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Stress och personlighet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Stress är någonting som människan upplever många gånger i livet. Stress kan vara både positivt och negativt. Stressade situationer kan vara allt från en tentamen till att förbereda ett bröllop. Människor kan ha olika personlighetsdrag och de kan hantera stress olika. Det finns en modell som heter big five och genom den modellen får individen svara på mängder med frågor och genom de svar som individen lämnar skall det vara tillräckligt för att kunna få fram vart personen tenderar att placeras i för personlighetsdrag. De personlighetsdrag som finns enligt big five är öppenhet, extraversion, samvetsgrannhet, vänlighet och neurouticism. Men en människa har inte endast ett av dessa personlighetsdrag, utan människan tillhör alla dragen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om personlighetsdragen har något samband med stress. Studien undersökte även två ytterligare variabler vilket var ålder och kön. Studien var kvantitativt inriktad och information samlades således in genom enkäter. I enkäterna deltog 103 personer som svarade på frågor om stress och personlighet. Alla deltagare var yrkesverksamma och i åldrarna 19-64, könsfördelningen var 41,7% män samt 58,3% kvinnor. Instrumentet som används var PSS-10 för att mäta stress och NEO-PI-R används inom big five. Resultatet visade att bland de 103 deltagarna fanns det ett samband mellan variablerna stress, neuroticism, ålder och kön. Människor med högre grad av personlighetsdraget neuroticism tenderade att uppleva mer stress. Resultatet var i linje med tidigare forskning.

Abstract [en]

Stress is something that every person experience many times in their life time. Stress can be both positive and negative. Stressful situations can range from doing an exam to prepare for a wedding. People have different personality traits and they can handle stress differently. There is one model that is called the Big Five and with help of this personalities can be assessed. The personality traits that are included in the Big Five are openness, extraversion, conscientious, agreeableness and neuroticism. A person doesn't just possess one personality trait alone, but inhabits all of them. The purpose of the study was to examine if the personality traits are associated with stress. The study also examines two additional variables which was age and gender. The study was quantitatively oriented and the information was gathered through surveys. 103 people participated and answered questions in regards to stress and personality. All participants were in professions aged between 16-64 and the gender distribution were 41.,7% men and 58.3% women. Instruments used in the study were the PSS-10, to measure stress, and the NEO-PI-R, to measure the big five. The result showed that among the 103 participants, there was a correlation between the variables stress, neuroticism, age and gender. People with a higher level of the personality trait neuroticism tended to experience more stress. The results were in line with previous research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Stress, personality, big five
Keyword [sv]
Stress, personlighet, big five
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9045Local ID: PSK500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9045DiVA: diva2:901564
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-08 Created: 2016-02-08 Last updated: 2016-02-08Bibliographically approved

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