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  • 1.
    Abdallah, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nyman, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Naturvetenskap i förskolan: en kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på naturvetenskap i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har syftat till att ta reda på hur pedagoger tänker kring arbetet samt vilka möjligheter och svårigheter det finns med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan. Under vår undersökning har vi utgått ifrån olika övergripande frågeställningar som vilka arbetssätt pedagoger utgår från när det gäller naturvetenskap i förskolan, vad ser pedagoger för möjligheter att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan samt vad för svårigheter pedagoger ser med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan? I studien utgick vi från den kvalitativa metoden där åtta intervjuer utfördes på två olika förskolor. Intervjufrågorna var öppna för att försöka fånga in så mycket av de intervjuades upplevelser och tankar kring ämnet naturvetenskap. Resultaten i studien visar att pedagoger har olika tankar om hur man arbetar med naturvetenskap samt att pedagoger arbetar på ett varierat sätt. När det gäller arbetsformen fann vi fyra subkategorier, att arbeta med begreppsförståelse, att ha spontana och planerade aktiviteter, att barnen ska upptäcka själva och att uppmuntra barnen till att lära sig genom sociala samspelet.Vi kom även fram till att det finns olika möjligheter samt svårigheter med naturvetenskap somexempelvis att ha en skog nära kan vara en stor möjlighet eftersom det kan underlätta pedagogers arbete. Svårigheter som kan uppstå är att om det förekommer brister på kunskaphos pedagoger kring ämnet naturvetenskap kan detta innebära att det blir svårt att lära barnen om naturvetenskap. Det blir svårt att exempelvis att svara på frågor.

  • 2.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Internationalisation in teacher education: student teachers' reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa.2018In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of higher education and teacher education has been a key issue since the 1990s and many universities still attempt to increase student mobility ever since. Much research has been done on the topic of internationalisation and higher education, including teacher education trying to show how a certain programme impacts on students’ learning, especially intercultural learning when it comes to programmes in teacher education. These studies are often directed towards programmes that last several months or a whole year. The focus of this study is rather to explore if and in what way experiences in a two-week field study can contribute to a student teacher’s intercultural learning and professional development. The findings of the research show that even a short field study has an important impact on the individual student teacher’s understanding of themselves and on awareness of teachers’ living and working conditions in a different culture like South Africa.

  • 3. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    From Senior Student to Novice Worker: Learning Trajectories in Political Science, Psychology and Mechanical Engineering2009In: The Routledge international handbook of higher education / [ed] Tight, Malcolm, New York: Routledge , 2009, p. 165-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hult, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    The transition from higher education to work life: a comparison between a problem-based learning programme and conventional programmes in Higher education2005In: Symposium at the 33nd Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA). Oslo, March 2005., 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education (HE) to worklife. Generally, the transition is considered to have become more complicated due to the changing conditions for work in a supercomplex society. More specifically, there is also still sparse knowledge about how students in PBL programmes cope with the transition process. Previous research on the topic has suggested that there is a need for more complex studies of the relationship between HE and work. The aim of the study is twofold, (i) to describe the way students experience their programme as seniors and later their work situation as novice workers, and (ii) if there are differences regarding these experiences in comparison between a PBL programme (psychology) and conventional progammes (mechanical engineering and political science). The transition from HE to worklife in the three programmes is analysed according to five dimensions; relation to space/areas of operation, identity/tracjectory, professional role characteristics, transition process and relationships between education and work. The results indicate that the PBL-programme is preparing for worklife in a rational way, both regarding generic skills and substantive knowledge. The conventional programmes stand out as preparing for worklife either by providing generic skills or by having a ritual character.

  • 5. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Hult, Håkan
    From senior student to novice worker: learning trajectories in political science, psychology and mechanical engineering.2006In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 569-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education to working life. Research has hitherto described the transition in rather general terms, and there is still only limited knowledge about how graduates construe themselves as professionals, or how they experience the transition to the sociocultural contexts of working life. In this study, the transition is viewed as a trajectory between different communities of practice. Three different Master’s programmes at Linköping University are focused on and compared: political science, psychology and mechanical engineering. The specific aims are to: (i) identify aspects of identity and knowledge formation as reported by informants, both as...

  • 6.
    Andersson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    TALKMAP: en kommunikationsmodell för bättre ledarskap?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay was primarily to seek knowledge about how leaders using the Talkmap method, feel that their attitude and leadership was affected. The study used symbolic interactionism, communication theory, and some leadership theories, to understand and interpret the respondents' different experiences. This study is qualitative with a hermeneutic approach, and the interpretations are based on respondents' experiences of Talkmap. The study used an abductive approach when analyzing the seven semi-structured interviews.

    The result of the study showed that all respondents felt they had developed their abilities in treatment. They used tools and models in Talkmap, which gave them knowledge of how people like to reflect themselves in each other. This knowledge could be used in interpersonal meetings. One important aspects given by the respondents was that they now felt less stress, since they could control development of conversation. They also felt that the emphasis of the course was on optimism and positivity, which led to the fact that they often reflected on their leadership and how to improve as leaders. The essay concluded that good treatment always can evolve, and by participating in Talkmap the leadership could develop by gaining more tools

