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  • 1.
    Aadland, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ekelund, Anna-Karin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Livet efter att ha drabbats av en hjärtinfarkt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cardiac care has developed during the last years. The lengths of stay for patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction have been shortened thanks to more effective medical treatment. The short period of care means that patients have to absorb a lot of information on limited time and they may have difficulties absorbing everything before they leave the hospital.

    The aim of this study is to highlight how men and women experience and manage their daily lives three to 12 month after a myocardial infarction. The study is literature based including both qualitative and quantitative studies.

    The analysis revealed three themes with subthemes: 1) to no longer be able to rely on the body 2) managing daily life 3) support. It turns out that men and women have numerous emotional experiences and that fatigue plays a big role in their recovery. Men and women deal with their situation differently. Family and friends mean a lot in the rehabilitation and nurses play an important role in supporting those affected and this is an area with a lot of work to develop.

    Conclusion: Nurses need knowledge and understanding of how patients manage and experience their situation after a myocardial infarction, as well as learning the importance of meeting each individual differently, depending on where he or she is in life and what his or her nearest environment look like. A more individualized follow-up and rehabilitation over time need to be developed.

  • 2.
    Aarenstrup, Filip
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Effektivisering av informationsflödet mellan säljkontoren i orderprocessen inom Höganäs AB2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Höganäs AB is one of Sweden’s oldest companies established in 1797, the company have 1900 employees today and is one of the leading producers of metal powder in the world. From the subsidiary Höganäs Sweden AB 300,000 tonnes of metal powder was dispatched 2015. The material was sent to Höganäs customers that mainly consist of component manufacturers in the automotive, wood and other manufacturing industry.

    The purpose of this thesis is to suggest a new operational working process that will increase the efficiency of the order handling process. Throughout the investigation the present state of the process has been outlined and identified at Höganäs Sweden AB.

    Höganäs AB’s order handling process consists of many operations and interfaces that are involved to secure high delivery performance to the customers. The complexity of the process increases due to this and demands an effective communication between involved interfaces. The order handling process may vary depending on factors such as delivery terms, payment terms, transport, product, country, customs clearance and quantity. The variation of these factors makes it difficult to implement a standardized approach.

    It is valuable to Höganäs AB to streamline the process. The data recorded in the business system from the customer order is an important basis for production-, dispatch- and planning departments. The recorded data can be obtained earlier if high quality conditions are created that can increase the delivery performance and affect customer relationships positively.

    With support from the collected theory and the study that contains qualitative and quantitative primary data from Höganäs Sweden AB a new working process have been formed that excels the efficiency in the process. The new approach streamlines the overall process time by 40 percent and the overall lead time with 32 percent. In addition to the increased efficiency the number of information exchanges in the process was reduced significantly.

  • 3.
    Aasma, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Björklund, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Kvinnors upplevelser och behov i samband med bröstcancer: en litteraturstudie2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 4.
    Abassi, Rufia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ehrenborg, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Unga kurdiska kvinnor: svenska & kurdiska normer inom familj och samhälle2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how young female Kurd immigrants experienced their existence between two different cultures, namely Swedish compared to the immigrants parents culture. How their experience behavioural conduct between the opposite sex before marriage and if the young female Kurds thought the mass media picture of them was thought of as a correct image of their lives in general or whether they experienced it as a generalisation only. We chose qualitative methods for our study and used suitable literature based on the theories of this subject to be able to understand the problem. To go deeper whit the study five young female Kurds aged between eighteen and twenty years were asked if they would participate in an interview on the subject. These participants proved that they had no problem at all being multicultural. They adapted themselves no matter which environment they found themselves in, whether it is the Swedish or the Kurd culture. They did NOT see themselves as victims or nondependent individuals. They did not experience their male relatives as a threat either; on the contrary, family was seen as a big support for them instead. Their strong and positive side had not been highlighted in the mass media only neglected and ignored on behalf of the weak and oppressed female Kurd instead. This was very frustrating for the young female Kurds who we interviewed. If there is going to be a change in the problem, which actually does exist in society today, then one must examine the intersectionalism within research work that now seems to be done. This became quite clear in our research study that is presented here.

  • 5.
    Abbas, Batool
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Dahlbom, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Elevers uppfattningar om lässtrategier och läsdebut: en kvalitativ studie utifrån ett livsvärldsfenomenologiskt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt den svenska läroplanen, Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011 (Skolverket, 2017) ska elever lära sig olika sorters strategier som de kan ha användning av på olika sätt vid läsning. Tidigare forskning visar att elever använder sig av ett antal olika lässtrategier, men inte alltid så medvetet. Det är heller inte alltid som en strategi hjälper eleven i hens förståelse. Lässtrategin kan snarare göra det svårare för eleven att förstå en text. När vi startade upp vårt arbete märkte vi att det finns en lucka i svensk forskning, där man intresserar sig för elevers uppfattningar om lässtrategier. Därför anser vi att det då förefaller intressant att ta reda på mer om hur elevers uppfattningar om lässtrategier är i ett svenskt sammanhang.

    Syfte: Syftet med vår studie har varit att undersöka elevers uppfattningar och användande av lässtrategier i årskurs 3. Det innefattar också elevers uppfattningar om sin läsdebut.

    Metod: Studien utgår från en kvalitativ metod som bottnar i den livsvärldsfenomenologiska ansatsen. Empiri har samlats in genom både enskilda intervjuer och gruppintervjuer med elever från sammanlagt fyra skolor, varav tre kommunala och en friskola, i tre olika kommuner.

    Resultat: Resultatet av vår studie visar att elever har olika uppfattningar om både lässtrategier och läsdebut. Eleverna använder inte längre lässtrategierna ur undervisningsmodellen "En läsande klass" på samma sätt, som när de befann sig i årskurs 1. Detta eftersom eleverna nu har en uppfattning om att de inte längre är i behov av att tillämpa de strategierna vid läsning. Eleverna har likartade men också olika uppfattningar gällande användandet av en eller flera lässtrategier. De lässtrategier som eleverna mest använder är "be om hjälp" och "läsa om", men det framkommer även andra strategier som "googla svåra ord", "läsa bokens baksida", "använda bilder" och "hoppa över text". Studiens resultat visar även elevernas olika uppfattningar om deras upplevelser av läsutveckling och läsdebut. De flesta elever uppfattar sin läsdebut som ansträngande, eftersom den enligt dem handlade mycket om att avkodningsförmågan skulle automatiseras. Eleverna har även positiva uppfattningar om sina upplevelser gällande läsdebuten, då eleverna uppger att de kände en trygghet när de kunde ta reda på ny information på egen hand genom läsning.

  • 6.
    Abbas, Batool
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Törnqvist, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att utveckla elevers läsförståelse i årskurs 1 och 2: en kvalitativ studie utifrån några lärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med vår studie har varit att undersöka vilka undervisningsmodeller lärare i årskurs 1 och 2 använder, för att utveckla elevers läsförståelse och hur dessa modellers strategier undervisas av lärarna. En undervisningsmodell innehåller ett antal läsförståelsestrategier som elever ska kunna tillämpa vid läsning (Skolverket, 2016a).

