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  • 1.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Claesson, Kalle
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Digitalisering av detaljplane- och bygglovsprocessen i Västra Götaland2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study includes a comparison of Västra Götaland municipalities regarding how they apply digitalization of the detailed planning process and correspondingly how the municipalities digitize the building permit management. The purpose of the study is to gain knowledge about how municipalities implement digitalization in the community building process and how uniform they are. In December 2017, the National Board of Housing was commissioned by the Government to "promote a uniform digital application of the Planning and Building Act". All detailed plans must be available digitally from 1 July 2021. Digitalization of detail plans has different levels of ambition, from the basic level where the detailed plan in paper format is converted into text-based PDF documents up to the detailed plan is visualized in three dimensions. According to the National Board of Housing, digitalization aims at a maturity level that means that plan maps and plan regulations are georeferenced in vector format in two dimensions. Digitalization results in a more efficient community building process with shorter lead times.The study is conducted in all 49 municipalities in the county using the method internet studies. Information on how municipalities apply digitalization in the detailed planning and building permit process is obtained from each individual municipal website. The information obtained is further analyzed based on two different aspects, population and tourism.The result shows that there is a great deal of variation regarding digitalization of the detailed planning and building permit process at the municipalities in the current situation. There is no doubt that the development has a connection with the population in each municipality where those with more inhabitants tend to have invested more in the digitalization process. The municipalities lack the resources to complete the digitalization work, with active support from the state, a uniform digitalization of the community building process can be completed to the goal of 1 July 2021.

  • 2.
    Heder Brandt, Petter
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Olsson, Anders
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Dahlquist, Karl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    “Profitability is sustainability”: framing of forest management practices by the Swedish forest industry2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 38, no 7-8, p. 429-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the Swedish forest industry, as represented by the three largest Swedish private forest companies (Svenska Cellulosa AB, Stora Enso, and Holmen), through their main public relations (PR) channels frame the current dominant Swedish forestry model and alternative models that are promoted by the European Union (EU). The content analysis of the three companies’ trade magazines published between 2019 and 2022 explores the patterns in the PR framing of the forest management models with respect to economic, environmental, and social aspects. The time interval is centered by the July 2021 announcement of the EU’s new Forest Strategy for 2030. The magazines’ target audience is private forest owners, from whom Svenska Cellulosa AB, Stora Enso, and Holmen buy 40–50% of the timber used in production. The main finding of the study is that these corporations did not present alternative methods as viable options to replace the Swedish forestry model. The magazines, with some individual variations, respond to the alternative methods promoted by the EU and environmental associations by an increased emphasis on the benefits, mainly environmental, of the Swedish forestry model–framing the model as not only the most profitable but also the most ecologically sustainable. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 3.
    Mellbin, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Simson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Brukningsvärd jordbruksmark - för en hållbar framtid2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to clarify the agricultural land that is suitable for cultivation and protection from a national and sustainable perspective within physical planning. The general inquiry in this study is whether there is a problem between preserving or developing agricultural land. Studying Swedish legislation, and any potential obstacles, as well as its clarity and applicability have been important to respond to the aim of this study. The study focuses on Swedish legislation that affects municipal physical planning. The County Administrative Board's has a provision of advice- and monitoring role when the municipal wants to plan for use of land- and water areas but has no empowerment to inform or interfere in agricultural land that is suitable for cultivation. Agricultural land is mentioned as an area of "national importance" in the Environmental Code in chapter 3, section 4 but other areas in the same chapter are mentioned as "national interests". This means that the Swedish Government protect the agricultural land differently than the other areas that are mentioned in this chapter. The chosen methods to clarify the Swedish legislation is applied using a legal dogmatic method and a sociology of law method. These methods are used to present Swedish legislation that concerns the municipal physical planning, as well as the County Administrative Board's and their part in monitoring the use of land and water. The study is an overview of the current situation and what has changed since the year of 2013, carried out by conducting a survey, an interview and studying precedents from the Land and Environment Court of Appeal from the year 2016 until present day. The interviews suggest a proposition that a changed Planning and Building Act can alter the municipal and the County Administrative Board's roles and authority regarding regulation and advice in the planning process. The forecast is that agricultural land is going to continue to be developed. The results from the survey indicate that the municipal and the County Administrative Board's believe that the development of agriculture land adjacent to the urban center are going to be reduced by the year of 2030. Housing development is known as a significant national interest and according to the survey it is the main reason to develop agricultural land. The survey result also indicates an increased awareness of agricultural land and the importance for food production and sustainable development. A proposition from authorities to evaluate agricultural land in a different way than before can also contribute to a deeper understanding of agricultural land's value and importance in achieving sustainable development. According to this study the legal postion changed in the year of 2016 which has consolidated the maintenance of agricultural land. The cases in this study from the Land and Environment Court of Appeal mention: no matter how much the agricultural land is being cultivated or not, no matter the classification and no matter if it is pasture or arable land, the agricultural land is suitable for cultivation and therefore not appropriate to develop.

