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Multipass Autogenous TIG Welding of Super Duplex Stainless
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6242-3517
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0234-3168
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8822-2705
2015 (English)In: 16th national conference of welding and inspection, Yazd, Iran: Proceedings, Yazd, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Multipass welding of super duplex stainless steels (SDSS) needs further characterization due to their growing applications inpetrochemical and offshore industries. This study, as a result, is aimed at investigating the effects of the number of passesand the arc energy on the microstructure and properties of 2507-type SDSS (UNS S32750). From one to four TIG weldpasses were autogenously applied on a plate using two different arc energies and with pure argon gas as the shielding gas.Chemical analysis showed increasing nitrogen loss with an increasing number of passes and increasing arc energy.Microstructural analyses revealed formation of nitrides in the weld metal and heat affected zone, and sigma phase at somedistance from the fusion boundary. Thermal cycle analysis in combination with Thermo-Calc calculations indicated thatexcessive reheating cause degradation of corrosion properties of multipass weldments, by reducing the pitting resistanceequivalent number of austenite to less than 40. Multipass welding resulted in a more ferritic weld metal microstructure and anincreased hardness.Recommendations, based on the present study, are as follows: 1) Corrosion attack can occur not only in the weld zone andnext to the fusion boundary, but also in a location at some distance from the fusion zone due to reheating in the sigma phaseformation temperature range. This should be considered in inspection procedures 2) Nitrogen loss degrades the mechanicaland corrosion properties of weldments even when welding with a low heat input. Using filler metals with higher nickelcontents and nitrogen containing shielding gases are therefore recommended. 3) It is often recommended to use a heat inputin the lower end of the recommended 0.3-1.5 kJ/mm range in multipass welding of super duplex stainless steels. However,welding with a higher heat input and fewer passes, in some cases, can decrease the risk of formation of secondary phases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Yazd, 2015.
Keyword [en]
Super duplex stainless steel; multiple thermal cycle; nitrogen loss; pitting resistance equivalent; ferrite number
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8884ISBN: 9786001363009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8884DiVA: diva2:892783
Conference
16th national conference of welding and inspection, Yazd, Iran
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Hosseini, VahidHurtig, KjellKarlsson, Leif
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