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Hur påverkar livsstilsförändringar personer med diabetes typ 2?: en litteraturbaserad studie
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How do lifestyle changes affect people with type 2 Diabetes? (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes type 2 is one of the biggest growing diseases in the world. Often are overweight and inimical eating habits the reason to develop Diabetes type 2. Lifestyle changes are the most effective way to improve the disease and become healthier. The nurse has an important role to help the person with the changes by among other things give information, motivation and by setting up goals.

Aim: To illustrate how lifestyle changes affect people with type 2 Diabetes and their everyday life. Method: This study was a study based on literature and with qualitative articles. Nine articles were taken from the database Cinahl and one was taken from PubMed. The analysis was done from Fribergs modell.

Results: It emerged four themes. Changes in food and exercise; mention that people with type 2 Diabetes needed a lifestyle changes, it meant both positive and negative effects. Food was the hardest thing to change and it appeared harder in the time of a holiday. Emotional changes; talked about the emotional struggle and the struggle against the disease. The life changed in many ways, which became difficult for them to adjust to. Reversed social life; talked about the family and friends who could help and support. Sometimes this support became something positive but sometimes it became an obstacle and something negative. The last theme, Failure and tribulation; mentioned the importance of support from someone when they felt like failures. Often was shame a feeling that was connected to failure and sometimes it lead to cheating.

Conclusion: People affects different from lifestyle changes. Change in behavior and lifestyle is not easy to do and it take a lot of time to manage it. The person needs good support, information and motivation. It´s the job assignment of the nurse to help people with lifestyle changes and therefore is this knowledge important to nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 12 p.
Keyword [en]
Experience, lifestyle changes, self-care, type 2 diabetes, qualitative
Keyword [sv]
erfarenhet, livsstilsförändring, egenvård, typ-2-diabetes, kvalitativ
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9199Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9199DiVA: diva2:910281
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2016-03-10Bibliographically approved

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