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  • 1.
    Aadland, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ekelund, Anna-Karin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Livet efter att ha drabbats av en hjärtinfarkt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cardiac care has developed during the last years. The lengths of stay for patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction have been shortened thanks to more effective medical treatment. The short period of care means that patients have to absorb a lot of information on limited time and they may have difficulties absorbing everything before they leave the hospital.

    The aim of this study is to highlight how men and women experience and manage their daily lives three to 12 month after a myocardial infarction. The study is literature based including both qualitative and quantitative studies.

    The analysis revealed three themes with subthemes: 1) to no longer be able to rely on the body 2) managing daily life 3) support. It turns out that men and women have numerous emotional experiences and that fatigue plays a big role in their recovery. Men and women deal with their situation differently. Family and friends mean a lot in the rehabilitation and nurses play an important role in supporting those affected and this is an area with a lot of work to develop.

    Conclusion: Nurses need knowledge and understanding of how patients manage and experience their situation after a myocardial infarction, as well as learning the importance of meeting each individual differently, depending on where he or she is in life and what his or her nearest environment look like. A more individualized follow-up and rehabilitation over time need to be developed.

  • 2.
    Aarenstrup, Filip
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Effektivisering av informationsflödet mellan säljkontoren i orderprocessen inom Höganäs AB2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Höganäs AB is one of Sweden’s oldest companies established in 1797, the company have 1900 employees today and is one of the leading producers of metal powder in the world. From the subsidiary Höganäs Sweden AB 300,000 tonnes of metal powder was dispatched 2015. The material was sent to Höganäs customers that mainly consist of component manufacturers in the automotive, wood and other manufacturing industry.

    The purpose of this thesis is to suggest a new operational working process that will increase the efficiency of the order handling process. Throughout the investigation the present state of the process has been outlined and identified at Höganäs Sweden AB.

    Höganäs AB’s order handling process consists of many operations and interfaces that are involved to secure high delivery performance to the customers. The complexity of the process increases due to this and demands an effective communication between involved interfaces. The order handling process may vary depending on factors such as delivery terms, payment terms, transport, product, country, customs clearance and quantity. The variation of these factors makes it difficult to implement a standardized approach.

    It is valuable to Höganäs AB to streamline the process. The data recorded in the business system from the customer order is an important basis for production-, dispatch- and planning departments. The recorded data can be obtained earlier if high quality conditions are created that can increase the delivery performance and affect customer relationships positively.

    With support from the collected theory and the study that contains qualitative and quantitative primary data from Höganäs Sweden AB a new working process have been formed that excels the efficiency in the process. The new approach streamlines the overall process time by 40 percent and the overall lead time with 32 percent. In addition to the increased efficiency the number of information exchanges in the process was reduced significantly.

  • 3.
    Aasma, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Björklund, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Kvinnors upplevelser och behov i samband med bröstcancer: en litteraturstudie2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 4.
    Abassi, Rufia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ehrenborg, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Unga kurdiska kvinnor: svenska & kurdiska normer inom familj och samhälle2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how young female Kurd immigrants experienced their existence between two different cultures, namely Swedish compared to the immigrants parents culture. How their experience behavioural conduct between the opposite sex before marriage and if the young female Kurds thought the mass media picture of them was thought of as a correct image of their lives in general or whether they experienced it as a generalisation only. We chose qualitative methods for our study and used suitable literature based on the theories of this subject to be able to understand the problem. To go deeper whit the study five young female Kurds aged between eighteen and twenty years were asked if they would participate in an interview on the subject. These participants proved that they had no problem at all being multicultural. They adapted themselves no matter which environment they found themselves in, whether it is the Swedish or the Kurd culture. They did NOT see themselves as victims or nondependent individuals. They did not experience their male relatives as a threat either; on the contrary, family was seen as a big support for them instead. Their strong and positive side had not been highlighted in the mass media only neglected and ignored on behalf of the weak and oppressed female Kurd instead. This was very frustrating for the young female Kurds who we interviewed. If there is going to be a change in the problem, which actually does exist in society today, then one must examine the intersectionalism within research work that now seems to be done. This became quite clear in our research study that is presented here.

  • 5.
    Abbas, Batool
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Törnqvist, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att utveckla elevers läsförståelse i årskurs 1 och 2: en kvalitativ studie utifrån några lärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med vår studie har varit att undersöka vilka undervisningsmodeller lärare i årskurs 1 och 2 använder, för att utveckla elevers läsförståelse och hur dessa modellers strategier undervisas av lärarna. En undervisningsmodell innehåller ett antal läsförståelsestrategier som elever ska kunna tillämpa vid läsning (Skolverket, 2016a).

     För att besvara våra frågeställningar valde vi att ta hjälp från tidigare forskning och litteratur, som behandlar olika modeller inom området läsförståelse. I denna kvalitativa studie har semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem lärare, som arbetar på tre olika skolor i årskurserna 1 och 2 inom samma västsvenska kommun, samlats in. Dessutom har observationer av de fem lärarnas läsförståelseundervisning fungerat som underlag för vår studie. I vår studie betonar de medverkande lärarna att det är olika från lärare till lärare hur man tar sig an en undervisningsmodell. Vilka läsförståelsestrategier som ligger i fokus beror på elevgruppens behov och förutsättningar.

  • 6.
    Abbas, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dahlberg, Emma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Analys av ett nytt transportupplägg för externa transporter inom Europa för Jula AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Jula AB is a family-owned business, founded by Lars-Göran and Irene Blank in 1979. Julas's concept is based on offering creative Do It Yourself (DIY'ers) and professionals attractive collections with affordable prices. This is achieved by the large volumes of finished products purchased directly without any intermediaries from the suppliers. Since Jula does not manufacture its goods, efficient logistics is essential. The importance of this factor is based on the fact that a large part of the total product value consists of transpor-tation.

    Jula AB mandated two students from University West to develop alternative proposals for a new transportation arrangement. This is aimed to reduce the company's transporta-tion costs. The degree of filling of the carrier's capacity varies today. The cost of the transport depends on the transported volume; the smaller shipments the higher the trans-portation costs. One option to increase the degree of filling is to coordinate the small shipments and thus reduce the cost of the transportation; this can be accomplished by identifying and locating terminals.