     För att besvara våra frågeställningar valde vi att ta hjälp från tidigare forskning och litteratur, som behandlar olika modeller inom området läsförståelse. I denna kvalitativa studie har semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem lärare, som arbetar på tre olika skolor i årskurserna 1 och 2 inom samma västsvenska kommun, samlats in. Dessutom har observationer av de fem lärarnas läsförståelseundervisning fungerat som underlag för vår studie. I vår studie betonar de medverkande lärarna att det är olika från lärare till lärare hur man tar sig an en undervisningsmodell. Vilka läsförståelsestrategier som ligger i fokus beror på elevgruppens behov och förutsättningar.

  • 7.
    Abbas, Ghenoa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ahlström, Filip
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media’s framing of the Terrorist Attack in Nice: A case study of how CNN and Al-Jazeera framed the involved actors in Nice.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    News media has a prominent role in people’s lives and acts as the first lens that communicates news from across the world. This Bachelor thesis aims to investigate the two news outlets CNN and Al-Jazeera and their respective framing of actors involved in the 2016 terrorist attack in Nice, France. Specifically, this thesis examines how CNN and Al-Jazeera frames civilians and the perpetrator as victims or non-victims. The theoretical chapter covers the framing theory by Robert Entman to work as a general foundation for the analysis. It also includes the ideal victim theory by Nils Christie, which is further developed in line with Joris van Wijk’s international conceptualization of the theory. The analytical framework is based on the ideal victim theory and will work to guide the analysis. The analysis finds that CNN and Al-Jazeera share similarities in terms of their framing of civilian victims, while AlJazeera spends more time with Muslim victims and providing their perspective. The framing of the perpetrator differs and CNN provides a more western versus non-western conflict where the perpetrator represents a non-western Islamic community, that cannot be victimized. Al-Jazeera accentuates the distinction between fundamentalists and ordinary Muslims. Regular Muslims in France are granted victimhood and framed as being caught between a western and non-western conflict.

  • 8.
    Abbas, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dahlberg, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Analys av ett nytt transportupplägg för externa transporter inom Europa för Jula AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Jula AB is a family-owned business, founded by Lars-Göran and Irene Blank in 1979. Julas's concept is based on offering creative Do It Yourself (DIY'ers) and professionals attractive collections with affordable prices. This is achieved by the large volumes of finished products purchased directly without any intermediaries from the suppliers. Since Jula does not manufacture its goods, efficient logistics is essential. The importance of this factor is based on the fact that a large part of the total product value consists of transpor-tation.

    Jula AB mandated two students from University West to develop alternative proposals for a new transportation arrangement. This is aimed to reduce the company's transporta-tion costs. The degree of filling of the carrier's capacity varies today. The cost of the transport depends on the transported volume; the smaller shipments the higher the trans-portation costs. One option to increase the degree of filling is to coordinate the small shipments and thus reduce the cost of the transportation; this can be accomplished by identifying and locating terminals.

    The authors obtained the necessary data from the theoretical materials dealing with the elements of transport planning and a preformed benchmarking at Volvo PV in Skövde. Interviews with employees at Jula, Arcese and University West were also used. The pro-ject was limited to only examine the country with the largest volume and the highest number of shipments; this was done in order to enable the work of the thesis. This resulted in Italy as the relevant country for localization. By using the center of gravity method, the optimal location for establishment of a terminal was determined. This resulted in identi-fying the optimal location to coordinate shipments in the city of Verona, Italy. The pro-posal was presented to the transport companies Collicare and Arcese, the companies ap-peared to each own a terminal in Verona. And thus, two alternatives were able to be es-tablished whereby cost analysis for each one was estimated. This was done to enable a comparison between the proposed transportation arrangements with the one currently uti-lized.

  • 9.
    Abbas, Rasha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kurbegovic, Dijana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En uppsats om hur anknytning och självkänsla samverkar med mobbningsbeteendet bland tonåringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years bullying has started to get more attention. Bullying often takes place in schools in the forms of harassment, abuse, verbal and physical. This study aims at investigating the relationship between bullying, attachment and self-esteem, and how parent's attachment and self-esteem relate bullying. Results concerning bullying in this study have shown that there is a correlation between self-esteem, attachment and bullying. Further analyses showed that bullying behavior was significantly more frequent among boys than among girls. Regression analysis showed that only self-esteem has collaboration on bullying among boys, while among girls, both attachment to the parents and self-esteem had collaboration on bullying.

  • 10.
    Abbass Nagim, Kem
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Embedded warning systems in C language compare with Java2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 11.
    Abdallah, Karl
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Sisodia, Raoul
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Kvalitetsproblem med inre dörrpanel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work has been conducted at International Automotive Components Group in Torslanda, Sweden. The company produces door panels, instrument panels, consoles and cockpits for the automotive industry.

    During the production of door panels, defects such as pressure marks and scratches emerge which results in scrap and rework. The objective of the thesis work was to identify the causes of pressure marks and scratches and also to suggest measures to reduce the amount of scrap and rework on door panels.

    Through observations, interviews and experiments, several causes leading to pressure marks and scratches on door panels were identified. Small pieces of plastics on fixtures, the operator's rough handling and specific process steps are the main causes that result in pressure marks and scratches.

    Pressure marks and scratches emerge at several places on the door panels during the production. To reduce the amount of pressure marks and scratches both short-term and long-term measures were suggested. Some of the measures are:

    •  Use vacuum cleaners at some stations
    •  Add padding on unpadded areas and edges
    •  Make new instructions that emphasize to keep production stations clean and to avoid rough handling
    •  Introduce workshops to engage operators
  • 12.
    Abdallah, Kristian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Pedestrian Protection System: Hood lift study2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year approximately 400 000 pedestrians are killed worldwide in road related injuries where children and elderly are the most exposed age groups. The design of the front-end of a vehicle and the structural stiffness have a significant influence on the kinematics and injury risks of the pedestrian body. To create a clearance between the rigid hood structure and the hood, the hood is lifted. A lifted hood does however not provide protection over the cowl, windscreen and A-pillar areas.

    This study is performed at Autoliv Sverige AB and the purpose is to examine how fast the hood can be lifted 100 mm using a pedestrian protection airbag. The airbag give an extended protection while covering the cowl, windscreen and A-pillar areas.

    A concept generation session was performed where modifications of the current pedestrian protection airbag, for a faster hood lift, were proposed. The generated concepts proceeded to a concept screening session where the Autoliv evaluation matrix was used.

    The selected concepts went further to static testing where the performance of each concept was tested. The performance include the lift time of 100 mm for the most rearward section of the hood, positioning of the cushion and pressure distribution. The tests were carried out in a room temperature environment.

