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  • 1.
    Abbas, Rasha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kurbegovic, Dijana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En uppsats om hur anknytning och självkänsla samverkar med mobbningsbeteendet bland tonåringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years bullying has started to get more attention. Bullying often takes place in schools in the forms of harassment, abuse, verbal and physical. This study aims at investigating the relationship between bullying, attachment and self-esteem, and how parent's attachment and self-esteem relate bullying. Results concerning bullying in this study have shown that there is a correlation between self-esteem, attachment and bullying. Further analyses showed that bullying behavior was significantly more frequent among boys than among girls. Regression analysis showed that only self-esteem has collaboration on bullying among boys, while among girls, both attachment to the parents and self-esteem had collaboration on bullying.

  • 2.
    Abdulahovic, Emina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Nemec, Iris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Socialt samspel och säkerhet: en kvalitativ studie utifrån brandmäns föreställningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human beings spend a large part of their lives in the workplace. For her to feel good it requires a good working environment; one important factor for this is that she should feel a physical and emotional safety in the workplace. Firefighters are an occupational group whose work is often the site of an accident or fire where large risks may occur. It has been shown that a functioning social interaction within the working group contributes to the likelihood of personal safety. Based on the purpose to study and understand the firefighters' beliefs about how social interactions affect their safety, a qualitative study was conducted. The research participants were six male firefighters between the ages of 28-46 who have been working for 3-15 years. Each participant has a Swedish firefighter training (SMO). Semi-structured interviews were conducted using an interview guide. The material was processed and analyzed with thematic analysis with the help of riskhomeostas theory and FIRO-theory. Based on the thematic analysis four themes emerged: (1) Perceived control leads to perceived safety (2) The importance of roles in the team (3) The significance of open communication (4) Trusting each other. The results showed that the firefighters felt that they were the most secure in the workplace when they had a perceived control. The results also showed that they believed that social interaction was important for their safety. The factors that stood out when it came to social interaction were open communication, clear roles within the work group and to have trust in each other. The conclusion that was drawn was that the firefighters felt that social interaction has an impact on safety.

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kobel, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tro det eller ej: en kvantitativ studie om värderingar och moralvitalism2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has demonstrated correlations between values and religiosity in the aspect of propensity to believe. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the research in moral vitalism, which includes an approach to good and evil forces.

    The participants in the study were 122 individuals; the age range was 18 – 68 of which 84 women, 37 men, and one who identified themselves as other. They filled in the Portrait Value Questionnaire to measure values and the newly developed questionnaire Moral Vitalism Scale for the measurement of moral vitalism. Data was analyzed using Pearson's correlation (r), multiple linear regression, and independent t-test. The study shows a positive correlation between moral vitalism and the value safety. A negative correlation is shown between moral vitalism and the value achievement.

    The result indicates that individuals who value achievement have lower propensity to believe in moral vitalism, unlike individuals who generally cherish stability, which show higher propensity to believe in moral vitalism. No differences were found in how a person's individual values affect the degree of moral vitalism. No gender differences in moral vitalism were detected in the study.

  • 4.
    Agestad, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindgren, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan kreativitet manipuleras?: En experimentell studie om hur prestationskrav under tidspress påverkar kreativiteten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity is a popular term that frequently occurs in the working life. Despite its popularity, the possibility to be creative varies a lot between work places, and many employees feel that they do not have a creative outlet in their work role. The purpose of the present study was to examine how different conditions could affect creativity. The two questions that this study intended to answer was: a) Can individuals' creative performance be manipulated by performance requirements during explicit time constraint? b) Can individuals' self-rated creativity be manipulated by performance requirements during explicit time constraint? An experimental study was conducted with a total of 89 participants randomly distributed into two groups. Experimental group 1 had a total of 47 participants, of which 23 women (48.9%) and Experimental group 2 had a total of 42 participants, of which 15 women (35.7%). The experiments were conducted individually with one participant at a time. The measuring instruments used were Guilford's (1967) Alternative Uses Task to measure creativity and Mini-IPIP6 to control for personality. The current item used in Alternative Uses Task was a coffee mug that the participants were assigned to write down as many alternative uses for as possible. Experimental group 1 had a performance requirement to write down a minimum of 15 alternative uses and an explicit time constraint. Experimental group 2 did the same task, but without performance requirement and no explicit time constraint. The collected data was analysed with IBM SPSS and the tools used for the analyses was Pearson's correlation (r), independent t-test and Repeated Measures ANOVA. The results showed a) that Experimental group 1 produced a higher number of creative ideas than Experimental group 2, but that Experimental group 2 had a significantly higher creative quality on their ideas than Experimental group 1. Further the results showed b) that it was not possible to manipulate the self-rated creativity when the personality trait Openness was controlled for.

  • 5.
    Alabaf, Setareh
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gillberg, Christopher
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundström, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,Gothenburg, Sweden. Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Råstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden..
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Correction to: Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.2018In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Fig. 2 part labels, the label "d" was incorrectly labelled as "c" and the subsequent labels should be corrected as d, e, and f. The corrected Fig. 2 is given below.

  • 6.
    Alabaf, Setareh
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gillberg, Christopher
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundström, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Råstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.2018In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime enuresis, encopresis) in a nationwide population of 9- and 12-year-old twins subdivided into those with and without indications of NDDs. Parents of 28,058 twins participated in a well-validated telephone interview regarding their children's mental health and answered questions about their physical problems. The results indicate a high rate of physical problems in children with NDDs, particularly in those with indications of the presence of combinations of several NDDs.

  • 7.
    Albinsson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sahlsten, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetstest vid rekrytering: En kvalitativ studie ur ett arbetsperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personality tests for recruitment context is a common selection method for companies. In the recruitment process personality test are used as a tool to find the right person for the right place. The purpose of this qualitative study is to find examples of how this is used as a selection method in the recruitment of managers and the function tests have been in the recruitment process. To achieve the aim and answer the questions semi-structured interviews were carried out, to illustrate the respondents' perceptions, sensations and experiences on personality tests in recruitment. This was studied from two angles, namely with HR and store managers at ICA Special. The respondents interviewed were two women from ICA Specials HR department and four store managers, a man and three women from ICA Maxi stores. Respondents were aged from 35-60 years. Interview guides were divided into two parts, one interview guide for HR and one interview guide for store managers. The interview material was analyzed based on a thematic analysis. In the result, it was seen that a personality test has the function of a complement to discern candidates, to verify what the hiring manager sees, hears and feels during the process, but also as a self-reflection of the store managers who have performed the test. Moreover, it emerged in the results that the feedback of the candidate's profile is considered one of the most significant steps in the recruitment process and that respondents felt this should be related to the candidate in the form of a call. Finally, HR uses the communicative competence in the feedback of the candidate's profile as they relate to the profile, to get the candidate to gain a better understanding of their profile content.

