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En kvantitativ studie om hälsoprofilbedömning, motivation och självbestämmande teorin
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A quantitative study on health profile assessment, motivation and Self-Determination Theory (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka motivation, upplevd hälsa och genomförd hälsoprofilbedömning. Motivationen mättes utifrån de tre psykologiska basbehoven inom självbestämmande teorin; autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet. Detta gjordes genom en svensk översättning av Basic Needs Satisfaction at work scale (BNS), ihop med frågor kring upplevd hälsa och framkomna resultat från deltagarnas tidigare genomförda hälsoprofilbedömningar. Studien genomfördes på ett fastighetsbolag beläget i Västra Götalands län med 69 tillfrågade deltagare. Av dessa besvarades 15 enkäter utav män och 12 utav kvinnor. De framkomna resultaten utifrån Cohen´s d visade på att det förekom vissa könsskillnader utifrån upplevelsen av de psykologiska basbehoven. Den största skillnaden återfanns i behovet av samhörighet. Resultaten visade här på att kvinnorna hade tenderat att värdera behovet av samhörighet högre än männen. Det gick även att se hur det förekom betydande skillnader mellan basbehoven baserat utifrån ålder. Resultaten visade på att deltagare som var 50 år eller äldre hade värderat behovet av autonomi högre än de som var 49 år eller yngre. Genom att se till skillnaderna mellan de bägge åldersgrupperna framkom också resultat i stickprovet som visade på hur deltagare ur den yngre åldersgruppen (49 år eller yngre) tenderade att uppleva sin hälsa som bättre än de inom åldersgruppen på 50 år eller äldre. Dessutom framkom det också resultat över hur upplevelsen av hälsan tenderade att skilja sig åt mellan könen. Resultaten från stickprovet visade på att männen tenderade att uppleva sin hälsa som något bättre än kvinnorna. Däremot visade ingen av de framkomna resultaten på någon statistisk signifikans.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine motivation, perceived health, and health profile assessments. The motivation was measured through the three basic psychological needs included in the Self-Determination Theory; autonomy, competence and relatedness. This was conducted through a Swedish translation of the Basic Needs Satisfaction at Work Scale (BNS), together with questions about perceived health and the results from the participants’ previously conducted health profile assessments. The study was carried out at a real-estate company, located in the county of Västra Götaland with 69 potential respondents. Of those who opted to participate, 15 were men and 12 were women. The results with help of Cohen's d reported that there were some gender-differences based on the experience of the basic psychological needs. The largest of the differences was found in the need of relatedness, where women tended to value this need higher than men. It was also possible to see lager differences between the needs in different age groups. The results showed that participants who were 50 years or older had valued the need for autonomy higher than they who were younger. By looking at differences between the two age groups this also showed that participants of the younger age group (49 years or younger) tended to experience their health as better than those who were older. Furthermore, perceived health tended to differ between the genders. According to the results from the sample, men tended to experience their general health slightly better than the women. However, none of the results in the study showed any statistical significance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Motivation, Self-Determination Theory, health profile assessment, health
Keyword [sv]
Motivation, självbestämmande teorin, hälsoprofilbedömning, hälsa
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8369Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8369DiVA: diva2:858490
Subject / course
Occupational & organizational psychology
Educational program
Hälsovetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2015-10-02Bibliographically approved

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