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Changes in gravitational parameters inferred from time-variable GRACE data- A case study for October 2005 Kashmir Earthquake
Earth Sciences department, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0067-8631
Quaid-i-Azam University, Department of Earth Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Quaid-i-Azam University, Department of Earth Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, ISSN 0926-9851, E-ISSN 1879-1859, Vol. 132, 174-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The earth's gravity changes are attributed to the redistribution of masses within and/or on the surface of the earth, which are due to the frictional sliding, tensile cracking and/or cataclastic flow of rocks along the faults and detectable by earthquake events. Inversely, the gravity changes are useful to describe the earthquake seismicity over the active orogenic belts. The time variable gravimetric data are hardly available to the public domain. However, Gravity Recovery and Climatic Experiment (GRACE) is the only satellite mission dedicated to model the variation of the gravity field and an available source to the science community. Here, we have tried to envisage gravity changes in terms of gravity anomaly (Δg), geoid (N) and the gravity gradients over the Indo-Pak plate with emphasis upon Kashmir earthquake of October 2005. For this purpose, we engaged the spherical harmonic coefficients of monthly gravity solutions from the GRACE satellite mission, which have good coverage over the entire globe with unprecedented accuracy. We have analysed numerically the solutions after removing the hydrological signals, during August to November 2005, in terms of corresponding monthly differentials of gravity anomaly, geoid and the gradients. The regional structures like Main Mantle Thrust (MMT), Main Karakoram Thrust (MKT), Herat and Chaman faults are in closed association with topography and with gravity parameters from the GRACE gravimetry and EGM2008 model. The monthly differentials of these quantities indicate the stress accumulation in the northeast direction in the study area. Our numerical results show that the horizontal gravity gradients seem to be in good agreement with tectonic boundaries and differentials of the gravitational elements are subtle to the redistribution of rock masses and topography caused by 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Moreover, the gradients are rather more helpful for extracting the coseismic gravity signatures caused by seismicity over the area. Higher positive values of gravity components having higher terrain elevations are more vulnerable to the seismicity and lower risk of diastrophism otherwise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, 2016. Vol. 132, 174-183 p.
Keyword [en]
GRACE, Gravity anomaly, Geoid, Gravity gradient, Seismicity, Tectonic
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9877DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2016.07.008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84978766662OAI: diva2:967904
Available from: 2016-09-10 Created: 2016-09-10 Last updated: 2017-01-02Bibliographically approved

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Eshagh, Mehdi
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