  • 8.
    Alexandersson, Paula
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Carrvik, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighet och medarbetarskap2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to find correlations between personality traits, experienced employee empowerment and job satisfaction. Employee empowerment means the sense of meaning, competence, self-determination and impact. The study examined if there was a gap between experienced and desired empowerment and if this gap could be explained by personality. The study also examined if this gap had a connection to satisfaction. The questionnaire was carried out at the Swedish Maritime Administration. To measure different personalities, the personality scale mini-IPIP6 was used and in order to measure experienced and desired empowerment, the Spreitzer’s Empowerment Scale was used. The results showed that the personality trait neuroticism correlated negatively with experienced employee empowerment, desired empowerment and job satisfaction. Extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness correlated positively with perceived employee empowerment, desired empowerment and job satisfaction. The results confirm previous research done with the well-established theory of the "Big Five, while employee empowerment is a rather new concept.

  • 9.
    Algsten, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Agardius, Isabella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Här knackar vi inte längre: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö på Kronan skola2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how school personnel have reacted in regard to their mental, physical, and social working environments one year after the Kronan School attack in Trollhättan. The study's results are based on semi-structured interviews with five staff members. The qualitative method of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (I.P.A) has been used to analyse the material. The results show which factors the staff members have considered to be the reasons for their recovery and setbacks when returning to work after the event. Five comprehensive themes presented themselves as being the most prominent after analysis. The comprehensive themes are based on the interviewees' experiences of social support, security, the lost meeting place, social strains, and mental processing. The results present how important the component's safety, security, and social support has been for the interviewees' processing of the traumatic event, as well as their return to work. The conclusion emphasises the interviewees' experience in a workgroup, where solidarity has developed and strengthened after experiencing crisis.

  • 10.
    Alkema, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lindberg, Madelene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Feedback är en gåva,men vågar du ge den?: Fem chefers upplevelser kring användandet av feedback på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how leaders work with feedback as a toolin their management positions. Previous research has shown how feedback is usedwithin organizations to develop individuals' performance and behavior. Further,the introduction highlighted how there is not enough research regarding the experiences of working with feedback. The theory-section also stressed thatfeedback is a process for both the sender and the receiver. The sender's process is characterized by anxiety and fear which result in a presentation of less quality. The managers described the process for the receiver as influenced by personal characteristics which affect their perception. The informants consisted of five leaders, four men and one woman. These managers had different positions and geographical placements within the same company. Since this study aims to emphasize how these managers experience feedback, a qualitative study with semistructured interviews and thematic analysis was chosen. To an extent the result reflected the results of previous research and described how the senders' feedback process was characterized by fear in those cases where the managers were to present criticizing feedback. The informants pointed out that feedback was a gift since it promotes individual progress and therefore is something the receivershould be grateful for. Possibly, it is not the presentation of feedback that further needs to be developed but the receivers' openness and acceptance. This to have an allowing culture where the employees and not only the board, requests feedback.

  • 11.
    Almér, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundberg, SaraMarie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan flextid och distansarbete minska konflikten mellan arbetsliv och privatliv?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, flexible ways of working such as flextime and telework are a common occurrence, which could result in a conflict between work life and private life. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate whether there was a relation between the attitude to flextime and telework as well as in what way an individual experiences a conflict between work life and personal life and finally, if flextime and telework affects the extent an individual experiences a conflict between work life and private life. This study had a quantitative approach and consisted of a survey with questions regarding flextime, telework and the conflict between work life and private life. The respondents of the study consisted of 92 administrative officials working at a municipality (67% women och 33% men), (year of birth, M = 1970, SD = 11,05). Every respondent was bound by the same flextime contract and none of them had a leading position. To interpret the results, previous research was used as well as result analyses, specifically Pearson correlations and t-tests. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents considered flextime and telework positively. The results also showed that those that had a positive attitude to telework also experienced the conflict between work life and private life to higher level. Furthermore, the more positive an individual is towards flextime the more positive is an individual towards telework. In the free-text answers it was possible to find answers from the respondents that showed some of the negative aspects of flextime and telework.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Silva, Marcelo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Känsla av sammanhang: En kvantitativ studie bland elever i årskurs 8 och 92015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to analyse students' sense of coherence (SOC). The differences between sex, year, course and the correlations between SOC and background variables have been examined. Antonovsky's Life Orientation Questionnaire was used to measure the students' SOC. The participants in the study were boys and girls in high school (N = 79). The students either attended traditional field of studies or music oriented studies. To analyse the differences between the variables t-test was carried out. Participants´ correlation analysis was conducted between SOC and background variables. To study which item was more important for students within SOC, averages was compared. The study found differences between the sexes, which is also supported by previous research. The result demonstrated higher levels of SOC in year 8 compared with year 9 and in traditional field of studies as against music oriented studies. These results are discussed within the context of previous research. A correlation between SOC and well-being in education was also found, which has also been established in former studies. The items most valued by the students showed that they were rarely treated unjustly, rarely situated in a unfamiliar situation and that they so far had experienced their lives to contain goals and meaning.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Trischler, Alma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Work-life balance: En studie om balansen mellanarbete och fritid2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work-life balance is an area that in recent years has been increasingly important for the organizations. Research shows that the experience of imbalance between work and private life could lead to stress. Work-life balance was studied through the sub-concepts Work-family conflict and Family-work conflict. The study was interestering because of the importance of knowledge of what affects a persons' perceptions of work and private life. Data was collected through a web survey that was answered by 130 people between 22 and 66 years old. 58% were women and 42% men. The result showed that people with children under 18 years old perceive a higher Family-work conflict and therefore a lower Work-life balance. The study also showed that values were significantly correlated to Work-life balance. For exampel people with strong self-enhancement values tend to percieve a lower grade of balance. The findings also show that values were one of the biggest predictors for Work-family conflict and Family-work conflict.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Andersson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om hälsoprofilbedömning, motivation och självbestämmande teorin2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine motivation, perceived health, and health profile assessments. The motivation was measured through the three basic psychological needs included in the Self-Determination Theory; autonomy, competence and relatedness. This was conducted through a Swedish translation of the Basic Needs Satisfaction at Work Scale (BNS), together with questions about perceived health and the results from the participants’ previously conducted health profile assessments. The study was carried out at a real-estate company, located in the county of Västra Götaland with 69 potential respondents. Of those who opted to participate, 15 were men and 12 were women. The results with help of Cohen's d reported that there were some gender-differences based on the experience of the basic psychological needs. The largest of the differences was found in the need of relatedness, where women tended to value this need higher than men. It was also possible to see lager differences between the needs in different age groups. The results showed that participants who were 50 years or older had valued the need for autonomy higher than they who were younger. By looking at differences between the two age groups this also showed that participants of the younger age group (49 years or younger) tended to experience their health as better than those who were older. Furthermore, perceived health tended to differ between the genders. According to the results from the sample, men tended to experience their general health slightly better than the women. However, none of the results in the study showed any statistical significance.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlingfors, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Medel för att bidra till jämnare könsfördelningar inom yrkesgrupper och avdelningar: En kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of gender and equality in organizations is a highly relevant topic of investigation. Organizations are according to Swedish law (SFS 1991:433, §9 & Diskrimineringsombudsmannen, 2009) obliged to constantly work to achieve equal work conditions for their employees. The aim of this study is to investigate how the company work and can be able to work with gender and equality in order to eventually get equal groups and departments. The was carried out by means of interviews with people working in a company in West Sweden. Codes and themes have been identified through thematic analysis of the material. The results show that recruitment is a salient factor that the respondents pointed out as significant with regard to gender and equality work in the company. Commitment and focus are additional factors that respondents believe are important to create a significant foundation for implementing such a major change. We conclude that it is important that organizations work actively to create more equal workgroups and departments.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nord, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Växa upp i ett beroende: En studie om yrkesverksammas upplevelser omatt växa upp i en miljö präglad av ett beroende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how professional caretakers perceive the effects on children with parents who suffers from substance- or alcohol abuse. The results of the study was based on eight semi-casual interviews that were conducted with professional caretakers who had relevant experience within childcare. The data that was gathered through the study was analyzed through the qualitative method of thematic analysis. The study was presented with six constructed themes which were recurring throughout the interviews. The themes could indicatehow a child could get affected by an addiction-induced environment. The themes were: ''child confidentiality'', ''early responsibility'', ''lack of trust and security'', ''stress and anxiety'', ''low self-esteem'' and ''apathy''. The results illuminate that the caretakers addiction has a negative effect on the child's development. The child tends to not develop an ability to cope with their feelings and suffer from a general lack of trust. The children of caretakers who suffers from addiction tendto result in a childhood were the child has to take a large amount of responsibility whilst they at the same time tend to get a low amount of appreciation for their efforts which tends to lead to low self-esteem

