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  • 1.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Karunaratne, Thashmee
    Stockholm University.
    Smedberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University.
    Jobe, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Communication and Collaboration Gaps among PhD Students and ICT as a Way Forward: Results from a Study in Sweden2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The low completion rate and slow progress in PhD education have been highlighted in many studies. However, the interaction problems and communication gaps that PhD students encounter make this attempt even more challenging. The aim of this study is to investigate the peer interaction problems and ICT based solutions from PhD students’ perspectives. The data collection method was an online questionnaire and in-depth interviews were used to follow up. The target group for the survey was the PhD students in Computer Science at Stockholm University. The total number of respondents for the survey was 53 PhD students and eleven randomly selected PhD students for the interviews. The results reflected a lack of peer interaction as an important issue in the perspective of the students. Based on this, the study showed several ICT solutions that have the potential to reduce the interaction problems and thereby improve PhD students’ collaborative learning and research quality.

  • 2.
    Ali, Rashid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Performance of Network Redundancy in SCTP: Introducing effect of different factors on Multi-homing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of designing the Stream Control Protocol (SCTP) was tooffer a robust transfer of traffic between the hosts over the networks. For this reasonSCTP multi-homing feature was designed, in which an SCTP sender can access destinationhost with multiple IP addresses in the same session. If the primary path between the sourceand the destination is down, the traffic may still be sent to the destination by utilizingredundant path. And SCTP multi-homing also supports for the concurrent multipathtransfer of traffic. This paper introduces the effect of different network factors likeconcurrent cross traffic, congestion control algorithms and SACK timers on multi -homingfeature of SCTP. Throughput and end-to-end packet delay were used as performancemetrics to introduce the effect of these factors. From the study it was introduced thatconcurrent cross traffic in the network behaves same on multi -homed interfaces and bothinterfaces were affected almost same. It was concluded that congestion control algorithmsalso affects on multi-homing, the RED congestion control algorithm reduced delay andimproved throughput of the SCTP multi-homing. In RFC4960 recommended SACK timeris 200ms, but when 100ms SACK timer was used with concurrent multipath transfer inSCTP (CMT-SCTP) multi-homing, the high throughput and low delay was achieved ascompared with 200ms and 300ms, which indicated that different SACK timers affects onmulti-homing feature of SCTP. All the simulation works have been conducted in NS2network simulator. 

  • 3.
    Ampem, Daniel Kwame Baidoo
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Helping Out Refugees: the Way Forward Stakeholders' Activities for Newcomers in Trollhättan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study used the qualitative research approach to investigate stakeholders' activities, stakeholders' opinions on technology, stakeholders' opinions on newcomers and problems of stakeholders in Trollhättan. Interest was on provided activities of the stakeholders'. With the actor network theory (ANT) framework, the study addressed the problem of newcomers to know about stakeholders' activities in Trollhättan. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted on seven stakeholders in Trollhättan municipality. A private company, Trollhättan Municipality Employment Office, the Red Cross, a university and three non-profit organizations. Data were analyzed based on summative content analyses. The study revealed that stakeholders arrange varied types of initiatives but it was hard for refugees that were placed in Trollhättan, especially newly arrived in Trollhättan to get access to the initiatives. The study concluded that reaching out to newly arrived newcomers is a major problem for stakeholders in Trollhättan.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Lisette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bengtsson, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Behovet av ett mobilt informations- och dokumentationsverktyg i hemtjänsten: Personalens perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although the work in home care businesses most often are mobile, the documentation and information management often occurs in information systems through desktop computers. The need for mobile solutions have become more relevant as they may contribute to increased safety, improved quality and time savings. However, research shows that business knowledge is often overlooked in the development of health systems, which contributes to IT support that are not adapted to the business needs. This study aims to increase understanding on how home care staff believes that mobile IT support the care work and organization routines.

    The study was conducted in a home care business through qualitative interviews of six respondents and a thematic analysis model has been used, containing three theoretical areas: Efficiency, Ease of use and Usability, Satisfaction and Motivation. The results show that a mobile IT support would represent a clear advantage in the business and that the existing information system could either be supplemented or replaced. However, the staff still have fears and negative attitudes towards the obstacles and risks of what new technologies can bring to the table.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Josefsson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Challenges in designing virtual environments training social skills for children with autism2006In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies, University of Reading , 2006, p. 35-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to explore particular challenges faced when designing virtual environments for children with autism, with the purpose of training social skills. Our findings are based on studying autistic behaviour during three years (primary and secondary sources), analysis of related system and other computer mediated assistive technology, as well as general game design. From these studies we have identified eight critical design parameters that need to be adjustable in a system suitable for autistic persons. The parameters importance, their variation range, as well as the need for independent adjustment of these were estimated and verified by experienced expert pedagogues.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Ulf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Josefsson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Challenges in designing virtual environments training social skills for children with autism2006In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, ISSN 1565-012X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 105-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore particular challenges faced when designing virtual environments for children with autism, with the purpose of training social skills. Our findings are based on studying autistic behavior during three years (primary and secondary sources), analysis of related system and other computer mediated assistive technology, as well as general game design. From these studies, we have identified eight critical design parameters that must be adjustable in a system suitable for autistic persons. The importance of the parameters, their variation range, as well as the need for independent adjustment of these were estimated and verified by experienced expert pedagogues. Copyright © Freund Publishing House Limited.