    The authors obtained the necessary data from the theoretical materials dealing with the elements of transport planning and a preformed benchmarking at Volvo PV in Skövde. Interviews with employees at Jula, Arcese and University West were also used. The pro-ject was limited to only examine the country with the largest volume and the highest number of shipments; this was done in order to enable the work of the thesis. This resulted in Italy as the relevant country for localization. By using the center of gravity method, the optimal location for establishment of a terminal was determined. This resulted in identi-fying the optimal location to coordinate shipments in the city of Verona, Italy. The pro-posal was presented to the transport companies Collicare and Arcese, the companies ap-peared to each own a terminal in Verona. And thus, two alternatives were able to be es-tablished whereby cost analysis for each one was estimated. This was done to enable a comparison between the proposed transportation arrangements with the one currently uti-lized.

  • 7.
    Abbas, Rasha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kurbegovic, Dijana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En uppsats om hur anknytning och självkänsla samverkar med mobbningsbeteendet bland tonåringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years bullying has started to get more attention. Bullying often takes place in schools in the forms of harassment, abuse, verbal and physical. This study aims at investigating the relationship between bullying, attachment and self-esteem, and how parent's attachment and self-esteem relate bullying. Results concerning bullying in this study have shown that there is a correlation between self-esteem, attachment and bullying. Further analyses showed that bullying behavior was significantly more frequent among boys than among girls. Regression analysis showed that only self-esteem has collaboration on bullying among boys, while among girls, both attachment to the parents and self-esteem had collaboration on bullying.

  • 8.
    Abbass Nagim, Kem
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Embedded warning systems in C language compare with Java2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 9.
    Abdallah, Karl
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Sisodia, Raoul
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Kvalitetsproblem med inre dörrpanel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work has been conducted at International Automotive Components Group in Torslanda, Sweden. The company produces door panels, instrument panels, consoles and cockpits for the automotive industry.

    During the production of door panels, defects such as pressure marks and scratches emerge which results in scrap and rework. The objective of the thesis work was to identify the causes of pressure marks and scratches and also to suggest measures to reduce the amount of scrap and rework on door panels.

    Through observations, interviews and experiments, several causes leading to pressure marks and scratches on door panels were identified. Small pieces of plastics on fixtures, the operator's rough handling and specific process steps are the main causes that result in pressure marks and scratches.

    Pressure marks and scratches emerge at several places on the door panels during the production. To reduce the amount of pressure marks and scratches both short-term and long-term measures were suggested. Some of the measures are:

    •  Use vacuum cleaners at some stations
    •  Add padding on unpadded areas and edges
    •  Make new instructions that emphasize to keep production stations clean and to avoid rough handling
    •  Introduce workshops to engage operators
  • 10.
    Abdallah, Kristian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Pedestrian Protection System: Hood lift study2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year approximately 400 000 pedestrians are killed worldwide in road related injuries where children and elderly are the most exposed age groups. The design of the front-end of a vehicle and the structural stiffness have a significant influence on the kinematics and injury risks of the pedestrian body. To create a clearance between the rigid hood structure and the hood, the hood is lifted. A lifted hood does however not provide protection over the cowl, windscreen and A-pillar areas.

    This study is performed at Autoliv Sverige AB and the purpose is to examine how fast the hood can be lifted 100 mm using a pedestrian protection airbag. The airbag give an extended protection while covering the cowl, windscreen and A-pillar areas.

    A concept generation session was performed where modifications of the current pedestrian protection airbag, for a faster hood lift, were proposed. The generated concepts proceeded to a concept screening session where the Autoliv evaluation matrix was used.

    The selected concepts went further to static testing where the performance of each concept was tested. The performance include the lift time of 100 mm for the most rearward section of the hood, positioning of the cushion and pressure distribution. The tests were carried out in a room temperature environment.

    To conclude the thesis work, one winning concept could not be obtained. Two concepts excelled themselves from all the concepts and a difference in the performances between these two concepts could not be found.

    In this thesis no calculations on costs such as material costs and manufacturing costs has been made. This can be the major aspect on choosing one winning concept but due to the fact that there is no time for a cost analysis in this thesis, the PPA development team will take over.

  • 11.
    Abdallah, Nour
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nyman, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Naturvetenskap i förskolan: en kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på naturvetenskap i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har syftat till att ta reda på hur pedagoger tänker kring arbetet samt vilka möjligheter och svårigheter det finns med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan. Under vår undersökning har vi utgått ifrån olika övergripande frågeställningar som vilka arbetssätt pedagoger utgår från när det gäller naturvetenskap i förskolan, vad ser pedagoger för möjligheter att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan samt vad för svårigheter pedagoger ser med att arbeta med naturvetenskap i förskolan? I studien utgick vi från den kvalitativa metoden där åtta intervjuer utfördes på två olika förskolor. Intervjufrågorna var öppna för att försöka fånga in så mycket av de intervjuades upplevelser och tankar kring ämnet naturvetenskap. Resultaten i studien visar att pedagoger har olika tankar om hur man arbetar med naturvetenskap samt att pedagoger arbetar på ett varierat sätt. När det gäller arbetsformen fann vi fyra subkategorier, att arbeta med begreppsförståelse, att ha spontana och planerade aktiviteter, att barnen ska upptäcka själva och att uppmuntra barnen till att lära sig genom sociala samspelet.Vi kom även fram till att det finns olika möjligheter samt svårigheter med naturvetenskap somexempelvis att ha en skog nära kan vara en stor möjlighet eftersom det kan underlätta pedagogers arbete. Svårigheter som kan uppstå är att om det förekommer brister på kunskaphos pedagoger kring ämnet naturvetenskap kan detta innebära att det blir svårt att lära barnen om naturvetenskap. Det blir svårt att exempelvis att svara på frågor.

  • 12.
    Abdallah, Rosanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bajrakti, Lirije
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En studie om hur reklam på sociala medier påverkar individers köpbeteende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has grown, becoming more popular among millions of users. With its growth, companies are attracting more customers using advertising through social media. Companies are using online advertising to increase their customer base and market new products.

    Growth in social media can be determined by examining how advertising affects individual buying behavior. This study focuses on analyzing the purchasing behavior of young individuals through the influence of advertising in social media. The purpose of this study is to provide an effective basis for companies in practice; providing insight on individual behavior in regard to advertising within social media.

    We answered the research question using a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews in conjunction with the ten selected respondents.

