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  • 1. Bergfors, P G
    et al.
    Höglund, T
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Winberg, J
    Lasarettsvecka i pediatrik : Försöksverksamhet  under grundutbildningen: [Hospital week in pediatricsExperiments in medical education].1974In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 71, no 22, p. 2237-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Bjure, J
    et al.
    Fälström, S P
    Latuszek, B
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Cystisk fibros med okaraktäristisk debut: [Cystic fibrosis with uncharacteristic onset].1976In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 73, no 10, article id 870Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Povlsen, Lene
    Nordiska högskolan för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Borup, Ina
    Nordiska högskolan för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Hanås, Ragnar
    Uddevalla Hospital.
    If dad comes, we are happy - if mom fails to appear, we become desperate: A Grounded Theory study of Swedish diabetes teams perecption of fathers’ involvement in their child's everyday life2011In: 4th International Research Seminar on SALUTOGENESIS and meeting of the IUP-GWG-SAL: May 30-31, 2011, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden, 2011, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since parental involvement is essential to the outcome of diabetes type 1 treatment in childhood and high paternal engagement in everyday life promote the child's health, it is of value to explore how professionals, the diabetes teams (DT), perceive fathers' involvement in their child with diabetes type 1.

    Method: The study design was Constructivist Grounded Theory and data was collected by Repeated Focus Groups discussions with three Swedish pediatric diabetes teams, between May 2010 and January 2011.

    Results: The core category for the diabetes teams' perception of fathers' involvement was If dad comes, we are happy – if mom fails to appear, we become desperate. The core category relied on three subcategories. Societal and cultural context where DTs perceived fathers involvement as having specific properties and specific areas of responsibility, Balancing where the DTs balanced the father's involvement against the mother's engagement and Becoming aware where the DTs raised awareness of the fathers from being a indistinct parents-unit till to identify and appreciate the father's engagement.

    Conclusions: Perceiving fathers as equal caregivers, and becoming aware of fathers as a health resource, could support an active health promotion perspective in pediatric diabetes care. 

  • 4.
    Dahlén, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Davallius, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    BVC-sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att hålla hälsosamtal2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The problem with lifestyle-related illness is increasing among children and adolescents, both physically and mentally. Living habits are implemented at an early age and usually continues in adulthood. Therefore, it´s important to early identify the needs for every child and family to support them in promoting healthy lifestyles. During the health talks at the Child Health Care Centre (CHC), it´s important to create a good relationship and provide information that is adapted to the family's needs and conditions. Previous studies have shown that CHC-nurses may experience challenges in conducting health talks regarding lifestyles, especially when it comes to obesity. On behalf of Child Health Care in Fyrbodal, we have analyzed focus group interviews with CHC-nurses who work at CHC, to identify their experience of conducting health talks.

    Aim: The aim is to investigate child health care nurses' experiences of having health talks, with a special focus on lifestyle.

    Method: Qualitative content analysis of two focus group interviews.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three categories: to create structure and support, to create relationships and to start from the family's conditions. The results showed that it could be challenging to talk about lifestyle habits, and that it was important to create trust in the parents in order to be able to contribute to support and change. The findings suggest that certain strategies and tools could function as pedagogical support for the conversation, but also that much in child health care is perceived as outdated and not adapted to today's digitalized society or to families with different cultures and norms.

    Conclusion: Living habits are essential for how a child’s health is developed and must be addressed, thus it is important to have good communication skills and capacity to build trustful relations to handle issues and situations that may be of a sensitive nature. Sweden is today a heterogenous society, which places demands on the nurse to have the knowledge and ability to manage the own as well as others' culture and norms.

