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  • 1.
    Bennehag, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation and Computer Engineering.
    Wulcan, Alexander
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation and Computer Engineering.
    Claesson, ommy
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation and Computer Engineering.
    Förstudie till ett stadstäckande och öppet WiFi i Trollhättan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förstudien behandlar den tekniska delen av ett teoretiskt stadstäckande öppet WiFi i Trollhättan, Sverige. Trollhättans kommun beställde en förstudie från Högskolan Väst som skulle agera beslutsunderlag till hur de skulle ta ärendet vidare. Studien är begränsad till den tekniska biten, där bland annat val av utrustning, trådlösa tekniker och riskanalys av nätverket ingår. Arbetet varit väldigt teoretiskt inriktat med en metod som till största del består utav att samla information och kunskaper från vetenskapliga rapporter, teknikorienterade hemsidor och andra relaterade arbeten.De trådlösa standarder som jämfördes teoretiskt i förstudien var 802.11g och 802.11n. 802.11n valdes som den standarden som bäst passade just detta nätverk, främst för dess positiva egenskaper när det gäller täckning, hastighet och bakåtkompatibilitet. 802.11n seräven ut att garantera en säker framtid när det gäller implementering i mobila enheter. Föreslaget på utrustning består av två olika accesspunkter, antingen 2602e eller 3602e beroende på den slutgiltiga budgeten. Dessa produkter är från Cisco och klarade olikastresstester med bra resultat samtidigt som de stödde den föreslagna standarden 802.11n. WLAN controllern (Ciscos 5500-serie) som valdes ut stödjer det krav på antal accesspunkter som bestämts, samtidigt som den lämpar sig bra för eventuella framtidakrav. Routern till detta nätverk är en Cisco 891-router. Anledningen till att denna router valdes var för att den har 4 portar som kan ge ström över Ethernet till accesspunkterna. Säkerhetsanalysen gjordes med hjälp utav CORAS-metoden där det diskuteras vilka riskernätverket kan ställas inför och vad dessa risker kan få för konsekvenser. Försök till att hitta lösningar som var direkt applicerbara på det stadstäckande öppna nätverket gjordes även.Förstudien avslutas med en kostnadsberäkning av nätverket, baserad på andras tidigare arbeten och deras kostnader, speciellt från Jönköping, Helsingborg och Mountain View.

  • 2.
    Edström, Johan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Redovisning av lantmäterimyndigheternas handläggningstider och hur de påverkar byggbranschen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That the need for housing is very large and will continue to be so for many years in Sweden is well known. To handle the emergency situation, the construction process needs to speed up.  On January 19, 2017, an article was published on the Swedish government's website describing that the survey processing times have to be reviewed. The long processing times are slowing down the construction process and thus adversely affect the construction process in a negative way. The National Land Survey is an authority that works to measure, regulate and distribute cadastral boundaries. This means that The National land survey has a major role in the plan process and because of that a significant impact on the time of the plan process. Especially during the work on detail plans. This bachelor thesis has been carried out at the University West, Sweden, with the purpose of investigating how Sweden’s survey agencies administrative processes affect the construction process.

     Of Swedens 39 municipal survey agencies, 29 have contributed with processing statistics. The study's results have shown that the processing times of municipal surveyors on average are 47.5 weeks in 2016. At the Land Survey, the corresponding equivalent value is 55.1 weeks in 2016. This study clearly indicates that processing times are too long given to what the construction industry is looking for. A majority in the construction industry are saying that a processing time that is longer than 26 weeks is unreasonable in most cases. Although this study has shown that, the construction industry is overall satisfied with the work carried out by the survey agency. In 2016, a new section came into law that will give rights to a broadband connection within a maximum of four months after the application. This means that the survey agencies may be required to give priority to these types of cases, and thus administrative processing times may be affected. The result has shown that there are four different possibilities for getting priority in the line, however, it is too early to state with certainty that the processing times will be affected by the new law.   