    The result indicated that young people are heavily influenced by advertising on social media. As a result, companies are using advertising to guide consumers in the direction of their interests. However, social media advertising may negatively influence customer interpretation if the message is not correlated with the consumers interests.

  • 13.
    Abdu, Ramadan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Zerhouni, Jonas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Värdering av elitlicenser inom fotbollsallsvenskan: Hur gör man och hur påverkar variationsmöjligheterna jämförbarheten?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting in companies has for a long time been a good way to show profitability for external people. Accounting has become more legitimate over time and is being drown towards more secure numbers that show the real performance of the company. This is an important matter because of the large amount of investors ready to invest in a company with good profitability. The matter of correct accounting has become a serious deal over the years for the companies and associations that are bound with accounting obligations. This has become such a big deal that even the whole football world has been dragged into it. Since the football clubs receive an immense amount of attention regarding their accounting we believed it would be an interesting objective for our study. The factor that adds to the interest is specifically how Swedish football clubs adapt to the accounting rules that are set.The type of approach we have chosen for this study is a qualitative research. We therefore assumed the hermeneutic interpretation doctrine would be a good tool to achieve our aim with the study, since it will increase the knowledge and interpretation of our research topic (Wallen, 1996), (Bryman & Bell, 2013).The result of the study shows that the Swedish football association has given football clubs two alternatives to report new player signings. These two ways are either to expense play acquisitions in the balance sheet as a direct cost or to activate the play acquisition in the balance sheet (Svenska fotbollsförbundet, 2013). Among the football clubs in the league the majority of the football clubs activates the play acquisitions in the balance sheet, there were only two clubs who expensed play acquisitions as a direct cost. All the football clubs will be doing linear depreciations along the lease term (Svenska fotbollsförbundet, 2013).

  • 14.
    Abdul Fattah, Nabila
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Meyner, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nästan som i verkligheten: ungdomar som tittar på dokusåpa2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 15.
    Abdulahovic, Emina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Nemec, Iris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Socialt samspel och säkerhet: en kvalitativ studie utifrån brandmäns föreställningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human beings spend a large part of their lives in the workplace. For her to feel good it requires a good working environment; one important factor for this is that she should feel a physical and emotional safety in the workplace. Firefighters are an occupational group whose work is often the site of an accident or fire where large risks may occur. It has been shown that a functioning social interaction within the working group contributes to the likelihood of personal safety. Based on the purpose to study and understand the firefighters' beliefs about how social interactions affect their safety, a qualitative study was conducted. The research participants were six male firefighters between the ages of 28-46 who have been working for 3-15 years. Each participant has a Swedish firefighter training (SMO). Semi-structured interviews were conducted using an interview guide. The material was processed and analyzed with thematic analysis with the help of riskhomeostas theory and FIRO-theory. Based on the thematic analysis four themes emerged: (1) Perceived control leads to perceived safety (2) The importance of roles in the team (3) The significance of open communication (4) Trusting each other. The results showed that the firefighters felt that they were the most secure in the workplace when they had a perceived control. The results also showed that they believed that social interaction was important for their safety. The factors that stood out when it came to social interaction were open communication, clear roles within the work group and to have trust in each other. The conclusion that was drawn was that the firefighters felt that social interaction has an impact on safety.

  • 16.
    Abdulhalim, Fatima
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ungdomars attityder kring hedersrelaterat våld: En enkätstudie om ungdomars attityder utifrån kön och etnisk bakgrund2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Litteratururvalet med fokus på hedersrelaterat våld och ungdomars attityder har gett mig en ram för arbetet och har varit till hjälp vid analys och bearbetning av resultaten. Hirdmans genusteori och Gemzöes definition av etnicitet och kulturskillnader utgör grunden för min studie.Syfte: Det övergripande syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda på vilka attityder ungdomar har samt att ta reda på om det finns några skillnader och i så fall vilka, vad gäller ungdomars attityder till hedersrelaterat våld, utifrån kön och etnisk bakgrund.Metod: För syftet som jag nämnt ovan har jag använt mig av en kvantitativ enkätstudie. Empirin består av 405 enkätsvar från gymnasieungdomar. Enkätstudien är genomförd på två gymnasieskolor i två olika kommuner.Resultat: I mina analys har jag behandlat följande kategorier; Attityder till hedersrelaterat våld som ett viktigt ämne, Attityder kring faktorer som ligger bakom hedersrelaterat våld och attityder till att arbeta och förebygga hedersrelaterat våld. Utifrån de empiriska data har jag dragit slutsatsen att ungdomarna anser att det är allvarligt med hedersrelaterat våld och är något som bör förebyggas. Ungdomars attityder till hedersrelaterat våld skiljer sig utifrån kön och etnisk bakgrund. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultaten att flickor anser att hedersrelaterat våld är mer allvarligt i högre grad än pojkar. Även ungdomar med en svensk bakgrund anser att hedersrelaterat våld är mer allvarligt i högre grad än ungdomar med en invandrarbakgrund

  • 17.
    Abdulkareem, Alaa Adnan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Modelling, simulation and control of a PTC machine hall2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this master thesis a flexible manufacturing system for a PTC machine hall has been modelled and simulated using RobCad. This system includes several equipments and machines which have been modelled and arranged to come up with three possible layouts. The machine hall in UW will be moved to a new place in Innovatum (a research area in Trollhättan). The machines were chosen from the existing machine hall according to UW requirements in order not to buy new machines because of economic reasons. The number of cells was also set by UW. The machines and equipments that will be moved are; two CNC machines, three ABB robots, a 4-axis gantry robot which transport the materials between the cells and a conveyor or a flex link which has been proposed in this project for the loading/unloading station use. The purposes of moving the machine hall to Innovatum are: - More people will be able to use the machine hall (i.e. UW, other schools and costumers from other companies for training purposes). - The environment will be more available to do more production operations using the robots and machines. - It will be a good opportunity to develop the programs and software, for that will let UW be able to hire a whole automation package to the costumers. - Students will be nearby to the industries'9 environment and may have more contact with different companies. - Since the new machine hall will attract costumers it will gain incomes to UW. Three layouts have been proposed in this thesis work, and these layouts fulfil all or most of the requirements of the costumers and users.

