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Multidimensionell delaktighet i Namibia: En studie om elevers upplevelse av delaktighet i den namibiska skolan.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Multidimensional participation in Namibia : A study of pupils' experience of participation in the Namibian school. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Delaktighet är ett vanligt förekommande begrepp som bland annat används inom socialpedagogiken för att studera mänskliga relationer. Det finns dock många dimensioner av delaktighet, begreppet kan av individen upplevas ha både en subjektiv och objektiv betydelse. Enligt barnkonventionen har alla barn rätt att gå i skolan. Vidare påpekar barnkonventionen att skolan ska skapa delaktighet för barnen. Att känna sig delaktig kan således anses vara en mänsklig rättighet, men hur pass delaktiga upplever eleverna på skolan sig egentligen?

Föreliggande studie har haft till syfte att studera och analysera hur elevers delaktighet framhävs i skolmiljön utifrån ett elevperspektiv, både under lektionstid med lärare och utanför lektionstid elever emellan. Arbetet har bedrivits i en kommunal namibisk skola med hjälp av deltagande observationer, semistrukturerade intervjuer och en mikroetnografisk metodologisk ansats.

Resultaten av arbetet överensstämmer till viss del med tidigare forskning. Eleverna upplever mycket social och informell delaktighet mellan varandra, men skolan brister på att skapa relationell pedagogik och delaktighet i klassrummet. Bristen på inflytande över lärandet påverkar studiemotivationen, vilket i sin tur upplevs som dålig studieprestation av lärarna och leder till att eleverna bestraffas. Till skillnad från resultaten av tidigare forskning påvisades i föreliggande arbete ingen socioekonomisk påverkan på elevprestation. Detta har troligtvis att göra med att skolan kompenserar elever med lägre socioekonomisk status genom att erbjuda billigt boende, mat och skoluniform. Resultaten från arbetet kan användas för att bedriva liknande forskning.

Abstract [en]

Participation is a common concept, which is used in social pedagogy to study human relations. However, there are many dimensions of participation and the concept can be both a subjective and objective meaning. According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), all children should have the right to go to school. Additionally, the CRC points out that the school should create participation for the children. To feel involved can thus be regarded as a human right, but how participated does the pupils experience themselves?

This study aimed to study and analyze how pupils' participation is emphasized in the school environment from a pupils' perspective, both in class with teachers and outside of the classroom among the pupils themselves. The study has been conducted in a municipal Namibian school using participant observation, semi-structured interviews and a micro ethnographic methodological approach.

The results of the study are consistent to some extent with previous research. Pupils experience very social and informal participation among each other, but the school fails to create relational pedagogy and participation in the classroom. The lack of influence is affecting the pupils study motivation, which in turn is perceived as bad study performance by the teachers and they therefore get punished. Unlike the results of previous research, this study shows that socio-economic status does not affect pupil performance. This probably has to do with the fact that the school compensates pupils with lower socio-economic status by providing affordable accommodation, free food and school uniforms. The results of this study can be used to conduct similar research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Participation, Learning, Namibia, Social Pedagogy.
Keyword [sv]
Delaktighet, Lärande, Namibia och Socialpedagogik.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8225Local ID: ESC500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8225DiVA: diva2:856440
Subject / course
Social pedagogy
Educational program
Socialpedagogik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-28 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2015-09-28Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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