  • 7.
    Aronsson, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Drechsel, Nils
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Dags att köra agilt!: vilka är de främsta för-­ och nackdelarna med att använda en agil systemutvecklingsmetod?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med studien och rapporten var att bidra till en ökad förståelse kring agila metoder för att kunna fatta beslut om användande av en agil systemutvecklingsmetod är motiverad. Studien var av kvalitativ karaktär och arbetade utifrån frågeställningen "vilkade främsta för- och nackdelarna med att använda en agil systemutvecklingsmetod?". Med hjälp utav djupintervjuer och litteraturstudier samlades empiri och vetenskaplig teori in.Vilken utvecklingsmetod en organisation använder har visats sig vara avgörande för organisationens produktivitet och kvalitet på dess resultat. Den sekventiella metoden har varit normen för IT-utvecklingsprojekt under en lång tid, vilket är orsaken till att vissaorganisationer fortfarande använder den. Allmänna problemen med den sekventiella metoden är att den har svårt att hantera förändringar, svårt att leverera vad kunden efterfrågar samt att modellen skjuter fram riskfulla och utmanande moment till slutet av projektet. Att istället byta till en agil metod kan vara lösningen på dessa problem då metoden är framtagen för att vara flexibel med nära kundsamarbete för att säkerställa att resultatet som levereras stämmer överens med vad kunden efterfrågade. Slutsatsen av studien har visat sig vara att de främsta fördelarna med en agil metod är: Den levererar vad kunden efterfrågar, kan enkelt hantera kravförändringar, är anpassningsbar samt ger enhögre kvalité på slutprodukten. De främsta nackdelarna studien har visat sig vara: Hantering utav dokumentation, svårt att skala upp till stora organisationer samt att metoden är krävande.

  • 8.
    Arriazú Nolasco, Noelia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vegan lifestile on Facebook: An online ethnography study2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years there has been an increase in the number of vegans in the world. The main goal of my research is to understand the vegan struggles in their daily life and study how Facebook might help them solve these difficulties. This master's thesis focuses on the user perspective and how they perceive barriers to follow a vegetarian lifestyle in Spain. The research questions are about finding those barriers and knowing how they could be solved by using Facebook groups. For this purpose, an ethnographic approach has been used.

    The target group of this study are vegans who have gone through the time of change and may have had some problems in making that decision. Fifteen vegans have been interviewed to find challenges that have arisen when they have changed their lifestyles. After that, an online ethnography study has been performed by observing the content of a Facebook group, called "Vegetarianos y Veganos – España", focusing on publications where group members were asking for advice, information or solutions.

    The results indicate that the investigated group of Facebook is essential for the exchange of information, knowledge and experience. The members also contribute to increased knowledge through publications and comments. But most importantly, the members receive solutions to the problems they share with the group.

  • 9.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Systematic Process for Selecting a Typical Case in School Setting2013In: Proceedings IRIS 36: August 11-14 2013 at Gran, Norway / [ed] Bratteteig, Tone, Aanestad, Margunn & Skorve, Espen, Oslo: University of Oslo , 2013, p. 461-472Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the rationale behind the concrete steps how we systematically have gone through the case selection process as the first phase of a research project named Consequences of the Digitalization of Schools. The project is a single-case longitudinal (5-year long) study and adopts a so called Whole-School Approach. Previous research has criticized case studies for lack of both systematic approach and transparency in the presentation of the case selection process. The purpose of the presentation of this case selection process is to contribute to enhancing understanding of and broadening knowledge on systematic and transparent case selection techniques. The SIRIS database has been used to select a typical Swedish primary school in the chosen municipality where the project will be conducted. The SIRIS database contains annually statistics from all primary schools in Sweden, and is available online for public use. We demonstrate how and why a particular school representing a so called typical school was selected as our case. 

  • 10.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Managing the Digitalization of Schools: an explorative study of school principals’ and IT-managers’ perceptions2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The deployment of ICT in school setting is in many ways a complex managerial task that involves several stakeholder groups. Firstly, principals and deans have to relate to the local, regional, national, and international policies and governing systems. Furthermore, the voices of teachers, students and their parents have to be considered and negotiated. In this paper, we explore how school principals’ and municipal IT-managers’ perceive the usefulness and the potential role that ICT play in the school context. In a pilot study of a single school district in a Swedish municipality, we have interviewed representatives from the municipal board of education, the municipal IT-support for schools, and two principals. By using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM3) as an analytical lens to understand the two constructs of “Perceived usefulness” and the possible role of ICT, we conclude that the barriers for successful integration of IT into educational practices requires firstly overcoming the lack of coordinated ICT investment strategy and tracking of ICT. This can be done by having a clearly articulated ICT policy distributed to school staff which we argue will positively influence the perceived usefulness as expressed by principals and their governing body. Secondly, inclusion of ICT in all aspects of teachers’ professional school activities will bring change to school activities and processes.

  • 11.
    Bakraqi, Valon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Humed Darir, Yasir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användarvänlig interaktion med mobila enheter: En studie av centrala designprinciper för mobila enheter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this study presents the way that technology for mobile units has developed in a quick pace, which has led to an expansion of smartphone usage. While the smartphone usage has expanded, the websites hasn't followed the same development. The problematic discussion in this area deals with the difficulties of adapting interfaces from a stationary computer to the interface of a smartphone.

    Selected mobile sites from different airlines have been investigated, based on how user-friendly they are. The study aims to investigate the problems that can arise when airline sites are not user-friendly, and illustrate how the various design principles are applied in these selected websites. Previous research regarding this topic shows that it's difficult to adapt a website to a smartphone. The same design principles are required as for the ordinary websites, but they need to be performed in a stricter manner. Moreover, earlier research shows that usability is an important aspect in the design of the site for smartphones.

    A qualitative approach was applied in the study, where the approach to collect materials for the study has applied the method think aloud, and interviews have been conducted in order to gain a deeper understanding. The result of this study shows that the investigated mobile websites suffer of severly insufficient usability in regards to the investigated design principles and the principles of usability. It is crucial to apply design principles for good mobile usability to the areas that are important for the interaction between the website and the user. The website and its functions should adapt, depending on the device the user uses to browse the website. The website should not confuse the user and should always give feedback on the whereabouts of the user on the website.