    To conclude the thesis work, one winning concept could not be obtained. Two concepts excelled themselves from all the concepts and a difference in the performances between these two concepts could not be found.

    In this thesis no calculations on costs such as material costs and manufacturing costs has been made. This can be the major aspect on choosing one winning concept but due to the fact that there is no time for a cost analysis in this thesis, the PPA development team will take over.

  • 13.
    Abdallah, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nyman, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Naturvetenskap i förskolan: en kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på naturvetenskap i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har syftat till att ta reda på hur pedagoger tänker kring arbetet samt vilka möjligheter och svårigheter det finns med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan. Under vår undersökning har vi utgått ifrån olika övergripande frågeställningar som vilka arbetssätt pedagoger utgår från när det gäller naturvetenskap i förskolan, vad ser pedagoger för möjligheter att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan samt vad för svårigheter pedagoger ser med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan? I studien utgick vi från den kvalitativa metoden där åtta intervjuer utfördes på två olika förskolor. Intervjufrågorna var öppna för att försöka fånga in så mycket av de intervjuades upplevelser och tankar kring ämnet naturvetenskap. Resultaten i studien visar att pedagoger har olika tankar om hur man arbetar med naturvetenskap samt att pedagoger arbetar på ett varierat sätt. När det gäller arbetsformen fann vi fyra subkategorier, att arbeta med begreppsförståelse, att ha spontana och planerade aktiviteter, att barnen ska upptäcka själva och att uppmuntra barnen till att lära sig genom sociala samspelet.Vi kom även fram till att det finns olika möjligheter samt svårigheter med naturvetenskap somexempelvis att ha en skog nära kan vara en stor möjlighet eftersom det kan underlätta pedagogers arbete. Svårigheter som kan uppstå är att om det förekommer brister på kunskaphos pedagoger kring ämnet naturvetenskap kan detta innebära att det blir svårt att lära barnen om naturvetenskap. Det blir svårt att exempelvis att svara på frågor.

  • 14.
    Abdallah, Rosanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bajrakti, Lirije
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En studie om hur reklam på sociala medier påverkar individers köpbeteende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has grown, becoming more popular among millions of users. With its growth, companies are attracting more customers using advertising through social media. Companies are using online advertising to increase their customer base and market new products.

    Growth in social media can be determined by examining how advertising affects individual buying behavior. This study focuses on analyzing the purchasing behavior of young individuals through the influence of advertising in social media. The purpose of this study is to provide an effective basis for companies in practice; providing insight on individual behavior in regard to advertising within social media.

    We answered the research question using a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews in conjunction with the ten selected respondents.

    The result indicated that young people are heavily influenced by advertising on social media. As a result, companies are using advertising to guide consumers in the direction of their interests. However, social media advertising may negatively influence customer interpretation if the message is not correlated with the consumers interests.

  • 15.
    Abdi, Fartun
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Khaloufi, Siham
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som hindrar sjuksköterskan inom hälso- och sjukvården från att göra en orosanmälan på barn2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It's a fundamental principal to protect children's rights. Through legislation, child abuse has been prohibited in many countries. Nurses working with children has a frontline role in identifying and reporting suspected or known child abuse. Mandatory reporting is one of the nurse's duty, reluctancy to report can lead to misconduct but it also leads to children suffering.

    Aim: The purpose of this degree project was to identify factors preventing nurses from mandatory reporting of children in health care.

    Method: A literature study based on using and analysing nine qualitative articles.

    Results: Three themes emerged in the result. The first theme was knowledge deficit, with two subthemes which were the need of education of signs and symptoms and the other subtheme was insufficient experiences. The second theme was nurses strained work environment with three subthemes. The first subtheme was the lack of routines, the second one miss information and the third one lack of cooperation and communication. The third theme consists of two subthemes, which were the lack of emotional support and the experience of fear. The results showed that nurses due to different factors relinquished from mandatory reporting. 

    Conclusion: The results highlighted that education and training was needed among nurses to gain knowledge on how to safeguard children and establish mandatory reporting. Thus, support from colleagues and managers agencies dealing with child safety was highly valued by nurses. Implementation of education, training and support could improve the cooperation in protecting children.

  • 16.
    Abdu, Ramadan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Zerhouni, Jonas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Värdering av elitlicenser inom fotbollsallsvenskan: Hur gör man och hur påverkar variationsmöjligheterna jämförbarheten?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting in companies has for a long time been a good way to show profitability for external people. Accounting has become more legitimate over time and is being drown towards more secure numbers that show the real performance of the company. This is an important matter because of the large amount of investors ready to invest in a company with good profitability. The matter of correct accounting has become a serious deal over the years for the companies and associations that are bound with accounting obligations. This has become such a big deal that even the whole football world has been dragged into it. Since the football clubs receive an immense amount of attention regarding their accounting we believed it would be an interesting objective for our study. The factor that adds to the interest is specifically how Swedish football clubs adapt to the accounting rules that are set.The type of approach we have chosen for this study is a qualitative research. We therefore assumed the hermeneutic interpretation doctrine would be a good tool to achieve our aim with the study, since it will increase the knowledge and interpretation of our research topic (Wallen, 1996), (Bryman & Bell, 2013).The result of the study shows that the Swedish football association has given football clubs two alternatives to report new player signings. These two ways are either to expense play acquisitions in the balance sheet as a direct cost or to activate the play acquisition in the balance sheet (Svenska fotbollsförbundet, 2013). Among the football clubs in the league the majority of the football clubs activates the play acquisitions in the balance sheet, there were only two clubs who expensed play acquisitions as a direct cost. All the football clubs will be doing linear depreciations along the lease term (Svenska fotbollsförbundet, 2013).

  • 17.
    Abdul Fattah, Nabila
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Meyner, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nästan som i verkligheten: ungdomar som tittar på dokusåpa2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 18.
    Abdul Rahman, Deya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ingólfsdóttir, Kolbrá
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Heroes or Traitors?: A comparative study on how U.S. liberal and conservative leading news articles frame Julian Assange & Edward Snowden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to compare how U.S. liberal and conservative media frames the whistleblowers Julian Assange and Edward Snowden. The questions we want to answer are, 1. What traits of heroes can be found in U.S. liberal and conservative media? 2. What traits of traitors can be found in U.S. liberal and conservative media? 3. Is there a difference between the U.S. liberal and conservative media’s representation of Assange and Snowden? In order to analyze the liberal and conservative media, the ontology of social constructivism and theories of framing, ideal types and political ideologies will be used. A qualitative comparative analysis will be conducted in order to find traits of our created ideal types, heroes and traitors in the liberal and conservative U.S. media. The analysis will show that there are great differences in how the newspapers frame the whistleblowers Assange and Snowden.

  • 19.
    Abdul, Renas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Khorram, Shaga
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarskap och motivation: En kvalitativ studie om monetära belöningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The need to motivate and reward employees to increase their motivation has been important for organizations and companies at all times. By having highly motivated employees, companies can compete in the labor market and achieve their goals. Previous research has shown various aspects of monetary reward and its impact on employees. Depending on how the monetary reward systems are designed, it can have different outcomes on the employees' motivation and performance. The leaders have a great role in finding out how to best motivate their employees.