  • 18.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risenfors, Signild
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kursen för samhällsorientering för nyanlända: mobilisering och integration för deltagare2013In: Gemenskaper: socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Nilsson, Gunilla & Svensson, Lars A., Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, 1, 117-138 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Abdullah, Loai
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Hansson, Robert
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Dimensionering av skruvförband i spannmålselevator2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Abdulmohsin, Haider
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Prediction of cutting forces for second layer removal in metal cutting process2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Machining processes studies and theories can be referred back to the beginnings of machine age, but recent developments in information technologies (Computers, processors, etc.) make it easier for the researchers to predict material behaviour during different machining processes.

    Machining is not a simple process to analyse due to the amount of variables affecting on it, in this study the author is trying to analyse and explain the forces acting on a AISI 1045 workpiece during the removal of material’s second layer using FEM, one of the challenging problems was to re implement the forces resulted from the first layer removal in the new cutting process to give the study more reliable output to compare with the actual results obtained previously the procedure used to reach this is explained in chapter 3, there are many software used to define FEM analysis each has its benefits and limitations, LS-DYNA which is used in this study is one of those software "it is capable of simulating nonlinear problems involving large deformations, sophisticated material models and complex contact conditions".

    As well as LS-DYNA, HyperMesh and Ls-prepost are used in this study to mesh the tools and workpiece, and pre-set the material parameters respectively.

  • 21.
    Abelsson, Ove
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Bogdanovic, Dragan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Reservdelshantering för maskinunderhåll2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Underhållsavdelningen på Volvo Aero ansvarar för reservdelshanteringen vid köp av nya utrustningar. För att minska tiden för produktionsstopp måste reservdelar finnas tillgängliga på lager när ett behov uppstår. Vid inköpsstadiet erhålls en rekommenderad reservdelslista från maskinleverantören. Erhållen reservdelslista används främst när maskindelar går sönder, för att se vilka möjliga leverantörer som finns. Något arbete med vilka reservdelar som bör finnas tillgängliga utförs inte. Den strategi som används idag är att reservdelar beställs hem efter den erfarenhet som erhålls under maskinens drift.

    Ett arbetssätt har tagits fram för att hantera den rekommenderade reservdelslistan och därmed öka tillgängligheten i utrustningen och få en bättre ekonomi. Arbetssättet består av fyra steg. Första steget är att se över vilka av de rekommenderade reservdelarna som finns på Volvo Aeros egna förråd. Steg två är att ta fram en ny beställningspunkt för de reservdelar som redan finns på lager förutsatt att förbrukningen kommer att öka. Steg tre är att val om lagerläggning räknas ut matematiskt då livslängden för reservdelen är känd. Steg fyra innebär att feleffektsanalys skall göras för beslut om lagerläggning för reservdelar med icke känd livslängd. I den rekommenderade reservdelslistan ska information som till exempel artikelbenämning, fabrikat, typbeteckning dessutom erhållas om respektive reservdel. Arbetssättet ska tillsammans med informationen från reservdelslistan avgöra om vilka reservdelar som ska lagerläggas.

    Ett verktyg har också tagits fram för att förenkla arbetssteg ett till fyra. För att verktyget ska kunna användas fullt ut måste maskinleverantören följa Volvo Aeros tekniska specifikation, där det står beskrivet att rekommenderade reservdelar skall anges med en viss data. Data som artikelbenämning, fabrikat och typbeteckning måste finnas i Volvo Aeros system på alla reservdelar som lagrats för att steg ett ska kunna utföras. Den nuvarande tekniska specifikationen bör dessutom kompletteras med uppgifterna om felfrekvens, hur många av reservdelen som finns i maskin och om reservdelen är reparerbar. Dessa uppgifter är en hjälp för att lättare avgöra om reservdelarna skall lagerläggas alternativt köpas vid behov. Arbetssättet och tilläggen i den tekniska specifikationen ska förhoppningsvis leda till ett mer strukturerat arbetssätt och en mer ekonomisk reservdelshantering.

  • 22.
    Abenius, Anna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Advertisement Through the Male Gaze: A Qualitative Study on How Gendered Fashion Advertisement is Perceived2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis examines the perception of gender stereotyped fashion advertisement according to two generational groups of women (>60 or <25) without university degrees. The study is comparative and derives from a problem definition which focuses on the (re)production of gender roles through advertisement which perpetuates unequal power structures. The study aims to describe the perception of the two groups through in-depth interviews with six women in total. Thus, the study uses a qualitative approach and has a twoparted theoretical framework. The selection of advertisements that are reviewed by the respondents originates from the Male Gaze theory and the Madonna/Whore Complex with indicators of nudity and position. Moreover, the interviewees’ responses are analyzed through the Madonna/Whore Complex, the Objectification Theory and the Theory of Generations. This thesis suggests that the categorization of women as Whores or Madonnas in advertisement is perceived to be true by both groups. It proposes a great generational difference, as that the younger generation women see the categorization of women as either Whores or Madonnas in the social world, while the older do not. Concluding, harmful beauty norms and feminine behavioral traits seem to be partly internalized

  • 23.
    Abou Nada, Fahed
    et al.
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Combustion Physics, Box 118, Lund, Swede.
    Lantz, Andreas
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspång, Sweden.
    Larfeldt, Jenny
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspång, Sweden.
    Markocsan, Nicolaie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Alden, Marcus
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Combustion Physics, Box 118, Lund, Swede.
    Richter, Mattias
    Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Combustion Physics, Box 118, Lund, Swede.
    Remote temperature sensing on and beneath atmospheric plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings using thermographic phosphors2016In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 302, 359-367 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Investigations on remote temperature sensing of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) at the surface and at the bond-coat/top-coat interface were carried out. Using Y2O3:Eu thermographic phosphor as an embedded temperature sensing layer, sub-surface temperature probing through 300 mu m of atmospheric plasma sprayed YSZ is demonstrated. The Y2O3:Eu thermographic phosphor displays a temperature sensitivity ranging between 400 degrees C up to a maximum of 900 degrees C when utilizing the luminescence originating from the 611 nm emission band. Dysprosium stabilized zirconia (10 wt.% DySZ), a TBC material, is also investigated and established as a temperature sensor from 400 degrees C up to a temperature of 1000 degrees C using both the intensity decay time and emission intensity ratio methods. In addition, the luminescence of presumed optically inactive YSZ materials was spectroscopically investigated in terms of optical interferences caused by impurities. A validation temperature probing measurement through 300 mu m of YSZ top-coat was successfully performed in a SGT-800 Siemens burner running at six different operating conditions in an atmospheric combustion rig. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 24.
    Aboutakah, Amna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Shaat, Säloa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ''I Sverige har vi inte dukar på huvudet, de ska finnas på bord'': En kvalitativ studie om invandrarungdomars möte med rasism2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examine the everyday experiences immigrant youths from two youth activities in the suburb have about racism. To do this, we focused on two main areas, first how everyday racism inherent in young people's lives, and secondly how they deal with their experiences of racism. To be able to examine their experience have we done a qualitative research approach used by semi-structured interviews on seven young immigrants from the suburb. Our meta-theoretical perspective has been social-constructionism, with post-colonialism as the main theoretical basis. According to this we use the concepts ''the Other'' and stereotyping, which are applied to the material. The material has been encoded, thematized, categorized and analyzed on the basis of the above theoretical perspectives.