  • 17.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sankoh, Satina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intuitionsbaserade beslut inom rekrytering: En studie om intuition, personlighet och emotionell intelligens2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a recruitment process, recruiters make daily decision on which candidates are best suited for specific position. Research shows that standardized recruitment methods have a high predictive value that can explain individuals' future performance. Nevertheless, many professionals prefer intuition-based working methods. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the connection between personality, emotional intelligence and the attitude of using intuition in recruitment decisions. When collecting empirical data, a web-survey was constructed consisting of three tests that measured personality (Big-Six), Emotional Intelligence (TEIque-SF) and intuition methods when hiring. The sample consisted of 100 recruitment professionals within Human Resource. The results of the study indicate that people who are positively committed to the use of intuition in recruitment decisions are more extroverted. The result also indicates that people who are negative to the use of intuition in recruitment decisions are more emotional stable and honest-humility.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Stalerova, Marina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Elevers trygghet och tillgänlighet till elevhälsan: Ur skolpersonalens perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how school personnel experience available student support. The study was conducted at a school in western Sweden, using interviews with six participants from the school personnel. Participants in the study were six people with different professions at the school where the professions: school nurse, school curator and teachers were included. The method used was a qualitative method. There are very few research reports that highlight issues of availability of student health, from a personnel-related perspective with the qualitative research method. With quantitative research method, there are more available research reports but they are still relatively few. This study resulted in six different themes that describe how and to what extent school personnel feel that they are available to students. This essay for the most part used the term student health, which includes the work of school personnel involved for the students’ well-being, both physically and mentally, following existing laws and regulations. The essay concludes with a discussion on essential elements and ideas about future work with these issues.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Nina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Augustsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Jag vill göra det och jag vill göra det bra": En kvalitativ studie om arbetsmotivation hos anställda med kundrelaterat yrke2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The task of managing and performing customer contact is of great importance to a company, as the employee who performs the task is the representative of the company, and plays an important part in how the company is perceived. For the employee to be able to contribute to a successful service appointment, it is imperative that the employees feel motivated. How employees in customer-related professions view their motivation and which factors spur them on was the starting point of this study. In this study five employees contributed, all with customer related tasks. Data was collected by semi-structured interviews. Via a thematic analysis, the result showed that the most important motivational factor was the need for satisfying communication with coworkers, supervisors and customers. Like a catalyst, the interaction with others affected the internal desire to perform, and therefore influenced the individual workers motivation in a positive way. Other factors highlighted were the need to feel belonged and associated, and also to receive feedback on a daily basis. Also, the need to feel challenged by the work they perform, opportunities to advance and working towards the goals they set for themselves is central. These factors were discussed based on different motivational theories related to present research. This study’s contribution is a deeper understanding of what motivates the employees with customer-based professions within this company. By highlighting these factors the company may get a better understanding of what motivates employees and, if they want to, chose to focus their energy and resources towards them

  • 20.
    Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sandström, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Att mobba andra: En studie om mobbning, psykisk hälsa, tobak, alkohol och droganvändning och föräldrabarnkommunikation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is a major global problem that is prevalent among young people. The aim of the present study is to investigate mental health and tobacco, alcohol and drug use and child disclosure related to bullying. The study intended to verify background variables such as gender, ethnicity and enjoyment of the area one lives in. The following questions were formulated: (a) Is there any connection between mental health, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, child disclosure and bullying? (b) How does bullying relate to mental health, tobacco, alcohol and drug use and child disclosure while controlling for gender, ethnicity and enjoyment of the area? To study this area, we used a quantitative approach with material from the LoRDIA (Longitudinal Research on Development In Adolescence) study in 2015. The study included 1324 students from two small and two medium-sized cities in Jönköping’s and Västra Götaland’s county in southern Sweden. The result indicate that there is a statistically significant relationship between bullying, mental health, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, as well as child disclosure. The most interesting result of the study shows that there is a significant difference between boys and girls bullying behavior: Boys are more involved in bullying than girls, and their bullying behavior is predicted by tobacco, alcohol, and drug use and child disclosure and perceived enjoyment of the area they live in, while girls bullying related to mental health, child disclosure, ethnicity and enjoyment of the area they live in.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Netskar, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kvinnors attityd till fängelsevistelse i Sverige: Hot eller vård under avtjänande av straff?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka kvinnors attityder till fängelsevistelsen. Forskning kring kvinnors kriminalitet och fängelsevistelse är mycket bristfällig både internationellt och nationellt. Tidigare forskning utgår främst ifrån män och deras kriminalitet, vilket blivit normgivande för synen på brottslingar och kriminalvårdens uppbyggnad. Studien inriktades på kvinnliga interners attityd till fängelsemiljö, kommunikation och upplevelse av stämpling under fängelsevistelsen. 256 interner var vid tillfället placerade på olika anstalter i Sverige. Alla erbjöds delta enligt etiska rådets principer. Enkäter med frågor och påståenden på en 5-gradig ordinalskala skickades till samtliga anstalter, varav 76 ifyllda enkäter returnerades. Svaren skiljde sig åt beroende på anstalt och om man befann sig på en öppen eller sluten avdelning. Slutresultaten visade att flertalet hade en relativt positiv attityd till fängelsevistelsen.

