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Går det att mäta ett arbetsklimat med 17 items?: Validering av en ny klimatskala
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Is it possible to measure organizational climate with 17 items? : A validation of a new climate scale (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inom organisationsklimatforskningen finns det tre (3) problemområden där flera författare menar att det råder förvirring gällande (1) i vad organisationsklimatet uppstår ur, (2) hur klimatbegreppet bör definieras, samt (3) vilken nivå klimatmätningar bör genomföras på. Studien syftar därför till att validera en ny klimatskala som består av 17 items. Klimatskalan som ska valideras är en utveckling av teorin Perceived Organizational Support (POS) som i sitt original är framtagen av Eisenberger et al. (1986). POS är en individ fokuserad skala som avser att mäta det ömsesidiga utbytet mellan den anställda och dennes organisation. Författarna har omarbetat POS och utvecklat den till en klimatskala i enligt Schneiders (1975) klimatteori och Glicks (1985) riktlinjer. För att validera POS-klimatskalan skulle den, i linje med tidigare forskning, uppvisa liknande samband som mellan POS och gruppeffektivitet, gruppkreativitet. arbetstillfredsställelse, organisatoriskt engagemang samt intentionen att lämna organisationen samt personlighetsfaktorer. För att undersöka dessa samband förfrågades flera företag i olika branscher om att delta i studien. Antal deltagare uppgick till 108 respondenter vars svar analyserades genom Pearsons korrelationanalys (r). Resultatet visar att POS-klimatskalan, efter sin omarbetning, har starka samband både med organisatoriskt viktiga utfall och personlighetsfaktorer. Studien antyder att Lewins (1951) fältteori fortsatt är relevant inom organisationsklimatforskningen.

Abstract [en]

In the field of organizational climate research there are three problematic areas of confusion regarding (1) what organization climate emerges from, (2) how the concept of climate should be defined, and (3) at which level of analysis climate measures should be conducted. This study thus aims to validate a new climate scale composed of 17 items. The climate scale to be validated is a development from the Perceived Organization Support theory (POS), originally developed by Eisenberger et al. (1986). POS is an individual-level scale which pertains to measure the reciprocal relationship between the employee and the organization. The authors have modified POS and developed it into a climate scale according to Schneider's (1975) climate theory and guidelines from Glick (1985). To validate the POS-climate scale it should, in resonance with earlier research, show similar relationships as between POS and team effectiveness, team creativity, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, intention to leave as well, as personality traits. To examine these relationships several companies in different lines of businesses were asked to participate in the study. The number of participants totaled at 108, whose answers were analyzed in relation to important organizational outcomes and personality traits. Results shows that the POS-climate scale, after being modified, has strong relationships with important organizational outcomes as well as with personality traits. The study suggests that Lewins (1951) field theory is still relevant for organizational climate research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Perceived organizational support, organizational climate, personality, job satisfaction
Keyword [sv]
Perceived organizational support, arbetsklimat, personlighet, arbetstrivsel
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9523Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9523DiVA: diva2:947292
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-10 Created: 2016-07-07 Last updated: 2016-09-27Bibliographically approved

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