  • 12.
    Begicevic, Dias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vi ses på nätet: en studie om ungdomars sätt att umgås via datorn2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When young people today tend to spend part of their leisure time in front of the computer and communicate via various internet-based communication tools may the question be asked if the communication is different from the communication that takes place in reality, and this in turn influences the ability to communicate in an empathic way with their fellow human beings. The question formulation is about if communication via the internet and in real life is different from each other, how young people look at the interaction via the internet-based communication tools, and how this affects them. The method that has been used is qualitative interviews to get as detailed answer as possible by the respondents.The survey results show that young people differ in their way to be, depending on the form of socializing utilized. The selection of social company form are based on mood, the home's rules, weather and season. Internet-based communication tools are used more as a supplement to physical meetings rather than replacing them, in spite of this there is a skepticism from the parents against Internet communication. It can be concluded that the interaction and communication via the internet is not a substitute for physical interaction with other people, but rather serves as a complement to this. An awareness that the communication over the internet can seem harsher exists and it is not used in physical meetings and that communications over the internet seems to be more intense during a short period of adolescence can also conclude that the interaction with other people in real life is not significantly affected.The work does largely agree with what previous research has shown.

  • 13.
    Bernhard, Irene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Blomgren, Roger
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    En kritisk analys av IT-visioner inom hälsa och kultur2010In: Förvaltning och medborgarskap i förändring: etablerad praxis och kritiska perspektiv / [ed] Lindblad-Gidlund, Katarina, Ekelin, Annelie, Eriksén, Sara, Ranerup, Agneta, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 1, p. 251-270Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bernhard, Irene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Kompetensstrategier vid införande av kundcenter i kommuner2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh-Snis Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 1, p. 31-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Björkman, Inger
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Johansson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Implications of IT in Different Professions2006In: Information Technology: New Generations, 2006. ITNG 2006. Third International Conference on10-12 April 2006, 2006, p. 11-19Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of information systems and IT are continuously ongoing in almost every company and organisation. More and more IT development is performed in organisations characterised by professional work. Two studies are performed to point out two types of professions. One study is carried out at an airbase within the Swedish Air Force and one study is done in a health care organisation in Sweden. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyse the different types of professional work in these organisations. Some implications of the use of IT in different types of professional work are addressed

  • 16.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Skriv en bandbreddsmätare i C2007In: Datormagazin, ISSN 1650-1306, no 7, p. 113-117Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Namaki, Nima
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Gustafsson, J
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lingbrand, M
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Dual-core efficiency for engineering simulation applications2008In: 2008 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications, PDPTA 2008: Las Vegas, NV; 14 July 2008 through 17 July 2008, 2008, p. 962-968Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Borjesson, Anna
    et al.
    Ericsson, Goteborg.
    Pareto, Lars
    IT University of Goteborg.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Staron, Miroslaw
    IT University of Goteborg.
    Continuing professional development by practitioner integrated learning2007In: Companion to the 22nd ACM SIGPLAN conference on Object-oriented programming systems and applications companion: Conference on Object Oriented Programming Systems Languages and Applications, ACM , 2007, p. 897-907Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bramfors, Emanuel P
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Distansmöten i verksamheten: En fallstudie av distansmöten i Fyrbodals kommunalförbund2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to investigate what experiences and views officials and management, within a public organization such as Fyrbodals Kommunalförbund, have regarding distance meetings. Another purpose of the study is to account for what factors the respondents consider important in order to improve the quality and efficiency of distance meetings. In this essay meeting culture, meeting tools and meeting management within Fyrbodals kommunalförbund are focused. I choose to do the research in this particular organization due to earlier experiences in it, which have motivated me to study it further.

    Case study, with the emphasis of qualitative studies, has been used as research method. I have had a qualitative approach in my essay, with aspects such as usability regarding technique and individuals' experiences and views of distance meetings as a main focus. The different methods used in this case study were semi structured interviews, studies of documents and literary studies. By partly using a few selected parameters of Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, (UTAUT), usability regarding technique could be analyzed in an efficient manner. UTAUT is a theory based on eight other models for user acceptance of new technique. In my interviews, I was able to identify several issues, within the frame of usability. By using UTAUT, patterns and formations could be discerned. The results of the study show that distance meetings overall is something positive, due to the fact that they do not include travelling, can save money and because the distance meetings are efficient. The most important findings that affect efficiency as well as quality when using distance meetings were a clear, predetermined structure of the meeting using a trained chairman to lead them, and repetitive training of the communication tools.

  • 20.
    Bäckman, Kjell
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ant Colony Optimization and Evolutionary Algorithms Applied to Jazz Solo Improvisation2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    This paper describes an experiment of using a variant of the TSP (Traveling Salesman Problem) of ACO (Ant Colony Optimization) and automatic fitness in the evolutionary algorithm to create jazz improvisation solos. It is a sub-project of our overall EJI (Evolutionary Jazz Improvisation) project, where we try to explore the inner nature of jazz music and model jazz improvisation solos and jazz harmony in the computer by means of evolutionary algorithms, swarm theory, chaos theory, neural networks, memetics and other kinds of heuristics

  • 21.
    Cardon, Peter W.
    et al.
    University of South Carolina.
    Marshall, Bryan
    Georgia College, State Univ.
    Choi, Jeongil
    Soongsiil Univ.
    El-Shinnaway, Maha. M.
    American Univ. of Cairo.
    North, Matthew
    Washington Jefferson College.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Wang, Sujie
    Nankai Univ.
    Noris, Daniel T.
    McNeese State University.
    Cui, Lixin
    Beijing Institute of Technology.
    Goreva, Natalya
    Point Park Univ..
    Raungpaka, Voraphan
    Kasetsart University.
    Usluata, Ayseli
    Kasetsart University.
    Whelan, Catherine
    Georgia College & State Univ.
    Cho, Juyun
    Colorado State Univ. - Pueblo.
    Collier, Caroline
    Georgia College & State Univ.
    Nillson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ravid, Gilad
    University of Haifa.
    Valenzuala, Juan Pablo
    Georgia College & State Univ..
    Online and offline social ties of social network website users: An exploratory study in eleven societies2009In: Journal of Computer Information Systems, ISSN 0887-4417, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 54-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents results of a survey about social network website (SNW) usage that was administered to university students in China, Egypt, France, Israel, India, Korea, Macao, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. The offline and online social ties of SNW users were examined by nationality, levels of individualism-collectivism (I-C), gender, SNW usage, age, and access location. Contrary to existing literature, we found no differences in the number of offline friends between individualist and collectivist nations. Similarly, there was not a difference in the number of online social ties between individualist and collectivist nations. However, members of collectivist nations had significantly more online social ties never met in person. Heavy SNW users in individualist nations maintained significantly higher numbers of offline social ties; however, heavy SNW users in collectivist nations did not have higher numbers of offline social ties. Related implications and recommendations are provided.

