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Personlighet och hotbilder inom rättsväsendet: Skillnader mellan poliser och kriminalvårdare
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personality and level of threat within the legal system : Differences between police and correctional officers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Arbetsrelaterat hot och våld har ökat de senaste åren. Hot och våld påverkar inte enbart poliser och kriminalvårdare utan riskerar även att få konsekvenser för de individer de har för avsikt att skydda. Detta ökar relevansen av att komma till rätta med problematiken. Polisen- och kriminalvårdens myndigheter har formulerat beskrivningar om hur den kompetenta polisen och kriminalvårdaren bör vara utifrån begrepp som att vara lyhörd, engagerad och kommunikativ vilket stämmer med tidigare forskning. I denna studie kopplas dessa uttryck till personlighetsegenskaper och undersöks huruvida förekomsten av upplevt hot och våld i denna kontext kan förklaras av personlighetsdrag. Genom kvantitativ enkätstudie innefattandes Mini-International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) och Short Dark Triad (SD3) samt frågor om upplevt hot och våld. Urvalet bestod av 60 kriminalvårdare i åldern 23-63 år, varav kvinnor utgjorde 58,3% och män 41,7%, samt 126 poliser i åldern 23-53 år, där andelen kvinnor var 40,5% och män stod för 59,5%. Vi undersökte förekomsten av upplevt hot och våld samt relationen till adaptiva- och maladaptiva personlighetsdrag samt psykopati. Regressions- och korrelationsanalys genomfördes vilket visade samband mellan personlighet och upplevelsen av hot och våld. T-test genomfördes för att visa skillnaderna i upplevelsen mellan yrkesgrupperna. Den slutsats som kan dras är att personlighetsdrag i viss mån kan predicera upplevelsen av hot och våld och att den skiljer sig åt mellan kriminalvårdare och poliser. Utmärkande var att personlighetsdraget extraversion som påpekas vara en viktig egenskap för att lyckas inom dessa yrken hade ett positivt samband med upplevelsen av hot och våld. Studien visade att högt värde av extraversion likaså kan vara det som ökar risken att uppleva hot och våld.

Abstract [en]

Work related threat and violence has increased during the last years. Threat and violence do not only affect police and correctional officers but also impose consequences for those those individuals whom are set out to protect. This increases the relevance of getting ahead of the problem. The police and the correctional care agencies have formulated descriptions about competent police and correctional officer, like beeing responsive, commited and communicative. This is in line with the previous research on the topic. In this study, these expressions are linked to personality traits and the occurence of experienced threat and violence. This study used a quantitative survey involving the Mini-International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Short Dark Triad (SD3), combined with items concerning the experience of threat and violence. The sample consisted of 60 correctional officers in the age 23 to 63 whereof 58% were women and 42% were men, and 126 police officers in the age 23 to 53 where the distribution of sex were made out of 40% women and 60% men. Regression- and correlation analyses were performed which did show a relationship between personality traits and the experience of threat and violence. Independent t-test were performed which did reveal the differences in experienced threat and violence between the police- and the correctional officers. The conclusion to be made is that personality traits, although in a modest way, can predict the experience of threat and violence and that this experience differ between the two groups of professionals. Denoting for the study was that the personality trait of extraversion, which arepointed out as an important quality in order to succeed in these occupations also had a positive relation with the experience of threat and violence. The study's conclusion is that a high degree of extraversion also may be the factor that increases the risk of experiencing threat and violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Experience, personality, threat, violence, police, correctional care
Keyword [sv]
Upplevelse, personlighet, hot, våld, polis, kriminalvård
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9840Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9840DiVA: diva2:956567
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-30 Last updated: 2016-08-31Bibliographically approved

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