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Patienters erfarenheter av att leva med kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients' experiences of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an irreversible progressive disorder that affects the pulmonary ventilation. The disease causes suffering and makes it difficult to handle everyday life. COPD is a fatal disease and the leading cause of developing the disease is smoking. The nurse's role is to individualize nursing care and alleviate the suffering of the patient and to promote a healthy lifestyle through encouragement and sharing knowledge. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate patients’ experiences of living with COPD. Method: A method aimed to contribute to evidence-based nursing care based on analysis of qualitative research, was used. The data was collected from two databases and ten scientific articles were analysed. Results: The analysis resulted in four categories: adjust the life after the disease, alienation from the "healthy world", guilt and shame for the disease and emotional affection. Twelve subcategories were revealed. The main result shows that the experience of anxiety was associated with inability to get air. Patients felt guilt and blame for inflicting the disease on themselves, due to previous smoking. Physical symptoms of the disease caused constraints, leading to social isolation and loneliness, and strategic planning of everyday life. This put patients in a position of dependence on other people. Conclusion: The conclusion shows that support from the community is important for patients with COPD and that the environment shows an understanding that the disease is affecting patients’ lives and daily living. Community and a sense of coherence affected patients in a positive way. It was revealed that the patient's self-confidence and self-care capacity is strengthened when the nurse provides support and involve the patients in their own care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, coping, daily life, patients experiences, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom, KOL, dagligt liv, patienterfarenheter, livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9577Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9577DiVA: diva2:948769
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-12 Created: 2016-07-13 Last updated: 2016-08-12Bibliographically approved

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