  • 22.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    ”Jag skulle så jätte, jätte, jättegärna vilja ha ett fast jobb att gå till”: Om att vara ung och arbetslös i Västervik2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The centre of Child and Youth Studies at University West works strategically with other regional research environments and institutions that study children, youths and young adults. The goal of our research centre is to spread knowledge about the social conditions under which children and young people live, thereby strengthening their position in society. Collaboration with external research environments is one of the ways that our research domain works to reach that goal. Partnerships are formed through a model that strives to create good conditions for both our research and that of our partners. This model is grounded in a dialogue between research partners who work together to select areas of interest and formulate hypotheses. These research projects are financed equally by the university and our partners. The following report is the result of one of  these research partnerships.Advanced industrial society has been replaced by a society based upon knowledge and information where industrial work/manufacturing becomes less common. Västervik is one of the small towns in Sweden whose main industries have closed down or severely decreased their workforce during the last few decades of great structural change. The groups in the job market that have been most affected by these changes are young men and women, something which is evident in the high unemployment rates among the young population. The purpose of this study was to investigate young people’s own experiences and thoughts regarding their own situation as jobseekers in the municipality of Västervik. How do they see themselves and the situation they find themselves in? The narratives were collected in the form of 18 in-depth interviews with young men and women between the ages of 19-25, all them registered at the job center in Västervik. In the report different aspects of their situation are discussed, such as: the young people’s relation to their hometown, their thoughts on the meaning and value of work, the role of education, the economic, social and emotional consequences of unemployment, and their experiences of taking part in various programs for unemployed. The narratives we have encountered can be seen as having some general validity in the sense that many of their experiences are probably shared by other unemployed young people in other locations in Sweden, but Västervik is also a specific town with a specific history and specific conditions.The young men and women have an ambivalent relationship to their hometown. On the one hand they want to start a life in the same location, but on the other, the future there is seen as very uncertain. Many of those interviewed would like to have the kind of industrial jobs that their parents have and grandparents experienced, but which are nowadays less and less common. The norm of a fulltime job is strong among the young men and women – something which strengthens the image of the evident dissonance between their seemingly traditional dreams and intentions and the structures of possibilities the municipality and community suggest for them. Connected to this are the ways the young people must relate to the postindustrial demands of employability – which means the ability to enterprise and market oneself on a competitive market. These demands presuppose abilities that are more likely to be socialized and practiced in certain social environments rather than in others, and the majority of the young men and women interviewed have a background in aworking class environment where these values and approaches are far from selfevident.The socioeconomic marginalization that these young people experienceresults in much curtailed possibilities for a period of youthful experimentation aswell as for an expected adulthood. Being unemployed means one has difficulty ingaining the status of an adult, but due to economic shortages, there are also limits to how much they can take part in this experimental lifestyle that characterizes youth. The young men and women’s situation can thereby be seen as a grey zone; they are neither young nor adults in the normative sense. In some of the narratives the young people express critical thoughts with regard to the social conditions that their difficult situation can be related to. By extension, expressing these thoughts and stating their opinion can be strengthening and mobilizing for them, both as individuals and as a group. Insights may be gained about unemployment as a shared experience rather than as a personal failure

  • 23.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Young working class men without work: re-imagining masculinity in post-industrial societies2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses narratives from young working class men, living in a small Swedish town located outside the emerging economic regions. Like in many other European countries the rate of unemployment among youth is disproportionally high in Sweden. From a broad material of in-depth interviews with unemployed young people the issue of masculinity in relation to work is an emerging, though not always specified or articulated, theme. Industrial societies has turned post-industrial. The labor market has undergone major structural changes during the last four decades and since working class masculinity traditionally has been closely connected to wage labor and to the ability to provide for oneself as well as for others - being the main breadwinner of the family - masculinity is forced to be re-imagined. In the ongoing construction of identity and young masculinity, nostalgic images of a recently lost way of life where employment meant hard labor but also a durable and respected position in the community, are retold. Parallel to these narratives and sometimes in opposition to them, there are also wishes and dreams of alternative ways of relating one's own role, identity and masculinity to a different set of work ethics where neither wage labor nor traditional masculinity need to form it´s stable categories.

  • 24.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Adolescents' self-defining internet experiences2015In: Technology and youth: growing up in a digital world / [ed] Kinney, David A., Bass, Loretta, Blair, Sampson Lee, Neff Claster, Patricia, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 105-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate how young women and men perceive the Internet as a phenomenon and what role and meaning they ascribe to the Internet as an arena for defining themselves and for shaping their identity.Methodology/approachThe empirical data consist of narratives written by Swedish adolescents. Using content analysis the analysis was carried out in three steps: (1) finding categories and themes, (2) calculation of statistical differences in category frequencies, (3) a theoretically informed interpretation of central themes, using Bourdieu's concept of different forms of capital, and Giddens' concept of "pure relations."FindingsThe narratives exemplify how computer literacy and technological competence can be converted into social, cultural, and symbolic capital. Gender differences occur both in statistical differences between category frequencies in girls' and boys' narratives and in the interpretation of central themes. But there are also several examples that show more complex and contradictory tendencies, exceeding or transformative of gender differences and hierarchy.Originality/valueThis study considers adolescents' own perspectives on an arena of great importance. The analyses have been performed both qualitatively and quantitatively, which gives a nuanced picture of young people's self-defining experiences on the Internet.

  • 25.
    Andresen, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tomic, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En undersökning av vilka faktorer som samvarierar med visstidsanställdas korttidssjukskrivning på en telefonbank2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of absenteeism has in recent years led to high costs for sick leave and early retirement in the public budgets. This study is based on quantitative data obtained through a designed questionnaire. The purpose of the study was to identify factors that correlate with the high short-term absence for sickness among temporary employees at a company. Previous studies have shown an association with short-term sick leave and leadership variables such as, perceived stress, motivation and tasks. The study's problem main question included these four disciplines. These were then analyzed in relation to age, sex and number of times the employee had been at home despite having been able to work. The study included temporary employees aged 18 to retirement-age. Of the 90 employees a total of 40 surveys were gathered. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskall-Wallis tests were used to calculate the differences between groups (age and sex). Spearman’s rank correlation was used to calculate the relationship between variables. Results of the study showed that women appeared to have stayed at home more frequently than men even though they would have been able to work. The study also revealed that there was a significant difference between the variable "to stay at home despite the fact that the individual was able to work

  • 26.
    Andréasson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Holm, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personalens upplevelse av krisberedskap i förskolan: en kvalitativ studie i en västsvensk kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The frequency of crises within preschools is ever increasing. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the preschool staff perceives preparedness for such crisis. Talking openly about the subject, setting up a crisis plan which involves the staff, and practicing the plan regularly may increase individual self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is a person's belief in their own ability to exercise a specific behavior in a specific situation. Through semi-structured interviews with preschool staff the results shows that preschools lacking a crisis plan generate worry about safety and a sense of insecurity among the staff. Those who have a crisis plan perceive themselves, however, more confident and prepared. The result shows that the staff also requested discussions and training on how to handle crisis, as well as regular training beyond fire drills.

  • 27.
    Anneflod, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustafsson, Pia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Relationella erfarenheter och stresshantering: Hur coping och anknytning förhåller sig till varandra2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017 every fourth employee had a psychologically demanding work (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2018). The ability to handle psychological demand is determined by prior experiences in close relationships but also by the ability to seek out social support (Berry & Kingswell, 2012; Howard & Medway, 2004).

    The purpose of this study was to examine: 1. How does attachment covary with coping-strategies? and 2. How does attachment covary with the tendency to seek out social support as a coping strategy?

    The survey consisting of two forms, attachment style questionnaire (Feeney, Noller & Hanrahan, 1994) and Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) was sent out. Out of 70 hotel employees, we received 28 answers; the average age was 35 years, and 22 of the respondents were women and 6 were men.