  • 3.
    Habibovic, Sejla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Svensson, Per Real
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Friköp av bostadsrättsföreningar och överföring av fastighetstillbehör: Vad avgör om anläggningslagen 12 a § tillämpas?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction of properties exist in several different forms. A joint facility forms such a form of cooperation, which is set up to accommodate purposes of constant importance for several properties. The purposes for which a joint facility is set up are widely different and often consist of facilities that make up a property, including property fixtures. With a joint facility follows the right to space for the participating properties to manage the facility appropriately.   However, ownership of the participating properties will not automatically change when setting up a joint facility. Before 2002, property and its fixtures were seen as an ownership unit, which could only be separated by the physical removal of the fixture from the property. Regulations that allowed the transfer of property fixtures and property rights to the facility were introduced in the Real Property Formation Act (FBL) and the Joint Facilities Act (AL). Even regulation on the possibility of release of property fixtures was introduced simultaneously in the Utility Easements Act (LL). 

     In the government bill Transfer of property fixtures 2000/01: 138, the introduction of the legislative changes was motivated by the fact that a number of uncertainties could be avoided regarding the property fixtures. These consisted of uncertainties about maintenance responsibility, liability to subscribe for insurance, assignment of use rights, the right to rebuild and expand, as well as the use of the mortgaging.  Owning your own property has always been important not only for the individual but also for the development of society. The ownership creates incentives to spend time, energy and money on your property, which in turn generates a higher property value. Nevertheless, tenant-ownership is a common housing form in Sweden. However, it is possible to create new individual properties through liquidation of the tenant-ownership and the subdivision of the property. However, for those spaces and facilities that has previously been common, the need remains for common use. In practice, only the property boundaries and ownership have changed, not the physical conditions. Establishment of a joint facility meets this need. In order to also transfer ownership of the participating properties there is the possibility of applying AL 12 a §.   This study investigates what has been crucial for whether AL 12 a § has been applied and which property fixtures are usually transferred. Responsibility for joint facilities is a key concept. The study examines how responsibility for the insurance issue is affected if transfer under AL 12 a § happens or not. In order to answer the question of liability, it was important to try to understand what separates the right to space from ownership.

    The result shows that transfer of property fixtures under AL 12 a § occurred in 17 of the 45 gathered acts of execution. The property fixtures that were usually transferred were mainly VA-pipelines but also watercourses, outdoor lighting, media installations in the form of cable TV, broadband, fiber and central antenna, as well as driving areas such as road and exit. The decisive factor in applying AL 12 a § is the attitude of the cadastral surveyor, and knowledge of the regulation.  Regarding the liability of the insurance issue, the joint property unit of the facility is considered to be of greater significance than if the transfer has taken place or not. The right to space differs slightly from ownership in this context, as the insurance terms are based on the responsibility for property fixtures and not the property rights themselves. The transfer of the property fixtures therefore lacks practical significance. Associations management is considered more appropriate in this context than part-owner management. The choice of management form is more important, the more expensive the property fixtures are and the more useful it is for the properties participating in the joint venture.

  • 4.
    Johansson, Anders
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West. Global Industrial Development, Scania CV AB, Södertälje.
    Money talks while volume and value should run the show: An evaluation of financial parameters for decision making duringmanufacturing system acquisition2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Market economic values have for the last decades been given an increasing role with the establishment of financial institutes and global organisations with a capitalistic focus as a consequence. As a counter reaction, the concept of sustainable development has emerged complementing the economic focus with environmental and social aspects. However, there are still challenges on how to make balanced decisions based on all three view points and consequently the decision makers still primarily reside to the established tangible financial data. Within the industrial setting there is no difference. The manufacturing system design is based on multiple criteria and requirements, but commonly the final investment decision is primarily based on what can be financially justified. Longterm solutions probably lies in combining the tangible economy with the less tangible soft values that cannot be valued in monetary means. Therefore, to find this sweet spot, the purpose of this research is to in-depth investigate the world of economy, but from an engineers' point of view. A financial analysis is done to understand the economical components and how these are related to the manufacturing system. Furthermore, to connect cost with contributed value of the manufacturing system, a holistic business value chain analysis is done to ensure that less tangible aspects can be understood and utilised. The result of this research, highlights for example that sales volume has a larger impact on the manufacturing profitability, than that of the initial investment cost. Therefore, manufacturing systems should also be evaluated on the bases of how well it can meet the volatility in market demands. Another result presented is a portfolio of new graphical representation used as a support tool for investment decisions. Furthermore, to be able to invest in manufacturing systems that contribute to a more competitive company, the wider business value with manufacturing is discussed.