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    fulltext
  • 4.
    Olsson, Jacob
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Hägglund, Anton
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Samrådsrutiner vid delning av skogsbruksfastigheter2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017, the National Land Survey decided that principle consultations and other local agreements on consultations between the cadastral authorities and the County Administrative Board would cease to apply. The previous agreements were replaced with a nationally valid document containing procedures for consultation with the County Administrative Board. There are no known routines for consultation with the Swedish Forest Agency even though they are mentioned as a consultation party in the Land Survey's handbook for property formation. This study examines consultation procedures between the aforementioned authorities when dividing forestry properties. One of the methods that formed the basis for this work is a legal dogmatic method whose purpose is to map the applicable law. The mapping has been done through the reading of preparatory materials, handbooks, legal cases and cadastral dossiers linked to consultation procedures when dividing forestry properties. The results in this section have resulted in a clear framework on how the consultation process with authorities should be exerted. Consultations should be made less frequently in individual cases but still used for major and principled issues. In what emerged from the legal cases when cadastral surveyors consulted the relevant authority, the outcome in the courts was similar to the authorities' opinions. Consultation increases legal certainty already in the investigation of the cadastral procedure. The second method was a forensic sociological method in the form of a questionnaire to map the cadastral surveyors' routines in practice. The result shows great differences in the working methods between municipal and national cadastral authority and location in the country. Despite the decisions and guidelines on a uniform working method, outdated routines are still used in consultation with the County Administrative Board, and that the new routines are applied in different ways. In principle, there are no routines for consultation with the Swedish Forest Agency, even though it is advocated by the legal literature. Here, too, there are major differences in working methods, since some do not consider the Swedish Forest Agency to be a consultative party, while some consult them on issues that they do not really have the task of monitoring.

  • 5.
    Steen, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Svensson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Kartläggning av invasiv trädart med satellitbaserad fjärranalys: Klassificering och identifiering av Pinus Contorta2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Invasive plants are an increasing problem in society and pose a major threat to our ecosystem, infrastructure, health and biodiversity. The high cost of controlling the spread of invasive plants is a fact and modern satellites can provide the data needed to map the presence of these invasive plant species. Previous studies for mapping invasive plants have used classification methods such as Support Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest (RF) and texture analysis algorithms. Information on whether more simple classification methods can be used to perform a similar classification of vegetation is limited. Likewise, studies for mapping only the invasive tree species Pinus contorta. This study relies on the use of both pixel-based and object-based classifications to identify and classify the contorta pine. Which form of classification method is appropriate varies as all plants have different spatial and spectral characteristics. A method that works for classifying one species does not necessarily mean that it will be applicable to another species. The data used in the study are satellite images from 2018 collected by Sentinel-2 with a resolution of 10 x 10 meters. The data was then processed in ArcMap 10.8 software during all stages of the analysis. Four different forms of classification were performed to find the most appropriate method for classifying the contorta pine. The classification results were validated against the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) raster map of contorta stands in the selected study area located north of Härnösand and showed inconclusive results. Each classification was compared to SLU's mapping and with the help of a critical success index (CSI) that shows the performance of the classification model successful hits (A), overestimated (B) and miss (C), the results could be more easily analyzed and interpreted. The methods used in the classification model of Pinus contorta showed 0.5-0.9% correct classification. 

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