    Concluding remarks is that the racial story along with colonial values today characterize and affects the life of the young people living in the suburbs in a tangible way. This is mainly expressed through a perceived differentness and inequality between those who are racialized and those which are considered as the norm in society. That was depicted through two different forms, first through an experience of being categorized as '' the other '' and secondly by judged by stereotypes. These forms was actualized by the remains of the racial-doctrine, where the slave, and the animals were clearly visible, and also by a stereotyping by attributes like the beard, shawl, and the place suburb, which the result show that resulted in that young people is being regarded as eg suicide bombers, terrorists, and gangsters. Moreover, the results also show that the way to deal with racism was varied, but we have been able to categorize them in three main strategies: to try stay in safe areas, to stay away from racism in different ways (avoiding, removing, negotiating, adaptation), and to resist through group activities. Finally, we problemized and discusses how the immigrant youth experiences of racism directly or indirectly leads to social exclusion.

  • 25.
    Abrahamsson, Anette
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Folkhögskoledeltagares upplevelser av vad som påverkar deras lärande2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 26.
    Abrahamsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Andersson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nårgra lärares och rektorers syn på sitt värdegrundsarbete2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 27.
    Abrahamsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Granli, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sandberg, Åsa
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Utredning av kommunikationen inom Skaraborgs Städ AB: samt utveckling av T.I.S. - Trasan Information System2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 28.
    Abrahamsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hjälp till hjälp: En kvalitativ studie om vägen till missbruksbehandling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study has the qualitative research with the output of systems theory aimed to identify the individual abuser path to addiction treatment. Three semi-structured interviews have been conducted and subsequently analyzed.

    Addicts constitute a special category in the Social Services Act. In addition, it is to be found in the section of the law Chapter 3, 1 § (SFS 2001: 453) that the social outreach should make themselves familiar with the living conditions in the municipality. In addition, also provide information on social services in the municipality and through outreach activities and other means to promote conditions for good living conditions.

    Results have demonstrated that it is primarily the abuser's family members who support them to contact applicants as current treatment. The study has also revealed that although the addict in the first place not turned to social services, but turned to other instances.

    Respondents in the study all had individual agendas as applicable achieved abstinence. What, however, seemed significant among the participants has been a quest for better relationships with their family.

    Another of the study's conclusions is that social services should expand its dissemination of information to local residents about drug treatment are available and how the aid is designed.

  • 29.
    Abrahamsson, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Isaksson Olsson, Ulla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Alla har rätt att skaffa barn, men är det rätt?: en studie om yrkesutövares föreställningar om kvinnor med lindrigt intellektuellt funktionshinder, graviditet och föräldraskap2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 30.
    Abrahamsson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Grönlund, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att arbeta med oförenliga mål: En studie om vardagens etiska dilemman och målkonflikter på demensboenden, med särskilt fokus på äldreomsorgens nationella värdegrund2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldreomsorgens nationella värdegrund - ett vägledningsmaterial” gavs ut 2012 av Socialstyrelsen i syfte att implementera en gemensam värdegrund i verksamheterna så att äldreomsorgen ska kunna bidra till att äldre känner välbefinnande och ett värdigt liv. Denna studie redogör för etiska dilemman och målkonflikter som undersköterskor uppgett att de ställts inför i det dagliga arbetet på demensboenden, samt en redogörelse för vilka värdeord som ges mer prioritet än andra. Detta har undersökts genom kvalitativa, semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem undersköterskor. Intervjuerna har bearbetats med hjälp av tematisk analys samt tolkats i förhållande till tidigare forskning, det salutogena synsättet och KASAM, med begreppen begriplighet, hanterbarhet, meningsfullhet och makt. I vår studie fann vi etiska dilemman förknippade både med kollegor, anhöriga och brukare. Även bristande resurser kunde begränsa måluppfyllelsen och kvaliteten på omsorgen. Av de värdeord i värdegrunden som vi har fokuserat på så stod de vanligaste målkonflikterna mellan självbestämmandet och den fysiska tryggheten eller mellan självbestämmandet och den personliga integriteten. Målkonflikterna uppstod främst när brukaren vägrar vård, exempelvis när denne inte vill ha hjälp med ADL1 eller ta sina mediciner. Resultatet visar även på att informanterna värderar självbestämmandet högt och i särskilda fall kan de använda någon form av skyddsåtgärd eller annan tvingande åtgärd för att bevara brukarens hälsa. Dock så är det ingen av informanterna som kan tänka sig att tvinga eller lura i sin brukare mediciner. En värdefull aspekt som framkommer i studien är de förebyggande åtgärder och arbetssätt som undersköterskorna tar till för att “få brukarna med sig” så att brukarna tar rationella beslut, och därmed undviks målkonflikter.   

  • 31.
    Abrahamsson, Nathalie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Härnälv, Matilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva med långvarig smärta vid fibromyalgi: en litteraturbaserad studie om kvinnors upplevelser2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that is difficult to treat and diagnose. The illness is of unknown etiology. The majority of the ill is women. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe women ́s experiences of living with long term pain associated with fibromyalgia. Method: A literature -based study was performed. The database Cinahl was used in the search process. This study includes 11 qualitative articles that have been analysed by a review template. The analysis resulted in two categories "experiences of a changed me" and "experiences of social life" with six subcategories. Results: The consequences of fibromyalgia were that the family life, spare time, social life and working life changed in different ways. The articles also showed that women with fibromyalgia did not receive the understanding they needed from their families or the environment. Conclusion: Women with fibromyalgia feel that they do not get understanding from the outside world. It is important that health care professionals understand and acknowledge these individuals' subjective experiences so that they can give professional care and support.

