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Beliefs in dualism and personal values
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1673-6288
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Dualists view mind and body as two fundamentally different kinds of “things”. Mind and the physical body are viewed as equally real and neither of them is, in a primal way, thought to be dependent on the other. Cartesian or “substance” dualism include the idea that mind and body belong to two different substances, the non-physical and the physical. These two substances are furthermore thought to influence each other causally. Physicalism, on the other hand, is the notion that everything is physical or totally dependent of and determined by physical items. In this view everything in the world is composed by the same kind of substance, which is physical or material. All mental states are hence fundamentally physical states. In the current study Swedish university students views on the mind-body relationship as well as the importance they attached to different personal values were measured using a self-report inventory. Students that attached more importance to the power value; that is to strive for social status and prestige, and control or dominance over people and resources, were found to hold stronger non-dualistic or physicalistic views on the mind-body relationship. If similar results in future studies of professional philosophers should be found it would challenge the idea that philosophical arguments and opinions is something “above” or “are unaffected by” psychological factors such as personal values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8652OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8652DiVA: diva2:869074
Conference
Toward a Science of Consciousness 2015, Helsingfors, Finland, 9 – 12 juni 2015
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-12 Last updated: 2016-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Grankvist, Gunne

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