    The result showed a positive covariance between secure attachment and emotional coping just as with social support seeking. The study also showed a positive association with problem-focused coping. Simultaneously it showed a positive covariance between unsecure-anxious attachment and dysfunctional coping. It also showed a positive association between unsecure-avoidant attachment and dysfunctional coping, and furthermore it showed a negative association between unsecure-avoidant attachment and problem-focused coping but also with social support seeking. Hence the result showed that secure attached is more prone to use constructive stress-reducing strategies and to engage in social support seeking.

  • 28.
    Apelqvist, Birgitta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olsson, Ann-Sofi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Gemensamt konstruktivt medarbetarskap: en plattform för framtiden2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to try to make a chart of views around a Common Constructive Empowerment (CCE) in order to set base for a platform to stand on due to further work around empowerment in organizations. The study is a qualitative research with a casestudy as a fundamental design with an approach to positive psychology, which was carried out in a chemical industry. The data collection took place in focused group interviews with four to six participants/interview. At these interviews four focus areas were discussed; common empowerment, leadership, shared leadership and coaching. In the study five themes has been defined that can be seen as a platform; responsibility, confidence, communication, cooperation and commitment. The base for a platform consists of five words that can be seen as a mutual language in order to keep on with the communication; confidence, honesty, reliability, responsibility and communication.

  • 29.
    Arnbro, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Olofsson, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevt innovativt organisationsklimat: En kvantitativ studie bland tjänstemännen på Swedish Match2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovativeness within the organization is a relevant competitive tool for today's businesses. The Swedish-based tobacco company, Swedish Match has in recent years increased its focus on developing an organizational climate where innovation is encouraged.

    The aim of this study was to examine to what extent the variation in perceived innovative climate at Swedish Match could be explained by the employees' basic fundamental values and the lengths of their employments within the company. The study was conducted within Supply Chain and concerned officials within this area of business. The foundation for this study is based on theories in the following areas: organizational climate, innovativeness within organizations and Schwartz model of the relationships between different values.

    The method used was quantitative and the data was collected trough a two-part questionnaire. The first part concerned the participants' basic fundamental values, designed to measure whether the officers had a stronger desire for openness towards change, or towards conservatism. The second part aimed to investigate the extent to which the participants perceived the organizational climate as innovative.

    The results showed that the perceived innovative organizational climate could not be explained by the officials basic fundamental values as the relationship between these variables was close to zero. A medium strong correlation was measured between the length of employment within the company and perceived innovative climate. This result indicated that the officials who had worked longer at Swedish Match perceived a higher degree of innovative organizational climate than those who had worked less time. None of these two correlations were statistically significant hence the study focused on discussing the medium strong relationship between the length of employment and perceived innovative climate.

  • 30.
    Aronsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Milic´, Gordana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ålder, socialt stöd och självrapporterad stress hos poliser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The police profession is a profession exposed to stress related problems. Because of high demands at work it creates risks for stress to arise. Social support is a factor which can reduce individuals' stress because it contributes to increased wealth and functions as a protection against stress. The study used the demand, control and support model and the purpose was to find out how general stress with police officers could be explained by the variables demand, control and social support. The purpose was also to investigate if any of the variables gender, age or number of years on work could explain general stress with the police officers. To answer the questions a quantitative approach was chosen. The questionnaire was created online but was also handed out in paper format at local police stations. It was 32 police officers in Västra Götaland who participated in the study, 21 men and 11 women. The result in the study showed a negative strong relationship between social support and stress. This indicated that when police officers experienced less social support they experienced more stress. Another strong positive relationship showed between demand and stress which meant that when police officers experienced high demand at work they experienced more stress. The variables control, age and years within work had strong negative relationships with stress.

  • 31.
    Arvidsson, Mia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Viktor
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rädsla för att misslyckas: En kvantitativ studie om personlighetens påverkan på "Fear of Failure" i arbetslivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fear of failure (FF) has a negative impact on individuals' motivation, choice of occupation, ability to work and general well-being and can occur when people make different decisions.

    Our study was designed to investigate whether fear of failure can be explained by personality and whether there were other factors of influence such as socioeconomic status, age and sex.

    A quantitative method was used, and data collection was conducted via a web-based survey containing 62 questions. The participants in the study (N = 153) consisted of 115 women (75%) and 38 men (25%). IPIP-30 was used to measure personality and the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory (PFAI) was used to measure fear of failure.

    The result showed in regression analysis a very strong statistically significant relationship (r = .69) between fear of failure and the personality factor neuroticism, and that it could explain ≈ 53% of the variance in fear of failure. The result was surprisingly strong and clear and showed convincingly that personality explained a large part of the content of the term called "fear of failure".

    Our conclusion is therefore that fear of failure as a concept, together with the associated measuring instrument (PFAI scale) becomes superfluous and can instead be replaced by the personality in the five-factor model.

  • 32.
    Avrin, Tove
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Gustafsson, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Medarbetarskap och Ledarskap: Hur påverkas individen i organisationen vid implementering av ett nytt arbetssätt?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den berörda organisationen hade implementerat ett nytt arbetssätt, "Medarbetarskap och Ledarskap". Studien är en utvärdering på individnivå av hur arbetssättet påverkat undersökningspersonerna. Nitton personer med olika befattningar deltog i undersökningen som utgjordes av enskilda intervjuer och fokusgrupper. Samtliga intervjuer spelades in med diktafon och transkriberades därefter ordagrant. Resultatet visade att medarbetarna var negativa till arbetssättet, delvis på grund av hur pengarna satsades, men det framfördes även kritik beträffande innehållet. Cheferna var över lag positiva, då de såg materialet som ett användbart verktyg i sin chefsroll. En slutsats av studien är att arbetssättet var dåligt förankrat hos medarbetarna. Värdet av att delge sina medarbetare information vid en organisationsförändring kan inte nog betonas, då risken är att dessa annars känner sig förbigångna. 

  • 33.
    Axelsson, Albin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rexhepi, Visar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Könsskillnader hos individer med multipel skleros: skillnader och likheter i upplevelse och coping2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det finns könsskillnader för MS-sjuka när det gäller hur de upplever och hanterar sjukdomen. Vi genomförde en kvalitativ undersökning där tre män och tre kvinnor med MS i åldrarna 30-69 år intervjuades. Vi fann en möjlig skillnad i att kvinnor angav fatigue som sitt första symtom till skillnad från män där det fanns större varians i svaret på frågan. Männen i undersökningen använde sig till något större del än kvinnorna av problemfokuserad coping och nämnde framför allt socialt stöd i form av att andra hjälpte dem att utföra nödvändiga sysslor. Medan kvinnorna till något större del använde sig av emotionellt fokuserad coping och socialt stöd som copingstrategier.

  • 34.
    Axelsson, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hjelmäng, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personlighetens samverkan med riskperception2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between subjective risk perception and personality traits, as well as age and risk perception. Questionnaires were distributed to 31 participants, 11 of which were insulators and 20 were scaffolders. Respondents were asked to answer whether they were exposed to various hazards in the workplace and on this basis correlations were calculated with the results of their personality tests. There was a negative relationship between the personality dimension agreeableness and risk perception, the higher the value of agreeableness the less experience out of being exposed to serious risks in the workplace. There was also a strong positive correlation between the personality dimension conscientiousness and risk perception, which means the higher the value of consciousness the higher experience the participants had of exposure to hazards. The study also showed that the total personality dimensions accounted for 19% of the variance in the risk perception.