  • 32.
    Abrahamsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsbehov och omvårdnadsåtgärder vid feber med utgångspunkt från Hendersons faktorer2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 33.
    Abrahamsson, Sten
    et al.
    Gotland University.
    Tosteby, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Gotland University.
    Integrated Management Systems: testing a model for integration2011In: 14th Toulon-Verona Conference: Organizational Excellence in Service. Conference Proceedings / [ed] Jacques Martin & Claudio Baccarani., Alicante: University of Alicante , 2011, 22-35 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Management systems are widely used for creating order, minimising risks and for assuring performance. Management systems are in many occasions integrated since this has been found to be beneficial. In this paper a model for a fully integrated management system (IMS) based on the three axes of level, extent and scope of integration is tested for relevance. The studied system permits the integration of all relevant process dimensions. The research is only in a pilot stage, but the initial results are promising and indicate that there are advantages in using the process view as a base for identifying critical aspects to be managed. A review of the current situation for system integration is studied and the model is subjected to some tests using Sweden as a case. The background study shows that system integration still is limited, especially when comparing with a fully integrated IMS. The feedback from the organisations interviewed is positive and supports continued work with development of the model.

  • 34. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    From Senior Student to Novice Worker: Learning Trajectories in Political Science, Psychology and Mechanical Engineering2009In: The Routledge international handbook of higher education / [ed] Tight, Malcolm, New York: Routledge , 2009, 165-179 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hult, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    The transition from higher education to work life: a comparison between a problem-based learning programme and conventional programmes in Higher education2005In: Symposium at the 33nd Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA). Oslo, March 2005., 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education (HE) to worklife. Generally, the transition is considered to have become more complicated due to the changing conditions for work in a supercomplex society. More specifically, there is also still sparse knowledge about how students in PBL programmes cope with the transition process. Previous research on the topic has suggested that there is a need for more complex studies of the relationship between HE and work. The aim of the study is twofold, (i) to describe the way students experience their programme as seniors and later their work situation as novice workers, and (ii) if there are differences regarding these experiences in comparison between a PBL programme (psychology) and conventional progammes (mechanical engineering and political science). The transition from HE to worklife in the three programmes is analysed according to five dimensions; relation to space/areas of operation, identity/tracjectory, professional role characteristics, transition process and relationships between education and work. The results indicate that the PBL-programme is preparing for worklife in a rational way, both regarding generic skills and substantive knowledge. The conventional programmes stand out as preparing for worklife either by providing generic skills or by having a ritual character.

  • 36. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Hult, Håkan
    From senior student to novice worker: learning trajectories in political science, psychology and mechanical engineering.2006In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 31, no 5, 569-586 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education to working life. Research has hitherto described the transition in rather general terms, and there is still only limited knowledge about how graduates construe themselves as professionals, or how they experience the transition to the sociocultural contexts of working life. In this study, the transition is viewed as a trajectory between different communities of practice. Three different Master’s programmes at Linköping University are focused on and compared: political science, psychology and mechanical engineering. The specific aims are to: (i) identify aspects of identity and knowledge formation as reported by informants, both as...

  • 37. Abrant Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Vom Hochschulabschluss zum Berufseinstieg: Lernverläufe in Politikwissenschaft, Psychologie und Machinenbau2013In: Studium und Beruf: Studienstrategien - Praxiskonzepte - Professionsverständnis / [ed] Hessler, Gudrun, Oechsle, Mechtild, Scharlau, Ingrid, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2013, 1, 115-141 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Abudaher, Mohammed
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Alomari, Kamal
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Energieffektivisering i köpcentret Sisjö Entré i Göteborg2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy efficiency means that energy is used in an efficient way that impacts positively on the environment and society.

    Sisjö Entré is a shopping center which has an annual energy consumption of 1 865 270 kWh, and according to Energy Authority, the recommended value is 1 530 000 kWh per year. That means that energy consumption at the center should reduce by approximately 18 % to comply with the recommended value. The mall consists of 17 stores and the thesis examines five stores which are Toys Я Us, Rusta, Burger King, Babyproffsen and Webhallen. Measurements are taken on ventilation and lighting installations with the aim of studying the loads in the stores that consume the most energy. The goal is to come up with suggestions of actions to reduce energy consumption and costs.

    We concluded that lighting consumes the most energy in the warehouses; Toys Я Us, Rusta, Babyproffsen and Webhallen, while the largest load in the restaurants (Burger King) is the kitchen, which accounts for 75 % of the restaurants total consumption.

    In Rusta, we discovered that the electricity meter showed a lower value than the true consumption. After investigation, we concluded that the fault could be either in the electricity meter or in its current transformer and must be addressed.

    We have given a proposal to replace parts of the existing lighting installations, and given suggestion for sectioning certain parts in some stores. Further, we have given suggestions for reducing operating times on the ventilation units.

    Based on the above proposals and energy calculations, we concluded that these five stores has the potential to reduce the annual energy consumption from 1 865 270 kWh to 1 576 670 kWh, leading to a reduction by 15.5 %. This reduces costs by about 228 000 SEK per year

  • 39.
    Adam, Christina
    et al.
    1 St. Savvas Anticancer Hospital, Athens, Greece.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greec.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Faculty of Nursing, Athens, Greece.
    Radwin, Laurel
    Research Health Scientist, Center for Health Care Organization and Implementation Research, Boston VA Health Care System, Boston, MA USA.
    Charalambouss, Andreas
    5Cyprus University of Technology, Department of Nursing Studies, Limassol, Cyprus and Docent, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Finland.
    Charalambous, Melanie
    Cyprus Ministry of Health, Nursing Services, Educational Sector, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Berg, Agneta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. 7Kristianstad University, Kristianstad.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    8Skane University Hospital and Medical faculty, Lund University, Sweden.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Statistician University of Turku, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Turku, Finland.
    Stolti, Minna
    University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Turku, Finland.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    1University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science/Turku University Hospital and City of Turku, Welfare Division, Turku, Finland.
    Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients: A cross-sectional survey in four European countries2017In: Balkan Union of Oncology. Journal, ISSN 1107-0625, Vol. 22, no 3, 777-782 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore and compare cancer patients’ perceptions on the quality of nursing care in four European countries. Methods: Data were collected in Cyprus, Finland, Greece and Sweden. The sample comprised 596 hospitalized cancer patients. The quality of nursing care was measured using the “Oncology Patients’ Perceptions of the Quality of Nursing Care Scale” (OPPQNCS). Patient characteristics were also collected. Analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of country on the perceptions of the quality of nursing care. Results: Patients’ age ranged from 18 to 86 years, and 58% were male. The comparison of cancer patients’ perceptions regarding the quality of nursing care between the four countries showed a statistically significant difference in the total OPPQNCS scores (p <0.001) as well as in the subscales responsiveness (p <0.001), individualization (p<0.001), co ordination (p<0.001) and proficiency (p<0.001). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the OPPQNCS ranged between 0.89 and 0.95. A multivariate analysis of variance for the OPPQNCS controlled by respondents’ demographic characteristics revealed that only the patient’s country was significantly related with the patients’ perceptions of quality care. Conclusion: Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients was high, but differed between the four countries. The impact of the clinical status of cancer patients on the quality of nursing care and managerial factors such as staffing/nursing care delivery models that influence the ability of nurses to offer high quality care should also be explored by more focused studies.

