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Personlighet och arbetstillfredsställelse: en studie om i vilken utsträckning personlighet kan predicera inre, yttre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse hos lärare
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personality and job satisfaction : a study on intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction among teachers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Personlighet och arbetstillfredsställelse är två välkända begrepp i forskning inom psykologi. Personlighet är de grundläggande egenskaper hos människor som är relativt stabila över tid och som ofta speglas i hur individen reagerar och agerar på saker i vardagslivet (Furnham, 2011). Arbetstillfredsställelse är enligt Spector (1997) hur individer känner angående sitt jobb, i vilken utsträckning de gillar eller ogillar sitt arbete. Baserat på Herzbergs tvåfaktorteori (Kaufmann & Kaufmann, 2010) är arbetstillfredsställelse i denna studie uppdelad i inre, yttre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse. Studiens syfte var att undersöka huruvida personlighetsdragen neuroticism, extroversion, öppenhet, vänlighet samt samvetsgrannhet kunde predicera inre, yttre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse. Studien hade en kvantitativ ansats och genomfördes med hjälp av en enkät bestående av mätinstrumenten Big Five Inventory samt Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnare. De 54 respondenterna i denna studie var lärare inom grundskola, gymnasium samt vuxenskola. Medelåldern var 44 år (SD = 12.6), 70% kvinnor och 30% män. Data analyserades genom tre multipla regressionsanalyser som visade att personlighet stod för 4-8% av variansen i de tre faktorerna av arbetstillfredsställelse. Neuroticism var det enda av de fem personlighetsdimensionerna som visade ett signifikant samband med arbetstillfredsställelse. Sambandet var negativt vilket innebar att de som låg högre på skalan neuroticism tenderade att ligga lägre på inre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse. Detta stämmer i huvudsak överens med tidigare forskning inom ämnet. En slutsats av studien är att inre, yttre samt generell arbetstillfredsställelse till störst del påverkas av andra faktorer.

Abstract [en]

Personality and job satisfaction are two well known terms in research in psychology. Personality is the basic characteristics of people, being relatively stable over time and often reflected in how to react and act on the things in daily life (Furnham, 2011). Job satisfaction is, according to Spector (1997), how individuals feel about their job, how much they like or dislike their work. Based on Herzberg´s two-factor theory (Kaufmann & Kaufmann, 2010) job satisfaction in this study is divided into intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. The study's purpose was to examine whether the personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness could predict intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction. The study had a quantitative approach and was conducted using a questionnaire consisting of the Big Five Inventory and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnare. The 54 respondents in this study were teachers in primary, secondary and adult school. The average age was 44 years (SD = 12.6), 70% women and 30% men. Data were analyzed by three multiple regression analyzes which showed that personality accounted for 4-8% of the variance in the three factors of job satisfaction. Neuroticism was the only one of the five personality dimensions that showed a significant correlation with job satisfaction. The correlation was negative, which meant that those who were higher on the neuroticism scale tended to be lower in intrinsic and general job satisfaction. This is substantially in line with previous research on the subject. One conclusion of the study is that the intrinsic, extrinsic and general job satisfaction to the greatest extent is influenced by other factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Big Five, personality, intrinsic job satisfaction, extrinsic job satisfaction, general job satisfaction, Herzberg´s two-factor theory
Keyword [sv]
Big Five, personlighet, inre arbetstillfredsställelse, yttre arbetstillfredsställelse, generell arbetstillfredsställelse, Herzbergs tvåfaktormodell
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9587Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9587DiVA: diva2:948955
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-08 Created: 2016-07-14 Last updated: 2016-08-08Bibliographically approved

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