (teachers, n=8) expressed a concern that young people will get hurt and end up in undesirable situations (such as being cheated or abused), while parents (n=5) mainly consider the Internet as a possible future venue for the development of new and on-going social relations. This paper presentation will report preliminary findings from interviews conducted with young people in upper secondary special programme for pupils with ID (n=30). The experiences of the informants will be discussed in relation to results from the pilot study and relative to a conceptual framework of social identity,participation and emancipation.

  • 27.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    Åsa Bengtsson: Nyktra kvinnor: Folkbildare, företagare och politiska aktörer: Vita Bandet 1890-1930. Makadam förlag, Göteborg/Stockholm 2012. 380s, ill. English summary. ISBN 978-91-7061-092-9.2013Ingår i: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, nr 2, s. 99-101Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Norlander, Ludvig
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Den stolte bilbyggaren: En studie om lönearbetets betydelse för delaktighet och identitet2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find, understand and discuss the experiences of former employees at SAAB, and present how this can be understood according to my core theoretical concepts, which are participation and identity. The questions asked in the study are based on how the labor is described, characterized and what comes forth as valuable, which is compared to absence of labor work.

    First, labor is described in an historical and social context, and at the same time related to the core theoretical concept. Second, the methodology chapter is presented, which mainly consists of 11 observations and 10 interviews. Third, the chapter regarding former theory leads to an analysis model, which is used on the empirical material of the study.

    The result shows that labor work at SAAB primarily is described as important for socializing, security and the possibility to be independent. The tasks at SAAB are described as backbreaking and monotonous, while the lack of labor work influences the physical and mental wellbeing. Unemployment also contributes to limitations in everyday life, and in addition, creates negative feelings and experiences due to lack of control in a new and changed world.

    In summary, the empirical and theoretical analysis taken together leads to the conclusion that labor work at SAAB is substantially described as positive, but there are however, parts which are less positive. Another conclusion is that lack of labor work primarily can be described as negative, but the opposite is also discernible. A third conclusion is that labor work is important for the understanding of participation and identity.

    When using the theoretical analysis model on the results given in the empirical material, three participation- and identity patterns can be found. These are then contextual and temporal, due to time and situation; the stabile and secure pattern, the loose and temporary pattern and the compensating and regenerative pattern.

    At the end of the essay there is an overall and concluding discussion regarding the findings in relation to context and society and which significance this may have on social pedagogy and its practice. Finally there is a brief section with reflections regarding the conducted study and perspectives on research to come.

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  • 29.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Ljung, Margareta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Säkerhet och intendentur på passagerarfärjor: en dokument- och litteraturstudie2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    De ödesdigra färjekatastrofer som inträffat de senaste tre decennierna har inneburit att passagerafärjors säkerhet blivit en allt mer angelägen uppgift för rederier och myndigheter. Ny teknologi, nya regelverk och utökade utbildningsinsatser i syfte att göra fartygens konstruktion säkrare och förbättra besättningarnas förmåga att agera i kritiska situationer har implementerats. Idenna rapport fokuserar vi hur en speciell personalkategori, intendenturpersonalen, integreras i säkerhetsorganisationen och kulturen ombord på passagerarfärjor. Vi gör detta genom att studera vad forskningslitteratur och olika dokument producerade av reglerande myndigheter har att säga omämnet. En internetbaserad diskussion bland sjöfarare om vad det innebär att vara en "riktig sjöfarare" har analyserats. Ett tema som diskuteras i rapporten är de vardagliga arbetsförhållandena för intendenturpersonalen och hur dessa påverkar deras hälsa. Genom en analys av tillgängliga statistiska data framgår klart att denna kategori är mer drabbade av arbetsrelaterade olyckor och sjukdomar än andra kategorier sjöfarare. Rapportens huvudsakliga slutsats är att forskningen om och intresset för intendenturpersonalens roll i säkerhetsorganisationen på passagerarfärjor är underutvecklad och svagt. Traditionella starka hierarkier bland sjöfarare och andra relevanta aktörers syn på om vem som är en "riktig sjöfarare" torde till vissa delar kunna förklara varför det är så. Mer forskning och mer arbete för att integrera denna kategori i arbetet med att förbättra sjösäkerheten är därför nödvändigt.

