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  • 1.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Illness perceptions of fatigue and the association with sense of coherence and stress in patients one year after myocardial infarction.2016In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 525-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. To explore the associations between illness perceptions offatigue, sense of coherence and stress in patients one year after myocardial infarc-tion.Background. Post-myocardial infarction fatigue is a stressful symptom that is dif-ficult to cope with. Patients' illness perceptions of fatigue guide professionals inpredicting how individuals will respond emotionally and cognitively to symptoms.Individuals' sense of coherence can be seen as a coping resource in managingstressors.Design. A cross-sectional study design was used.Method. One year post-myocardial infarction, a total of 74 patients still experi-encing fatigue completed four questionnaires: the Multidimensional Fatigue ScaleInventory -20, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, the Sense of Coherencescale (sense of coherence-13) and a single-item measure of stress symptoms.Descriptive statistics, correlations and stepwise regression analysis were carriedout.Results. Strong negative associations were found between illness perceptions offatigue, sense of coherence and stress. Sense of coherence has an impact on illnessperceptions of fatigue. Of the dimensions of sense of coherence, comprehensibilityseemed to play the greatest role in explaining illness perceptions of fatigueone year after myocardial infarction.Conclusion. To strengthen patients' coping resources, health-care professionalsshould create opportunities for patients to gain individual-level knowledge thatallows them to distinguish between common fatigue symptoms and warning signsfor myocardial infarction.Relevance to clinical practice. There is a need to improve strategies for copingwith fatigue. It is also essential to identify patients with fatigue after myocardialinfarction, as they need explanations for their symptoms and extra support

  • 2.
    Andersson, Mikael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Johansson, Josefine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    "Where I come from cannot make me who I want to be”: A Minor Field Study in the townships of Cape Town2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The purpose of this thesis is to describe peer educators’ experiences from the training given to them by The Leadership South Programme. The aim is also to describe the participants’ perceived self-empowerment and perceptions about their own learning and experiences of being a peer educator. The study also aims to explore how peer educators share their skills with others.

    Methods: Grounded Theory is the method used for the research presented in this thesis. The data collection was done by open-ended questionnaires followed by qualitative interviews.

    Results: The results show that the peer educators who participated in our study show increased self-esteem and motivation. The training has also given them increased knowledge in communicating, listening and facilitating others. Furthermore peer educators experienced increased self-awareness and learned how to motivate and support their peers and share information.

  • 3.
    Aronsson, Mariana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Lindström, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "Du får lite att fundera över liksom": En intervjustudie av medarbetarnas upplevelse av reflektion som arbetsmetod inom äldreomsorgen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate the employees' experience of reflection as a work method. The sample for the study consisted of 16 employees (women aged 25-55 years) from four special housing care of the elderly who regularly work with the reflection as a work method. The methodology for this study was qualitative in nature, inspired by a phenomenological approach. The empirical data collected consisted of 16 banded individual semi-structured interviews. The asked questions have been open to give the respondents the opportunity to develop their views and thoughts and to give the study a depth. All 16 interviews were then transcribed and analyzed to arrive a result.

    The theoretical framework for this study includes literature and previous research about the importance of reflection for learning and skills development in the workplace.

    The result has three overarching themes emerged;

    Learning, professionally approach and Culture. These themes summarize the categories that have emerged in the study. The study shows that reflection as a work method provides the group with a better fellowship where they learn from each other and a respectful attitude towards each other. For the individual person, the method gives greater self-insight, improved communication skills and increased competence. The conclusion of the study show that the reflective work method can be considered as a tool that lays the foundation for a common learning where employees have the opportunity to develop both elderly care as common values in order to strengthen and develop the quality of health care.

  • 4.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric D.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    The Three-Level Collaboration Exercise: Impact of Learning and Usefulness2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 257-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the emergency personnel’s perception of the effects of exercises, with regard to learning and usefulness. The exercises were quasi-experimental and constructed in such a way that employees from different organizations overlapped each other’s tasks. This was accomplished by: having asymmetries included in the scenarios, repeating exercise procedures and testing different strategies, which were discussed at joint seminars. The exercises were compared to a similar study, published in this journal, of nonquasi-experimental but merely traditional exercises. Surveys were distributed and collected from emergency personnel in connection with seven exercises. At the exercises, 94.3% of the personnel thought that the exercises had a focus on collaboration (traditional exercises, 75.6%).