  • 7.
    Andersson, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Boundary work and boundary awareness: a case study of an emergency exercise with blue light students2015In: Proceedings of the ISCRAM 2015 Conference - Kristiansand, May 24-27 / [ed] Palen, Büscher, Comes & Huges, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    In case of emergency: Collaboration exercises at the boundaries between emergency service organizations2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the emergent and dynamic nature of incidents, the complexity of emergency work is often referred to as a challenge for learning. Another recurrent challenge in emergency work is that of collaboration at and across established organizational boundaries involving actors with specific types of expertise who are operating under different regulations and responsibilities. In addition, training emergency service organizations in collaboration remains a challenge. In light of the difficulties and shortcomings that have been identified in major incident responses, the need for exercises for developing and maintaining collaborative response effectiveness prior to the next incident is often highlighted. The overall aim of this thesis is to understand how full-scale exercises can provide conditions for developing inter-organizational collaboration between the police, ambulance and rescue services at the incident site. Learning activities that carry the potential to support and develop collaborative capacity, and how the alignment of distributed expertise can be trained for, were of particular interest. Interviews with participants in eight full-scale exercises with professionals and interviews and observations of one exercise with senior-level students in Sweden served as the empirical base.Central concepts from Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) provided theoretical tools to explore the exercises and understand boundaries between organizations with a wider, systemic approach. The empirical studies show that the participants understood full-scale exercises to be valuable opportunities for becoming involved in response work, making decisions, and acting and interacting in uncertain situations and realistic environments. As in real-life responses, exercises are characterized by the stabilization and confirmation of everyday routines on the one hand, and by improvisation and change on the other hand. The studies also show that exercises tend to focus on specific scenarios,intra-organizational routines, and leadership positions. Infrequent exercises inwhich the participants were only trained in a limited role were perceived to be in adequate for developing preparedness and collaboration. However, the analysis suggested that the way in which exercises were organized and performed had implications for how participants were trained in collaboration.Realizing the potential of boundaries as resources for learning in exercises depends on how boundaries are explicated and approached. Thus, rather than striving to ignore or eliminate boundaries in exercises, the studies illustrated the learning value of explicitly reflecting on the multiple understandings around boundaries. The studies demonstrated that much of the work at an incident site takes place around negotiations. Collaboration at the incident site was not only aquestion about boundary crossing; operational tasks may not always be aligned and have to be prioritized and sequenced. The exercises comprised work situations in which no single motive could explain or determine the collaboration,due to different types of expertise, primary responsibilities and needs forinformation. These factors were understood in terms of the concepts of boundarywork and boundary awareness. These concepts point at a more divergent understanding of collaboration that reaches beyond striving to create mutual understanding between organizations in learning activities. Differences between organizations, such as in terminology, time horizons, priorities, leadership structures, understandings of safety and how intra-organizational decisions and actions could impact the collaborating organizations' work, were central triggers for discussion and negotiation. These differences required explanations in order to make the actions and decisions of one organization understandable and justifiable to another, based on organizational mandates and types of expertise.Giving emergency services the opportunity to work together, to develop an awareness of their expectations of each other in various situations, to use and interpret their own and others' terminologies, and to identify internal hierarchies and motives for prioritizations was essential dimensions of exercises

  • 9.
    Andersson, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Carlsson, Catharina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Barns kunskaper om miljö och hållbar utveckling i vardagen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljöproblemen uppmärksammas idag i hela världen. Dagligen hör vi att hoten mot miljön måste åtgärdas och att alla måste hjälpas åt. Riksdag, regering, och flera stora världsorganisationer arbetar hårt med att få in ett miljöperspektiv i all undervisning. Det här gäller från förskolan ända upp till vuxenutbildning. Syftet är att undersöka vad barn vet och kan om vardagliga handlingar som påverkar miljön och en hållbar utveckling på ett positivt sätt i förhållande till vad rapporter och styrdokument föreskriver. Vi genomförde studien med hjälp av kvalitativa gruppintervjuer med 36 barn i åldrarna fem till tio år. Intervjuerna genomfördes gruppvis då vi anser att ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv kan vara gynnsamt i samtal om ett så stort och komplext ämne som miljö och hållbar utveckling är. Vi använde frågor, bilder och konkret material som underlag när vi genomförde intervjuerna. Generellt anser de flesta barn att det är viktigt med en bra miljö, även om kunskaperna om hur vi åstadkommer detta är varierande. Skillnaden på kunskapen mellan förskolan och grundskolan visade sig vara större än vad vi förväntat oss. Vi kunde inte se att miljöundervisning har gett det resultat och haft den centrala roll som riksdag, regering och världsorganisationer som bland andra FN och OECD föreskrivit.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Emil
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Musik i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Börjesson, Oliver
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att identifiera resursfaktorer för arbetsnärvaro i en västsvensk kommun: En fenomenografisk ansats2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sickness absence in Swedish municipalities have increased during the past five years. This is a trend that follows all Swedish municipalities. A municipality in Western Sweden has worked much to prevent sickness absence through rehabilitation. However, the municipality now wants to shift focus and work more with those who are healthy by investigating what creates health among their employees.

    Purpose & Issue: This study aims to investigate which resource factors of health that contributes to the working presence in a municipality in Western Sweden. Method: A qualitative method with inspiration from phenomenography has been used for the study design, for gathering data and for the data analysis.

    Result – Outcome space & Conclusions: Four main categories emerged identifying The result shows four categories identified as the most important resource factors for health among for the informants. These four categories were: job satisfaction, morale, opportunity to influence and wholeness.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Dunsäter, Torleif
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Skolbibliotek och undervisning: En studie om lärare och skolans bibliotekariers uppfattningar om skolbibliotekets roll i undervisningen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to study teachers´ and librarians´ perspectives of the role of the school library in education in secondary schools. The study is based upon interviews with teachers and librarians from two different schools. We are inspired by phenomenography but we use a descriptive method and the following four parts are described in our result: the use of the school library, investigative approaches, the role of the school library and its environment and the role of the librarian. The conclusions which are evident from our research suggest the library has a fundamental role in the heart of the school. The school library is a multi-functional service used to support school studies, independent work and promote and encourage the reading of fiction. Essential to making the school library function well is professional staff, inspiring new literature and sufficient space to allow such functions to operate without disturbing each other. To ensure co-operation functions optimally the two professions must work effectively together as one team, understanding each other’s roles fully.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Marianne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindholm, Carola
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Reggio Emilia i tanke och handling i en svensk förskolekontext: - Pedagogers förståelser av begreppen "Det rika barnet"och "Miljön som den tredje pedagogen"2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att få kunskap om hur centrala begrepp inom Reggio Emilias filosofi omsätts i tanke och handling i tre svenska Reggio Emilia förskolor. Med hjälp av ett fenomenografiskt perspektiv vill vi få kunskap om pedagogers uppfattningar kring begreppens innebörd och hur de i så fall menar att det inverkar på barn i praktiken. Det gör vi genom att undersöka hur begreppen "det rika barnet" och "miljön som den tredje pedagogen" uttrycks i tanke och handling. Metod:Intervjuer, observationer av miljöer, fotografier av miljöer, visuell metod, fenomenografisk analysmetod. Resultat: Det framgår av resultatet att innebörden av begreppet ”det rika barnet” inte diskuterats på de förskolor som ingår i studien. Istället har ”det kompetenta barnet” blivit synonymt med begreppet och med deras barnsyn. Pedagogens roll handlar till stor del om att erbjuda material och miljöer som möter barns behov och intressen. Att barns olikheter ses som en tillgång kopplas till de möjligheter miljön erbjuder att utforska. Det är också viktigt att barn tillåts vara olika i miljön. Det finns en tro på det självgående barnet som resulterar i att barn visar vägen i projekt. Miljön stöttar när barn kan fungera självgående, utan att vara beroende av en vuxen. Barns intressen ska återspeglas i miljön, som ändras utifrån deras processer. En tillgänglig och tillåtande miljö möjliggör att barn kan agera självständigt och miljön stöttar på så vis pedagogerna. En väl förberedd miljö kompenserar närvaron av en pedagog och lockar barn genom att vara inspirerande och tilltalande. Att barn ska lära sig något och utvecklas i miljöerna har en framåtsyftande funktion. Det anses också att miljön kan bidra till barns möjligheter att verka i ett demokratiskt sammanhang.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ekström, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Digitalkamera, dataprojektor, smartboard, dator med mera...: En studie kring hur lärarna i år 2-5 ser på multimedia i undervisningen2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En av skolans främsta uppgifter är att rusta eleverna för framtiden på olika sätt. I studien lyfter vi vikten av att eleverna måste kunna orientera sig i en komplex verklighet med stort informationsflöde och snabb förändringstakt (Lpo 94, 2006). Vi undersöker hur lärarna arbetar med olika media i sin undervisning. Vi har också intresserat oss för vilka datorprogram de väljer att använda. Dagens elever har en helt annan erfarenhet av och tillgång till Internet än tidigare elever har haft, vilket gjort att de redan i tidig ålder möts av olika utmaningar och faror. Syfte: Syftet med undersökningen är att ta reda på hur lärarna ser på multimedia i undervisningen i år 2-5, samt hur multimedia praktiskt används i arbetet med eleverna. Metod: Som metod valde vi kvalitativ semistrukturerad forskningsintervju. Vi har utfört elva intervjuer med mp3-spelare, vilka har transkriberats till text och analyserats. Intervjupersonerna har varit lärare som arbetar i år 2-5, och arbetar i fem olika kommuner. Intervjuerna har vi analyserat utifrån en vidare hermeneutisk tolkning, utifrån ett fenomenologiskt synsätt. Resultat: Vi har funnit att de flesta lärarna arbetar mycket medvetet med multimedia i sin undervisning. De är i stort sett nöjda med de typer och antal av multimedia och program skolan tillhandahåller. Lärarna på de flesta skolorna utbildar eleverna utifrån en medvetenhet om omvärldens faror. Vi har även funnit att lärarens inställning påverkar deras användande av multimedia i undervisningen. Flera lärare anser att PIM-utbildning för kommunens lärare ökar deras engagemang. Är läraren intresserad, så blir eleverna intresserade. Att använda multimedia gör lärandet mer lustfyllt och ökar motivationen hos de flesta elever, samtidigt som det främjar deras samarbete och sociokulturella lärande.