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  • 30.
    Rancken Lutz, Ylva
    et al.
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland.
    Eriksson, Monica
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland.
    First-time parents' appropriation of online and urban health promoting social spaces.2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social support is considered to be a crucial health-enhancing facator for first-time parents. Becoming a parent is an interruption in lifestyle (life stressor) and in daily routines and practices when priority has to be given to a small child's needs. Furthermore, parents in western cities today are faced with new urbanized patterns of living, including fewer accessible social support networks, a "do-it-yourself" reality, a "reduced-place-dependency" and an inner-city life which is becoming increasingly commercialized. Parents, fathers as well as mothers, are in need of "settings" - as meeting places for both spontaneous and more planned get-togethers with friends. Aim: Explore which urban and digital social arenas first-time urban parents need and use and how they form, maintain, perceive and combine these arenas as a health-promoting settings. Focus will be on places/settings whre parents find social support and parental resources. Underlying theories: The theoretical frameworks developed by Aaron Antonovsky, Pierre Bourdieu, Alfred Schutz and Henri Lefebvre will be used. Method: A participatory and exploratory qualitative study design will be adopted and data gathered through group interviews, walk-abouts, key-informant interviews, on-line group interviews and observations. Context: Respondents recruited among Swedish-speaking parents in Finland and parents in Gothenburg, Sweden. Outcomes: This paper presents preliminary findings of the ongoing study. My plan is to publish the findings in internationel journals as a part of my doctoral thesis. The results will be useful in planning healthy living environments.

  • 31.
    Raoof, Dawan
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle.
    Thorén, Petra
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle.
    Naturgiven ordning eller ideologisk konstruktion?: Ett försök till dekonstruktion av det liberal–kapitalitiska systemet2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den kapitalistiska organiseringen av ekonomin och det liberaldemokratiska representativa styrelseskicket har de senaste årtiondena blivit så cementerade och ”objektifierade” att denna ideologiska konstruktion i många avseenden inte längre betraktas som en produkt av det mänskliga medvetandet utan presenteras mer eller mindre som en naturgiven totalitet. Trossatsen att mänskligheten inte längre kan hoppas på något bättre än det liberal-kapitalistiska institutionella arrangemanget – med det individuella ekonomiska subjektets fria förfogande över privategendomen, fri konkurrens, ekonomisk tillväxt, fri kapitalrörelser samt ett indirekt och representativt styrelseskick – har blivit ett vedertaget sakförhållande inom den offentliga diskussionen. I det föreliggande arbetet utgår vi ifrån uppfattningen att den liberal-kapitalistiska världsbilden, liksom alla andra världsbilder, är en kognitiv konstruktion.

    Vårt syfte är att, med avstamp i Thomas Kuhns paradigmteori, försöka dekonstruera denna världsbild för att förhoppningsvis kunna skönja den historiska och samhälleliga bakgrunden till det rådande paradigmet, samt att synliggöra hur det ideologiskt orienterade liberala samfundet genom olika mekanismer och modifieringar försökt försvara och bevara denna världsbilds legitimitet och parametrar. De teoretiska och metodologiska ramverken i detta arbete vägleds i stor utsträckning av den begreppsapparat som finns representerad i Thomas Kuhns paradigmteori.

    Vi gör i detta arbete gällande att begreppet ”framåtskridande” som uttryckte en optimistisk tilltro till en ljusare framtid, möjliggjord av ackumulationen av ny kunskap och nya vetenskapliga innovationer, har spelat en avgörande roll i det liberala samfundets förståelse av det egna paradigmet. Genom att koppla samman sin världsbild med det ”objektiva” begreppet om framåtskridande, lyckades det liberala samfundet omvandla sin ideologiska konstruktion till en ”naturgiven och universell referensram” ur vilken alltfler samhälleliga förhållanden hämtade sin legitimitet men också ”objektivitet”.  Genom att inte sky några ansträngningar för att tvinga in sin förståelse av världen inom ramen för den egna världsåskådningen, har det liberala samfundet framgångsrikt assimilerat olika anomalier och oregelbundenheter till det förväntade inom det egna paradigmet. De samhällsformationer som har uppstått till följd av assimileringsförsöken, har syftat till att motverka upp/återkomsten av allvarliga anomalier, men de har i lika stor utsträckning avsett att begränsa massans inträde på och inflytande över den politiska scenen. 

