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  • 1.
    Alizadeh Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    KTH.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars E.
    KTH.
    Optimisation of Lilla Edet Landslide GPS Monitoring Network2015In: Journal of Geodetic Science, ISSN 2081-9919, E-ISSN 2081-9943, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 57-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the year 2000, some periodic investigations have been performed in the Lilla Edet region to monitor and possibly determine the landslide of the area with GPS measurements. The responsible consultant has conducted this project by setting up some stable stations for GPS receivers in the risky areas of Lilla Edet and measured the independent baselines amongst the stations according to their observation plan. Here, we optimise the existing surveying network and determine the optimal configuration of the observation plan based on different criteria.We aim to optimise the current network to become sensitive to detect 5 mm possible displacements in each net point. The network quality criteria of precision, reliability and cost are used as object functions to perform single-, bi- and multi-objective optimisation models. It has been shown in the results that the single-objective model of reliability, which is constrained to the precision, provides much higher precision than the defined criterion by preserving almost all of the observations. However, in this study, the multi-objective model can fulfil all the mentioned quality criteria of the network by 17% less measurements than the original observation plan, meaning 17%of saving time, cost and effort in the project.

  • 2.
    Dufin, Sandra
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Anståndsbeslut i enlighet med PBL 9kap. 28 §: innebörd och konsekvenser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A deferral decision can be made in accordance with PBL Chapter 9 § 28 if a case concerning permit or advance notice is affected by a started planning work. The question of permit will then be decided when the planning work is finished, however, no later than two years from the application being submitted to the building committee. There is no obstacle to start planning work at the same time the deferral decision is made and the purpose of the decision is, according to the legislature, that the building committee should be given the opportunity to start planning work in order to deny an application for an out-of-plan real property or which is in accordance with current detailed development plan or area regulations. This study shows that very few deferral decisions are made in accordance with the legislature's purpose, instead it is many times used with the purpose of waiting for provisions already ongoing planning work. In cases where the application for permit does not accord with the current detailed development plan or area regulations the deferral decision is positive for the real property owner, given the possibility that the permit can be submitted in accordance with ongoing planning work. If the application for permit instead either applies to an out-of-plan real property or is in accordance with the applicable detailed development plan or area regulations, there is a risk that the deferral decision will lead to denied application for permit. If a decision to start planning work is taken at the same time as the deferral decision with the reason to deny a specific application for permit, a situation can occur where the application for permit has been preceded by the Land Surveyor that has formed a new property in accordance with the same purpose as the application for permit. In case of a denied permit, this means a complicated situation for the real property owner because the newly formed real property unit will not be possible to build on according to the real property owner's requests. When a real property unit is formed for new construction out-of-plan an advance notice is in most cases necessary before the Land Survey decides. Based on the study's conclusions, a real property owner is recommended to seek advance notice when something is to be done that requires a permit, even if the action is to be done in accordance with the present detailed development plan. When the implementation period for a detailed development plan has expired, there is no guarantee that measures in accordance with the detailed development plan are workable. The fact that the Land Survey will in a larger scale consult with the building committee in real property development within detailed development plan is also something that is discussed in the study, although it would be uncertain if it could lead to a real property development being denied on the grounds, which in this case would not lead to a better solution for the real property owner.

  • 3.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Alizadeh Khameneh, Mohammad AMin
    KTH.
    Two-epoch doptimal design of displacement monitoring networks2015In: Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas, ISSN 1413-4853, E-ISSN 1982-2170, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 484-497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the traditional method of optimal design of displacement monitoring networks a higher precision, times better than the desired accuracy of displacements, is considered for the net points in such a way that the accuracy of the detected displacements meets the desired one. However, in this paper, we develop an alternative method by considering the total number of observations in two epochs without such a simple assumption and we call it two-epoch optimisation. This method is developed based on the Gauss-Helmert adjustment model and the variances of the observations are estimated instead of the weights to optimise the observation plan. This method can deliver the same results as the traditional one, but with less required observations in each epoch

  • 4.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Natural Sciences and Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Alizadeh-Khameneh, Mohammad. Amin
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Division of Geodesy and Geoinformatics.
    The effect of constraints on bi-objective optimisation of geodetic networks2015In: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, ISSN 1217-8977, E-ISSN 1587-1037, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 449-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the problems in the single-objective optimisation models (SOOMs) for optimising geodetic networks is the contradiction of the controlling constraints, which may lead to their violation or infeasibility in the optimisation process. One way to solve this problem is to use a bi-objective optimisation model (BOOM) instead of SOOMs. In this paper, we will use the BOOM of precision and reliability and investigate the influence of the controlling constraints in a two-dimensional simulated network. Our studies show that the unconstrained BOOM is a good model, which almost fulfils our precision and reliability demands of the network. This model is also economical as more observables are removed from the plan whilst adding the controlling constraints leads to including more observables, which have no significant role

  • 5.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Johansson, Filippa
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Karlsson, Lenita
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Horemuz, Milan
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A case study on displacement analysis of Vasa warship2018In: Journal of Geodetic Science, ISSN 2081-9919, E-ISSN 2081-9943, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 43-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Monitoring deformation of man-made structures is very important to prevent them from a risk of collapse and save lives. Such a process is also used for monitoring change in historical objects, which are deforming continuously with time. An example of this is the Vasa warship, which was under water for about 300 years. The ship was raised from the bottom of the sea and is kept in the Vasa museum in Stockholm. A geodetic network with points on the museum building and the ship's body has been established and measured for 12 years for monitoring the ship's deformation. The coordinate time series of each point on the ship and their uncertainties have been estimated epoch-wisely. In this paper, our goal is to statistically analyse the ship's hull movements. By fitting a quadratic polynomial to the coordinate time series of each point of the hull, its acceleration and velocity are estimated. In addition, their significance is tested by comparing them with their respective estimated errors after the fitting. Our numerical investigations show that the backside of the ship, having highest elevation and slope, has moved vertically faster than the other places by a velocity and an acceleration of about 2 mm/year and 0.1 mm/year2, respectively and this part of the ship is the weakest with a higher risk of collapse. The central parts of the ship are more stable as the ship hull is almost vertical and closer to the floor. Generally, the hull is moving towards its port and downwards

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