  • 35.
    Axelsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bolinder, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevelser av arbetsmotivation och arbetstillfredsställelse: Bland tekniker och förskolepersonal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there were any differences between two various occupational groups in their perceived work motivation (in the subscales autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and the perceived work satisfaction (in the subscales intrinsic, extrinsic, and general work satisfaction). The established questionnaires Basic need satisfaction at work scale, and Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire, were used to examine the perceived work motivation and work satisfaction. This study also examined if there were any age differences in the respondents' experiences, and if there were any correlations between work motivation and work satisfaction. The examined occupational groups were from one technology company, and one pre-school. There were 34 respondents, between 22-63 years, who participated in the study. Among the respondents there were 21 women and 13 men.

    The result showed no differences among the occupational groups in the perceived work motivation or work satisfaction. There were however some difference in the perceived relatedness among age groups 1 (22-35 years) and 2 (36-49 years). The age group 2 showed a higher perceived relatedness, which refers to individuals' needs to relate with others. The study found positive correlations between the general work motivation and the general work satisfaction, and there were also significant positive correlations between intrinsic work satisfaction and all subscales within work motivation (autonomy, competence and relatedness). General work satisfaction also correlated positively and significantly with all subscales within work motivation. This means that the higher perceived intrinsic work satisfaction, the higher the perceived autonomy, competence and relatedness. This also applied to perceived general work satisfaction and the subscales within work motivation.

  • 36.
    Axelsson, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dabäck, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Alla passar inte här": En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelse av att socialiseras in i en stark organisationskultur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study nine relatively new employees within a staffing company were interviewed about their experience of entering into a strong organizational culture. The company that was subject to the study has a recognized strong organizational culture that characterizes the daily life at the workplace. The people we interviewed had been employed between 3 to 18 months.

    The purpose of the study is to investigate employees' experience of socializing into a strong organizational culture, and to what extent they have internalized cultural norms and values.

    The result of the study shows that the respondents to different extents have embraced the organizational culture and feel comfortable with it, even though socializing into the new culture has been a process. Finally there is a discussion about the importance of person - organization fit as a significant requisite for organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and intent to stay in the company.

  • 37.
    Bador, Kourosh
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Samband mellan fysisk träning och positiva och negativa affekter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Regular physical exercise is crucial for both physical and mental health. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between physical activity (its frequency and intensity) and positive or negative affect, in a Swedish college student population. The study included information from 155 college students, 64 men (mean age, 23 years) and 91 women (27 years, average age). Students were asked to estimate how much time they spend on physical exercise during their leisure time, by responding to the "Godin Leisure -Time Exercise Questionnaire". At the same time they were asked to assess their feelings during the previous few weeks with the help of "The General Positive Affect and Negative Affect scales (PANAS)". In this study the relationship between the variables physical exercise and affects, as well as the differences between the defined groups of the study population were described. These groups were (1) different gender, (2) individuals with children and those without children, and (3) individuals who live alone or are in a relationship. The results showed that, in agreement with previous studies,

  • 38.
    Bador, Kourosh
    et al.
    Agera Sweden ACT AB, Borås Sweden.
    Bador, Nima
    Agera Sweden ACT AB, Borås Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Partnership Interacts with the Association between Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Positive Affect2016In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 768-775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Subjective well-being is a central concept of positive psychology, and is directly coupled with a high level of positive affect and a low level of negative affect. Positive affect is associated with enthusiasm, activity, hope and inspiration, while negative affect is associated with emotions such as anger, contempt, guilt, shame, fear, anxiety, depression, and stress. Physical activityis crucial for both physical and mental health and is positively associated with well-being. Gender and social factors (e.g., parenthood or partnership) have complex relations with well-being and affect. In the present study we aimed to 1) examine the association between leisure-time physical activity and affect and 2) investigate whether or not social factors interact with this association. Method: The study included information from 155 Swedish university students: 64 men (mean age 23 years) and 91 women (mean age 27 years). Students were asked to estimate their usual engagement in physical activity during their leisure-time by responding to the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire. They also reported the level of positive and negative emotions experienced during past weeks by completing the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule instrument. Results: In the Swedish student population leisure-time physical activity correlated only with positive and not with negative affect. Students' gender, age or whether or not they had children did not influence this association. However, this correlation differed significantly between those who lived with a partner and those who were single. Conclusion: Leisure-time physical activityis positively correlated with an overall subjective well-being, and this correlation is modifiedby the social factor of partnership

  • 39.
    Bador, Nima
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sambandet mellan Hopp och Självkänsla: En studie i positiv psykologi2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hope and Self-Esteem are two concepts in positive psychology. Snyder and colleagues (1991) grounded the theory that defines Hope and suggest a relation to Self-Esteem. Hope is defined as the general perception that one's goals can be met, while Self-Esteem as a feeling of self-worth. Hope's two components are:

    Pathway and Agency. Pathways are the route generating thoughts to desired goals, and Agency is the motivational component of Hope. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the concepts of Hope -and Self-Esteem, and the possible effects of age and gender, in a Swedish context, that, according to our knowledge, were not previously studied. The study population included 136 Swedish college students (Mean age = 24, SD = 5.6 years), in a close to 50:50 gender distribution. Data was collected with the help of the validated, self-rated questionnaires: Snyder´s "Hope Scale" and "Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale" (modified). The non-parametric statistical methods of Spearman and Mann-Whitney were used for data analysis. Results showed that women scored significantly higher than men, and adults (over 22 years) scored higher than young adults (under 22) in Hope. Self-esteem was not affected by gender but young adults scored significantly lower than adults. Moreover, while a moderate and significant correlation between Hope and Self-Esteem could be measured, the multiple regression analysis showed that only the Agency component contributed significantly to Self-Esteem. Women showing higher Hope than men and adults showing higher Hope than young adults are two findings that are not in line with previous studies.

  • 40.
    Bagge, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Till, Erika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Förmedling och kommunikation för att öka trafiksäkerheten: En fokusgruppsstudie om ungdomars kunskap kring trafiksäkerhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to see how young peoples experience and knowledge of road safety are in today's society and how knowledge should be designed to best reach out to the youths. As the research shows that young people, especially boys, aged 15-24 are over-represented in road accidents, we see this as an interesting start. Looking further on the research, it shows clear differences in what socioeconomic position these young people have in society and the risk of being involved in accidents, the lower the socioeconomic position, the higher the risk.

    Based on a partnership with the National Society for Road Safety (NTF) it became clear that the problem was how to spread knowledge to the youth in segregated areas and it was something they wanted help to work on. Based on a qualitative survey, we wanted to use a phenomenological approach with focus groups as a method to capture young peoples knowledge as well as experiences on road safety. The result showed that it was clear their knowledge and experience was not so high and they gave us many clear proposals on how the work on road safety could look like. And in the end of this survey a lot of interesting suggestions of interventions is presented.