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  • 32.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland,Joensuu, Finland.
    Adamson, GöranHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 33.
    Robertson, Felicia
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science, P.O. Box 711, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jagers, Sverker C.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science, P.O. Box 711, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnerstrand, Björn
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Managing sustainable use of antibiotics: the role of trust2018Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human overuse of antibiotics is the main driver of antibiotic resistance. Thus, more knowledge about factors that promote sustainable antibiotic use is urgently needed. Based upon findings from the management of other sustainability and collective action dilemmas, we hypothesize that interpersonal trust is crucial for people’s propensity to cooperate for the common objective. The aim of this article is to further our understanding of people’s antibiotic consumption by investigating if individuals’ willingness to voluntarily abstain from antibiotic use is linked to interpersonal trust. To fulfill the aim, we implement two empirical investigations. In the first part, we use cross-section survey data to investigate the link between interpersonal trust and willingness to abstain from using antibiotics. The second part is based on a survey experiment in which we study the indirect effect of trust on willingness to abstain from using antibiotics by experimentally manipulating the proclaimed trustworthiness of other people to abstain from antibiotics. We find that interpersonal trust is linked to abstemiousness, also when controlling for potential confounders. The survey experiment demonstrates that trustworthiness stimulates individuals to abstain from using antibiotics. In conclusion, trust is an important asset for preserving effective antibiotics for future generations, as well as for reaching many of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. © 2018 by the authors.

  • 34.
    Romo, Malin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle.
    Diskurser kring begreppet hållbar utveckling: En kvalitativ studie bland lärare och elever i gymnasieskolan2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att genom kvalitativa intervjuer och fokusgruppsintervjuer undersöka hur begreppet hållbar utveckling tolkas av lärare och elever i gymnasieskolan. De frågeställningar som används är Vilka miljöpolitiska diskurser går att skönja i de olika tolkningarna av begreppet hållbar utveckling? samt Finns det någon dissonans mellan lärare och elevers sätt att tala om och uppfatta begreppet hållbar utveckling? För att svara på frågeställningarna har den kritiska diskursanalysen använts som metod och begreppet hållbar utveckling som teoretisk inramning. Begreppet hållbar utveckling är vagt definierat och innehåller inga tillvägagångssätt som behövs för en hållbar utveckling. Innebörden av begreppet ligger snarare i uppfattningen om hur ekonomiska, ekologiska och sociala delar interagerar med varandra och därför är det fruktbart att se begreppet som en diskurs. Genom min studie har det visat sig att gymnasielärare och gymnasieelever har olika syn på vad hållbar utveckling är vilket framträder genom olika diskurser samt att det finns en dissonans mellan lärare och elevers sätt att tala om begreppet hållbar utveckling. Utifrån mitt resultat drar jag slutsatsen om att förväntningarna på eleverna från lärarnas sida skulle kunna påverka elevernas resonemang gällande hållbar utveckling i undervisningen. Detta eftersom att lärarna tror att eleverna har ett annat sätt att uppfatta och tala om begreppet hållbar utveckling än vad eleverna faktiskt har.

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  • 35.
    Sauer, Lennart
    et al.
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Molin, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Sources of job satisfaction among professionals in intellectual disability services2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation explores sources of job satisfaction among human service professionals working with people with intellectual disabilities. We also explore in what way the organizational context influence these experiences. The data is generated from a larger web survey. A questionnaire was distributed to 640 participants of which 421 answered a standardized question, which yield a response rate on 67 % and 335 respondents answered an open-ended question (52 %), which generated a total of 547 written excerpts. Drawing upon both quantitative and qualitative data a content analysis was used. In order to complement the qualitative analyses descriptive numerical analyses was used. Even though the data shows that the respondents experience heavy work load and psychological strains the vast majority report high ratings on work satisfaction. We argue that it is a fundamental aspect of professionalism to handle this plurality within a specic organizational context. The content analysis revealed that sources of job satisfaction irrespective of organization, is categorized in five different core categories; target group, social rewards, social relations, professional core mission and results/outcomes. We also present and analyze organizational differences in relations to how the response rates are distributed between the five categories.