    Our study aims to find out why monetary reward is used by leaders and how employee motivation is affected by it.

    We have, through a qualitative method in the form of interviews, examined the phenomenon of monetary reward and its use in the construction industry. In the theoretical frame of reference, various motivational theories and leadership styles are highlighted as support for interpreting the acquired empirical data.

    From our acquired empirical evidence it emerged that the leader's role is important in how employees are motivated, what impact monetary reward has on employees' motivation and why managers choose to use monetary reward. It also emerged that monetary reward system works well in the construction industry.

    We conclude that employee motivation is positively affected and the leader uses monetary reward as it results in good results for the company as they meet their goals. The cost of monetary reward is weighed up by the fact that the company receives satisfied customers.

  • 20.
    Abdulahovic, Emina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Nemec, Iris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Socialt samspel och säkerhet: en kvalitativ studie utifrån brandmäns föreställningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human beings spend a large part of their lives in the workplace. For her to feel good it requires a good working environment; one important factor for this is that she should feel a physical and emotional safety in the workplace. Firefighters are an occupational group whose work is often the site of an accident or fire where large risks may occur. It has been shown that a functioning social interaction within the working group contributes to the likelihood of personal safety. Based on the purpose to study and understand the firefighters' beliefs about how social interactions affect their safety, a qualitative study was conducted. The research participants were six male firefighters between the ages of 28-46 who have been working for 3-15 years. Each participant has a Swedish firefighter training (SMO). Semi-structured interviews were conducted using an interview guide. The material was processed and analyzed with thematic analysis with the help of riskhomeostas theory and FIRO-theory. Based on the thematic analysis four themes emerged: (1) Perceived control leads to perceived safety (2) The importance of roles in the team (3) The significance of open communication (4) Trusting each other. The results showed that the firefighters felt that they were the most secure in the workplace when they had a perceived control. The results also showed that they believed that social interaction was important for their safety. The factors that stood out when it came to social interaction were open communication, clear roles within the work group and to have trust in each other. The conclusion that was drawn was that the firefighters felt that social interaction has an impact on safety.

  • 21.
    Abdulhalim, Fatima
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ungdomars attityder kring hedersrelaterat våld: En enkätstudie om ungdomars attityder utifrån kön och etnisk bakgrund2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Litteratururvalet med fokus på hedersrelaterat våld och ungdomars attityder har gett mig en ram för arbetet och har varit till hjälp vid analys och bearbetning av resultaten. Hirdmans genusteori och Gemzöes definition av etnicitet och kulturskillnader utgör grunden för min studie.Syfte: Det övergripande syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda på vilka attityder ungdomar har samt att ta reda på om det finns några skillnader och i så fall vilka, vad gäller ungdomars attityder till hedersrelaterat våld, utifrån kön och etnisk bakgrund.Metod: För syftet som jag nämnt ovan har jag använt mig av en kvantitativ enkätstudie. Empirin består av 405 enkätsvar från gymnasieungdomar. Enkätstudien är genomförd på två gymnasieskolor i två olika kommuner.Resultat: I mina analys har jag behandlat följande kategorier; Attityder till hedersrelaterat våld som ett viktigt ämne, Attityder kring faktorer som ligger bakom hedersrelaterat våld och attityder till att arbeta och förebygga hedersrelaterat våld. Utifrån de empiriska data har jag dragit slutsatsen att ungdomarna anser att det är allvarligt med hedersrelaterat våld och är något som bör förebyggas. Ungdomars attityder till hedersrelaterat våld skiljer sig utifrån kön och etnisk bakgrund. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultaten att flickor anser att hedersrelaterat våld är mer allvarligt i högre grad än pojkar. Även ungdomar med en svensk bakgrund anser att hedersrelaterat våld är mer allvarligt i högre grad än ungdomar med en invandrarbakgrund

  • 22.
    Abdulkareem, Alaa Adnan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Modelling, simulation and control of a PTC machine hall2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this master thesis a flexible manufacturing system for a PTC machine hall has been modelled and simulated using RobCad. This system includes several equipments and machines which have been modelled and arranged to come up with three possible layouts. The machine hall in UW will be moved to a new place in Innovatum (a research area in Trollhättan). The machines were chosen from the existing machine hall according to UW requirements in order not to buy new machines because of economic reasons. The number of cells was also set by UW. The machines and equipments that will be moved are; two CNC machines, three ABB robots, a 4-axis gantry robot which transport the materials between the cells and a conveyor or a flex link which has been proposed in this project for the loading/unloading station use. The purposes of moving the machine hall to Innovatum are: - More people will be able to use the machine hall (i.e. UW, other schools and costumers from other companies for training purposes). - The environment will be more available to do more production operations using the robots and machines. - It will be a good opportunity to develop the programs and software, for that will let UW be able to hire a whole automation package to the costumers. - Students will be nearby to the industries'9 environment and may have more contact with different companies. - Since the new machine hall will attract costumers it will gain incomes to UW. Three layouts have been proposed in this thesis work, and these layouts fulfil all or most of the requirements of the costumers and users.

  • 23.
    Abdulkareem, Haji  
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Javidan, Mustafa
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Nätutvecklingsplan för området Hälltorp i Trollhättan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After many long power failure occurrences on the overhead line that feeds the receiving substation Torsred, and because of the household expansion in nearby area, Trollhättan Energi Elnät AB has decided that a new receiving substation that replaces the existing one should be built at a new location. This thesis includes investigation and calculation of a new electricity network and suggestions on how the new electricity network can integrate with the existing one. Also, a new selective coordination plan and new backup power alternatives are investigated.

    The existing receiving substation Torsred is fed by Vattenfall Eldistribution AB:s 130/10 kV transformer OT00 by an 1 km long overhead line. The neutral point in Torsred is connected to the high voltage bar and consists of neutral grounding resistor and neutral point reactor. The total load current in Torsred is 925 A and during short-circuit in the busbar 154 MVA short-circuit power emerges. The substation Ängen with a short-circuit power 138 MVA is an underlying substation to Torsred that feeds the areas Öresjö, Edsäter and Hjärtum. All the outgoing electric lines in Torsred and Ängen are protected with relay protection and with different time- and current setting on these relays is selectivity installed for the underlying electrical network.

    The new receiving substation is planned to be built near the feeding point OT00. According to calculations the short-circuit power in the new receiving substations will be 227 MVA and in Ängen 200 MVA. The capacitive current increases because the over 1 km overhead line is demolished, and additional 7,5 km underground cable is added on in the new electrical network. A neutral point reactor needs to be upgraded to a 20 A bigger than the existing one because of the increasing capacitive generation in the electrical network. The price to build the receiving substation will be about 9 Mkr. The existing receiving substation Torsred will be demolished and replaced with a new 800 kVA network substation which will be used to feed a couple of the low voltage network in the area Strömslund. The distribution substation Ängen will be modernized. The total price for the whole project is calculated to 11,4 Mkr.