  • 15.
    Andersson Varga, P.
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Asplund Carlsson, Maj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Writing for life?: A case study of affordances of writing in four L1 upper secondary classrooms2015In: L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature, ISSN 1567-6617, E-ISSN 1573-1731, Vol. 15, no SpecialIssue, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the period of 1994-2011 all programmes in Swedish upper secondary school comprised a set of core subjects with the aim to entail equity on the policy level. However, a division between programmes still prevailed on the school level, particularly in the core subject L1 Swedish. The main purpose of this study has been to explore how the teaching of writing in two academic and two vocational programmes differs, which writing repertoires are developed and how writing is assessed. The study is part of a long-term ethnography of writing in upper secondary school (Andersson Varga, 2014). The data produced during the two-year field study contain field notes from writing lessons, lesson observations and talks with four teachers, as well as recorded and transcribed, semi-structured teacher and student interviews, instructions on writing tasks, student texts and teachers’ responses to student texts. This article focus-ses on the preparation for the National Test, the afforded assignments, the realisations of the student texts and the assessment. The teachers in the four programmes handle the national syllabus in relation to the students, resulting in four different curricula in the classroom. Thus, issues of inequity, disparities in curricula as well as different expectations on students, depending on programme, became obvious. To understand the processes of social reproduction, we use Bernstein’s sociology of education (1996, 2000) and the concept of the pedagogic device and pedagogic identity. However, we also show one example of interruption (Singh, 2013) in one of the four classrooms. Thus, the main results demonstrate how one particular teacher brings about change to a group of working class girls. © 2015 International Association for the Improvement of Mother tongue Education.

  • 16.
    Andreasson, Ingela
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Asplund Carlsson, Maj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Elevdokumentation: om textpraktiker i skolans värld2009Book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andreasson, Ingela
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Asplund Carlsson, Maj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Individual Educational Plans in Swedish schools: Forming identity and governing functions in pupils’ documentation2013In: International Journal of Special Education, ISSN 0827-3383, E-ISSN 1917-7844, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 55-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The documentation of pupils in Swedish schools is extensive and  a documentation culture has come to characterize the schools in recent years. In the context of decentralization and changing governance, focus has increasingly been directed towards assessment, follow-up and evaluation of pupils’ learning and social development. This article examines the Individual Educational Plans (hereafter IEP) used for pupils with special educational needs in Swedish compulsory schools from the perspective of text analyses based on discourse theory. The aim of this study is to shed light on how pupils are constructed in the school’s documentation. The study examines how these IEPs are used as a pedagogical technique for new ways of governing in order to impose self-regulation, individual responsibility and social control.The documents, which comprise the empirical material in this article, are gathered from 14 different schools and consist of documents for a total of 136 pupils with special educational needs

  • 18.
    Arbjörk, Jeanette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Andersson, Malin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "Man får ju känna i morrhåren när man kliver överkanten": Några anställdas uppfattningar kring sitt medarbetarskap2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to investigate how employees of a public administration perceive their employeeship. We have looked at how the employees perceive that the leadership affects the employeeship, how the employees perceive their employeeship and how the employees perceive their learning, all this with the purpose as the foundation. The data was gathered through semi-structured interviews and was analyzed based on a phenomenographic approach, this as we wanted to find the variation in the employees perception. The outcome of the analysis are three categories of description with adherent subcategories to it, where several variations about employeeship are found. "The real employeeship (?)" with subcategories "I take my responsibility with support from the leader" and "Employees are motivated by being able to take care of things themselves but can feel lonely at sometimes". "Learning by work and with others" with subcategories "The significance of relationships for learning" and "Prerequisities for learning are characterized by task and will to learn" and the description category "Influence through action and attitude". The results show that the context of the employeeship determines the type of employeeship that occurs. The responsibility is defined based on various dimensions such as the responsibility to know their limitations, responsibility for relationships in the group and the responsibility to relate to organizational terms. The employees take their responsibility through their competence and with help from leaders and collegues