  • 22.
    Carlsson, Lotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ramare, Isabella
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Visionen av det framtida stadslivet: En semiotisk analys av informationsfilmer om det Västsvenska paketet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The future is often created by visions since we tend to strive towards them to reach the future wedesire, a vision can thus affect both lives and destinies (Rubin, 2013:40). Therefore it's relevant to attempt to understand how visions of the future are visualized and communicated. It's also important for these visualizations to be well-made and thought-through so that people understand and want to follow the vision (Baum, Locke, Kirkpatrick, 1998:45). We chose to examine this phenomenon by studying three movies about the West Swedish Package; The dream of the good life (2011), West Swedish Package - an investment that paves the way for the future (2014) och Västsvenska Paketet - Möten mellan människor (2014). Using a semiotic analysis we examined how the vision of future urban life was presented. We also looked at the rhetorical elements that are used to present the vision. We found several similarities in how the vision was presented in the films. Overall they show a very optimistic future. They paint a picture of the good life where only certain kinds of people and lifestyles are depicted. On the rhetorical plane they use a lot of emotionally persuasive arguments (patos), they try to gain trust (etos) and they use some logical arguments (logos). We also discuss if an overly optimistic image of the future could generate a negative response, especially in such ad ebated topic as the West Swedish Package.

  • 23.
    Carrasco Henriksson, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    En läkande lek: Digitala spel som stöd till ett barn i sorg2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Games are a natural part of many people's everyday lives and have gone from being a divergent interest to become Sweden's biggest cultural export. As a result from this expansion, digital tools had to be further developed and through this progress these tools have reached new areas of usage, which has created new challenges for game developers. The games that offers a higher purpose than pure entertainment goes under the genre serious games. Serious games are used in various application areas such as; in the military, health care, education, business, and psychology, which is the framework of this thesis. By combining and unifying previous research grounded in psychology and game science I want to answer the questions: How can games be used as a therapeutic tool in a child's grieving process? and, Which features should such a game focus on? These questions are answered through the information gathered from two interviews conducted with respondents that have different expertise within the area of this study, this to reach a broader perspective.

    A child's grieving process can manifest itself in various ways depending on the individual's level of sensitivity. It is therefore difficult to draw any general conclusions on how such a game should be designed. All games have the opportunity to motivate and engage, but this is not unique to a serious game and therefore a measurement function is essential in a digital rehabilitation tool to provide the therapist with valuable information about the patient.

    The figurative language makes it possible for the child to communicate where the spoken language sometimes has limits. For older children social support can be important as it creates opportunities to meet others in similar situations and together work towards improvement.

    Grief is a non-linear process and can present itself in many different ways and it is therefore important that the game should offer various turn-outs to make it adaptable for the individual.

  • 24.
    Cederlund, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Grahl, Mathias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Native- vs webbapplikation i Sverige: Vilka för- och nackdelar ser svenska applikationsföretag på native- kontra webbapplikation och vad har de för behov av offlinefunktionalitet i webbapplikationer?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since Apple launched their first iPhone that introduced applications inside mobile phones, it has become a growing trend to create applications for every possible purpose. From the beginning, when applications grew popular, they were developed using a native language as a foundation, but today you can develop applications in many different ways. So how does development look in Swedish application companies? Do they use native- or web applications, and what differences do they see between native- and web applications? In the meantime, web applications have evolved and become more advanced to a degree where they have started to replace desktop applications and use complex business logic. The browser was not originally supposed to be the software platform it has become today and web technology is having problems keeping up with the pace of the needs.

    The biggest difference between web applications and desktop applications or native applications is currently offline availability as a consequence of web applications not being installed like regular applications. Based on a request from a company that is developing web applications, this survey has with the help of a group interview and questionnaires taken a deeper look as to what the need is for offline availability and what possibilities there are. The results show that the companies surveyed view native applications as more responsive and better suited for processor and graphics intensive tasks while web apps are considered advantageous due to its cross-platform nature.The survey shows that there is a certain need for offline functionality among the companies but it is complicated to implement. Ready-made solutions and strategies for offline functionality can be applied to web applications.

  • 25.
    Chaath, Hiba
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The emergence of a new profession: The knowledge base for integration workers in civic orientation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been a target for immigrants since the Second World War. However, in the last few years a huge number of immigrants had moved to Sweden. To integrate the new immigrants fast in the society, Sweden has updated the integration policy. One of the changes in the integration policy is to offer a mandatory course about the Swedish society for immigrants, called civic orientation course. The course is conducted in the immigrants' mother tongue which increases the recruitment demands for integration workers who master two languages (Swedish and immigrants' mother language) and have a pedagogical knowledge. Integration workers teach immigrants with different backgrounds, ages, and educational level. In addition, the demands for such a job have a dynamic nature that depends on the immigrants' need of the course. This study is an exploratory research that aims to investigate the knowledge and skills for the integration workers and the organization's role in developing the integration workers' competence. This research is carried out by comparing two case studies in Trollhattan introduction centrum and Gothenburg integration centrum. The data were collected using in-depth semi-structured interviews; eight interviews were held in Gothenburg integration centrum and two in Trollhattan introduction centrum. The interviews were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis method. The results showed that integration workers have different backgrounds and expertise and they integrate their previous experiences into their job. There is an agreement on some certain skills as classroom management, conflicts handling and dialogue activation. The integration organizations offer different activities to develop the knowledge of the integration workers. However, the organizations under the study face challenges in benefiting from the integration workers' individual knowledge and activating sharing knowledge inside and outside the organization. A cooperative knowledge creation model for the integration organizations is suggested to enhance the knowledge management process and push for establishing a shared knowledge base for the field of integration work in civic orientation. Wiki is suggested as a mean for implementing the cooperative knowledge creation model. Wiki is a collaborative tool that can stimulate the knowledge creation and enable knowledge sharing at both individual and organizational levels. Moreover, it can enhance the organizations' collaboration. Thus, it can direct the integration organizations towards standardization in course's design and the development of the integration work field.