  • 24.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet.
    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about newly arrived adult migrants' meaning making and learning in Swedish society during the two years' introduction period, after they have received the residence permit. I have specifically studied Arabic speaking adults' meaning making and learning, by carrying out observations and individual in-depth interviews with 12 migrants. The introduction period consists mainly of three so called introduction measures; the civic orientation course, Swedish for immigrants (SFI), and different work related activities, such as internship at different work places.The results show that etablering is about shaping the newly arrived adult migrants into "good" citizens, through the introduction measures, among other things in the civic orientation course, which is regulated through the policy documents, and which so to say provides meaning to the newly arrived. The "good" citizen has some specific characteristics, which, roughly, are that he or she is independent (and advocates individuality), free, equality thinking, secularized, law-abiding (which includes being honest), responsible, and a "good" parent. These characteristics are expressed in different ways in the civic orientation course, for instance through the course material. The Swedish society is described as something desirable, and different from what is implied to be "Arabic" values and ways of thinking. The idea of the "good" citizen appears to aim at constructing the adult migrants' (and their families') identity, something which many of the study's respondents make a resistance to.As concerns the migrant's new experiences, it is, for example, those which the migrant get through the contact with the Swedish Public Employment Service (SPES) that affect the meaning making in the new society. The meaning which most of the respondents have made of the SPES's measures for them is that this authority only offers "prepackaged" solutions, and does not provide the help or support that they need. Also the experiences which the migrant has in the civic orientation course, and the meaning which "old" migrants give to him or her, play a role when he or she makes meaning of Sweden and Swedes, and of his or her new life situation. Further, it has been shown that it is those experiences that the adult individual has been socialized through, and those which he or she has gained through work or education in his or her country of origin, which affect his or her meaning making in Sweden. It is mostly values which concern child upbringing and religion that lead to a certain understanding and construction of one's new life. These values, when related to the values which are included in the "good" citizen idea, also lead to either a resistance or a readiness towards the meaning giving that is embedded in the "good" citizen notion.

  • 25.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Risenfors, Signild
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kursen för samhällsorientering för nyanlända: mobilisering och integration för deltagare2013In: Gemenskaper: socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Nilsson, Gunilla & Svensson, Lars A., Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, 1, p. 117-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Abdulla, Zine
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Varför blir inte detaljplanelagd mark för bostadsändamål bebyggd?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to Boverket's housing market survey 2018, which is a result of a national survey of the housing market in Sweden, there is a deficit in housing in 243 of Sweden's 290 municipalities. In order to meet increased demand for housing, increased housing construction is needed. Detailed development plans govern the rights, construction rights, which indicate what and to what extent property owners can build land. Detailed development plans are the legally binding documents that are established and adopted by municipalities in order to determine, among others, the use of land and water areas. There are several reasons for housing shortage and one is that Sweden's population continues to increase, both due to natural population growth and because of immigration. A growing population entails, for instance, an increase in housing demand, which in turn places demands on the housing market. The demand and supply of housing need to match each other. Another reason is that today it is the private sector that accounts for the majority of housing supply. The private sector does not have the responsibility that municipalities have in terms of meeting the residents' housing needs. The private actors intend to make a profit. Consequently, privately owned construction and housing companies build when it is economically beneficial and not just because there is a housing requirement. Due to the fact that there are still housing shortages in most municipalities, which is problematic, it is interesting to investigate which factors are important for housing construction.

    Current detailed development plans for housing purposes were studied. The detailed development plans that had not been implemented were used as starting material during interviews with relevant actors.

    The purpose of the study was to try to find out what factors affect the fact that detailed development plan land for housing purposes is not built.

    The study's results show that among the factors it is primarily the market situation, high business activity and recession, which affect whether housing construction is going to start or not. There are also factors such as construction law handling times that affect how soon a residential building can get started.

    The conclusion of the study was, among other things, that the market situation seems to be the most influential factor and because the market is governed by profit-dependent players, supply and demand will not always meet. Other conclusions that were drawn were that what is being built is not what is requested and that the building permits take longer than is required by plan- och bygglagen.

  • 27.
    Abdullah, Loai
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Hansson, Robert
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Dimensionering av skruvförband i spannmålselevator2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Abdulle, Hafsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Abdulazisova, Marijam
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Demens: En familjesjukdom: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is a growing health problem that not only affects the individual but also their relatives. Symptoms cause impairment to varying degrees making life difficult for both the individual and their relatives. At first the demented person may be able to cope by himself but often need assistance from family member and healthcare the further down into the disease. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe experiences of being a relative of a person afflicted with dementia, Method: A literature-based study was performed based on ten scientific qualitative studies. Result: Three themes with seven subthemes emerged from the analysis: to get support, a changed relationship and a need for information and education. Conclusion The results showed that a change happens within the relationship to the demented person and that relatives needed support from different places and information and education to manage the changes and their health. The result clearly shows that being a relative to a demented person comes with hardships and changes to one daily life. To be able to withstand the hardships and changes relatives need support throughout the entire disease. They also need information and education about the disease itself but also about death and its process. The nurse has a vital role to support and provide tools for the relative’s wellbeing

  • 29.
    Abdulmohsin, Haider
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Prediction of cutting forces for second layer removal in metal cutting process2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Machining processes studies and theories can be referred back to the beginnings of machine age, but recent developments in information technologies (Computers, processors, etc.) make it easier for the researchers to predict material behaviour during different machining processes.

    Machining is not a simple process to analyse due to the amount of variables affecting on it, in this study the author is trying to analyse and explain the forces acting on a AISI 1045 workpiece during the removal of material’s second layer using FEM, one of the challenging problems was to re implement the forces resulted from the first layer removal in the new cutting process to give the study more reliable output to compare with the actual results obtained previously the procedure used to reach this is explained in chapter 3, there are many software used to define FEM analysis each has its benefits and limitations, LS-DYNA which is used in this study is one of those software "it is capable of simulating nonlinear problems involving large deformations, sophisticated material models and complex contact conditions".

    As well as LS-DYNA, HyperMesh and Ls-prepost are used in this study to mesh the tools and workpiece, and pre-set the material parameters respectively.