  • 41.
    Balder, Christina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    IT relaterad stress och personlighet: hur ser relationen mellan femfaktormodellen och IT relaterad stress ut?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We humans live in an increasingly digitized world and this affects both our private and working lives. Regardless of occupation, modern technology has resulted in a digitized work life. Even if the change that has happened within the latest years has resulted in what many would regard as positive aspects such as flexibility, availability and mobility, it is not a work situation that suits everyone.

    This study intended to investigate the associations between IT related stress in the working life and personality, based on the five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has established that out of the five personality traits that constitutes FFM, it is neuroticism and conscientiousness that has strong association with different forms of stress and stress-related phenomena.

    Data was collected from 170 participants using an online survey. The survey that the participants answered to consisted partly of a scale developed with the purpose of capturing IT related stress in work life and partly of a mini scale for FFM (IPIP30).

    The results showed, that the individuals least affected by IT related stress, or potential factors that affect how an individual copes with IT related stress, are individuals with high levels of conscientiousness.

  • 42.
    Balder, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Björkman, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dark Triad: De mörka personlighetsdragen och upplevd stress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our time, stress is a factor that greatly influences our lives. Previous research has examined individual differences in relation to stress mainly through Costa and McCrae's (1985) five factor model (FFM). New research indicates that the current construct of Dark Triad consisting of narcissism, psychopathy and Machiavellianism needs further research. Research regarding the dark personality traits in relation to stress is limited. The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible correlations between the dark personality traits vulnerable narcissism and grandiose narcissism and psychopathy and Machiavellianism as well as the possible correlations between these dark personality traits and perceived stress. The number of participants was 346. The participants answered a questionnaire using different scales for each of the dark personality traits as well as one for perceived stress. PSS-10 for perceived stress, HSNS for vulnerable narcissism and NPI-13 for grandiose narcissism, EPA-SSF for psychopathy and MACH-IV for Machiavellianism. The results from the analyses show a significantly strong, positive correlation between vulnerable narcissism and perceived stress, as well as a negative correlation between grandiose narcissism and perceived stress. One conclusion of this study is that we suggest that narcissism should be treated as two separate personality traits in future research related to stress. The results also showed that we cannot draw any conclusions regarding differences between psychopathy and Machiavellianism in relation to perceived stress.Based on the results, we also suggest that primary and secondary psychopathy should be used in future research to investigate possible correlations between perceived stress.

  • 43.
    Balic, Adnan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers syn på motivation och hur de skapar motivation bland medarbetare i en teknisk verksamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation is a complex area and at the same time an important factor to create and maintain in workplaces. The purpose of this study is to investigate the managers' views on motivation and how they create motivation in a technical business. This essay examines how managers motivate their employees based on internal and external motivation aspects, and how they go about maintaining motivation in the workplace. This was done by using a qualitative method where interviews were conducted with four managers; three men and one woman. After the interviews were done, the material was analyzed by using a thematic analysis method. This analysis identified a number of concepts that the participants perceived to be important regarding external and internal motivation. The themes that emerged were job security, communications and development. These three themes were the basis of the motivational work, which the informants described as having different meanings for inner and outer motivation. The three themes in the results were according to the informants' important factors that need to be considered in motivational work. To have good communication with employees, and that the employees should feel safe at work, is a basis for how motivation occurs. Development was also an important theme since employees need to feel that they can develop in the workplace. This allows employees to strive after being more efficient, hence willing to learn new things.

  • 44.
    Baradaran, Soheila
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fahlgren Persson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mindfulness hos äldre i relation till openness, ålder och kön2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness is a phenomenon that has been studied over the past three to four decades. With the rapidly growing number of elderly people in today's society, we are faced with new challenges in order to find new ways to meet this target group and their needs so that they can feel a high quality of life even in this phase of life. Mindfulness can be a method for increasing the quality of life of the elderly suffering from both mental and physical disorders.

    In the present study, mindfulness has been studied and whether age and gender can predict the degree of mindfulness. The questions asked were: Are women more mindful than men? To what extent can openness, age and gender explain the degree of mindfulness of the respondents? Quantitative methods were used with a survey as the measuring instrument. The population examined was women and men over 65, of whom 164 were women and 68 were men.

    The result showed that there is no connection between mindfulness and age, or mindfulness and openness as well as no connection between mindfulness and gender. The result that emerged from the study is not in line with what previous research has found.

  • 45.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Be fearless : Positive affect as a mediator between venturesomeness and self-efficacy in future entrepreneurs and managers: Être intrépide : affect positif agissant comme médiateur entre l’audace et la connaissance de ses propres capacités chez les futurs entrepreneurs et managers2018In: Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée / European Review of Applied Psychology, ISSN 1162-9088, Vol. 68, no 4-5, p. 171-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and objectives. – Self-efficacy, personality and different affect states in entrepreneurs and managers are important factors for effectiveness and well-being. The aim of the study was to examine in young adults during entrepreneurship-related education, the relationships between venturesomeness and self-efficacy, and the mediating effects of positive affect and positive emotions (joviality, self-assurance, attentiveness) on these relationships.

    Method. – One hundred and fifty-three participants (mean age 22 years) completed questionnaires that assessed venturesomeness, general self-efficacy, positive affect (measured as a state), and positive emotions. Bootstrapping analyses with simple and multiple mediators were conducted, controlled for gender, to estimate the indirect effects of positive affect and positive emotions on venturesomeness and general self-efficacy.

    Results. – Venturesomeness was significantly correlated with self-efficacy. Positive affect (model 1), joviality and self-assurance, but not attentiveness (model 2), were complete mediators in the relationship between venturesomeness and self-efficacy.

    Conclusion. – The present study provides new evidence that heightened venturesomeness is related to higher levels of positive affect, self-assurance and joviality. Venturesomeness, therefore, may strengthen self-efficacy in young people during entrepreneurship-related education, and positive emotions may lead to an aware use of resources, including self-efficacy. These results may stimulate young people to be braveand to try new experiences.

  • 46.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Academy, Szczytno, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Burnout among a group of policemen: the role of fatigue and emotions in the work context2012In: Book of Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference / [ed] Jain, Aditya, Hollis, David, Andreou, Nicholas, Wehrle, Flavia, Nottingham: I-WHO, International House, Jubilee Campus , 2012, p. 125-126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Policework is a profession with a high risk of operational and organizational stress at work. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of job-related affectivity and fatigue on burnout; specifically we aimed to study the relation between acute fatigue and burnout and the indirect role of emotion during work.

    We adopted the concept of burnout with two components: exhaustion and disengagement (Halbesleben & Demerouti, 2005). In this concept, exhaustion is related to the energetic aspect, and disengagement is connected to the motivational aspect. We hypothesized that acute fatigue is a precursor to burnout. According to Van Katwyk et al. (2000), psychological well-being is synonymous with work-related affectivity, and emotions are classified into four categories: high and low-arousal of pleasant emotions and high and low-arousal of unpleasant emotions. According to the theory of stress by Selye (1978), eustress and distress are assumed to be a high arousal of emotion.

    Methods: Acute fatigue was measured by the index in accordance with the Japan Society for Occupational Health. In order to investigate exhaustion and disengagement the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used (Halbesleben & Demerouti, 2005). Job-related affective well-being was used to assess emotions within the work context (Van Katwyk et al., 2000). Hierarchical regressions analyses were performed.

