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Stress, egenförmåga, socialt stöd och syskonsplacering hos studenter: en kvantiativ studie
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Stress, self-efficacy, social support and the role of siblings among students : a quantitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Stressrelaterade besvär ökar bland ungdomar och majoriteten av studenter upplever stress flera dagar i veckan. Tidigare forskning har visat att det finns samband mellan stress och egenförmåga, egenförmåga och socialt stöd och mellan stress och socialt stöd. Viss forskning visar även att plats i syskonskaran har ett samband med egenförmåga. Syftet med studien var att undersöka dessa samband ytterligare. De frågor som formulerades var (a) Finns det samband mellan stress, egenförmåga och socialt stöd? (b) Kan upplevt socialt stöd och upplevd egenförmåga predicera stress hos studenter? (c) Finns det skillnad mellan studenter som är yngstabarn, mellanbarn eller äldstabarn när det gäller stress, egenförmåga och socialt stöd?

Deltagarna var 41 programstudenter, 37 kvinnor och 4 män (M = 25.88, SD = 5.6). Etablerade frågeformulär användes för att mäta stress, egenförmåga och socialt stöd med Cronbachs alfa på .80, .89 och .85. Data analyserades med hjälp av korrelationsanalys, regressionsanalys och oberoende envägsANOVA.

Resultatet visade att (a) stress hade ett medelstarkt positivt samband med egenförmåga (r = .55, p <.01), att (b) egenförmåga hade ett medelstarkt positivt samband med socialt stöd (r = .37, p <.05) och att (c) det inte fanns något samband mellan stress och socialt stöd. Det var endast egenförmåga som predicerade stress (R = .52, p <.01). Inga skillander fanns mellan syskonplacering kopplat till stress, egenförmåga samt socialt stöd. Resultaten var delvis i linje med tidigare forskning, dock med ett oväntat resultat angående avsaknad på samband mellan stress och socialt stöd. Resultatet diskuteras utifrån möjliga kulturella skillnader.

Abstract [en]

Stress-related disorders are increasing among adolescents and the majority of students experience stress several days a week. Previous research has shown that there is a link between stress and self-efficacy, between self-efficacy and social support and between stress and social support. Research has also shown that birth order has a link to self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to investigate these relationships further. The questions for the study was (a) Is there a connection between stress, self-efficacy and social support? (b) Can social support and self-efficacy predict stress among students? (c) Is there a difference between students depending on birth order when it comes to stress, self-efficacy and social support?

The participants were 41 students, 37 women and 4 men (M = 25.88, SD = 5.6). Established questionnaires were used to measure stress, self-efficacy and social support, with Cronbachs alpha of .80, .89 and .85. The data was analyzed by using correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and independent one-way ANOVA.

The results showed that (a) stress had a positive, medium strong correlation with self-efficacy (r = .55, p <.01), and (b) self-efficacy had a positive, medium strong correlation with social support (r = .37, p <.05) and that (c) there was no correlation between stress and social support. Self-efficacy predicted stress (R = .52, p <.01). No differences were found regarding sibling position was correlated with stress, self-efficacy and social support. The results were partially in line with previous research, however, an unexpected result were regarding the absence of correlation between stress and social support. The results are discussed on the basis of possible cultural differences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 13 p.
Keyword [en]
Stress, self-efficacy, social support, siblings, students, quantitative method
Keyword [sv]
Stress, egenförmåga, socialt stöd, syskonskara, studenter, kvantitativ metod
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9080Local ID: PSK500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9080DiVA: diva2:903342
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-15 Created: 2016-02-15 Last updated: 2016-02-22Bibliographically approved

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