  • 30.
    Abebe Mengistu, Bemnet
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Internal sensor measurement to reduce the need of coordinate measuring machines2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents the approach of determining the machining  errors on a five axis CNC machine using sensors already fitted in the machine to extract valuable data up on process called CITE(CNC Integrity Tracing Equipment) system and measuring the machined workpiece geometry using CMM(Coordinate measurement machine). CITE measurement system is the data acquisition hardware and software system developed by University West for collecting position information from encoders of a machine tool. The collected information could then be used to assess the quality and adjustment of a machine tool, CNC programs and the CNC control parameters. The aim of this study is to examine the roundness and concentricity detection capacity of the CITE system by conducting different milling methods and a turning process. In an example cutting of a workpiece, the CITE measurement system was used for recording the machining process. After that, radial error, centre point deviation and circle roundness errors, analysed using MATLAB based on collected CNC tool movement data. CMM measurement used to verify the results obtained from the CITE measurement system. The investigation conducted on the small circles shows that the CITE measurement system have capability of identifying radial errors in different method of millings (slot, up and down). Centre point deviation and roundness errors measured by the CITE system doesn`t show significant differences between milling methods as seen on CMM measurement.

  • 31.
    Abed-Al-Mouti, Mahmoud
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gustafsson, Jimmie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    ”Brinner läraren för fysiska aktiviteter så har barnen oftast mycket roligare”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om fysisk aktivitet på fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Eftersom vi båda har ett stort intresse av fysisk aktivitet är det ett ämne vi brinner för. Som blivande fritidslärare var vi nyfikna på att undersöka vilka uppfattningar fritidslärarna har om fysisk aktivitet och vilka möjligheter det förekommer för eleverna att vara fysiskt aktiva på fritidshemmet.

    Syfte: Syftet med examensarbetet är att belysa fritidslärares uppfattningar kring fysisk aktivitet inom fritidshemmets verksamhet

    Metod: För att besvara frågeställningarna använde vi oss av kvalitativa intervjuer som insamlingsmetod.

    Resultat: Sammanfattningsvis visar vårt resultat att fritidslärarnas egna intressen har en stor påverkan på vilka aktiviteter som oftast utförs. Det framkommer också att fritidslärarna till viss del planerar de fysiska aktiviteterna utefter barnens intressen men att planeringstiden har en negativ påverkan på hur ofta planerade fysiska aktiviteter genomförs. I samtliga intervjuer nämns det att utomhusmiljön bidrar till stora möjligheter att främja fysisk aktivitet, men att olika skolmiljöer och skolgårdar kan se olika ut och därför måste man förhålla sig till det som finns. Däremot påpekas det att inomhusmiljön skapar svårigheter i att erbjuda fysisk aktivitet förutom några få inslag av exempelvis dansspel. Det som dock är genomgående i våra intervjuer är att samtliga fritidslärare anser att fritidsgympan i idrottshallen är den inomhusmiljö som främjar för fysisk aktivitet.

  • 32.
    Abelin, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet, Avdelningen för lingvistik, logik och vetenskapsteori.
    The perceptual weight of word stress, quantity and tonal word accent in Swedish2018In: Phonology in Protolanguage and Interlanguage / [ed] Babatsouli, Elena & Ingram, David, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2018, p. 316-341Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wherever migration or travelling takes place, people need to learn new languages. This learning entails a variety of interlanguages. Irrespective of whether you are a learner or a teacher of a language, you need to decide how to allocate time and effort for learning and teaching into developing different sub-skills of the language. Four skills are considered in second language teaching and learning; listening, reading, speaking and writing. Proficiency in speaking requires sub-competences, such as pragmatic competence, fluency or making a clear pronunciation. Even having each of these sub-competences for speaking require having sub-skills. For example, to have a "good" pronunciation, one needs to well realise segmental features: phonemes, phonotactics, assimilations, and prosodic features: rhythm and intonation. Most of the time, young children learning their first language (L1) as well as additional languages (L2's) acquire these pronunciation skills without formal training and often reach a native-like speech also in additional languages. By contrast, adult learners of an additional language seldom reach nativelikeness in their pronunciation of the language. However, ideally, they still can achieve a fluent, intelligible and well-received pronunciation of the language. The present paper is concerned with the pronunciation of Swedish as an additional language, in particular, three phonemic prosodic contrasts, namely stress contrast, quantity contrast and tonal word accent contrast. We attempt to find out, among these three prosodic contrasts, which is more crucial than the others for making one's speech intelligible. That is, if the second language learner cannot acquire all of them perfectly, which of them should be given more priority in learning and teaching Swedish pronunciation? We also want to study whether or not a pronunciation lacking one or two of these contrasts can still be well understood.

  • 33.
    Abelsson, Ove
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Bogdanovic, Dragan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Reservdelshantering för maskinunderhåll2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Underhållsavdelningen på Volvo Aero ansvarar för reservdelshanteringen vid köp av nya utrustningar. För att minska tiden för produktionsstopp måste reservdelar finnas tillgängliga på lager när ett behov uppstår. Vid inköpsstadiet erhålls en rekommenderad reservdelslista från maskinleverantören. Erhållen reservdelslista används främst när maskindelar går sönder, för att se vilka möjliga leverantörer som finns. Något arbete med vilka reservdelar som bör finnas tillgängliga utförs inte. Den strategi som används idag är att reservdelar beställs hem efter den erfarenhet som erhålls under maskinens drift.

    Ett arbetssätt har tagits fram för att hantera den rekommenderade reservdelslistan och därmed öka tillgängligheten i utrustningen och få en bättre ekonomi. Arbetssättet består av fyra steg. Första steget är att se över vilka av de rekommenderade reservdelarna som finns på Volvo Aeros egna förråd. Steg två är att ta fram en ny beställningspunkt för de reservdelar som redan finns på lager förutsatt att förbrukningen kommer att öka. Steg tre är att val om lagerläggning räknas ut matematiskt då livslängden för reservdelen är känd. Steg fyra innebär att feleffektsanalys skall göras för beslut om lagerläggning för reservdelar med icke känd livslängd. I den rekommenderade reservdelslistan ska information som till exempel artikelbenämning, fabrikat, typbeteckning dessutom erhållas om respektive reservdel. Arbetssättet ska tillsammans med informationen från reservdelslistan avgöra om vilka reservdelar som ska lagerläggas.

    Ett verktyg har också tagits fram för att förenkla arbetssteg ett till fyra. För att verktyget ska kunna användas fullt ut måste maskinleverantören följa Volvo Aeros tekniska specifikation, där det står beskrivet att rekommenderade reservdelar skall anges med en viss data. Data som artikelbenämning, fabrikat och typbeteckning måste finnas i Volvo Aeros system på alla reservdelar som lagrats för att steg ett ska kunna utföras. Den nuvarande tekniska specifikationen bör dessutom kompletteras med uppgifterna om felfrekvens, hur många av reservdelen som finns i maskin och om reservdelen är reparerbar. Dessa uppgifter är en hjälp för att lättare avgöra om reservdelarna skall lagerläggas alternativt köpas vid behov. Arbetssättet och tilläggen i den tekniska specifikationen ska förhoppningsvis leda till ett mer strukturerat arbetssätt och en mer ekonomisk reservdelshantering.