  • 5.
    Lundgren, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Kähkönen, Marianne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Tillämpning av 16 § 2 st. ledningsrättslagen: Omvandling från inskrivna rättigheter till ledningsrätt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Law of utility easement 1973: 1144 (LL) gained legal force in 1974 and was added in order for utility owners to have the option of choosing a more substantive protection, to properly pull out certain utilitys and retain them within the conceeded space. Previously, utility owners secured their utilitys with contract servitut or use rights through the enrollment. However, if no one volunteered to give up his land, there was another option, such as forcing someone else's land by virtue of the expropriation act. It was a costly and time-consuming alternative.  In LL, 16 § 2 st. were also created to streamline the cadastral process and make it less costly. LL 16 § 2 st. is a simplified procedure, a so-called conversion, which means that signed-in contract servitudes or rights of use are converted into utility easement. Some of the limitations that the procedure involves is that the content of the agreement cannot be changed upon conversion to utility easement. The cadastral surveyor does not need to meet with interested parties, unless there are special reasons. The thesis aims at finding out how LL 16 § 2 st. apply theoretically according to legislation and how the paragraph is applied in practice. The thesis also aims at identifying the pros and cons of conversion.

     The thesis began by studying literature such as legislation, propositions and SOU (Government Public Investigations). Subsequently, cadastral surveyors were interviewed within the state and municipal cadastral survey. The interviews gave an understanding how 16 § 2 st. used in practice, but also how common it is and is to apply it.   Two of the seven cadastral surveyors had applied the paragraph, and they considered to have good knowledge of the paragraph. Some cadastral surveyors do not want to apply it because there are some uncertainties about whether or not the contents of the written agreements may change during a conversion. The majority of all persons interviewed in this study consider that there are uncertainties about conversion to utility easement law. In summary, advantages of conversion are that it is a shorter and cheaper process of cadastral than a normal procedure. The disadvantages are that there are uncertainties about whether and how the content of the agreement may change.

  • 6.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing with rather than for: On the relevance, joy and importance of collaborative engaged work in the design process of a home care mobile service2014In: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37) / [ed] Ghazawneh, Ahmad, Nørbjerg, Jacob och Pries-Heje, Jan, 2014, p. 1-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an open innovation project called “mCity”, the aim is to verify conceptual applications for mobile services including mobile payments and transactions. On such design initiative was designated for the citizen group “seniors”, have home care taking as part of their assistance from the home care organisational system. The design initiative is called Skafferiet, a grocery-shopping application for the home care service. Based on this project, the aim in this article is to identify if and when significant design decisions were influenced by user involvement and contextual understanding detecting whether the applied design method supported the design process or if it lead to redundant activities. The applied approach was a combination of methodological strategies emphasizing co-design and engaged scholarship. The different actors involved were i) politicians, management and staff ii) caretakers iii) designers and iv) researchers. The result indicated numerous beneficial aspects with the iterative collaboration between actors. Apart from the relevance and joy of working together, it was important for the quality of the m-service, a successful implementation process and trigger for organizational improvement. The risk of rejecting one level of involvement, in favor of saving time and reduce complexity, would probably lead to a more narrow solution lacking the empowered process of involvement and engagement of all parties leading the relevance of the design process and its end-product astray.

  • 7.
    Nordén, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Jinhagen, Olivia
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Lösningar för sommarparkering i kustorter: En jämförelse mellan Båstad, Orust och Tjörn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The car has for a long time been in the center of society planning and has characterized the street network. Therefore, both public parking spaces are required for visitors but also accommodation. The parking spaces can be arranged both inside and outside the local plan. Regardless of the choice of process, construction permits are required for parking facilities. The society is now in a developmental phase where norms and policies is heading for a sustainable development. Many municipalities choose to control the number of parking spaces to promote the choice of alternative transportations.  This study handle smaller coastal municipalities along the west coast which is affected by a drastically increased population during the summer. This increased population is causing a large number of drivers and a major parking demand. The participating municipalities are Båstad, Orust and Tjörn whose practical solutions are compared. 

    The study is a mapping of the municipalities’ practical solutions and its approach to parking problems during the summer. With the help of this survey, other municipalities can be inspired and guided.  Semi-structured interviews with three different officials in each municipality showed comparative criteria and based on this a result was produced. The three municipalities proved to have different solutions to the parking problem, such as changing the location of parking spaces, alternative transportations or temporary parking spaces. Båstad municipality has chosen to build a larger parking lot outside the city center, where drivers are referred by signage. Orust municipality has arrange rental bikes for visitors and is investing in a new walking and cycling network. Tjörn municipality chooses to set up provisional parking spaces to cover increased needs.