  • 26.
    Christiernin-Gustafsson, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Martin, Anneli
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    A multi-Layered aesthetical web-portal interface for governmental integration issues2010In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI 2010, Rome, 2010, p. 341-344Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The County Administrative Board, a governmental authority in The West Region of Sweden, has in collaboration with the local Counties asked us for advice in presenting information in an official and simple way on the web for the foreign person or refugee, just arrived in Sweden. Administrator officers and social workers are taking part in their introduction. In this paper, we describe our investigation and study in how to present a web design for a "newcomer" in Sweden through a multi-Layered design concept, a kind of design which will interact with each person's needs. In this multipurpose concept and portal, it has been important to consider aesthetical values, layout and graphic design. It has also been important to design a layout that provides different users with different contents. Copyright © 2010 ACM.

  • 27.
    Collin, Hans
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Maslovski, Andrej
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Mobilapplikation som överfallslarm: vid hot och våld inom offentliga verksamheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The tragic incident that occurred at the school Kronan in Trollhättan ended up with four people being killed intentionally. In situations like this it goes quickly and it is therefore important to quickly inform the environment to minimize the risk that many will be injured. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether a mobile application can be useful as a panic alarm in the public sector.

    Method: The approach has been to carry out a qualitative study to gain knowledge about if a mobile application is useful as a panic alarm. Data collection was performed through interviews and focus group interviews. In order to measure the user experience of using a mobile application as panic alarm we developed a prototype that the respondents got to test. Perceived usefulness is influenced by perceived ease of use; therefore we placed great emphasis on designing a usable interface. To develop a usable user interface we used Nielsen's ten rules; later the user interface was evaluated with the respondents.Theory: In order to answer the research question we have used the Technology Acceptance Model 2. The model makes it possible to measure how a mobile application will be accepted and used by two basic factors, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use. Nielsen’s heuristic consists of ten rules, which have been applied to design and evaluate the user interface.

    Result: The result presents the empirical data collection that has been thematised based on TAM2. It appeared that a mobile application as panic alarm is considered useful. The application is considered useful as an information channel to alert staff at the workplace in an emergency situation, but also so the co-workers can quickly get help from each other. It appeared that the safety and security at the workplace increases with such an application. Conclusion: Staff in the public sector believes that a mobile application is useful as a panic alarm when threat and violence occur. The application is particularly useful as an information channel to quickly distribute information with a SMS to staff at the workplace, but also so co-workers can be able to help each other in an emergency situation. The prototype was perceived as user friendly; it was clear how the prototype worked and the functions were easy to use. The prototype fulfills a need that exists today because there are no similar alarms used in the public sector today.

  • 28.
    Crusner, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Funktioner för förbättrad träning: En kvalitativ studie om Quantified-selfers uppfattning och erfarenheter kring beteendeförändring i Runkeeper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to find out how fitness applications should be designed to help Quantified-selfers to change a behavior. This was investigated by interviewing users of the fitness-tracking application Runkeeper, and focused on users experiences, how they use it and in what way their behavior has changed. The study showed that the application had overall improved the users training behavior, but it differed in the way in which it had succeeded. The app was seen as a positive resource that allowed the users to follow and compare their results, which led to that they progressed in their training. What features the users used, which they did not use and which they wanted was individually and depended on the users desired outcome of their training. Finally, it is suggested how future wearable tech regarding fitness can be designed to help Quantified-selfers further to change a behavior.

  • 29.
    Cukur, Adnan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Utvärdering av SF.se utifrån användbarhetsaspekter: En användarundersökning av SF.se2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more businesses choose to be available online. A website with high usability can lead a way to endless possibilities. A loss of a market that consists of six million potential customers is what awaits businesses that choose to not sell their products online. This is why usability online is important. Usability can be measured with five attributes, learnability, efficiency, memorability, errors and satisfaction. To make sure that these attributes are as high as possible, a developer can make use of techniques that improves a sites usability. A website with high usability will lead to an increase of the websites sales.

    This studys' purpose has been to research about how the users of SF.se experience the usability on the website. An interview has been conducted with five respondents that have answered questions about their background, they have done simple tasks on the website and they have been asked general questions about the websites usability. The data retrieved from the research was analyzed and a conclusion was drawn. The research showed that the website had a high degree of satisfaction, but a couple of usability problems that affect the users' efficiency. The usability can be improved particularly on the part of the website that handles upcoming movies. The information about upcoming movies was insufficient and difficult to find, this lowers the users' efficiency and reflects upon the whole usability aspect of the website.

  • 30.
    Darwich, Jamal
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Comparative study of Mobile IPv4 and Mobile IPv62011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has compared the Mobile IPv4 and Mobile IPv6 to find out which of them performs better when it comes to send datagram from the correspondent node to the mobile node. The tests that were made to measure performance were latency, TCP/UDP throughput, loss and delay, as well as time measurement for connectivity loss for the mobile node while roaming. The tests were done using Cisco equipments and Microsoft Windows 7 Professional OS. Due to the hardware and software used, the route of datagram was the same in both scenarios since Cisco routers and Microsoft Windows 7 OS does not support route optimization for Mobile IPv6. The results showed that Mobile IPv4 performed better in all the tests done.

