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Förebyggande av oönskad graviditet i Sverige och Finland: ett vårdvetenskapligt perspektiv
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Prevention of unwanted pregnancy in Sweden and Finland : a caring science perspective (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: The abortion rate was twice as high in Sweden compared to Finland. Many women suffered from illness related to unwanted pregnancies. There was also a big cost for the society. The Swedish midwife seemed to be working with preventive care in a good way. What else could be done to reduce the abortion rate – Could the Swedish midwife learn something from the preventive care in Finland in purpose to increase the self-care for the women to avoid unwanted pregnancies?

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how health professionals worked to prevent unwanted pregnancies in Sweden and Finland.

Method: A literature based study was chosen. Ten articles were reviewed and analyzed by the authors.

Results: The result was presented in three subject areas: Contraceptive advice, Sexual education in school and Emergency contraceptive. The systems for contraceptive care in the two countries were different. In Sweden the youth clinics were mainly responsible for contraceptive advice and prescription. In Finland the women turned to Health Care Centers. Finland had, compared to Sweden, long and positive experiences from long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC).The school in Finland took a big responsibility for the sexual education and counselling for contraceptives. Emergency contraception was available over the counter in both countries.

Conclusion: There were differences in how Sweden and Finland worked to prevent unwanted pregnancies and Sweden had some things to learn. The school nurse in Sweden could be more responsible involved in the sexual education. LARC prevented unwanted pregnancies and could be first choice contraception even for young women and non parous women. The discussion between the midwife and the patient was essential for the result. Emergency contraception offered over the counter did not reduce the abortion rate in any of the countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Abortion, adolescent, contraception, emergency, sexual education
Keyword [sv]
Abort, ungdomar, preventivmedel, akut p-piller, sexualundervisning
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9186Local ID: EXO501OAI: diva2:908508
Subject / course
Nursing science
Available from: 2016-03-02 Created: 2016-03-02 Last updated: 2016-03-02Bibliographically approved

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