  • 8.
    Olson, Erica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Segerlind, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Villkorade lov eller startbesked enligt PBL 4 kap. 14 § 1: planbestämmelsens förekomst och  tillämpning i detaljplaner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The questions about the use of land and water plays a central part in the work for a sustainable development. To achieve an efficient usage, it’s important that land and water is used for the purpose it’s most suited for. In some cases, different actions are necessary for an area to be suitable for its purpose. To ensure that actions are executed, before the usage of land changes, different conditions can be established as a plan regulation in detail development plans. The plan regulation is called conditions for permit or starting clearance. This study address the conditions dependent of a facility development. The paragraph can be found in the Planning and Building Act 4 Chap. 14 § 1.

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate if and in such case how the municipalities of Sweden use the plan regulation. To achieve this the study mapped which municipalities that use plan regulations and in what extent. It’s also investigated in what context the plan regulations are used. The study also examines definitions of terms stated in the Planning and Building Act, preparatory work or legal praxis and how the municipality interpret some of these terms. To investigate this fact both a quantitative, qualitative and legal method were used. The study covers all the detail development plans that went into legal force during 2016 among all the 290 municipalities in Sweden.  The result of the study discovered that 36 out of 1142 detail development plans included plan regulations. The use of the plan regulation was discovered in 25 municipalities almost all over the country, with certain concentration at the border of Sweden. The study shows that plan regulations was frequently used in detail development plans close to waterfronts and alps. The result also shows that plan regulations were most represented in cases of sewerage facilities, followed by water supply facilities and traffic. The use of plan regulations when it comes to energy facilities was only represented in one case. The terms that is concerned in the result is carry out and significant changes. Investigations of the definitions of the different terms in the paragraph shows that there weren’t any clear definitions in either Planning and Building Act, preparatory work or legal praxis. Most of the cases shows that the municipality interpret the term carry out according with what is reasonable to fulfil the purpose of the plan regulation.

  • 9.
    Oscarsson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Mäkelä, Mikko
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Upplösande av samägande: Villkor för fastighetsbildning vid klyvning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Real estate is a form of property that can be owned individually or by several partowners. Partitioning real estate is the most prominent way of dividing the latter type of ownership. What this entails is a fragmentation of ownership which in Sweden has come to be seen as positive for the formation of real estate as a whole.  Even though the concept of fragmentation of ownership is recognized as desirable, it is not clear how and to which degree it can be used as a motive to make up for lacking adequacy in real estate formation. The purpose of this report is therefore to study how and to which degree this motive has been used by the land surveying authorities.  Our foundation for the report is based on a study of literature related to partition and sections of the law handling partitioning as well as real estate suitability.  Within this study a total amount of 573 partitions has been reviewed whereas 23 of them use the cited motive in different manners. The findings of this report show that the authorities have been using the motive in a way that is within the leeway of the currently permitted usage, with a few exceptions.   

  • 10.
    Österberg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    A comparison between NS-2 and reality utilizing on queuing disciplines2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Eftersom dagens olika datornätverk växer sig större och mer komplexa har möjligheten att testa ny nätverksfunktionalitet försvårats. Detta har gjort att simulation har blivit populärt ibland utvecklare och forskare inom nätverksområdet. Nätverkssimulatorn NS-2 är en populär simulator som används flitigt av forskare och utvecklare runt om i världen. Men kan vi lita på att NS-2 simulatorns funktionalitet stämmer överens med verklighetens?Denna studie undersöker hur väl ett scenario i NS-2 simulatorn stämmer överens med ett verkligt scenario av samma typ. Vi har använt oss av ett topologi med en flaskhals där vi har testat tre olika kösystem på den strypta länken: Fair queuing, Random early detection och First in first out med Drop Tail. Genom flaskhalsen har vi skickat en UDP ström tillsammans med olika typer av trafik och mätt påverkan på UDP strömmen i form av tappade paket och genomströmning. Resultatet ifrån NS-2 simulatorn är sedan jämnfört med resultat ifrån samma scenario uppsatt i verkligheten.

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