  • 19.
    Aregård, Alicia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Har man nära till naturen har man nära till lugnet: En studie av landsbygdsbors förhållande till naturen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka landsbygdsbors förhållande till naturen, med fokus på dess betydelse för det mentala välbefinnandet. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och material har samlats in i form av självrapporter, i vilka informanter i olika delar av landet har delat med sig av tankar om sin vardag på landsbygden och naturens roll i vardagen. Resultatet visar att närheten till naturen har stor betydelse för informanternas dagliga välbefinnande och deras förmåga att hantera vardagen. Naturen utgör en källa till rekreation och fungerar även som en slags terapeut för bearbetning av tankar och känslor. Den andel av informanterna som både bor och arbetar på landsbygden lägger något större fokus på upplevelsen av att ha naturen ständigt närvarande, jämfört med den grupp som arbetar i tätorter och fokuserar på att de söker sig till naturen i rekreationssyfte. Det framkommer att närheten till naturen har stor betydelse för livskvaliteten, genom att stämma överens med informanternas uppfattningar om vad ett gott liv innebär. Vikten av att leva ett liv som överensstämmer med de egna värderingarna är potentiellt den främsta slutsatsen som kan dras av resultatet. Det tredje och sista temat som framträder visar en medvetenhet kring miljöfrågor och hållbarhet, både kring den fysiska miljön och de strukturella förutsättningar som råder på landsbygden. En viss oro för framtiden lyfts och man understryker hur viktigt det är med en levande landsbygd. Resultatet har tolkats utifrån teorier om livskvalitet, rekreation och miljöengagemang.

  • 20.
    Arvola, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Information and Computer Science,Linköping, Sweden.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nordvall, Mathias
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ragnemalm, Eva L.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Simulated Provocations: A Hypermedia Radio Theatre for Reflection on Classroom Management2018In: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Learning to manage a classroom is a difficult but important part of teacher education. Earlier research on simulations for learning classroom management has highlighted the difficulty of supporting reflection.Purpose. This case study explores and evaluates the design of a simulation for student teachers' reflection on classroom management.Design. The design process resulted in the scenario-based SIMPROV simulation, which was made in the form of a hypermedia radio theatre that students go through in pairs or triads. Authoritarian, authoritative, democratic, and compliant leadership styles were built into the choices student teachers made.Evaluation. The simulation was evaluated in two courses where the participants' level of reflection and perceived knowledge improvement was measured using a questionnaire. Forty-three first-year student teachers, 48 third-year student teachers, and 38 of the student teachers' mentors participated in the evaluation.Results. The results indicate that participants engaged in reflection and understanding to a high degree, and only to a low degree in critical reflection or habitual action.Conclusions. The conclusions are that the scenario-based simulation designed as a hypermedia radio theatre supported knowledge improvement, understanding, and reflection and that social interaction during and after simulation sessions was an important feature.

  • 21.
    Asplund Carlsson, Maj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Utvecklingspedagogiken och den sociala ordningen2011In: Barns lärande i ett livslångt perspektiv / [ed] Williams, Pia, Sheridan, Sonja, Stockholm: Liber , 2011, p. 77-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Atle, Ylva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kihlberg, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Känslokalla flickor och sårbara pojkar?: -En granskning av läroböcker ur ett genusperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I samhället finns stereotypiska uppfattningar om vad som anses vara kvinnligt och manligt och enligt skolans värdegrund ska skolan motverka dessa uppfattningar. Stereotyper kan bland annat återfinnas i läroböcker. Läroböcker är något som elever dagligen får ta del av. På tidigt 1990-tal upphörde den statliga granskningen av läromedel. Detta bidrar till att lärare inte längre kan ta förgivet att läromedlen överensstämmer med skolans värdegrund och därmed blir uppgiften att granska läromedel betydelsefull. Tidigare forskning om detta ämne visar övergripande att läroböcker i olika ämnen förmedlar en stereotyp bild av det manliga och kvinnliga könet, samt att det manliga könet är överrepresenterat i läroböcker. Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka skönlitterära texter från läroböckerna Bums, Prima svenska 6 och ZickZack läsrummet ur ett genusperspektiv. Avsikten är att undersöka hur kvinnor, flickor, män och pojkar gestaltas och konstrueras genom de egenskaper de tillskrivs, samt om något kön är under- eller överrepresenterat. Metod: I studien har en textanalys av läroböcker utförts på skönlitterära texter. Vi har genomfört både kvalitativa och kvantitativa analyser. Det förstnämnda genom att tolka textmaterialets innehåll, och det sistnämnda genom att mäta frekvensen av företeelser utifrån vår forskningsfråga. Den kvalitativa analysen har genomförts utifrån ett schema konstruerat av Nikolajeva, som vi använder som ett analysverktyg. Resultat: Den kvalitativa delen av vår undersökning visar att det kvinnliga och manliga könet konstrueras i läroböckerna. Könen tillskrivs i större utsträckning de stereotypa egenskaperna för respektive kön än vad de tillskrivs det motsatta könets egenskaper. När könen överskrider könsgränserna är det i större utsträckning män som får feminina egenskaper än vad kvinnor får maskulina egenskaper. Vår analys visar även att då det maskulina könet får feminina egenskaper är detta i stor grad pojkar och inte vuxna män, och att då kvinnor får maskulina egenskaper är detta vuxna kvinnor. Vårt kvantitativa resultat visar att män är överrepresenterade kvinnorna i läroböckerna. Både genom fördelningen av huvud- och bipersoner och genom antal förekommande personer, med undantag för en av läroböckerna där det kvinnliga könet får flest huvudroller

  • 23.
    Augustsson, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Alidost, Sheila
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av sambandet mellan krav och resurser: En fenomenologisk studie bland förskolepersonal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the curriculum supplement, which took place in 2010, in the follow-up development and evaluation, nurseries additional tasks to follow, which in turn have resulted in higher demands on employees and working team in preschools in Sweden. Our study has been conducted in a preschool in Region Västra Götaland. The business consists of three divisions, which are divided by age of the children, 1-2 years, 3-4 years, and 5-6 years. Each department works two preschool teachers and a nanny. The finding of the case study was that the business does not have enough potential to achieve all the demands from the curriculum. Interestingly was therefore to examine the extent to which pre-school activities are given sufficient opportunities to meet curriculum goals. Our purpose was to catch the boss and employee perceptions of the relationship between requirements and resources. The issues that formed the basis for our case study were: Does the business live up to the demands that the curriculum places based on the available resources of the business? What is the situation with the resources of the business? How does the business to be on the resources available? The approach we used is to get answers to the questions have been through a qualitative approach where data collection methods consisted of semi-structured interviews and participant observation. The participation in the case study has been the employee and manager in early childhood education. The choice of the various occupational categories was of interest to get an overall perspective of requirements and resources for early childhood education. The concepts of requirements and resource formed the basis for the semi-structured interviews. Employees and management interview guides had the same focus but despite this, two different interview guides. One interview guide was used to obtain the employees ' perspective, the second interview wizard to capture management's perspective on employees' administrative work of monitoring, evaluation and development. Henceforth, the case study showed that the employees and the manager's experiences of the new requirements that monitoring, evaluation and development was considered to be time consuming and that this took much time away from the children's group, mainly because of the resources of finances and lack of time. Economy shortage has contributed to large groups of children and employees, which in turn has led to the feeling of inadequacy among employees.