  • 5. Domellöf, L
    et al.
    Eriksson, S
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Sönne, B
    Local perineal actinomycosis1974In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 450-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Eklund, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Jangsten, Elisabeth
    Institue of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Assessing and promoting responsive interaction between parents and children: A qualitative study of the experiences of child health care nurses in Sweden.2022In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 63, no March-April, p. e95-e101, article id S0882-5963(21)00303-1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: One of the main tasks of a child health care nurse is to assess and promote a responsive interaction and secure connection between children and their parents for the future. This study aims to develop an understanding of Swedish child health care nurses´ experiences of assessing and promoting responsive interaction between parents and children.

    DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative interview study using an inductive approach was implemented. Eleven nurses were interviewed (range: 30-58 min) during the period March to August 2016, and the transcripts were analysed using qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman.

    RESULTS: Three categories emerged: Interpreting signals in parent and child behaviour, Reinforcing the parents in their role and Feeling inadequate as professional. Interpreting signals in parent and child behaviour was described fundamental when promoting responsive interaction. Further reinforcing the parents in their role was described central. The child health care nurses also described how they often felt inadequate in promoting responsive interaction.

    CONCLUSIONS: Assessing and promoting responsive interaction is an important but challenging task which requires extensive knowledge and good communication skills. The child health care nurses express their insufficiency in that regard.

    PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: A targeted education and sufficient time for each visit at the child health care center should be allocated to facilitate the important work on parenting and child interaction and to enhance nurses' feelings of managing their work.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Journal of Pediatric Nursing
  • 7. Eksmyr, R
    et al.
    Fex, G
    Jagell, S
    Johansson, B G
    Ravnskov, U
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Low molecular weight proteinuria and slight hyperlipoproteinemia in three mentally retarded brothers.1976In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 521-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental retardation in combination with proteinuria and a slight hyperlipoproteinemia was found in three brothers. The increased urinary protein excretion was dominated by albumin and the low molecular weight proteins retinol-binding protein (RBP) and beta2-microglobulin, indicating the presence of proximal tubular dysfunction. However, there was no glucosuria, phosphaturia or amino aciduria and the renal concentrating and acidification capacities were normal. A kidney biopsy in one of the patients revealed morphologic evidence of glomerular damage but a normal tubular structure. A mild hyper-beta-lipoproteinemia was found in the patients but not in their healthy siblings. The cause of this syndrome, hitherto not described, is unknown.

  • 8.
    Fast, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Bjork, Anna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Närhälsan Krokslätt Primary Health Care Center, Mölndal, (SWE).
    Strandberg, Maxwell
    Global Market Data Analyst, SKF, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Johannesson, Elias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wentz, Elisabet
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Dahlgren, Jovanna
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Half of the children with overweight or obesity and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder reach normal weight with stimulants2021In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 110, no 10, p. 2825-2832Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim Treatment of childhood obesity is often insufficient and may be aggravated by high co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate whether children with overweight or obesity normalised in weight when receiving stimulant treatment for ADHD. Methods Growth data of 118 children were obtained from medical records at outpatient paediatric and children’s psychiatric services in the Gothenburg area, Sweden. The children were diagnosed with ADHD and were between 6 and 17 years at the start of stimulant treatment. The pre-treatment data act as an internal control where every child is their own control. Results At the start of treatment, 74 children had normal weight and 44 had either overweight or obesity. During the year with stimulants, the mean (SD) body mass index (BMI) in standard deviation score (SDS) decreased significantly: -0.72 (0.66) compared with 0.17 (0.43) during the year before treatment (p < 0.01). After one year with treatment, 43% of those with overweight or obesity had reached normal weight. Conclusions Stimulant treatment for ADHD yields significant weight loss. In children with overweight or obesity and ADHD, this is an important finding showing additional benefit in terms of weight management.