  • 31.
    Dervisevic, Amel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Talos, Robert
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användaracceptans av videokonferensteknik för samordnad vårdplanering i primärvården: en kvantitativ studie grundad på UTAUT-modellen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Västra Götaland (VGR) began in the 2000s to introduce an alternative form of meeting, meeting remotely via video, for coordinated care planning at hospital discharge in the region. Hospitals and local authorities have started to use the technology and the format of the meetings but regardless access to materials and training to primary care have a low degree of use. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the intention to use remote meetings via video technology in primary care. The research question for the study is, what factors affect health professionals' intention to use remote meetings via video in primary care? To find out which factors affect health professionals the study has been based on user acceptance theory called Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). The study uses a quantitative approach with web surveys as a tool for data collection because it is best suited with the theory UTAUT. Based on data collected from web questionnaires a result was produced in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) by displaying descriptive statistics and perform a correlation analysis and regression analysis. The result shows that the factors that influence the intention to use the video technology is Performance Expectancy, Effort Expectancy and Social Influence. Beyond that the results show that Faciltitating Conditions have a direct impact on the Use Behavior.

  • 32.
    Ek, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Norling, Edvin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Performance evaluation of a network infrastructure monitored with SNMP polls and traps2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The result of this bachelor thesis is a comparison between three different network devices on how many resources that is used on them when utilizing SNMPv1 and SNMPv2c polls and traps. The devices tested are an old Cisco router, a modern Juniper gateway and a Linux server. The experiments conducted prove that SNMP does not utilize the network devices resources to a point that it becomes an issue for the performance. These tests are done to ensure that SNMP do not use up to many resources on the infrastructure which would decrease the functionality and performance of the network. This study shows whether or not SNMP monitoring is a problem for the enterprise network

  • 33.
    Ekerum, Tommy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    "Processverkstan": Forum för kommunal e-tjänstutveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the start of a project on the department for IT in Sotenäs, Munkedal and Lysekil municipalities and on the department handling establishments of businesses in Lysekil. The aim of the study is to describe the startup of process mapping and e-service development in municipal organisation. The focus lies on the early stages and from an internal perspective. On the department for IT, they have just started working with e-service development. Before that there had not been much development of e-services in Lysekil municipality. They have formed a concept which they call "Processverkstan". In this format the different departments of the municipalities are able to get help from the department of IT, who has initialized this, and who will also lead the work. People from departments together with people from department of IT will in workshops be able to draw a process map for the area that is covered by the e-service. The tool that is used is a computer program by the name of Barium Live.

    The study is a qualitative study, performed as a case study. Semi-structured interviews and observations are used to collect data. Theories used are e-services, stakeholders for e-services and process mapping.

    The results from the study show that different stakeholders have cooperated to develop the e-service. The end user has not participated, and the respondents wish to involve the end user in the process of e-service development. They have had a clear focus on why the work is being done - to make the communication between the municipality and the citizen easier when they want to apply for establishment of a business in Lysekil. This has been done with process mapping as a foundation. This means that as you are developing an e-service that is supposed to be of use to the citizen, you are at the same time able to accomplish an activity development. The cooperation has been characterised by engagement, participation and a clear focus on use for the citizen.

  • 34.
    Eklund, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Tavakoli Banizi, Farrokh
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Att aktivera mottagaren: en kvalitativ studie av interaktion mellan bild, mottagare och kontext ur ett marknadsföringsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large part of today's advertising is avoided by consumers who are tired of the endless amount of advertising out there. It makes it difficult for advertising creators to be seen and be able to attract the attention of the target market, which has led to the appearance of the phenomenon interactive advertising. Through the active contribution that the method offers, the advertising becomes more personal and creates a closer connection between transmitter and recipient. A similar but more intrusive method that utilizes the environment like interactive advertising is called guerilla marketing. The purpose of the study is to examine how an effective message can be conveyed within guerilla marketing and interactive advertising through interaction with the two concepts of context and the Zeigarnik effect.

    The methods used in the study are interviews with six informants and document analysis of four representative images illustrating how guerilla and interactive advertising might look like. The study shows that the Zeigarnik effect is used in marketing without advertising creators being aware of it, for instance in terms of the creative circle. It is all about leaving the final piece for the recipient to fill in on their own. The study also shows that a combination of humor and the Zeigarnik effect can increase the advertising effectiveness as humor seems to be desirable for recipients and contribute to higher engagement. Recipients' activities by the advertising image is, according to the study, affected by the social context as personality and the temporary company influences choices and attitude. Finally, the study suggests that guerilla and interactive advertising which utilizes active participation may benefit companies in both short and long term.

  • 35.
    Eneroth Johansson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ryås, Cornelia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vad som påverkar animatörers val i skapandet av fotorealistisk 3D-animation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to show some possible factors that affect the animators’ choices when working on photorealistic animation based on references. Research in computer graphics has since 1970 had as a main goal to achieve photorealism. When working on 3D-production for film, animation is a part of the process. This part aims to give life to digital characters, among other things. References are used as a tool to achieve photorealism. This could for example be a video of animals or people moving in the same way as the characters in the animation is supposed to do. But many experiences show that the animation could be uninteresting and lack credibility if the animator sticks to close to the reference. This forces the animator to deviate from the reference material in order to achieve a photorealistic animation. We want to find out which choices the animators are making in that situation and what they are based upon.

    The paper highlights six animators’ views on what affects their choices when working with photorealistic animation. From the interviews a number of factors that the animators themselves found to affect them, was distinguished. The factors that the paper highlights with the support of theories and the answers from the interviews are clarity, interest, characters, influence of others, time, intuition, judgment, experience, subconscious factors and personal background. 

  • 36.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Persson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hur Snapchat som applikation integreras i marknadsföringens utveckling inom företag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There have been changes in the way companies think about marketing. Developments in technology have made the communication easier and faster. Marketing has gone from focusing on the product or service to a customer-focused mindset where companies want to deepen their customer relationships in order to create more personalized and valuable offers according to the customer needs. Social media has become a major part of everyday life and companies therefore tries to reach their customers there. Since the emergence of new social media and it's growing in popularity, companies need to consider the benefits and how they will use the media in connection with its marketing purposes.

