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Konstruktion av ensamkommande barn: En diskurspsykologisk studie kring hur föreställningar om ensamkommande barn görs trovärdiga på ett diskussionsforum online
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Construction of Unaccompanied Children : A Study inDiscursive Psychology on how Concepts of Unaccompanied Children Become Credibleon an Online Forum (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Konstruktioner av ensamkommande barn har undersökts till viss del. Föreställningar om barnen i bland annat medier och policydokument har studerats. Hur barnen konstrueras inom en "vardagskontext", i form av ett öppet diskussionsforum online (Flashback Forum), och hur konstruktioner däri görs trovärdiga, bedöms eftersatt.

Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande studie var att identifiera olika inom Flashback Forum förekommande diskurser kring ensamkommande barn, med avseende på deras retoriska organisering. Med diskurs avsågs ett sätt att tala om och förstå världen som konstruerar ett objekt eller företeelse på ett särskilt sätt.

Metod: För att besvara syftet användes en diskurspsykologisk ansats vilken fokuserar på hur trovärdighet och sanning skapas i kommunikation. Utifrån en teoretisk modell, innefattande de fyra retoriska teknikerna category entitlement, empirisk repertoar, konsensus och extremfallsformuleringar, undersöktes hur skribenter på forumet skapade sanning och bemötte andras föreställningar om barnen.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att ensamkommande barn omges av diskurserna de vuxna, barnen, våldtäktsmännen, de särbehandlade, de sexuellt utsatta samt diskursen om de biologiskt manliga könet. Diskurserna användes parallellt i talen och underbyggde argumenteringar på forumet. Skribenterna använde de studerade retoriska teknikerna för att skapa trovärdighet i uttalanden. Med särskilda uttrycksformer skapades fakta om ensamkommande barn.

Abstract [en]

Background: Constructions of unaccompanied children have been researched to some extent. Concepts of the children have been studied in media and policy documents amongst others. How the children are constructed within an "everyday context", in form of an open online discussion forum (Flashback Forum), and how the constructions become credible, are regarded as under-researched.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify different discourses concerning unaccompanied children on the Flashback Forum, with regard to their rhetorical organization. Discourse is meant as a way to talk about and understand the world that constructs an object or phenomenon in a particular way.

Method: To answer the aim, a discursive psychological approach was used, which focuses on how credibility and truth are created in communication. Based on a theoretical model, including the four rhetorical techniques category entitlement, empirical repertoire, consensus and extreme case formulations, it was examined how the writers at the forum created truth and responded to others' beliefs about the children.

Result: The results showed that unaccompanied children are surrounded by the discourses: the adults, the children, the rapists, the special treated, the sexually vulnerable and the discourse of the biologically male sex. Discourses were used in parallel in the speeches and to back up arguments at the forum. The writers used the studied rhetorical techniques to build credibility in the statements. With specific expression, facts about unaccompanied children were created.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 116 p.
Keyword [en]
Concepts, constructions, credibility, discursive psychology, Flashback Forum, unaccompanied children
Keyword [sv]
Diskurspsykologi, ensamkommande barn, Flashback Forum, föreställningar, konstruktioner, trovärdighet
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8244Local ID: BAU900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8244DiVA: diva2:856828
Subject / course
Child and Youth Studies
Educational program
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-25 Last updated: 2015-09-28Bibliographically approved

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