  • 34.
    Abenius, Anna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Advertisement Through the Male Gaze: A Qualitative Study on How Gendered Fashion Advertisement is Perceived2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis examines the perception of gender stereotyped fashion advertisement according to two generational groups of women (>60 or <25) without university degrees. The study is comparative and derives from a problem definition which focuses on the (re)production of gender roles through advertisement which perpetuates unequal power structures. The study aims to describe the perception of the two groups through in-depth interviews with six women in total. Thus, the study uses a qualitative approach and has a twoparted theoretical framework. The selection of advertisements that are reviewed by the respondents originates from the Male Gaze theory and the Madonna/Whore Complex with indicators of nudity and position. Moreover, the interviewees’ responses are analyzed through the Madonna/Whore Complex, the Objectification Theory and the Theory of Generations. This thesis suggests that the categorization of women as Whores or Madonnas in advertisement is perceived to be true by both groups. It proposes a great generational difference, as that the younger generation women see the categorization of women as either Whores or Madonnas in the social world, while the older do not. Concluding, harmful beauty norms and feminine behavioral traits seem to be partly internalized

  • 35.
    Abou Nada, Fahed
    et al.
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Combustion Physics, Box 118, Lund, Swede.
    Lantz, Andreas
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspång, Sweden.
    Larfeldt, Jenny
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspång, Sweden.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Alden, Marcus
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Combustion Physics, Box 118, Lund, Swede.
    Richter, Mattias
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Combustion Physics, Box 118, Lund, Swede.
    Remote temperature sensing on and beneath atmospheric plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings using thermographic phosphors2016In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 302, p. 359-367Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Investigations on remote temperature sensing of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) at the surface and at the bond-coat/top-coat interface were carried out. Using Y2O3:Eu thermographic phosphor as an embedded temperature sensing layer, sub-surface temperature probing through 300 mu m of atmospheric plasma sprayed YSZ is demonstrated. The Y2O3:Eu thermographic phosphor displays a temperature sensitivity ranging between 400 degrees C up to a maximum of 900 degrees C when utilizing the luminescence originating from the 611 nm emission band. Dysprosium stabilized zirconia (10 wt.% DySZ), a TBC material, is also investigated and established as a temperature sensor from 400 degrees C up to a temperature of 1000 degrees C using both the intensity decay time and emission intensity ratio methods. In addition, the luminescence of presumed optically inactive YSZ materials was spectroscopically investigated in terms of optical interferences caused by impurities. A validation temperature probing measurement through 300 mu m of YSZ top-coat was successfully performed in a SGT-800 Siemens burner running at six different operating conditions in an atmospheric combustion rig. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 36.
    Aboutakah, Amna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Shaat, Säloa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ''I Sverige har vi inte dukar på huvudet, de ska finnas på bord'': En kvalitativ studie om invandrarungdomars möte med rasism2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine the everyday experiences immigrant youths from two youth activities in the suburb have about racism. To do this, we focused on two main areas, first how everyday racism inherent in young people's lives, and secondly how they deal with their experiences of racism. To be able to examine their experience have we done a qualitative research approach used by semi-structured interviews on seven young immigrants from the suburb. Our meta-theoretical perspective has been social-constructionism, with post-colonialism as the main theoretical basis. According to this we use the concepts ''the Other'' and stereotyping, which are applied to the material. The material has been encoded, thematized, categorized and analyzed on the basis of the above theoretical perspectives.

    Concluding remarks is that the racial story along with colonial values today characterize and affects the life of the young people living in the suburbs in a tangible way. This is mainly expressed through a perceived differentness and inequality between those who are racialized and those which are considered as the norm in society. That was depicted through two different forms, first through an experience of being categorized as '' the other '' and secondly by judged by stereotypes. These forms was actualized by the remains of the racial-doctrine, where the slave, and the animals were clearly visible, and also by a stereotyping by attributes like the beard, shawl, and the place suburb, which the result show that resulted in that young people is being regarded as eg suicide bombers, terrorists, and gangsters. Moreover, the results also show that the way to deal with racism was varied, but we have been able to categorize them in three main strategies: to try stay in safe areas, to stay away from racism in different ways (avoiding, removing, negotiating, adaptation), and to resist through group activities. Finally, we problemized and discusses how the immigrant youth experiences of racism directly or indirectly leads to social exclusion.

  • 37.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Internationalisation in teacher education: student teachers' reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa.2018In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 347-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of higher education and teacher education has been a key issue since the 1990s and many universities still attempt to increase student mobility ever since. Much research has been done on the topic of internationalisation and higher education, including teacher education trying to show how a certain programme impacts on students’ learning, especially intercultural learning when it comes to programmes in teacher education. These studies are often directed towards programmes that last several months or a whole year. The focus of this study is rather to explore if and in what way experiences in a two-week field study can contribute to a student teacher’s intercultural learning and professional development. The findings of the research show that even a short field study has an important impact on the individual student teacher’s understanding of themselves and on awareness of teachers’ living and working conditions in a different culture like South Africa.

  • 38.
    Abrahamsson, Anette
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Folkhögskoledeltagares upplevelser av vad som påverkar deras lärande2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 39.
    Abrahamsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Andersson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nårgra lärares och rektorers syn på sitt värdegrundsarbete2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 40.
    Abrahamsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Granli, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sandberg, Åsa
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Utredning av kommunikationen inom Skaraborgs Städ AB: samt utveckling av T.I.S. - Trasan Information System2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 41.
    Abrahamsson Ekberg  , Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Snell, Paulina  
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Du måste vara trygg i dig själv som ledare": En studie om rektorers ledaregenskapers påverkan av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön i skolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The psychosocial work environment refers to the social climate in workplaces which affects all employees who interact with each other. The employees' health and satisfaction in their workplace, is the leader's responsibility and how he or she chooses to respond to their employees' needs also affects the results around the work environment. The study was comprised of eight semi structured interviews where teachers were interviewed regarding their experiences on how the leader's traits and skills affect their psychosocial work environment, and how their leaders should act when conflict arises. Traits are defined in this study as something you are born with and skills are defined as something that you learn. The results indicate that participation, clear directives and responsiveness promote good psychosocial work environment according to the teachers, while master suppression techniques and difficulties in receiving criticism counteract it. In conflict situations it is important that the principal can act as a neutral collocutor but still remain as a mainstay to the teachers.

  • 42.
    Abrahamsson, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kobel, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tro det eller ej: en kvantitativ studie om värderingar och moralvitalism2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has demonstrated correlations between values and religiosity in the aspect of propensity to believe. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the research in moral vitalism, which includes an approach to good and evil forces.

    The participants in the study were 122 individuals; the age range was 18 – 68 of which 84 women, 37 men, and one who identified themselves as other. They filled in the Portrait Value Questionnaire to measure values and the newly developed questionnaire Moral Vitalism Scale for the measurement of moral vitalism. Data was analyzed using Pearson's correlation (r), multiple linear regression, and independent t-test. The study shows a positive correlation between moral vitalism and the value safety. A negative correlation is shown between moral vitalism and the value achievement.

