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Allmän begåvning: är intelligens, rationalitet, kreativitet och öppenhet dimensioner av en gemensam faktor?
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
General aptitude : Are intelligence, rationality, openness and creativity dimensions of a common factor? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Intelligens, rationalitet, öppenhet och kreativitet har ett gemensamt attribut; Alla utgör omdebatterade mått inom tidigare arbets- och organisationspsykologisk forskning. Grundat i detta fanns behov av att undersöka samband mellan dessa variabler, då tidigare forskning påvisat motstridiga resultat. Det var även intressant att undersöka om variablerna tillsammans kunde utgöra delar av en gemensam latent begåvningsfaktor. Med detta som utgångspunkt genomfördes en kvantitativ studie. Datainsamling genomfördes i form av en online-enkät (N = 116, M = 36.61 år, Min: 18 år, Max: 72 år, 57% kvinnor) och analyserades genom korrelationsanalys samt faktoranalys. Följande instrument tillämpades vid mätning; ICAR (Condon & Revelle, 2014) för intelligens, Stanovichs (2014) rationalitetstest, The alternate uses task (Guliford, 1967) och Test of creativity (Harris, 1960) för kreativitet samt Big Five IPIP (Goldberg et al., 2006) för personlighetsdraget öppenhet. Delvis fanns konformitet i resultat mellan föreliggande studie och tidigare empiri. Vidare hade två-faktorlösningen delvis likheter med en två-faktorlösning i tidigare forskning. De mest centrala resultat som framkom var att intelligens/rationalitet och kreativitet/öppenhet visade faktorladdning på två latenta faktorer, samt att det fanns en signifikant stark korrelation mellan rationalitet och intelligens.

Abstract [en]

Intelligence, rationality, openness and creativity include a common attribute; they all consist of a measure of human aptitude with relevance for the personnel paradigm. In this statement exists a need to investigate the relations between these variables, seeing that earlier research have presented contradicting results. Further, it was of interest to investigate whether the variables would be a part of a common comprehensive aptitude factor. With this as foundation a quantitative research study was conducted. The data collection was executed through an online survey (N = 116, M = 36.61 yrs, Min: 18 yrs, Max: 72 yrs, 57% women) which was analysed using correlation analysis and factor analysis. The following measurement instruments were applied: ICAR (Condon & Revelle, 2014) for intelligence, Stanovich's (2014) rationality test, The alternate uses task (Guilford, 1967), Test of creativity (Harris, 1960), and Big Five IPIP (Goldberg et al., 2006) for the personality trait openness. Some confirmation was found in regards to the results of this study in relation to former results. Furthermore the two factor solution presented several commonalities with a two factor solution presented by prior research. The most central result was that intelligence/rationality and creativity/openness showed loadings on two latent factors. A strong significant correlation for rationality and intelligence also emerged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Intelligence, g-factor, crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence, rationality, creativity, openness, Big Five, personality
Keyword [sv]
Intelligens, g-faktorn, kristalliserad intelligens, flytande intelligens, rationalitet, kreativitet, öppenhet, Big Five, personlighet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9674Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9674DiVA: diva2:951751
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-10 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved

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