    Snapchat is an application that has increased in popularity and in users in recent years. In the current situation, Snapchat is one of the largest social media among teenagers. Companies therefore begin creating their own Snapchat accounts where users can follow and share their pictures and videos.

    Our thesis aims to examine how companies view the use of Snapchat, from a marketing purpose, and then compare this with previous research on the marketing and use of private Snapchat. We want to find out how Snapchat is different from other social media that companies use and what their strategies are, and how they look on the intimate communication with followers. Through qualitative interviews, we get an understanding of how companies view the topic.

    The result shows that all respondents appreciate the personal and rapid two-way communication. Respondents perceive the application as more spontaneous, unfiltered and playful compared to the other social media that they use. Snapchats interface, however, create problems for companies as they do not have access to a detailed statistical review of its followers and its published content. It is clear to see patterns of the companies' basic concept of marketing and previous research on the topic. Since the development of marketing is constantly changing, the companies are starting to think more different.

  • 37.
    Eriksson, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Förståelse och interaktion i Runkeeper: En kvalitativ studie av Quantified-selfers uppfattning och erfarenheter av förståelse och interaktion i Runkeeper2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to find out how Quantified-selfers' interpretation of the collected data occur by describing their experiences. As interaction with the system and the collected data is a contributive element to the interpretation, the purpose was also to see how the interaction occur in a system used by Quantified-selfers, and how the interaction influence and results in their understanding. This was investigated by interviewing users of the fitness-tracking application Runkeeper and observe, and discuss, a reconstruction of their interaction with the application.The study showed that the reflection and interpretation of the statistics of the collected data differed between the users as they saw different patterns and came to different conclusions based upon it. Mainly, the participants perceived the statistics as easy to understand but there were also some obstacles for the interpretation. Interaction played an essential part when the users were to look at the statistics and interpret it. It led to the interpretation by different goals and sub-targets and it occurred when the users explored and abstracted, or elaborated the collected data. In the discussion it is reviewed why the interaction and the interpretation occur the way they do. Finally it is suggested how systems for Quantified-selfers, in the future may be designed to facilitate the reflection and interpretation of the collected data.

  • 38.
    Eriksson, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Införandet av ett dokumenthanteringssystem vid ett gränsöverskridande projekt: Medföljande problem och möjligheter2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is an independent part of a co-productionproject between several independent parties. The studywas conducted as an experimental case study with a methodical approach on aproject group. The report has been about explore and illuminate the problemsand possibilities a introduction of a document management system will have andleads to. The system is SharePoint and it’s a business collaboration platformfor enterprises. The target audience is primarily the decision makers who arein the process of selecting a technology support, but also researchers andstudents. The project has participants from businesses and college (Saab, VolvoCars, Autoliv and Chalmers) when the study started the project group was usingonly the physical meetings and e-mail to distribute the documents. Theboundaries have been that no valuation of the document's content has occurred,nor have the modules and functions other than those related to documents anddocument management. The study was conducted by questionnaire, observation andparticipant observation and a review of several articles on the subject.Conclusions were that for start the IT department ensures that all files andprograms needed for the environment has been updated before first try. It’s away of reducing the risk of 'information overload' and increasing the ease ofpublishing documents, and improves traceability, availability and versioning ofdocuments with an introduction of a DMS (SharePoint).

  • 39.
    Eriksson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "Strike a pose, there’s nothing to it": En kvalitativ studie om kvinnor & selfies2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A selfie is a self-portrait photograph, taken by holding a mobile camera device and pointing it at oneself. Today's technology opens for new imagery and new ways to communicate, and the selfie is a prominent expression in the communication of today. Before social media and the Internet, photos were just physical objects stored in a photo album or a box at home, and the potential audience were limited. With the introduction of social media sites such as Facebook and Instagram, along with the prevalence of smartphones, selfies has become a socially acceptable way of expression available to vast audiences all around the world at the click of a button. But, does a selfie tell as much of our personality as the clothes on our body? The furniture in our homes, or what kind of music we listen to? Can a selfie replace a verbal introduction? How much of an effort is there behind a selfie? The purpose of this study is to investigate how young women interpret, use and consume selfies with the mobile photo-sharing application Instagram as a starting point. In this study I have used a combination of image analysis and group interviews. I have used two different groups of candidates, one that takes "selfies" on a regular basis, and one with lesser "selfie" frequency. I will proceed from Erving Goffman's dramaturgical perspective. Goffman believes that the interaction between people is comparable with a stage performance. The individual chooses their performance based on what kind of stage and audience is at their disposal. Image analysis concludes that a majority of respondents are inclined to take selfies with others. When the respondent is in a group setting it is not uncommon for them to try to fit as many people as possible in the photo, and as a consequence end up themselves on the fringe of the photo. When taking an individual selfie, image analysis shows that the more common setting is indoors, focused on the face of the subject. The majority of the respondent takes their selfies with the mobile phone straight ahead of them. The respondent begins to tilt the mobile phone depending on what she wants to capture in the picture. The study shows that selfies is complex and difficult to define and the appearance is central in the creation of a selfie. As a phenomenon, the selfie is a double edged sword, on one hand a popular form of expression and communication, and on the other it can be received by its viewers as repetitive and vain.