  • 24.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Managing the Digitalization of Schools: an exploratory study of school principals’ and IT managers’ perceptions about ICT adoption and usefulness2014In: Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2014, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2014, p. 106-113Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In nowadays increasingly ICT-related investments in an overgrowing competitive school setting, the deployment, maintenance, and particularly the effective use of ICT is in many ways a complex multifaceted managerial task involving several stakeholder groups. In a pilot study of a single school district in a Swedish municipality, we have interviewed representatives from the municipal board of education, the municipal IT-support for schools, and two principals. We have used Technology Acceptance Model (TAM3) as our analytical lens to explore how school principals’ and municipal IT-managers’ perceive ICT adoption, usefulness, and the potential role of ICT. We conclude that the barriers for a successful integration of ICT into school-related activities requires a holistic managerial thinking in order to overcome the lack of coordinated ICT investment strategy and tracking of ICT.

  • 25.
    Bengtsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Nu kör vi!: Mot jämställdhet i åkerinäringen med ett AIL-perspektiv2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Berggren, Caroline
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik, utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Widening participation trends in Sweden: Regulations and their effects, intended and unintended2012In: Widening Participation in Higher Education: casting the net wide? / [ed] Hinton-Smith, Tamsin, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 197-212Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Widening Participation in Higher Education: Casting the Net Wide? offers an authoritative up-to-date commentary on the challenges facing higher education today, through the perspectives of experts representing universities across the UK, Europe, Africa and the USA. Contributors draw on recent empirical research as well as analysis of historical developments and emerging policy to provide an understanding of these issues of widening participation to educational practitioners, policy makers and academics alike. Up-to-date insights chart the impact of global economic trends and recent policy developments for students, academics, providers and changing course provision. Contributions from emerging and established experts address a broad range of relevant issues, from the question of grade inflation through to the effectiveness of peer outreach programmes. The book provides insight into how the effects of trends including marketization and globalization will continue to impact pivotally on the extent to which higher education is able to act as a force for social equalization or exclusion of opportunities.

  • 27.
    Bergh, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans pedagogiska funktion och kompetens i mötet med närståeden2012In: Pedagogik inom vård och handledning / [ed] Pilhammar Andersson, Ewa, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 2., [rev.] uppl, , p. 172 s.p. 65-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Bergh, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö högskola. Fakulteten Hälsa och samhälle.
    Friberg, Febe
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Gedda, Birgitta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Häggström, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Pilhammar, Ewa
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Pedagogik inom vård och handledning2012 (ed. 2., [rev.] uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hur uppfattar studenter tankebokensimplementering i Web 2.0-verktyg?: En kvalitativ studie om hur studenter uppfattar tankeböckers implementering i Web 2.0-verktyg2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien i denna uppsats är explorativ och förståelseinriktad. Syftet med undersökningen är att undersöka om respondenterna uppfattar att man med hjälp av Web 2.0-verktyg kan stödja lärande utifrån tankebokens koncept.Undersökningen har genomförts på en grupp studenter på Digitala Medieprogrammet vid Högskolan Väst. Studenterna läste vid tillfället en kurs som heter Digitala Distributionsformer, en kurs kring hur man använder olika former av digitala distributionsformer både via internet och mobil. Undersökningen består av en fokusgrupp av dessa studenter, samt observationer kring studenternas användning av de digitala verktygen.Resultatet visar att bloggar ger fördelar och uppmuntrar studenter till ett reflekterat lärande genom t.ex. tankebok som form. Tankebok i blogg kan därigenom bli ett stöd i lärandet.

  • 30.
    Billme, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sex sportchefers uppfattningar om mental träning i elitserien i ishockey2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning:Den professionella ishockeyspelaren har ishockey som sitt jobb och befinner sig i en stark tävlingsmiljö där man hela tiden blir värderad. Om man inte presterar tillräckligt bra som ishockeyspelare kan man förlora sitt jobb. Ishockeyspelare tränar otroligt mycket fysik och teknik, men denna starkt prestationsbaserad miljö kan också innebära en mental belastning. 

    Syfte:

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka uppfattningar om mentala färdigheter i elitserien i ishockey, samt hur man inom samma fält betraktar vikten av att arbeta med mental träning.

    Metod:

    Min empiriska studie innefattar intervjuer med sex sportchefer i elitserien i ishockey. Av det insamlade materialet har tre kategorier skapats och analyserats.

    Resultat:

    Jag fann att mentala färdigheter är något man finner som väldigt viktigt för ishockeyspelare i elitserien. För att klara av den tuffa prestationsmiljön behöver man framförallt ett gott självförtroende och en bra inställning. Man måste också ha bra sociala egenskaper för att kunna fungera bra i ett lag. Klubbarna arbetar med mental träning till viss del både genom idrottspsykologer anslutna till klubben och genom ett dagligt, naturligt arbete inom organisationen. Jag fann också att mental träning är ett relativt nytt fenomen i ishockey, och att det därför finns ett visst motstånd för att utöka arbetet med det.

    Nyckelord:

    Ishockey, elitserien, idrottspsykologi, mental träning.

  • 31.
    Bjelland Guillermard, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sjöberg, Katarina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Barnmorskan ur ett pedagogiskt perspektiv: en studie om samspelet mellan barnmorskan och blivande förstagångsföräldrar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Efterfrågan på föräldrastöd ökar i form av behov av fler träffpunkter, stöd i att kritiskt granska information och professionell rådgivning. Samhället erbjuder en mängd olika resurser av föräldrastöd däribland barnmorskans arbete vid mödrahälsovården, vilket bland annat innebär att ge blivande föräldrar stöd genom information, utbildning och rådgivning inför föräldraskapet. Syftet med studien är att undersöka barnmorskans upplevelse av sitt förberedande arbete med blivande förstagångsföräldrar inför föräldraskapet. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är lärande och förändringsprocesser ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Undersökningen baseras på en kvalitativ intervjustudie med inspiration av fenomenologi. Åtta kvinnliga barnmorskor intervjuades. Datamaterialet har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom två huvudteman; barnmorskans roll och pedagogiska färdigheter och barnmorskans upplevelse av blivande föräldrar. De två huvudteman genomsyras av vikten av att möta människan där den är och skapa medvetenhet, vilket är essensen i barnmorskornas upplevelse av sitt förberedande arbete med blivande förstagångsföräldrar.