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    fulltext
  • 9.
    Finnström, Berit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Käck, Britt-Marie
    Drottning Silvias barn och ungdomssjukhus, 416 85 Göteborg.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    Universitetet i Agder, Grimstad.
    Fingertoppskänsla och fingerfärdighet: Föräldrars uppfattningar om faktorer som inverkar på barnets upplevelse av perfer venpunktion2011In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 40-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:Pain in connection with needles is a major reason to children’s anxiety and fear. Parents have a unique competence and knowledge about their children’s experiences and reactions that should be regarded as important in health care. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a group of parents' perceptions of the factors that influence their children's experience in relation to venepuncture. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 11 parents. The interviews were based on the question “What factors influence your child's experience in relation to venepuncture?”. The data were analysed through manifest and latent content analysis. Results: The manifest analysis resulted in five categories: Children's experience of fear and stress, The parent's behaviour, Information and preparation, Distraction and Staff expertise. The latent content analysis led to the theme: Adapting the peripheral venepuncture for the individual child is both the responsibility of the parents and the health care professionals. Conclusions: Parents have specific knowledge of the child they wish to convey to the nursing staff. They also want to work in collaboration with staff to minimize the child's anxiety and fear. Parents should be seen as a resource in the child’s health care.

  • 10.
    Garcia de Avila, Marla Andréia
    et al.
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    Hamamoto Filho, Pedro Tadao
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Neurology, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    da Silva Jacob, Francine Letícia
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    Souza Alcantara, Léia Regina
    UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
    Berghammer, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, 416 50 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margaretha
    The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, 416 50 Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences; University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Person-Centred Care, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Olaya-Contreras, Patricia
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences; University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Person-Centred Care, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences; University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Person-Centred Care, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Children's Anxiety and Factors Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Exploratory Study Using the Children's Anxiety Questionnaire and the Numerical Rating Scale2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 16, article id E5757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on children's lives deserve attention. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety among Brazilian children and its associated factors during social distancing during COVID-19. We used a cross-sectional design with an online survey from April to May 2020 in Brazil. We included children aged 6-12 years and their guardians. The Children's Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ; scores 4-12) and the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS; scores 0-10) were used to measure anxiety. We enrolled 157 girls and 132 boys, with a mean age of 8.84 (±2.05) years; 88.9% of respondents were mothers. Based on CAQ ≥ 9, the prevalence of anxiety was 19.4% (n = 56), and higher among children with parents with essential jobs and those who were social distancing without parents. In logistic regression, the following variables were associated with higher CAQ scores: social distancing without parents; more persons living together in home; and education level of guardians. Based on NRS > 7, the prevalence of anxiety was 21.8% (n = 63); however, no associations with NRS scores were found with the investigated variables. These findings suggest the necessity of implementing public health actions targeting these parents and their children at the population level.

  • 11.
    Granberg, Agnes
    et al.
    Psykologiteamet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Bäckström, Caroline
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences, Post Box 408, S 541 28, Skövde, Sweden.
    First-Time Mothers' Enjoyment of Breastfeeding Correlates with Duration of Breastfeeding, Sense of Coherence, and Parental Couple and Child Relation: A Longitudinal Swedish Cohort Study2020In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, Vol. 2020, article id 8194389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Many women do not reach their own breastfeeding goals regarding duration of breastfeeding. Different factors influence breastfeeding, and to learn more about breastfeeding within a multidimensional and longitudinal perspective, further research is needed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate diverse factors correlated with first-time mothers' enjoyment of breastfeeding and breastfeeding duration, between childbirth and two years after birth.

    Methods: In a prospective longitudinal cohort study, 324 newly become mothers were followed. The Spearman correlation test was used to investigate factors correlated with the degree to which mothers enjoy breastfeeding and the duration of breastfeeding. The Mann-Whitney test was conducted for comparisons of demographic characteristics between mothers who did or did not breastfeed.