  • 40.
    Feldt, Robert
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Lefteris, Angelis
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Dept. of Informatics.
    Torkar, Richard
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Samuelsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Links between the personalities, views and attitudes of software engineers2010In: Information and Software Technology, ISSN 0950-5849, E-ISSN 1873-6025, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 611-624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context:Successful software development and management depends not only on the technologies, methods and processes employed but also on the judgments and decisions of the humans involved. These, in turn, are affected by the basic views and attitudes of the individual engineers.Objective:The objective of this paper is to establish if these views and attitudes can be linked to the personalities of software engineers.Methods:We summarize the literature on personality and software engineering and then describe an empirical study on 47 professional engineers in ten different Swedish software development companies. The study evaluated the personalities of these engineers via the IPIP 50-item five-factor personality test and prompted them on their attitudes towards and basic views on their professional activities.Results:We present extensive statistical analyses of their responses to show that there are multiple, significant associations between personality factors and software engineering attitudes. The tested individuals are more homogeneous in personality than a larger sample of individuals from the general population.Conclusion:Taken together, the methodology and personality test we propose and the associated statistical analyses can help find and quantify relations between complex factors in software engineering projects in both research and practice.

  • 41.
    Feldt, Robert
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Torkar, Richard
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Angelis, Lefteris
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
    Samuelsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Towards individualized software engineering: empirical studies should collect psychometrics2008In: Proceedings of the 2008 international workshop on Cooperative and human aspects of software engineering: International Conference on Software Engineering, ACM , 2008, p. 49-52Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Fernström, Nathalie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Holmeby, Emilia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ungdomars påverkan av sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet has helped people around the world gain new opportunities to communicate with each other. Global communication has also been streamlined, especially with the phenomenon of social media. Social media is a big part of many people's daily lives these days and it is a phenomenon that many people use every day. This has resulted in many young people spending a very large part of their waking hours to the use of social media. But there are also downsides and implications of using social media. It is not only the risks relating to what information young people choose to share, but also what information they consume and to which degree they consume information. Social media has become a venue for different types of social comparison. The aim of the present study is to investigate what impact using various social media has on young people's self-image and self-esteem. To achieve this purpose, we made a quantitative study by distributing a survey with relevant questions to young people between 15-19 years in Sweden. The selection was done by snowball sampling which means we distributed a link to the survey to secondary schools throughout Sweden and through a viral post on Facebook with a request to share the survey. The answers from the survey were analysed by comparing means, bivariate regression analysis and independent t-tests. The result was then related to previous research and Festinger's (1954) Social comparison theory as a theoretical framework. The survey measured the self-image and self-esteem of the respondents' using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale and the State Self-Esteem scale. Young people today has much wider social network than in the past thanks to social media. Therefore they have the opportunity to compare their appearance with and get affected by far more people than before. Young people are also concerned about how they appear on social media, which have been shown to influence young people's self-esteem and self-image greatly. The results in this study suggest that girls generally have a lower self-image and self-esteem than boys. Girls are most affected by the appearance related factors, even if these factors also affect men significantly. The boys are affected not only by the appearance related aspects, but also especially the questions regarding popularity, masculinity and power. They have also been shown to have a more risky behaviour on social media than girls. The conclusion of this study is that most respondents are affected, but to varying degrees, by comparison on social media.

  • 43.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    An enhanced communication model2007In: Proceedings of 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: IRIS 30 / [ed] Tarja Tiainen, Hannakaisa Isomäki,Mikko Korpela, Anja Mursu, Pirkko Nykänen,Minna- Kristiina Paakki & Samuli Pekkola, University of Tampere , 2007, p. 1135-1144Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of information is often taken for more or less granted in research about information systems. This paper introduce a model starting with Shannon and Weaver’s data transmission model and ends with knowledge transfer between individual persons. The model is in fact an enhanced communication model giving a framework for discussing problems in the communication process. A specific feature of the model is the aim for providing design guidelines in designing the communication process. The article ends with identifying a need for develop the model further to incorporate also communication within and between organisations of different kinds.

     

     

  • 44.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    An Enhanced Communication Model2009In: International Journal of Digital Accounting Research, ISSN 1577-8517, E-ISSN 2340-5058, Vol. 9, p. 31-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of information is often taken for more or less granted in research about information systems. This paper introduces a model starting with Shannon and Weaver data transmission model and ends with knowledge transfer between individual persons. The model is in fact an enhanced communication model giving a framework for discussing problems in the communication process. A specific feature of the model is the aim for providing design guidelines in designing the communication process. The article ends with identifying a need for develop the model further to incorporate also communication within and between organisations of different kinds.

  • 45.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Becoming Professor: With Almost no Publications2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0905-0167, E-ISSN 1901-0990, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 135-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. I consider my career as rather exceptional. I think I am the only living person in Sweden who achieved a professor chair with only one international journal publication; a publication I use as an example of a totally incomprehensible text! The following is the storyof how I achieved this. I first describe two important issues that have governed my decisionsin the career: Being interpretivist in a dominating positivist research paradigm and my decision not to publish. This is important for understanding my interpretation of what was happening. Then I describe the four universities where I have worked, first by providing the story, then describing how the discipline developed at that place and finally some reflections on the research we conducted. I summarize by giving an historic overview of informatics as Iperceive it after 44 years of teaching and finally I reflect upon my career according to my goals.

  • 46.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Framework for Knowledge Transfer between Organisations2007In: Uddevalla Symposium Tenth Anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Building Innovative Capabilities for Regions: Revised papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, University West, Uddevalla, Sweden. / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 387-398Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of information is often taken for more or less granted in research about information systems. This paper introduce a model starting with Shannon and Weaver´s data transmission model and ends with knowledge transfer between individual persons. The model is in fact an enhanced communication model giving a framework for discussing problems in the communication process. A specific feature of the model is the aim for providing design guidelines i designing the communication process. The article ends with identifying a need for develop the model further to incorporate also communication within and between organisations of different kinds.

  • 47.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    "Handbook of Research on E-Government Readiness for Information and Service Exchange: Utilizing Progressive Information Communication Technologies"2010In: Online information review (Print), ISSN 1468-4527, E-ISSN 1468-4535, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 819-821Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Nu går drevet…2010In: Digital Life - magasinet för en digital livsstil, no 4, p. 13-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Om faran med för många uppgifter2007In: Digital Life, no 1, p. 15-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Om intellektuell upphovsrätt2007In: Digital life : magasinet för en digital livsstil, no 11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1234 1 - 50 of 183
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