     

     

     

  • 32.
    Björck, Ville
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    The idea of academia and the real world and its ironic role in the discourse on Work-integrated Learning2018In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work-integrated Learning (WIL) seeks to bridge the gap between ‘scholastic’ training and work. This study explores the ironic fact that the WIL discourse remains formed by the idea of academia and the real world, an idea that in decisive ways creates this gap. A genealogical discourse analysis of how this idea operates in 79 present and past official documents promoting the Cooperative Education (Co-op) WIL model is used to explore this ironic fact. Two accounts of this idea are dominant in both present and past documents – the deficit account, which merely creates the stated gap, and the collaborative account, which both creates and bridges this gap. I emphasise that the Co-op and other standard WIL models embody and (re)produce the stated idea because they locate ‘scholastic’ training outside the ‘real world’. This separation dates back to scholè – the ancient Greek school that aimed to disconnect ‘school’ from ‘work’. Because WIL has the opposite aim, I argue that this separation is in fact counterproductive for WIL. Finally, I argue that locating WIL in a third place outside university and working life can be a way of avoiding the separation that (re)produces the idea of academia and the real world.

  • 33.
    Björck, Ville
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Problematising the theory€-practice terminology: a discourse analysis of students'€™ statements on Work-integrated Learning2018In: Journal of Further and Higher Education, ISSN 0309-877X, E-ISSN 0013-1326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Foucault-inspired discourse analysis to examine two ideas about learning which reinforce the terminology whereby theory means campus-based training and practice means work placements. The purpose is to problematise this theory–practice terminology and provide scope for a non-dualistic alternative. The ideas examined are the idea of theory vs. practice as the point of departure for learning and the idea of theory and practice as harmonious points of departure for learning. These ideas were voiced by interviewed students who discussed the usual design of Work-integrated Learning (WIL) whereby students go to university to learn ‘theory’ and into working life to learn ‘practice’. The analysis shows how the ideas are formed by different ranking orders between theory and practice which are mutually exclusive, while also working together to reinforce the theory–practice terminology. The discussion on how a non-dualistic terminology can emerge highlights how the usual WIL design forms a dualistic setting where the theory–practice terminology thrives and how designing WIL at a third place between university and working life can provide scope for the terminology we seek.

  • 34.
    Björk, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Axelsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Friskvårdssatsning på arbetsplatsen: En studie kring hälsotester samt införandet av träning på arbetstid2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if a healthcare intervention in form of health dialogue, fitness test and training on working hours created any new knowledge among the participants and if so, what wisdom did it create. This was a collaboration together with Gothenburg city, where the healthcare intervention was implemented on workplaces within meal service. This thesis was done to do a follow-up of the already implemented healthcare intervention. The study for this paper was formed by a qualitative objective and 16 interviews provided a foundation for the study’s result. An inspiration of phenomenography approach formed the study’s objective that was to catch the participant’s experience. At the compilation of the material and the analysis was the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) used. A part of the result that appeared was that the participants overall thought that the healthcare intervention was good because it was adaptable from all of the participant’s capabilities and therefore everyone could learn something from this, in one way or another. The individuals have gotten an increased knowledge of the impact of small workouts and that everyone has something to gain regardless of previous physical status. A change and experience of the healthcare intervention have resulted in a tighter group cohesion and a better working climate.

  • 35.
    Björnkvist, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Janshed, Hanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Studenters kost- och motionsvanor vid Högskolan Väst relaterat till kön och institution2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there were any differences between students’ dietary and exercise habits depending on sex and affiliated institution at University West. The study was based on 323 questionnaires, relevant literature and scientific works as theses, reports and articles. The results were analyzed from a sociological perspective. Dependent on sex or institution affiliation differences were found of dietary and exercise habits. Female students at University West in many respects indicate somewhat better dietary and exercise habits than male students did. In addition, small differences between the frequency of male and female students’ exercise were found. According to the Swedish guidelines for dietary and exercise students from the Department of Nursing, Health and Culture reported more healthy habits than students in average. Opposite to this finding, students from the Department of Economics & Informatics, showed the least compliance to the Swedish guidelines. Students from the Department of Engineering exercised least frequently compared to students from the other examined institutions at University West.

  • 36.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Assessing Lectures, a case Study on the Student’s Perception2006In: Shifting perspectives in engineering education, Göteborg: Chalmers Tekniska Högskola , 2006, p. 96-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intra professional collaboration between social pedagogues and social services case workers around children at risk2010In: Learning to fly: social pedagogy in a contemporary society / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Winman, Thomas, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2010, p. 224-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärares samarbete med socialtjänsten2011In: Läraryrket: ett mångfacetterat uppdrag / [ed] Henry, Alastair, Gurdal, Sevtap, Asplund Carlsson, Maj, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 209-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Boraghi, Ramina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Föräldrars uppfattningar om Familjecentralens stöd till familjer i Västsverige: ett lärandeperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society it is more important than ever to focus on families. The family's daily life is characterized by numerous commitments, there is stress in different situations and a sense of not having the necessary skills and expertise needed for parenting. The Family Center has focus on the collaboration with social services. The Family Center is an arena for both the children but also their parents. Another purpose with the Family Center is the daily interaction with parents who may be perceived to have more struggle than others. The Family Center gives these parents extra support in parenting skills.

    Purpose & Issue: The purpose of this study is to investigate parents' perceptions of Family Center support to parents with a particular focus on parents' learning. The questions of issues in the study are: Do the families benefit from the Family Center? Does the Family Center correspond to parents needs for support? How does the parents advantage the Family Center? What do they learn by attending the activities at the Family Center?

    Method: This study is inspired by phenomenography for the study design, for gathering data and for the data analysis.

    Results- Outcome space: The study resulted in four different categories. The first category is professionalism, the interviewees feel that the staff at the family center has skills and that they are professional. The information the parents received shows a variety in everything from general information about children and parenting to more personal knowledge. The second category was the support which made the parents feel safe and supported by the staff at the Family Center. The third category is learning, where the parents talked about how the Family Center is a learning environment where the parents learn from the staff but also from each other's experiences and stories. The fourth category is about the parents' desire for change in the Family Center.