    The result indicates that individuals who value achievement have lower propensity to believe in moral vitalism, unlike individuals who generally cherish stability, which show higher propensity to believe in moral vitalism. No differences were found in how a person's individual values affect the degree of moral vitalism. No gender differences in moral vitalism were detected in the study.

  • 43.
    Abrahamsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hjälp till hjälp: En kvalitativ studie om vägen till missbruksbehandling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study has the qualitative research with the output of systems theory aimed to identify the individual abuser path to addiction treatment. Three semi-structured interviews have been conducted and subsequently analyzed.

    Addicts constitute a special category in the Social Services Act. In addition, it is to be found in the section of the law Chapter 3, 1 § (SFS 2001: 453) that the social outreach should make themselves familiar with the living conditions in the municipality. In addition, also provide information on social services in the municipality and through outreach activities and other means to promote conditions for good living conditions.

    Results have demonstrated that it is primarily the abuser's family members who support them to contact applicants as current treatment. The study has also revealed that although the addict in the first place not turned to social services, but turned to other instances.

    Respondents in the study all had individual agendas as applicable achieved abstinence. What, however, seemed significant among the participants has been a quest for better relationships with their family.

    Another of the study's conclusions is that social services should expand its dissemination of information to local residents about drug treatment are available and how the aid is designed.

  • 44.
    Abrahamsson, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Isaksson Olsson, Ulla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Alla har rätt att skaffa barn, men är det rätt?: en studie om yrkesutövares föreställningar om kvinnor med lindrigt intellektuellt funktionshinder, graviditet och föräldraskap2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 45.
    Abrahamsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Grönlund, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att arbeta med oförenliga mål: En studie om vardagens etiska dilemman och målkonflikter på demensboenden, med särskilt fokus på äldreomsorgens nationella värdegrund2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldreomsorgens nationella värdegrund - ett vägledningsmaterial” gavs ut 2012 av Socialstyrelsen i syfte att implementera en gemensam värdegrund i verksamheterna så att äldreomsorgen ska kunna bidra till att äldre känner välbefinnande och ett värdigt liv. Denna studie redogör för etiska dilemman och målkonflikter som undersköterskor uppgett att de ställts inför i det dagliga arbetet på demensboenden, samt en redogörelse för vilka värdeord som ges mer prioritet än andra. Detta har undersökts genom kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem undersköterskor. Intervjuerna har bearbetats med hjälp av tematisk analys samt tolkats i förhållande till tidigare forskning, det salutogena synsättet och KASAM, med begreppen begriplighet, hanterbarhet, meningsfullhet och makt. I vår studie fann vi etiska dilemman förknippade både med kollegor, anhöriga och brukare. Även bristande resurser kunde begränsa måluppfyllelsen och kvaliteten på omsorgen. Av de värdeord i värdegrunden som vi har fokuserat på så stod de vanligaste målkonflikterna mellan självbestämmandet och den fysiska tryggheten eller mellan självbestämmandet och den personliga integriteten. Målkonflikterna uppstod främst när brukaren vägrar vård, exempelvis när denne inte vill ha hjälp med ADL1 eller ta sina mediciner. Resultatet visar även på att informanterna värderar självbestämmandet högt och i särskilda fall kan de använda någon form av skyddsåtgärd eller annan tvingande åtgärd för att bevara brukarens hälsa. Dock så är det ingen av informanterna som kan tänka sig att tvinga eller lura i sin brukare mediciner. En värdefull aspekt som framkommer i studien är de förebyggande åtgärder och arbetssätt som undersköterskorna tar till för att “få brukarna med sig” så att brukarna tar rationella beslut, och därmed undviks målkonflikter.   

  • 46.
    Abrahamsson, Nathalie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Härnälv, Matilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva med långvarig smärta vid fibromyalgi: en litteraturbaserad studie om kvinnors upplevelser2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that is difficult to treat and diagnose. The illness is of unknown etiology. The majority of the ill is women. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe women ́s experiences of living with long term pain associated with fibromyalgia. Method: A literature -based study was performed. The database Cinahl was used in the search process. This study includes 11 qualitative articles that have been analysed by a review template. The analysis resulted in two categories "experiences of a changed me" and "experiences of social life" with six subcategories. Results: The consequences of fibromyalgia were that the family life, spare time, social life and working life changed in different ways. The articles also showed that women with fibromyalgia did not receive the understanding they needed from their families or the environment. Conclusion: Women with fibromyalgia feel that they do not get understanding from the outside world. It is important that health care professionals understand and acknowledge these individuals' subjective experiences so that they can give professional care and support.

  • 47.
    Abrahamsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsbehov och omvårdnadsåtgärder vid feber med utgångspunkt från Hendersons faktorer2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 48.
    Abrahamsson, Sten
    et al.
    Gotland University.
    Tosteby, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Gotland University.
    Integrated Management Systems: testing a model for integration2011In: 14th Toulon-Verona Conference: Organizational Excellence in Service. Conference Proceedings / [ed] Jacques Martin & Claudio Baccarani., Alicante: University of Alicante , 2011, p. 22-35Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Management systems are widely used for creating order, minimising risks and for assuring performance. Management systems are in many occasions integrated since this has been found to be beneficial. In this paper a model for a fully integrated management system (IMS) based on the three axes of level, extent and scope of integration is tested for relevance. The studied system permits the integration of all relevant process dimensions. The research is only in a pilot stage, but the initial results are promising and indicate that there are advantages in using the process view as a base for identifying critical aspects to be managed. A review of the current situation for system integration is studied and the model is subjected to some tests using Sweden as a case. The background study shows that system integration still is limited, especially when comparing with a fully integrated IMS. The feedback from the organisations interviewed is positive and supports continued work with development of the model.

  • 49. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    From Senior Student to Novice Worker: Learning Trajectories in Political Science, Psychology and Mechanical Engineering2009In: The Routledge international handbook of higher education / [ed] Tight, Malcolm, New York: Routledge , 2009, p. 165-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hult, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    The transition from higher education to work life: a comparison between a problem-based learning programme and conventional programmes in Higher education2005In: Symposium at the 33nd Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA). Oslo, March 2005., 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education (HE) to worklife. Generally, the transition is considered to have become more complicated due to the changing conditions for work in a supercomplex society. More specifically, there is also still sparse knowledge about how students in PBL programmes cope with the transition process. Previous research on the topic has suggested that there is a need for more complex studies of the relationship between HE and work. The aim of the study is twofold, (i) to describe the way students experience their programme as seniors and later their work situation as novice workers, and (ii) if there are differences regarding these experiences in comparison between a PBL programme (psychology) and conventional progammes (mechanical engineering and political science). The transition from HE to worklife in the three programmes is analysed according to five dimensions; relation to space/areas of operation, identity/tracjectory, professional role characteristics, transition process and relationships between education and work. The results indicate that the PBL-programme is preparing for worklife in a rational way, both regarding generic skills and substantive knowledge. The conventional programmes stand out as preparing for worklife either by providing generic skills or by having a ritual character.

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