Upplevelser av fysisk aktivitet för människor med psykisk ohälsa
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Background: Mental ill-health is a severe problem in today's society. In a historical view the treatment of mental illness is still mainly medical and/or psychological. However, over the past decades, several alternative treatment methods emerged in psychiatric care. One of these is physical activity. Mental ill-health often is combined with physical inactivity, which in turn can have negative physical, social and/or mental effects. People with mental ill-health often have to struggle with coping daily life in which physical activity plays an important part. Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of physical activity of people with mental ill-health. Method: The method used in this study was a literature review of qualitative studies. Ten articles have been analysed with an inductive qualitative approach.Results: The results were divided into three main themes: (1) possibilities that facilitate physical activity, (2) barriers to perform physical activity and (3) consequences of physical activity. Facilitating possibilities were: being motivated by others, participating in structured education and being part of a social community. Barriers were described as: severe mental illness, practical and social threats, and low self-esteem. The consequences were: making daily life easier, reducing symptoms of mental illness and improving self-esteem. Conclusion: The result shows that patients experience both opportunities and barriers to perform physical activity. When involving in physical activity patients experienced improvement in their mental health. Improvement of self-esteem and social interaction with other persons could also be seen. To be able to involve in physical activity social support and motivation is needed for these persons.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 19 p.
Mental ill-health, inactivity, patient’s experiences, physical activity, qualitative study
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9468Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9468DiVA: diva2:945391
Subject / course