  • 40.
    Brantsing, Leif
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Olsson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Barn, vuxna, språk och samhälle II2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Vårt syfte är att undersöka hur det är med barns språkutveckling idag. Det framkomer ofta i

    den offentliga debatten att barnens språk blivit sämre, det gäller talet såväl som läs-och

    skrivkunnigheten. Hur förhåller det sig egentligen? Vi har därför valt att vända oss till

    förskole – och lågstadielärarna med vår fråga.

    Forskningsfrågan

    Hur är lärarens syn på barns språkutveckling?

    Metod

    Vår undersökning är kvalitativ med en fenomenografisk ansats. Den grundar sig på intervjuer

    med 9 förskollärare och 6 lågstadielärare. Samtliga intervjuer, förutom 2, är bandade. Här

    avböjde lärarna att låta oss banda intervjun. Intervjuformen har en lägre grad av både

    stadardisering och strukturering, eftersom vi önskar få klarlägga kvalitativa aspekter från den

    intervjuades livsvärld. Lärarna, som vi fått tillfälle att intervjua, är verksamma i Halland.

    Resultat

    Verkligheten är inte alltid lätt att fånga. Den är inte svart eller vit eller likadan för alla. Men

    utgår man från en kvalitativ metod med fenomenografisk ansats, får man räkna med att

    resultatet kanske inte blir entydigt. Det finns olika svar på vår forskningsfråga: hur lärarens

    syn är på barns språkutveckling. För somliga lärare upplevs språksvårigheterna som mer

    påtagliga, för andra handlar det mer om språkutveckling, dvs. stimulera barnet att utveckla ett

    mera rikt och nyanserat språk. Men gemensamt är, att alla har åsikter i frågan. Och det var ju

    egentligen lärarens syn på språkutvecling vi ville undersöka – inte få vårt eget tyckande

    bekräftat. Vi anser att detta är ett område, där det krävs en mer omfattande forskning. 

  • 41.
    Brattberg, Kicki
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Graham, Erika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "För det sitter ju uppe i huvudet, det är jag ju helt övertygad om": En kvalitativ studie om lärandet i viktminskningsprogrammet ForMe2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to take part of the learning process that occurs amongst participants in the weight loss program ForMe. The program is based on a holistic concept combining diet and physical exercise with mental practice. The object of the study was chosen based on an interest in mental practice as an instrument for lifestyle change. A qualitative approach was used to answer the purpose and 9 participants have been interviewed to collect empirics. The study is inspired by a phenomenological perspective and a qualitative analysis.

    The result showed that the program has contributed in several lessons for the participants. It was also shown that the lessons were all based on our studied phenomenon lifestyle change. An increased awareness is seen as one of the biggest lessons and insight about the individual freedom to choose is also referred to as an essential lesson. It is also clear that the program has contributed with a variety of useful instruments for participants to use in their weight loss journey, and also in their everyday lives.

    It has been shown in our study that the holistic program ForMe is an effective method for weight loss. The study may therefore contribute to the research on effective methods for weight loss, with the aim of dealing with overweight and obesity as a public health problem.

  • 42.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Klingberg, Gunilla
    Henning Abrahamsson, Kajsa
    Wentz, Kerstin
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Charmaz, Kathy (2006). Constructing grounded theory: a practical guide through qualitative analysis. London: SAGE2006In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2623, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 188-192Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43. Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    Bjurström E, Åse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Rhizomatiska lekplatser2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 173-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44. Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Avadhuta, Shambhushivananda
    Nadhomi-Mukisa, Bernard
    Ceruto, Leonel
    Denis, Muwanguzi
    Kumar Giri, Ananta
    Mukherjee, Asha
    Pervyi, Gennady
    Pineda, Maria Victoria
    Weaving pedagogies of possibility2012In: Learning for sustainability in times of accelerating change: / [ed] Wals, Arien E. J. & Corcoran, Peter Blaze, Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2012, p. 77-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is easy to feel impatient with the pace for change when it comes to developing truly sustainable culture yet things are happening all over the world to lay the ground work, create the architecture and language of sustainability as a cultural reality. In Weaving Pedagogies of Possibility the authors seek to leverage from such developments. In this chapter the authors share their adventure in designing an open learning system within, across and between their instititutions. We insists this work involves peagogies in the plural as we seek to affirm and embrace alternative approaches to learning that draw on many cultures and places. We take it axiomatic that the word is always becoming other then it appears to be; that this is contested space; and thus it is in the play of environment, context, structure, culture an identity that the future lies. The sensitivity to the multiple and contested nature of social and ecological space lies at the heart of our vision an practice of pedagogies of possibiliy 

  • 45.
    Bylund, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Gustafsson, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Koncentrationssvårigheter - "men vad är vad i det?": En diskursanalytisk studie av specialpedagogers synsätt och arbete med åtgärdsprogram.2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Koncentrationssvårigheter är ett vanligt begrepp när pedagoger ska beskriva orsaker till elevers skolsvårigheter och detta bekymmer kan yttra sig på många olika sätt. Det ställer krav på skolan att upptäcka, identifiera och förstå dessa elevers svårigheter, där kunskap och synsätt blir avgörande för hur skolan kommer att bemöta elever med koncentrationssvårigheter. För att ge eleven de bästa förutsättningarna för lärande och utveckling krävs att skolan uppmärksammar elevens svårigheter i ett så tidigt stadium som möjligt. Det blir därmed viktigt att lärare, inte minst i de tidigare skolåren, skaffar sig kunskap om denna problematik. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att skapa en fördjupad kunskap i hur specialpedagoger formulerar sig kring och arbetar med åtgärdsprogram för elever med koncentrationssvårigheter. Metod: Vi har valt att i vår studie göra kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer med fem specialpedagoger som arbetar med skolår F-3 på olika skolor. Vi har också granskat åtgärdsprogram upprättade för elever i skolår F-3, där koncentrationssvårigheter finns med som en del av problematiken. Dessa åtgärdsprogram är upprättade av eller med delaktighet av specialpedagogerna. I vår tolkning och analys av vad som framkommer i intervjuer och åtgärdsprogram har vi använt oss av diskursanalys som teori och metod. Analys: Koncentrationssvårigheter beskrivs som komplext och det förekommer både skillnader och likheter i hur specialpedagogerna formulerar sig. Vår studie visar att intervjuer och åtgärdsprogram präglas av olika specialpedagogiska perspektiv och att flera olika diskurser konkurrerar om att vinna dominans. Det visar sig att det förekommer en diskrepans mellan vad som uttrycks i intervjuerna och vad som sedan skrivs i åtgärdsprogrammen.