    Group: 187 policemen (28 women) filled in the questionnaires. Half of them worked in the prevention department and one-third were on duty in the criminal division. Their average work experience was 14.7 years (range 5 - 28).

    Results: Fatigue had a direct impact on exhaustion and disengagement. This first effect was 3 times stronger than the second. In the next step the emotions were entered into these separate models. We observed that a low arousal of unpleasant emotions had an indirect relation with fatigue and exhaustion. Additionally, a high arousal of positive and negative emotions (eustress and distress) mediated between fatigue and disengagement. These effects of partial mediation were large (f2 = .34 and f2 = .32 respectively).

    Conclusion: Our results indicate that a high arousal of emotions can lead to a deterioration of motivation of work, but a low arousal of negative emotions reduce energetic ability to work among policemen.

     

     

  • 47.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Wiciak, Izabela
    Police Acad Szczytno, Dept Adm, SzczytnoPoland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fatigue and burnout in police officers: the mediating role of emotions2014In: Policing: an international Journal of Police Strategies and Managment, ISSN 1363-951X, E-ISSN 1758-695X, ISSN 1363-951X, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 665-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The policing profession is associated with psychosocial hazard. Fatigue and burnout often affect police officers, and may impair the functioning of the organization and public safety. The relationship between fatigue and burnout may be modified by job-related emotions. While negative emotions have been extensively studied, the role of positive emotions at work is relatively less known. Additionally, there is insufficient knowledge about the role of the intensity of emotions. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of job-related emotions in the relationship between fatigue and burnout in police officers.

    Design/methodology/approach – In all, 169 police officers (26 women) completed a test battery that assessed acute fatigue, burnout (Oldenburg Burnout Inventory: exhaustion and disengagement), and emotions (Job-related Affective Well-being Scale).

    Findings – Acute fatigue was associated more strongly with exhaustion than with disengagement. Low-arousal negative emotions partially mediated the relationship between fatigue and exhaustion. High-arousal positive and negative emotions were partial mediators between fatigue and disengagement experienced by police officers.

    Research limitations/implications – The results show that high-arousal emotions were associated with changes in work motivation, while low-arousal negative emotions reduced energetic ability to work.

    Originality/value – This paper enhances understanding of burnout among police officers and the mediating role of emotions. The patterns of the relationships between fatigue, burnout and emotions are discussed in the context of the conservation of resources theory and the tripartite model of anxiety and depression.

  • 48.
    Basińska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Values of Police Officers and their Relationship with Job Burnout and Work Engagement2019In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, p. 1-13, article id 442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Values represent people’s highest priorities and are cognitive representations of basic motivations. Work values determine what is important for employees in their work and what they want to achieve in their work. Past research shows that levels of both aspects of job-related well-being, job burnout and work engagement, are related to work values. The policing profession is associated with high engagement and a risk of burnout. There is a gap in the literature regarding the hierarchy of work values in police officers, how work values are associated with job burnout and work engagement in this group, and whether work values in police officers are sensitive to different levels of job burnout and work engagement. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the relationships between work values and job burnout and work engagement, in a group of experienced police officers. We investigated: (a) the hierarchy of work values based on Super’s theory of career development, (b) relationships between work values and burnout and work engagement, and (c) differences between the work values in four groups (burned-out, strained, engaged, and relaxed). A group of 234 Polish police officers completed the Work Values Inventory (WVI) modeled upon Super’s theory, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The results show that police officers gave the highest priority to extrinsic work values. Job burnout was negatively correlated with the cognitive intrinsic work values (Creativity, Challenge, and Variety), while work engagement was positively correlated with the largest group of intrinsic work values (Creativity, Challenge, Variety, Altruism, and Achievement), as well as with the extrinsic work values (Prestige and Co-workers). The police officers showed significant differences, between levels of job burnout and work engagement, for intrinsic work values such as Variety, Challenge, and Creativity (large effects), and for Altruism and Prestige (moderate effects). The findings are discussed within the context of the Conservation of Resources theory, which explains how people invest and protect their personal resources, and how this is connected with preferred work values. We conclude that intrinsic work values are sensitive to different levels of burnout and engagement.

  • 49.
    Bektic, Mirsad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hadzidedic, Amra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Mobboffers lidande: En studie om mobbning och samhällsmisslyckande2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bullying can affect the

    victims’ health and quality of life. Seven participants were studied, who had been

    subjected to degrading treatment during their schooling. The study went on to

    capture the participants' experiences concerning bullying and therefore a qualitative

    approach based on grounded theory was chosen for the data analysis. The

    participants were free to talk about their experiences of bullying in the form of a

    semi-structured interview that included the following items: their home situation,

    school situation and life during and after the bullying. The analytical work resulted

    in the core category "Societal failure". This core category is composed of five high

    order categories: "Lack of parental care", "Ambivalence of school staff”, "Social

    chaos", "Mental suffering" and "Reduced quality of life". The study showed that

    people who have been subjected to bullying often come from insecure home

    environments and they have had complex difficulties during their childhood where

    bullying is just one aspect. Today's society has no tool for preventing the bullying

    of children with special needs and the measures taken in that direction end up in

    institutional failure.

  • 50.
    Bengtsson, Catarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    ”…man ser världen på ett helt annat sätt nu helt enkelt”: om gymnasieungdomars erfarenheter av drama och dans2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med detta arbete har varit att söka kunskap om och synliggöra gymnasieungdomars upplevelser och erfarenheter av deltagande i ett kulturprojekt där de estetiska kommunikationsformerna drama och dans använts. Sammanlagt deltog 18 ungdomar från olika gymnasieskolor och introduktionsprogram i kulturprojektet, som genomfördes i en mellanstor sydsvensk stad.

    Arbetet har genomförts i form av en empirisk undersökning och har förhållit sig till två olika forskningsfält; dels forskning om kultur och estetik i skolan och dels barn- och ungdomsvetenskaplig forskning. Det har tagit sin utgångspunkt i en fenomenologisk livsvärldsansats och metodologi och begrepp som livsvärld, intersubjektivitet, kropp, horisont och mening har varit centrala. Också begrepp som används inom forskningsfältet kultur och estetik i skolan relateras till i arbetet.

    I linje med arbetets livsvärldsansats har kvalitativa metoder använts för att genomföra undersökningen. Deltagande observation i kulturprojektet har kombinerats med samtal med ungdomar som velat berätta om sina upplevelser och erfarenheter av kulturprojektet. Datamaterialet utgörs av fältanteckningar från deltagande observationer och transkriberade samtal som genomförts med sex av de ungdomar som fullgjort sitt deltagande i projektet.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar bland annat att kulturprojektet bidragit till nya och förändrade perspektiv i ungdomarnas livsvärld men också bidragit till ökat självförtroende och studiemotivation. Ungdomarnas upplevelser och erfarenheter av de estetiska kommunikationsformerna kan också förstås i termer av ett estetiskt lärande. Detta estetiska lärande kan relateras till lärande såväl genom drama och dans som i dessa båda estetiska kommunikationsformer.

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