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Påverkande faktorer på svensk varuexport: En empirisk analys på makronivå med tillämpning av gravitationsmodellen
University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studien tillämpar gravitationsmodellen för att undersöka påverkande faktorer av den svenska varuexporten till Sveriges fem största handelspartners, Tyskland, Norge, Danmark, Finland och USA, under perioden 2000-2014. Syftet var att få kunskap om vad som påverkar den svenska varuexporten, då exporten är en viktig grund för ekonomisk tillväxt i Sverige. Sveriges varuexport har i denna studie förklarats med hjälp av BNP, population, avstånd, frihandelsavtal, gemensamt språk, gemensam landsgräns samt finanskris. Med hjälp av gravitationsmodellens utformning lyckades inte denna studie förklara vilka variabler som påverkade handelsflödet i den svenska ekonomin. Studien bidrog därmed inte till att öka förståelsen för vilka faktorer som hade lett till förbättrade handelsförutsättningar i svensk varuexport.

Abstract [en]

In this paper the gravity model is used to examine the determinants of the Swedish exports of goods to Sweden's five largest trade partners; Germany, Norway, Denmark, Finland and the United States for the period 2000-2014. Exports are an important foundation for economic growth in Sweden. The purpose was to gain knowledge about what affects the Swedish export of goods. The export of goods has in this study been explained with the help of GDP, population, distance, free trade agreements, common language, common land border and the financial crisis. This study did not succeed to account for which variables that impact the trade of goods in the Swedish economy by using the configuration of the gravity model. This study has therefore not contributed to an increased understanding of which factors that had led to increased trading conditions within the Swedish exports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 36 p.
Keyword [sv]
Gravitationsmodellen, varuexport, påverkande faktorer, tidsserieanalys, multipel regression, Gravity model, Exports, Affecting factors, Time series analysis, Multiple regression
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9699Local ID: NAX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9699DiVA: diva2:951992
Subject / course
Nationalekonomi
Educational program
Mäklarekonom
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-11 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved

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