  • 46.
    Börjesson, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Återhämtning genom delaktighet och gemenskap: En studie utifrån Fontänhusverksamhetens rehabiliteringsmodell2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivet till inriktningen på studien grundar sig i en gemensam erfarenhet och intresse kring arbete med människor med psykisk ohälsa. En av oss har även genomfört sin VFU- period på ett Fontänhus och därför blev detta utgångspunkten för studien. Grundprincipen för den rehabiliteringsmodell som finns på Fontänhus är återhämtning genom delaktighet och gemenskap, det finns också inom Fontänhusets institutionella ramar som skiljer sig mot traditionella vårdinrättningar då det inte finns samma krav på förväntningar och prestation. Studien har lagt fokus på att finna ny kunskap till hur detta fungerar i praktiken. Valet av Symbolisk interaktionism relateras till hur människor inom Fontänhuset utvecklas genom samspel med andra. Vilket kan förstås utifrån en symbolisk interaktionistiskt begreppsapparat.

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett symboliskt interaktionistiskt perspektiv studera vilken betydelse som delaktighet och gemenskap har för återhämtningsprocessen vid psykisk ohälsa. Studien baseras på erfarenheter hos medlemmar inom ramen för en verksamhet vid ett Fontänhus. Studien är av en kvalitativ art och baseras på sex stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjupersonerna är rekryterade utifrån tre kriterier: De ska vara medlemmar av Fontänhuset, över 25 år gamla, och ha erfarenhet av återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa. För att få svar på intervjuns frågor så utgick vi från ett frågeformulär. Analysen är en tematisk analys. Empirin har analyserats utifrån begreppen gemenskap, delaktighet, symbolisk interaktionism och stigmatisering.

    Resultatet visar att delaktighet och gemenskap har stor betydelse för återhämtning. Det stöd som har störst betydelse är de av mobiliserande karaktär, att man får bekräftelse, blir sedd, att man har en plats att komma till och aktivera sig och träffa människor. Utifrån symbolisk interaktionism har vi förstått att Fontänhuset är en plats som skapar stark symbolisk mening för medlemmar. Fontänhuset skapar ett symboliskt värde som vi anser kan liknas vid ett arbete, eller likvärdigt sysselsättning.

  • 47.
    Carlson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Sociology and Work Science.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Constructions of the pupil/citizen in the Swedish Curriculum of 2011: Displacements and Sediments in the Educational Landscape2016In: ECER 2016 : Leading Education: The Distinct Contributions of Educational Research and Researchers, 2016, p. 23 SES-04 DConference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing or revising a curriculum is often an extremely complex and contradictory process (Young & Diem 2014) and can be viewed as a discursive battlefield (e.g. Ball 1991, Levinson et al 2009, Ozga 2000, Taylor et al 1997). Furthermore, educational policies can be seen as complex, ongoing social practices of normative cultural production constituted by diverse actors/stakeholders across diverse contexts (Taylor 2004) and thus interesting to analyse, especially in "globalizing and new times" (Ball, Goodson & Maguire 2007). Despite the discourses of globalization we also experience worldwide a tightening of control on students, educators, administrators, and the schooling process in general through national-level educational policies (Young & Diem 2014). There are interesting tensions to pay attention to between the local and global. This paper outlines various constructions of the pupil/the future citizen and discursive tensions with a particular focus on the latest curriculum in Sweden, Lgr11, Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation centre, Läroplan för grundskolan, föreskoleklass och fritidshemmet 2011). We have been particularly interested in issues such as: How is the 'right' citizen presented and depicted and what values are highlighted – at both national and global level? Whose history is made visible and what voices are heard? What groups or categories are identified? In order to get a comparative perspective, we have asked the same questions to the previous curriculum, Lpo94, Curriculum for the Compulsory School System, the Pre-School Class and the Leisure-time Centre.Theoretically our contribution primarily is informed by the discourse analytical research field (e.g. Ball 1991; Taylor, 1997; Taylor et al., 1997) and notably by critical discourse analysis (see Fairclough, 1992, 2003; Chouliaraki & Fairclough, 1999). Critical discourse analysis examines how texts construct representations of the world and there is an emphasis on highlighting how practices and texts are ideologically shaped by relations of power. Tensions between different conceptions and positionings concern what counts as valuable knowledge also related to the local and global context, which is emphasised in our study.

  • 48.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Lärande mellan harmoni och konfrontation2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1., p. 47-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Carlén, Urban
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Den ensamma löparens kollektiva meningsskapande på nätet: en förändrad löparkultur2016In: Idrottsforskaren, no 3, p. 50-64Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln är indelad i tre övergripande avsnitt. Det första avsnittet är baserad på teorier om löpning utifrån skilda vetenskapliga studier om löpare och deras sociala praktiker med eller utan digitala verktyg, sociala medier och internet, samt hur forskning om löpare genomförts tidigare. Vidare presenteras den empiriska studiens inplacering som en social praktik bestående av ensamma löpare som deltar med stöd av ett socialt nätverk. Därefter följer ett andra avsnitt om resultatet från den empiriska studien vilken presenteras i form av övergripande berättelser om de tre teman som framkom i undersökningen. Artikeln avslutas med ett tredje avsnitt vilken utgör egna reflektioner.

  • 50.
    Carlén, Urban
    University of Gothenburg, University of Skövde.
    Letter from Urban Carlen: Online Learning Communities revisited: a critique of ‘the rationale of OLC2014In: International Journal of Web Based Communities, ISSN 1477-8394, E-ISSN 1741-8216, ISSN 1741-8216 (online), Vol. 10, no 2, p. 5p. 142-146Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    OLC revisited: a critique of ‘the rationale of OLC’ as creating a future vision of web-based communities – looking back on the research of web-based communities (WBC), which has been published in IJWBC for a period of ten years, it provides an impressing compilation of both depth and extent of scientific knowledge, and a fascinating rapid and exceptional development of web-based tools, and not least, a deepened understanding of the increasing digital competencies among people in networked societies. In my capacity as one of many researchers who have followed the progress of the journal, I am honored to celebrate the 10th Anniversary of International Journal of Web Based Communities(IJWBC) by writing a letter to you about my vision of the future research field. My vision of WBC takes its departure in a socio-cultural perspective that deals with three intertwined areas; the research approach, the development of tools, and themes of digital competence that concern online participation. My suggestions of future research of WBC are founded within the interplay between individuals and collectives of people communicating and using various tools situated in social practices, which I consider requires further examination. But first, I would like to take the opportunity to briefly reflect upon the article ‘The rationale of online learning communities’, published in 2005, volume 1 number 3 (Carlén and Jobring, 2005). We used the term online as it offered a mix of communication forms rather than exploring web-based environments only. However, in this letter, I intend to revisit the text and give some critique that will generate ideas for the research carried out in the future.

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