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Motivation factors within non-profit projects: How project leaders can motivate their project group
University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivationsfaktorer inom ideella projekt : Hur projektledare kan motivera sin projektgrupp (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Projects as a work model are becoming more and more popular and also within non-profit organizations. The non-profit organization however, cannot offer monetary rewards as compensation for the time people put in when working within non-profit organizations. They need to find other ways to motivate people to join the non-profit projects but also to remain within these projects.

The purpose of this study was to investigate which motivation factors were considered important within two student unions when joining a non-profit project. The purpose was also to investigate how project leaders should act in order to keep their project group motivated within these non-profit projects. To fulfill these purposes we investigated these problems qualitatively, through interviews and quantitatively, through a survey. 16 interviews were performed, seven with project leaders and nine with project workers and the survey resulted in 64 respondents.

In the theoretical part, the following motivation theories were used; Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Herzberg’s two-factor theory, Vroom’s expectancy theory, Hackman and Oldham’s theory of motivation and McClelland’s need theory. In addition to these theories, theories about non-profit motivation, leadership, and leadership within non-profit organizations were presented along with McGregor’s theory X & Y. These theories formed the basis on which the empirical results were collected along with the interpretations of the results, which showed that some of the theories were more applicable than others.

The conclusions of the study showed that the most motivating factors were personal development, new experiences, social belonging as well as gaining merits to put on the résumé. A project leader who was motivating was also someone who was respondent, engaged, positive and who gave feedback, which were all very important for the volunteers’ motivation.

Abstract [sv]

Projekt som arbetsmodell blir alltmer populär även inom den ideella verksamheten. Ideella organisationer har dock inte möjlighet att erbjuda lön som kompensation till människor som engagerar sin tid i den ideella organisationen utan behöver finna andra sätt att motivera människor att dels ansluta sig till de ideella projekten och dels att stanna inom dessa projekt.

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka motivationsfaktorer som ideellt engagerade inom två studentkårer ansåg vara viktiga för att gå med i ett ideellt projekt. Syftet var också att undersöka hur projektledare kan gå tillväga för att hålla sin projektgrupp motiverad inom dessa ideella projekt. För att uppnå syftet undersökte vi dessa problem kvalitativt, genom intervjuer samt kvantitativt, genom enkäter. Det genomfördes 16 intervjuer, sju med projektledare och nio med projektarbetare och enkäten resulterade i 64 svar.

I teoridelen användes motivationsteorierna Maslows behovshierarki, Herzbergs tvåfaktorteori, Vrooms förväntansteori, Hackman och Oldhams motivationsteori samt McClellands behovsteori. Utöver det presenterades även teorier om ideell motivation, teorier om ledarskap, McGregors teori X & Y samt teorier om ledarskap inom ideell verksamhet. Dessa teorier utgjorde grunden för insamlingen av empirin samt för tolkningen av resultatet, som visade att vissa av teorierna var mer applicerbara än andra.

Resultatet av studien visade att de faktorer som var mest motiverande var personlig utveckling, nya erfarenheter, social tillhörighet samt meriter att sätta på sitt CV. En projektledare som var motiverande var även någon som var lyhörd, engagerad, positiv och som gav feedback vilket var viktigt för volontärernas motivation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 51 p.
Keyword [en]
Motivation, motivation factors, non-profit, volunteers, projects
Keyword [sv]
Motivation, motivationsfaktorer, ideellt, volontärer, projekt
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8150Local ID: EXC504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8150DiVA: diva2:854839
Subject / course
Business administration
Educational program
Ekonomprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-21 Created: 2015-09-18 Last updated: 2015-09-28Bibliographically approved

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