  • 36.
    Towns, Ann E.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Norms and social hierarchies: Understanding international policy diffusion "from below"2012Ingår i: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 179-209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to rethink the operation of norms in international policy diffusion. Norms do not simply standardize state behaviors, as is conventionally argued; norms also draw on and set up hierarchical social orders among states. Through a conceptual rethinking we gain a better understanding of where-among which states-new policies may first emerge: social hierarchies create incentives for new policies to develop at the margins of international society so that policies may diffuse "from below." We also get a better grasp of how policy advocates frame the appropriateness or benefits of a new state practice: they must frame policy demands in terms of the international standing and rank of the targeted state. This article's empirical aspiration is to use these insights to help account for the international policy diffusion of legal sex quotas, a policy to increase the level of female legislators that developed first among "developing" states rather than among the so-called core of international society. By pointing to the link between norms and social hierarchy, the article helps account for policy diffusion "from below." © 2012 The IO Foundation.

  • 37.
    Williams, Matthew
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Marginaliserade aktörers inverkan på reglering och styrning av Internet : World Summit on the Information Society:s bidrag till nätets diskurs2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan nätets begynnelse har regleringen och styrningen av Internet präglats av en västcentrisk och teknomeritokratisk diskurs som i mångt och mycket har exkluderat en stor del av världen från att aktivt delta i informationssamhällets utformning. I denna ordning har den amerikanska staten haft en priviligierad ställning genom dess indirekta kontroll över de s.k. strategiska resurserna, dvs. IP-adresser och ‖roten‖ i domännamnsystemet, via kontraktet mellan "Department of Commerce" och organisationen "Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers" (ICANN). Därtill fanns det en latent konflikt mellan USA och Internetsamfundet, å ena sidan, och Förenta nationerna och dess medlemsstater, å andra sidan, såtillvida att den institutionella utformningen vilade på amerikansk civilrättslig grund och inte mellanstatliga traktat, en av grundvalarna för det geopolitiska systemet. FN anordnade således konferenserna om det globala informationssamhället, "World Summit on the Information Society" (WSIS), i Genève 2003 respektive Tunis 2005 för att lyfta frågorna om en internationellt legitim regim för Internets styrning och den ojämna fördelningen av information- och kommunikationsteknologi (IKT) mellan rika industriländer och fattiga utvecklingsländer. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om toppmötena om det globala informationssamhället lyckades i uppsåtet att ge marginaliserade aktörer, i första hand FN-systemet och utvecklingsländerna, strukturellt inflytande gällande styrningen av Internet samt tillfört dimensioner av digital solidaritet och internationalisering till den diskurs som historiskt har dominerats av västerlandet, i synnerhet USA. Med utgångspunkt från Michel Foucaults maktbegrepp söks slutdokumenten från WSIS-processen på diskursiva brott som skulle kunna tyda på skiften i maktstrukturerna till de marginaliserade aktörernas fördel. De diskursiva brott som kan tydas i WSIS-dokumenten gäller i första hand begreppet "den digitala klyftan" och medvetandegörandet av bistånds- och utvecklingspolitikens relevans inom "nätets diskurs" (digitalt bistånd). Däremot verkar utestängningsprocedurerna i diskursproduktionen ha lett till att viktiga aspekter om regleringen och styrningen av Internet utlämnats. Följaktligen kan det uttydas att de starka aktörerna har verkat för att den institutionella ordningen gällande Internets styrning inte ska rubbas. I de fall ämnet nämns explicit framgår det tydligt att status quo ska upprätthållas. WSIS-processen lyckades därför inte med ambitionen att öka marginaliserade aktörers inflytande i detta avseende.

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  • 38.
    Winman, Thomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Inkludering och delaktighet: Samhällsorientering för en utvidgad målgrupp2014Ingår i: Erfarenhet av integration: röster från Integrationsfondsprojekt / [ed] Helene Elvstrand & Magnus Jansson, Norrköping: Linköpings universitet , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Zainal, Mohammad
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle.
    Etnicitet ur sportjournalistikens perspektiv: En kritisk diskursanalys av skildringen av idrottsmän i svensk media.2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how sports journalism can include and/or exclude athletics from a national community. This study put emphasis on finding patterns from articles by Swedish sport media on non-ethnic Swedish athletics. The theories central to this study are ethnicity and nationalism, as these concepts contain reflections on why certain groups of people are excluded and/or included. Norman Faircloghs critical discourse analytical model has been selected for the study method that analyzes texts in three levels: the text level, discursive practice and social practice. Four non-ethnic Swedish athletes have been chosen to explore how they were portrayed in the media. Data were collected from Swedish newspapers, sport websites and blogs that portrayed the selected athletes. Discourses of media, nationalism and ethnicity emerged through a critical analysis of the data collection. The results of the study show that the selected athletes are included in to the Swedish national community through their achievements in their respective sport.

