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Relative deprivation in the Nordic countries-child mental health problems in relation to parental financial stress
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. University West, NU-akademin Väst. University of Gothenburg, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7915-8972
University of Gothenburg, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Southern Denmark, Unit for Health Promotion Research, Esbjerg, Denmark.
University of Gothenburg, Health Metrics at Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, no 2, 277-282 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:  The Nordic welfare system has been acknowledged as favourable for children, successfully contributing to low child mortality and poverty rates. Nevertheless, mental health problems among children and adolescents are common and the economic situation of the family has been highlighted as an important determinant. In spite of similar social, political and cultural structures, the Nordic countries differ; Iceland was most affected by the global financial crisis in 2008. The aim of this study was to examine potential differences in parental financial stress and the associations to child mental health between the Nordic countries as well as age and gender differences.  METHODS:  The study sample consisted of 6330 children aged 4-16 years old included in the 2011 version of the Nordic Study of Children's Health, Wellbeing and Quality of life. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to measure mental health problems.  RESULTS:  In Iceland, 47.7% of the parents reported financial stress while ≤20% did so in the other countries except for Finland (33.5%). However, in case of parental financial stress the OR of mental health problems comparing children to parents with and without financial stress was significantly lower among the Icelandic children (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.15-2.24) than among the others: Denmark OR 3.07 (95% CI 2.15-4.39), Finland OR 2.28 (95% CI 1.60-3.25), Norway OR 2.77 (95% CI 1.86-4.12), Sweden OR 3.31(95% CI 2.26-4.86). No significant age or gender differences in the ORs were observed.  CONCLUSIONS:  Besides socioeconomic situation, relative deprivation should be considered an important determinant of child mental health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 26, no 2, 277-282 p.
National Category
Nursing Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8703DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckv191ISI: 000374479200015PubMedID: 26490511ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84966277501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8703DiVA: diva2:874443
Note

 First published online: 21 October 2015

Available from: 2015-11-26 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2016-12-16Bibliographically approved

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