  • 40.
    Adamovic, Eleonora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Dervisic, Elma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Nybakad sjuksköterska: En litteraturbaserad studie om nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Different studies show that stress is a common feeling that newly graduated nurses experience during the first period in the profession. What causes the stress are high expectations that they have on themselves and the expectations from colleagues, as well as the fear of making a mistake while working as a nurse. Newly graduate nurses go through five stages of development from being novice to expert. The aim of this study was to describe work experiences of newly graduate nurses in hospital ward settings. The research method was a literature study based on ten qualitative articles. Articles were analyzed by using the method of Friberg (2012). Four main themes were identified: experiences of leadership; experiences of the relationship with colleagues; experiences of support; experiences of knowledge level. Colleagues and managers must respond to the needs of newly graduated nurses in an adequate way to create a friendly and supportive working environment, which in turn can contribute to the professional development of the newly graduated nurse. Nursing education should prepare students for professional careers in terms of socialization, leadership and organization.

  • 41.
    Adamsson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Jannborg, Monica L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Nyföretagande i Dalsland2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 42.
    Adamsson, Pethra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Andersson, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Åberg, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    I familjer där det inte finns några barn, bara korta vuxna: en studie om barn till psykiskt sjuka föräldrar2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 43.
    Adamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Börjesson, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det finns ju inget annat ämne som är så laddat i skolan": En kvalitativ studie om lärares resonemang kring ämnet religionskunskap och lärares konstruktion av elevers identiteter2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till den här studien är bland annat en ökning av mångkulturalitet i bemärkelsen olika nationaliteter. En annan del av bakgrunden till denna studie är skolans roll i möten mellan livstolkningar och uppfattningar av omvärlden, med religionsundervisningen som en central arena för dessa möten. Utifrån dessa möten är det värdefullt att undersöka hur lärare agerar i förhållande till elevernas livstolkningar, religiösa praktiker och identiteter och hur de planerar sin undervisning. Studien visar även hur lärare resonerar kring uppmärksammandet av olika högtider och traditioner i religionsundervisningen. Studien bygger på intervjuer med fem lärare som arbetar i årskurs 1-6. Resultatet visar på att lärarna använder de muslimska eleverna som kunskapskälla och tolkar elevernas religiösa livstolkningar som kunskap om islam. Lärarna presenterar religionernas högtider och praktiker som enhetliga och homogena. Analysen synliggör hur lärare avvisar föräldrars oro för påverkan genom att hänvisa till religionsundervisningen som faktaförmedling. Det synliggörs även hur lärare konstruerar "normal-muslimer" och "normal-svenskar", där muslimerna framförallt reduceras till kunskapsbärare om islam. Av intervjuerna framgår även att kristendomen har en prioriterad roll i religionsundervisningen och uppfattas som en outtalad norm.

  • 44.
    Adamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Huhtaviita, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Estetikens roll för kunskapsutvecklingi de naturorienterande ämnena: En kvalitativ studie genomförd på lågstadieskolor i Irland2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie är genomförd på lågstadieskolor i Irland. I de irländska styrdokumenten framgår praktiskt-estetiskt arbete vara en central del i de naturorienterande ämnena. Den svenska läroplanen framhåller att estetiskt arbete ska ingå i samtliga av skolans ämnen, dock inte i lika stor utsträckning som i den irländska. Forskning har visat att estetik kan främja elevers utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor i de naturorienterande ämnena. Därför har vi valt att fokusera på analys- och kommunikationsförmågan som inte är lika beforskade i samband med kombinationen estetik och naturvetenskap. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att få kunskap om hur verksamma lärare, på irländska skolor i Irland, erfar att praktisk undervisning med och genom estetik kan främja elevernas utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor i de naturorienterande ämnena.Den metod som använts är enskilda semistrukturerade intervjuer där lärarna fått möjlighet att, genom öppna frågor, delge sina erfarenheter och uppfattningar. Resultatet visar att lärarna uppfattar estetiken som främjande för utveckling av elevernas förmågor och ämneskunskaper. Estetiken uppges kunna användas för att integrera ämnen och göra den abstrakta naturvetenskapen mer konkret för barnen. Kroppen och sinnena anges vara en stor del av det vetenskapliga arbetet som ofta är aktivitetsbaserat. Estetiken visar sig användas för att göra undervisningen mer lustfylld och motivera eleverna till ett vidare intresse för naturvetenskapen. Resultatet visar vidare att lärarna inte erfar att det estetiska arbetet medför några begränsningar för elevernas utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor, men begränsningar i form av bland annat resurser uttrycks förekomma.

