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Samverkan mellan KASAM, personlighet och stress
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The relationship between SOC, personality and stress (English)
Abstract [sv]

Stress på arbetsplatsen ökar i dagens samhälle, och arbetsbelastningen och kraven inom sjukvården blir större. Studiens syfte var att undersöka om det fanns samvariationer mellan KASAM (känsla av sammanhang), stress, personlighetsvariablerna; neuroticism, extraversion, samvetsgrannhet, öppenhet, vänlighet, samt ålder. Även jämförande analyser har genomförts med syftet att undersöka om det fanns skillnader mellan grupper. Undersökningar har också gjorts för att se om KASAM och stress kunde prediceras. En enkätundersökning har genomförts på en barnavdelning vid ett sjukhus i Mellansverige. Det var 44 respondenter som deltog i undersökningen, alla kvinnor. Medelåldern var 48 år. Analyser har genomförts genom korrelationer, regressioner, t-test och ANOVA. Resultatet av studien visade främst ett starkt negativt samband mellan KASAM och stress, vilket låg i linje med tidigare forskning. Det visade också att KASAM har ett positivt samband med ålder bland kvinnor, något som skiljde sig från tidigare forskning, samvariationen har tidigare endast setts bland män. Studien visade också att ålder och stress hade ett signifikant negativt samband. Personlighetsdraget neuroticism visade sig ha ett negativt samband med KASAM och ett positivt samband med upplevd stress. Samvetsgrannhet hade i studien ett negativt samband med stress och ett positivt samband med KASAM. Studien visade även att stress och neuroticism till 62% kunde predicera KASAM. Resultatet visade dessutom att det fanns en signifikant skillnad i graden av upplevd stress mellan de som arbetat 0-5 år, jämfört med de som arbetat 6-20 år, samt de som arbetat 21 år eller mer på arbetsplatsen.

Abstract [en]

Stress in the workplace is increasing in today's society, consequently, the workload and demands in health care will be greater. The study's purpose was to investigate whether there was a relationship between the SOC (sense of coherence), stress, personality variables (neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness), and age. Even comparative analyzes were conducted with the purpose to investigate whether there are differences between groups. Analyses have been done to investigate if SOC and stress can be predicted. A survey was carried out on the children's section at a hospital in Sweden. There were 44 respondents who participated in the study, all women. Mean age was 48 years. Analyses were performed by correlations, regressions, t-test and ANOVA. The results of the study showed mainly a strong negative correlation between SOC and stress, which is consistent with previous research. The results also showed that SOC has a positive correlation with age among women, which differs from previous research where the correlation has previously only been seen among men. The study also demonstrated that age and stress had a significant negative correlation. The personality trait neuroticism had a negative correlation with SOC and was positively correlated with perceived stress. Conscientiousness showed a negative correlation with stress and a positive correlation with SOC. The study also showed that stress and neuroticism to 62% could predict SOC. The result showed that there was a significant difference in the degree of perceived stress among those who had worked 0-5 years, compared with those who had worked 6-20 years, as well as those who had worked 21 or more in the workplace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
SOC, Sense of coherence, stress, Big Five, neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness
Keyword [sv]
KASAM, känsla av sammanhang, stress, Big Five, neuroticism, extraversion, samvetsgrannhet, öppenhet, vänlighet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9890Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9890DiVA: diva2:968910
Subject / course
Occupational & organizational psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-14 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2016-09-14Bibliographically approved

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