  • 5.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ymefors, Mattias
    Teambaserat skolsocialt arbete: fördjupad och utökad elevhälsa2017In: Skolsocialt arbete: Skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Backlund, Åsa, Högdin, Sara & Weitz, Ylva Spånberger (red.), Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 183-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Salutogen omvårdnad2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 191-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Folkhälsa och salutogenes2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 105-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Kritik av den salutogena teorin2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 78-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Eriksson, Monica
    Folkhälsans forskningscentrum, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Salutogenes och känsla av sammanhang: begrepp inom vården?2007In: Vård i fokus, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 5-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning]2015 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes är mer än känsla av sammanhang2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 92-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Samband mellan SOC och hälsa: en kunskapsinventering2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 47-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Teorin om hälsans ursprung: en systematisk forskningsöversikt2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 14-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Utblick2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 209-211Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lycke, Liselott
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Tano, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    ARK: modell för att systematiskt arbeta med hållbart arbetsliv inom universitet och högskola (UoH)2018In: FALF 2018 - program och abstraktbok / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: University Press , 2018, p. 123-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Hållbart arbetsliv är idag ledord för arbetslivets förändrade villkor. Inom UoH i Sverige fanns i slutet av 2017 omkring 75 000 anställda varav ca 35 000 inom forskning och undervisning (UKÄ, 2017). Det är en sektor med stor betydelse för samhällsutvecklingen i Sverige. Arbetsmiljön inom sektorn ställer särskilda krav på personalen. Förvånansvärt få studier har gjorts i Sverige om arbetsmiljön för personal inom UoH. Med förebild från Norge implementeras nu för första gången i Sverige en forskningsbaserad (krav-resurs-modellen) och sektorsspecifik ny modell för att systematiskt arbeta med arbetsmiljön, den s.k. Ark-modellen (arbeidsmiljø- og klimaundersøkelser, se figur) vid Högskolan Väst. Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrift 2015:4 betonar den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön, vilket väl tillgodoses i denna modell.

    Syfte

    Att systematiskt och långsiktigt arbeta med arbetsmiljön ur ett främjande, förebyggande och rehabiliterande perspektiv på såväl individ- som organisatorisk nivå för att utveckla förhållanden som bidrar till ett hållbart arbetsliv.

    Metod

    Genom KIWEST (Knowledge Intensive Work Environment Survey Target) kartläggs arbetsmiljön utifrån 28 olika dimensioner. Kategorier som belyses är t.ex. sociala, uppgiftsbaserade och organisatoriska resurser samt jobbkrav och tillhörighet till jobbet. Organisatoriska förhållanden mäts med FaktaARK 1 medan genomförda insatser mäts med FaktaARK 2.

    Resultat

    KIWEST sändes till all personal med 20 % anställning eller mer. Utav 539 tillfrågade personer svarade 376, vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 69,8 %. Resultatet visar att specifikt för sektorn är upplevelsen av tidspress samtidigt som arbetet upplevs som meningsfullt och viktigt. Nu följer analyser, planering, genomförande och utvärdering av insatser på olika nivåer inom högskolan. KIWEST-formuläret sänds till personalen med 3-års intervall. I förbättringsarbetet ingår även att granska och utvärdera genomförandet, därvid ingår även metodutveckling. Förbättringsarbetet sätts in i ett större organisatoriskt perspektiv och är en naturlig del i kvalitetssäkringsprocessen och ledningssystemet. ARK-processen förväntas bidra till teoriutveckling av krav- och resursmodellen samt öka kunskapen om arbetsmiljön inom UoH.

  • 16.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Hälsa och hälsofrämjande: klargöra begrepp2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Friberg, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Strömsnäs, Cassandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Behandlingsalternativ för personer med ätstörningsproblematik: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    An eating disorder is a serious mental illness that affects the whole body, mentally and physically. Women are more likely to develop an eating disorder than men. The largest diagnostic group is the EDNOS group (Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified) which includes BED (Binge Eating Disorder). This study focuses on the two other diagnostic groups, Anorexia Nervosa (self-starvation) and Bulimia Nervosa (binging and self-induced purging).

    Aim

    This study’s aim is to describe treatment options for people with eating disorders.

    Method

    An examination of articles was conducted. Articles were retrieved from data bases andanalysed.

    Results

    The findings were divided into themes and subthemes. Four themes were found, psychotherapeutic treatment, psychopharmacological treatment,treatment with alternative methods and the importance of a therapeutic relationship.The result shows that there are several treatment methods for an eating disorder and that the caregiver has a major part in the recovery.