  • 45.
    Adebahr, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Andersson, Victor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Övervakning: Var går gränsen?: En studie av lastbilschaufförer som arbetar i Bohuslän och hur de ser på IT som hjälpmedel och övervakning på jobbet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays companies and organizations are implementing IT-systems that enable surveillances, particularly within the transport business. The implementation within the surveillances systems enables a better security and a more efficient workflow. The systems make it possible for companies to see fuel consumption, the position off the truck and also to plan the most efficient routes. The truck drivers have learned to accept that they are being watched through the companies surveillance systems just because it leads to a more efficient route-planning. The drivers understand why they’re being monitored and they feel safe. Since IT-systems came into the transport business drivers are able to see the fuel consumption and by seeing that they can drive more ecological and save money for their company. The truck driver that works in Bohuslän is well aware that these services are crucial for the companies, by having these systems the companies can compete with the foreign hauliers that takes the same job for a much smaller fee. But where is the limit for acceptable surveillance? We answered the issue by doing interviews in two rounds, first with ten truck drivers then with six. We also did a literature study. The drivers where all driving for companies in Bohuslän. The drivers we interviewed had different experience within the business, some drivers worked at big companies and some drivers worked at smaller companies. By sorting the drivers out we were able to sort out our answers and see if there were a difference in the way the drivers were thinking. We wanted to get knowledge of how different business surveilled their employees and how the employees reacted. So we performed a literature study where we read different case studies from the home care, the sales industry and the elementary school. We compared the result from our study with the result from our interviews. We managed to see that truck drivers generally had more loyal thoughts to their company. The drivers that were interviewed where well aware of the hard competition within the industry. As long as surveillance makes the company more efficient and the surveillance don’t violate their private integrity it´s okay to use it.Keywords: Surveillance, loyal workers, IT-system, competition

  • 46.
    Adelakun, Olawale
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    The Role of Business Intelligence in Government: A Case Study of a Swedish Municipality Contact Center2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the role Business Intelligence (BI) can play in government and more specifically at the municipality level. The study aims to investigate how data collected from a municipality Contact Center can be leveraged with the help of a BI solution. The study focuses on the Contact Center at Järfälla Kommun (municipality) and investigates whether a BI implementation can help to realize more effective planning, resource allocation and improved services and e-services. Municipality Contact Centers are becoming an increasingly popular precedent providing municipal residents with a centralized service where they can make inquiries, provide information, lodge complaints or commend actions related to activities within the specific municipality. BI can turn raw data into concrete figures and reports, map patterns and trends and support effective decision making. It can also however be costly and difficult to integrate and face resistance due to perceived complexity. This paper aims to take such notions into consideration and investigate the feasibility of implementing such a solution in the context of a municipality Contact Center.

    This paper identifies various benefits and drawbacks from literature which are then modeled into a SWOT framework. In addition, semi-structured interviews are utilized in this study and targeted at stakeholders knowledgeable in the Contact Center, BI, or both. Findings from the SWOT framework will be measured against the findings from the interviews and an analysis of correlations between the two sources will be investigated.

  • 47.
    Ademi Salihi, Valjbone
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Buleshkaj, Arjola
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienter med psykisk ohälsa och deras upplevelser av kontakten med vårdpersonal inom hälso- och sjukvård2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is defined differently depending on the context, ranging from symptoms of anxiety and depression to schizophrenia. Mental illness among the population has increased since 1990. A survey done by the Central Bureau of Statistics in Sweden (2006) shows that issues such as anxiety are more common now than before. Twenty-three percent of women aged 16-84 said they had experienced symptoms of anxiety. Thirteen percent of the men aged 16-64 said they had experienced the same. Pre-conceived notions often meet people with mental health issues and there is a stigma surrounding them and their situation.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to examine how patients with mental illness experience their contact with health care professionals in health care.

    Method: The study was designed as a literature based study. Eleven articles were analyzed, nine articles were found by a systematic search and two articles were found in an unsystematic search.

    Results: This study showed two main themes and eight subthemes. The main themes were patients desire to have a good relationship and good interaction with health care professionals. The subthemes were patient confidence in health care professionals, a dedicated staff, patients desire to get person-centered care and to feel involved, to have good continuity in their health care and to have highly available health care professionals around them, to have a good dialogue, be actively listened to, competent health care professionals and being labeled.

    Conclusion: The conclusion is that patients that lack trust, commitment from health care professionals or continuity had bad experiences with the health care system. Patients needed to have a mutual relationship with the health care staff to have a good experience with the health care system.

  • 48.
    Aden, Abdikadar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Türtscher, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Young Swedish adults' attitudes towards offshoring2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Offshoring, meaning the movement of business operations to foreign countries, has recently grown. It provides the company with opportunities which are not available domestically, but it also bears risks. The public has recently blamed the strategy of offshoring for weak growth of domestic economy, decreasing competitiveness, salary stagnation, job losses, lower worker morale, and poverty. As a consequence, a firm carrying out offshoring activities could suffer from consumers' negative attitudes towards offshoring, as the consumers are unwilling to buy their products/services or take actions against the company.

    This study addresses the Swedish young adults' attitudes towards offshoring. Young adults are playing an important role in economy as consumers, future workers, innovators, leaders and decision makers. The study investigates the factors that were underlying the formation of attitudes towards offshoring. We focused especially on three factors, namely consumer ethnocentrism, economic threat and quality beliefs.

    In order to address these issues, a quantitative research approach was applied and primary data were collected. The variables for the online survey were mainly distilled from Durvasula and Lysonski (2009) as well Grappi, Romani and Bagozzi (2013).

    The gathered data have been analyzed via the software of SPSS by performing correlation tests and analyzing descriptive statistic measures. The results indicated that Swedish young adults had neutral attitudes towards offshoring. We also found that two of the studied factors, consumer ethnocentrism and economic threat, were vital in the formation of the attitudes towards offshoring.

  • 49.
    Adler, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Bondesson, Magnus
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Fronter - ett webbaserat utbildningsverktyg: hur förändrar det elevernas inläning på vuxenutbildningen?2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 50.
    Adler, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Askeröd, Therese
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta barn och deras föräldrar inom hälso- och sjukvården2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research have shown children to be a large patient group within the health care sector. Nurses, should therefore, have knowledge about how to individually adapt meetings so it will be a positive experience for the child, the parents, and for themselves. Historically, this has not been the case and created immense care suffering for several families.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate nurses' experiences of meeting children and their parents within the health care sector.

    Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was performed. An analysis of nine scientific articles was carried out. The analysis resulted in three main themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The main themes were: "To see the child as an individual", "to built trust", and "knowledge and experience are crucial". Knowledge were fundamental for creating a positive meeting.

    Conclusion: By individually adapting communication to the child and the parents, good conditions allowed for a trusting relationship to emerge. Time was needed to create a safe and trusting relationship. However, it did not always exist. With knowledge and experience the nurse could see the child as an individual and adapt the meeting to the child. It was the responsibility of the nurse to gain the necessary knowledge, and to reflect with colleagues was seen as an important source to attain new knowledge.

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