    Results: Among the mothers, 99.2% initiated breastfeeding after birth. Frequencies of breastfeeding were 54.8% at six months, 9.1% at one year, and 1.0% at two years. The degree to which the mother enjoyed breastfeeding was correlated positively with (1) the duration of breastfeeding, (2) more positive feelings for and relation to the child, (3) the partner's perceived relation to the child, (4) a higher sense of coherence, and (5) stronger perceived parental couple's relationship. Longer breastfeeding duration was correlated positively with (1) a higher degree of enjoyment of breastfeeding, (2) more positive relation to the child, and (3) stronger perceived parental couple's relationship. Additionally, breastfeeding during the first two hours after birth, more positive feelings for and relation to the child, and a higher degree of enjoyment of breastfeeding were more frequently reported among breastfeeding mothers, in comparison with not breastfeeding mothers.

    Conclusion: Mothers' subjective experience from breastfeeding, sense of coherence, and couple relationship with partner and relationship with the child are valuable factors in regard to breastfeeding.

  • 12.
    Gustavsson, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kullberg, Elin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    ”Amning är ingen quick fix”: BHV-sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge stöd till ammande mödrar - En intervjustudie2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim was to illustrate child health nurses’ experiences of providing support for breastfeeding mothers.

    Method: An interview study of qualitative design with an inductive approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 child health nurses from health centers in Västra Götaland County. The data collected was analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Result: Two themes emerged. One was Factors that promote support during breastfeeding where six categories have been developed called Using your experience and specialist knowledge, Being able to provide individualized support, Being able to contribute with extended support, Prioritize a relaxed environment, Motivated mothers and Mediate the importance of social support. The second theme wasFactors that prevent support during breastfeeding. In this theme three categories have been developed; Breastfeeding is complex, Lack of resources and Mothers who do not want breastfeeding support.

    Conclusion: If the mother stops breastfeeding, both the mother and the baby will lose the positive effects breastfeeding has on attachment and health. Breastfeeding is complex because both mother andthe baby must co-work on both a physical and mental level. Therefore, the child health nurse should have more time available to provide breastfeeding support, especially initially. Lack of time, however, was an obstacle to achieve early breastfeeding support. Mothers can choose to stop breastfeeding even though it could have been a successful breastfeeding if they had received the support they really needed. The support provided by the child health nurse can therefore affect the exclusivity and length of breastfeeding and contribute to reduced suffering for the mothers.

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    fulltext
  • 13. Hambraeus, L
    et al.
    Holmgren, G
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Ska äldre PKU-patienter behandlas?: [Should older patients with PKU be diet treated?].1974In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 71, no 12, p. 1183-4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Holmgren, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden / Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Wekell, Per
    Department of Pediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, Uddevalla, Sweden / Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Combining learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme2019In: BMC Medical Education, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 19, article id 28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most continuing professional development (CPD) programmes do not include an educational training module. In our country, educational practice in the areas of CPD and continuing medical education relies traditionally on conventional lectures. This is in sharp contrast to the educational research that clearly demonstrates that educational programmes emphasising adult learning methods have greater potential to change physicians'clinical practice. To investigate whether lecture-oriented educators were prepared to change their educational practice towards principles of adult learning, we decided to combine learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme.The aim of the study was to investigate educators' reflections on their learning and educational practice after they have undergone an educational skills component integrated in the implementation of a CPD learning module for paediatricians and evaluate the results from the participants' perspective.

    Methods: The objectives of the educational skills component of the learning module were developed according to adult learning theories. The learning objectives for the CPD learning module were based on a pre-course needs assessment. Evaluations were made using questionnaires.

    Results: Seven of 10 participants in the educational skills component of the learning module and all the participants, 13 paediatricians and 14 nurses, who participated in the learning module, answered the questionnaires.The results of this pilot study show that educators whose main experience of teaching was based on lectures were strengthened in their practice; they defined their competence and were prepared to move towards adult learning principles. The participants in the learning module expressed a high degree of satisfaction.

    Conclusions: We conclude that it is feasible to combine learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme and that lecture-oriented educators are prepared to change their educational practice towards principles of adult learning.