    Conclusion

    No universal treatment was found so it’s important to adapt the treatment to the person’s needs. It’s also important to remember to not insult or wound the person. As a caregiver it’s necessary to remember to see beyond the disorder and see the person behind it in order to build a therapeutic relationship

  • 18.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att organisera kulturaktiviteter över verksamhetsgränser: Följeforskning/utvärdering av projekt med kultur som hälsofrämjande verktyg2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Föreställningar och attityder till åldrande2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Äldre finns dom?: Om föreställningar och attityder till äldre/åldrande där film utgör exempel.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wahlström, Emmie
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Cultural activities for the elderly: project, organizational development or innovation for the future?2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Källsson, Mekela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Olsson, Anneli
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Högskolelärares arbetsvillkor: Några högskolelärares uppfattningar om sin arbetssituation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to find out how teachers at Högskolan Väst perceive their work situation. Is there a balance between work time and work, if not, why is that? The questions we sought answers to focus on their perception of working hours, tasks, accessibility in terms of support and resources, participation, and the very idea of balance between work and leisure. The study is based on semi-structured interviews conducted with academics at Högskolan Väst. To highlight the teachers' own perceptions are phenomenographically preferable because then they have the opportunity to describe and explain how they perceive their work situation and it is inspired by phenomenography as the study made.

    The results of the study show that it is about professional identity, the different roles that a university teaching position and contains the individual's ability to see oneself in a context. Perceptions of priorities, the quality of teaching, meeting with students and the social network with colleagues at Högskolan Väst has been a recurrent phenomenon in the interview talks also how teachers perceive their opportunities to influence the work situation. Likewise, how teachers perceive their opportunities to influence the work situation.

    Our study demonstrates the complexity of having more roles in a teaching position, and that this, together with the economic condition of the organization and larger student groups ena-bles university teachers sometimes perceive their work situation as burdensome. The teachers see as positive is the contact with students and to provide students with good prospects for future employment

  • 23.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, Internal medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Lissner, Lauren
    University of Gothenburg, Public Health Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Fors, Hans
    Department of Paediatrics, Northern Älvsborg Hospital, Trollhättan.
    Lantz, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital,Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, Internal medicine, Gothenburg.
    Näslund, Ingmar
    Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro.
    Carlsson, Lena M.
    Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Sjöström, Lars
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, .
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, Internal medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Body composition through adult life: Swedish reference data on body composition2015In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 69, no 7, p. 837-842Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Objectives:The prevalence of obesity, defined as body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to30 kg/m2, differs between populations; however, there is a need for data on description on body composition in reference populations of different ages and from different countries. The objective of this study was to pool dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) body composition reference data from population-based Swedish cohorts.Subjects/Methods:Four population-based cross-sectional cohort studies including 1424 adult Swedes were divided into five age groups (20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–61 and 75 years of age); BMI 24.6±3.9 kg/m2 were pooled. Body composition was measured with DXA.

    Results:The difference in BMI from the youngest to the oldest age group was 3.2 and 4.3 kg/m2 in men and women, respectively (P<0.001, both sexes), and fat mass (FM) was 9.9 and 9.1% higher in the oldest compared with the youngest men and women (P<0.001, both sexes). Fat-free mass (FFM) remained stable up to 60 years of age in men (P=0.83) and was lower at 75 years of age compared with the younger ages. In women, FFM was lower from age 60. From youngest to oldest age groups, height-adjusted FM differed from 4.6 to 7.8 kg/m2 in men and from 6.8 to 10.8 kg/m2 in women (P<0.001, both sexes).

    Conclusions:Our results provide reference data on body composition in Swedish populations. BMI and FM were higher among older age groups compared with the younger ones. FFM remained stable up to 60 years of age and was lower first among the 75 years of age.

  • 24.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Organisation som arena för hälsofrämjande arbete2015In: Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung : [från forskning till praktisk tillämpning] / [ed] Eriksson, Monica, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 1. uppl., p. 126-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Zouini, Btissame
    et al.
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Self-reported aggressive and antisocial behaviors in Moroccan high school students*2019In: Psihologija, ISSN 1451-9283, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the present study were to map the level and distribution of aggressive and antisocial behaviors in a sample of Moroccan high school students and to define the level of these behaviors in adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experienced abuse. In total, 375 high school students completed the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders (MeSHe)" survey that includes the Life History of Aggression scale. Male students had significantly higher scores for aggression and antisocial behaviors than female. The students who reported experience of abuse or parental alcohol use problems scored significantly higher for aggression, self-directed aggression, and antisocial behaviors compared to students not reporting these negative psychosocial factors. Previously shown gender-specific patterns in aggressive and antisocial behaviors, but not in self-harm behaviors were confirmed in these Moroccan high school students. Reported experience of abuse and/or parental alcohol use problems were associated with increased frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviors.

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