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  • 40.
    Zannakis, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk. Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Molander, Sverker
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Perceived resource scarcity and environmental behaviors – how do they relate?2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability challenges largely have to do with valuing past, present and future resources. History is full of examples of humans and societies that threat, react to changes in, and preserve resources they depend on. However, there is surprisingly little research on attitudal or behavioral reactions to decreasing or increasing resource levels in the fieldof environmental studies. This study aims to investigate the impact of individual experience-based subjective evaluations of different types of resources on environmental attitudes and behavior. The study is explorative since the relation between subjective resources and environmental attitudes and behavior to our knowledge has never been investigated. There are good reasons to expect both negative and positive correlations between perceived scarcity of resources and environmental behavior (partly depending on what resource we have in mind). The theoretical model is based on an understanding of environmental behavior as a collective action problem based in a social dilemma. The link between perceived scarcity of resources and environmental attitudes and behavior is investigated in a survey to the Swedish public (N = 978), which also controls for people's social value orientation (SVO), subjective well-being, and generalized trust and trust in environmental institutions, as well as income, age and gender.

  • 41.
    Åberg, Linnéa
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik.
    Standardiseringsarbetets kollektiva praktik: En studie om att kvalitetssäkra integrationssatsningen Samhällsorientering för nyanlända2020Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Societal efforts to support the integration of newly arrived immigrants have been repeatedly highlighted in the political debate in Sweden and they are described as inadequate and ineffective. Demands have been made for improvements and one of the designated efforts is Civic Orientation (CO). The Civic Orientation programme is a course about Swedish society, targeting newly arrived refugees and their relatives who have received a residence permit. It provides basic information about Swedish society to aid and expedite integration (SFS 2010:1138). The criticism has led to the production of written, national instructions containing correct information that should be provided by the civil servants in CO. The aim is that quality should be high and equal across the country. The overall aim of the dissertation is to deepen the understanding and knowledge of the work-process to develop standard guidelines, that will be used in a welfare sector, where it is difficult to establish definitive knowledge. The dissertation's purpose is also to deepen the understanding and knowledge of instruction work as a collaborative activity. The term 'instruction work' covers both work that experts and managers undertake when they develop written guidelines, and work done when implementing these guidelines in local practice. The thesis is rooted in activity theory where work is viewed as a collaborative activity aimed at taking on a task, event or object, such as interpreting, paying attention, participating, thinking, and performing. The study involves five different categories of actors: a representative from the county administrative board, experts from various authorities and universities, coordinators and the head of a unit from a management group in a municipality, and integration workers, who are the local civil servants. The study is based on a field study where video recorded observations of meetings, lectures and workshops have been conducted. Semi structured interviews and written communication have also been used. The result shows that there are different perceptions of what work needs to be done to ensure that the instructions are correct. A variety of, sometimes contradictory, tasks developed: to make the information scientifically correct with multiple perspectives on social phenomena, to make educational simplification, to provide an ideal image of Sweden according to policy, or to describe Swedish society as irrational with hinders and obstacles (papers 1- 3). Another major task was to make the instructions politically neutral which meant producing information that was not offensive for external readers such as politicians and the general public (paper 1). When guideline models have been used for other welfare activities, the work is usually based on analysis of the needs of the target groups. That task took on an obscured role and was first noticed as important by the civil servants in the latter part when the material was used during implementation (papers 1, 3). A further result concerns the work of developing standard guidelines. The study shows that there is formal instruction work (paper 1) which is the planned work, most often done by experts and/or researchers, and informal instruction work (paper 2) often hidden and performed by civil servants in the implementation phase. This informal work is about transforming the instructions to be useful for the individual in the local situation. But the study also shows a third type of work - semi-formal instruction work (paper 3) that is also carried out by the local civil servants, where they, with their biographical and informal instruction work experience, try hard to influence formal instruction work. One conclusion is that it is more fruitful and accurate to perceive standardized instructions as dynamic and integrated in the practical work, than to see them as fixed by an externally controlled process. Developing standards to be used to improve practice is an ongoing fluid process that never ends, and that involves tensions and conflicts that need to be addressed.

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