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Upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga: en undersökning av lärare, socialsekreterare och vårdpersonal
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy : a study on teachers, social service workers and health professionals (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning har visat att det finns samband mellan upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga. Det finns även studier som visar att till exempel antal år i yrket kan påverka den upplevda egenförmågan. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka yrkesgrupper som arbetar med människor då studier har påvisat att dessa grupper är särskilt utsatta för stress. De frågor som undersöktes var A) Prediceras individens upplevelse av stress av variablerna ålder och antal barn? B) Prediceras individens upplevelse av egenförmåga av variablerna antal år verksamma i yrket? C) Skiljer sig upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga mellan de tre yrkesgrupperna? D) Skiljer sig upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga mellan män och kvinnor? I undersökningen ingick 137 deltagare från yrkesgrupperna lärare, vårdpersonal och socialsekreterare. 110 kvinnor och 26 män deltog, 1 deltagare uppgav inte kön. Deltagarnas ålder varierade mellan 21 och 64 år. Två väletablerade frågeformulär ingick i undersökningen för att mäta upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga; percieved stress scale och General Self-Efficacy Scale. Regressionsanalys, envägs ANOVA, korrelationsanalys samt t-test genomfördes. Resultaten visade inget signifikant samband mellan upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga. T-test visade att kvinnor och män hade liknande uppmätta värden på båda skalorna, inga signifikanta skillnader hittades. Envägs ANOVA visade inga signifikanta skillnader mellan yrkesgrupperna. Regressionsanalyser hade inte heller statistisk signifikans. Resultatet från undersökningen var inte i linje med tidigare forskning.

Abstract [en]

Earlier research has found that there is a relationship between perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy. Studies has also found that number of years in the profession may affect the perceived self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to research professions where people work with people since earlier studies have found that these professions are particularly exposed to stress. The following questions were investigated A) Does age and number of children predict individual's levels of perceived stress? B) Does number of years in the profession predict individual's perceived self-efficacy? C) Is there a difference in perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy between the three different professions? D) Is there a difference in perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy between women and men? The study had 137 participants, 110 women and 26 men, one participant didn´t state gender. The participants included the following professions; teachers, health professionals and social service workers. The participant's ages varied between 21 and 64 years old. Two well established questionnaires were used; Perceived Stress Scale and General Self-Efficacy Scale. Regression analysis, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis and t-test were conducted. There was no statistic significant relationship between perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy. The t-test found no statistically significant differences between men and women. The one-way ANOVA didn´t show statistic significant differences between the different professions. The regression analyses were not statistic significant. These results did not confirm earlier research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Stress, self-efficacy, teachers, social service workers, health professionals, quantitative method
Keyword [sv]
Stress, egenförmåga, lärare, socialsekreterare, vårdpersonal, kvantitativ metod
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9594Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9594DiVA: diva2:949689
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-05 Created: 2016-07-22 Last updated: 2016-08-05Bibliographically approved

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