  • 15. Holmgren, G
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Hermansson, B
    The prevalence of diabetes mellitus: a study of children and their relatives in a northern Swedish county.1974In: Clinical Genetics, ISSN 0009-9163, E-ISSN 1399-0004, Vol. 5, no 5, p. 465-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Jakobsson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Glahns, Henrik
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att ge palliativ vård till barn inom slutenvården: en litteraturbaserad studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: About 21 million children around the world need palliative care every year. Palliative care aims to prevent suffering and increase quality of life among patients with life threatening diseases and their families. The whole family is affected when a child is diagnosed with a life-limiting illness. The nurse plays a key role in palliative care and provides care and support to the child and family. The asset of palliative care for children is limited around the world and mostly focused on adults.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to shed light on nurses’ experiences of providing palliative care to children in inpatient care. 

    Method: A literature-based study design with a qualitative approach. The study is based on eleven scientific articles and analyzed with Friberg’s five step method.

    Results: The study emerged three themes and seven subthemes. Family-centered care was an important part of the palliative care that nurses provide. They experienced a lack of knowledge and training. The care came with a wide spectrum of emotions for nurses that could be difficult to handle. They needed to find coping strategies. Nurses needed communication skills to manage challenging dialogues with the family.

    Conclusion: The need for increased knowledge and training calls for skills development offered by the workplace. It’s important so that nurses can feel confident providing palliative care to children and their families. Increased knowledge of palliative care can increase nursing quality and strengthen the profession of nurses.

  • 17. Jonsell, Ragnar
    et al.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Winberg, Jan
    Kompendium i intravenös vätsketerapi för barn1974Book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan and Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; King Abdulaziz University.
    Household income predicts trajectories of child internalizing and externalizing behavior in high-, middle-, and low-income countries2019In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 74-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined longitudinal links between household income and parents' education and children's trajectories of internalizing and externalizing behaviors from age 8 to 10 reported by mothers, fathers, and children. Longitudinal data from 1,190 families in 11 cultural groups in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and United States) were included. Multigroup structural equation models revealed that household income, but not maternal or paternal education, was related to trajectories of mother-, father-, and child-reported internalizing and externalizing problems in each of the 11 cultural groups. Our findings highlight that in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, socioeconomic risk is related to children's internalizing and externalizing problems, extending the international focus beyond children's physical health to their emotional and behavioral development.

  • 19.
    Larsson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Agernäs, Madelene
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hur sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården stödjer nyblivna mödrar under amningsperioden: En intervjustudie2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting breastfeeding is a concern for public health to facilitate maternal and child health. Positive effects of breastfeeding for both children and mothers are well documented, but despite this the frequency of breastfeeding decreases. Mothers leave maternity wards earlier and therefore the nurses at the child health care have been given more responsibility for breastfeeding. At the same time, mothers experience difficulties and misconceptions in information and support during the period of breastfeeding.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how nurses support new mothers during the breastfeeding period, in child healthcare.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with nine nurses were conducted and analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The result showed three categories of support; emotional-, social- and practical support. The emotional support showed that nurses at child health care could strengthen mothers through encouragement, confirmation and be responsive and listening. The social support showed that the nurses were available and created trust while it was important to involve significant relatives during the breastfeeding period. To optimize breastfeeding, the nurses used practical support, which was consisted of creating good conditions for breastfeeding and supporting with the help of various tools.

    Conclusion: The results of this study show that the support from child healthcare is important for new mothers and that nurses has a key role in providing these forms of support, to facilitate breastfeeding. 

  • 20. Michaelsen, K F
    et al.
    Weile, B
    Larsen, P
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Krasilnikoff, P A
    Does the low intake of wheat in Danish infants cause the low incidence rate of coeliac disease?1993In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 82, no 6-7, p. 605-6Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Patriksson, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. Division of Paediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, Trollhättan (SWE).
    Selin, Lotta
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NU-Hospital Group, Trollhättan, (SWE).
    Parents and newborn "togetherness" after birth2022In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 17, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Zero separation is a family-centred approach where newborns should be accompanied by their parents, regardless of the type of birth or health status. To our knowledge, few studies have described the way this approach is realized in clinical practice. This study describes situations of separation between mother/partner and newborn after birth on the labour ward, maternity ward and at the neonatal unit.

    Method: An observation study was conducted during four months at a Swedish hospital. All caregivers at the three units were given the task of collecting the data. A semantic thematic analysis was performed with an inductive approach.

    Results: Six themes emerged from the analysis. Two themes were common to all three units, one theme was common to two units and three themes emerged at only one unit. The themes describe various causes of separation, such as organizational and economic barriers, clinical routines, parents' own decisions, shortage of collaboration within and between units, as well as a shortage of interprofessional communication.

    Conclusion: Our study shows that there is still a gap between the latest evidence-based knowledge of the importance of zero separation and current practice in newborn care. There is a need for continuous collaboration between all units responsible for the care of mother and newborn.

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    T&F
  • 22. Samuelson, Gösta
    Adoptivbarn från utlandet : bör PKU-test ingå i hälsoundersökningen?: [Adopted children from abroad should the PKU-test be included in their health examination?]1977In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 74, no 12, article id 1156Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23. Samuelson, Gösta
    An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a Northern Swedish county: I. Food consumption survey1971In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica. Supplement, ISSN 0300-8843, Vol. 214, p. Suppl 214:5-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24. Samuelson, Gösta
    An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a northern Swedish County: II. Methodological study of the recall technique1970In: Nutrition and metabolism, ISSN 0029-6678, Vol. 12, no 6, p. 321-40Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Göteborgs .
    Dietbehandling av PKU-barn i Sverige: [Diet treatment of PKU children in Sweden].1974In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 71, no 12, p. 1177-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Samuelson, Gösta
    Hereditary ectodermal dysplasia: Report of two cases1970In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 94-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27. Samuelson, Gösta
    Om näringsundersökningar hos småbarn1973Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Blomquist, H K
    Crossner, C G
    Holm, A K
    Grahnén, H
    An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a northern Swedish county.: VII. A comparative study of general and dental health, food habits and socio-economic conditions in 4-year-old children.1975In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 241-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of the general and dental health and the food habits of randomly selected 4-year-old Swedish urban children was performed. The results were compared with the findings of an investigation carried out four years earlier in the same area. In comparison with the earlier study no significant differences were found in haemoglobin values, packed red cell volume, microsedimentation rate and anthropometric measurements. The food habits had altered. A reduction in the frequency of between-meal consumption, particularly of sweets and soft drinks, as well as a reduction of the frequency of meat, fish and egg consumption was found. The children had an increased sandwich and milk consumption. The caries frequency was markedly reduced, which might be explained by the decreased between-meal consumption and an increased consumption of fluoride tablets. The food habits and the caries situation were generally influenced by the parents' socio-economic conditions, especially their educational level.

  • 29.
    Skoog, Therese
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Boys’ Pubertal Timing Measured on the Pubertal Development Scale is Linked to Online Sexual Activities2013In: International Journal of Sexual Health, ISSN 1931-7611, E-ISSN 1931-762X, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 281-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored the link between boys’ pubertal timing and offline and online romantic and sexual activities using a sample of 142 Swedish early adolescent boys. Boys reported on two aspects of pubertal timing, a stage-normative (measured by five indicators of physical development related to puberty) and a peer-normative, and on offline and online romantic and sexual activities. Both aspects of pubertal timing was related to being romantically and sexually active offline, but only the stage-normative measure was linked to corresponding activities online. Thus, the implications of stage-normative pubertal timing on sexual activities seem to extend to online contexts.

  • 30.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst (USA).
    Editorial:: The Consequences of COVID-19 on the Mental Well-Being of Parents, Children and Adolescents2022In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    Frontiers
  • 31. Sterky, G
    et al.
    Holmgren, G
    Gustavson, K H
    Larsson, Y
    Lundmark, K M
    Nilsson, K O
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Thalme, B
    Wall, S
    The incidence of diabetes mellitus in Swedish children 1970--1975.1978In: Acta paediatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-656X, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 139-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report a retrospective study of diabetic children, 0--14 years of age, from seven Swedish departments of paediatrics. There were 359 new cases in the years 1970--1975. Notification suggested that there was a mean yearly incidence of 19.6 cases per 100 000 with a year to year variation of 10.0--26.4 per 100 000. Consequently about 330 new cases of childhood diabetes would be expected in Sweden every year. Incidence varied considerably between different geographical areas. The age distribution was bimodal with a main peak at about 12 years and another peak at about 7 years. There was some evidence for clustering of new cases in January and the autumn. The mean prevalence of childhood diabetes in the seven districts was 1.3 per 1 000.

  • 32.
    Wiljen, Angelica
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Department of Paediatrics, Region Västra Götaland, Södra Älvsborg Hospital, Borås (SWE).
    Chaplin, John Eric
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Crine, Vanessa
    University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Johnson, Ensa
    Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, University of Pretoria, Pretoria (ZAF); Department of Inclusive Education, University of South Africa, Pretoria (ZAF).
    Karlsson, Katarina
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås (SWE).
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Department of Applied Information Technology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Schwarz, Annelie
    Department of Research, Education and Innovation, Region Västra Götaland, Södra Älvsborg Hospital, Borås (SWE).
    Stenmarker, Margaretha
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute for Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping (SWE); Department of Paediatrics, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping (SWE).
    Thunberg, Gunilla
    University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Dart Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Assistive Technology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (SWE); Speech and Language Pathology Unit, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Öhlén, Joakim
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); Palliative Centre, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE); University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    The development of a mHealth tool for children with long-term illness to enable person-centred communication: a co-design approach2021In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 30, no SUPPL 1, 1, SIArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Children with long-term illnesses frequently experience symptoms that could negatively affect their daily lives. These symptoms are often underreported in health care. Despite a large number of mobile health (mHealth) tools, few are based on a theoretical framework or supported by scientific knowledge. Incorporating universal design when developing a product can promote accessibility and facilitate person-centered communication.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the symptom-reporting needs of children with cancer and congenital heart defects that could be satisfied by using a mobile app. Another aim is to evaluate how the child might interact with the app by considering universal design principles and to identify parents’ views and health care professionals’ expectations and requirements for an mHealth tool.

    Methods: User-centered design is an iterative process that focuses on an understanding of the users. The adapted user-centered design process includes 2 phases with 4 stages. Phase 1 involved interviews with 7 children with long-term illnesses, 8 parents, and 19 health care professionals to determine their needs and wishes for support; a workshop with 19 researchers to deepen our understanding of the needs; and a workshop with developers to establish a preliminary tool to further investigate needs and behaviors. Phase 2 involved interviews with 10 children with long-term illnesses, 9 parents, and 21 health care professionals to evaluate the mock-up (prototype) of the mHealth tool. Data were synthesized using the interpretive description technique.

    Results:A total of 4 aspects of needs emerged from the synthesis of the data, as follows: different perspectives on provided and perceived support; the need for an easy-to-use, non–clinic-based tool to self-report symptoms and to facilitate communication; the need for safety by being in control and reaching the child’s voice; and a way of mapping the illness journey to facilitate recall and improve diagnostics. The children with long-term illnesses expressed a need to not only communicate about pain but also communicate about anxiety, fatigue, fear, and nausea.

    Conclusions: The findings of this study indicated that the PicPecc (Pictorial Support in Person-Centered Care for Children) app is a potential solution for providing communicative support to children with long-term illnesses dealing with multiple symptoms and conditions. The interview data also highlighted symptoms that are at risk of being overlooked if they are not included in the mobile app. Further studies are needed to include usability testing and evaluation in hospitals and home care settings.

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