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"Tänk chef, tänk man": Kvinnliga och manligachefers upplevda förutsättningar kring chefskapet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”Think manager, think male” : Female and malemanagers’ perceived circumstances in manager roles (English)
Abstract [sv]

Färre kvinnor än män återfinns i ledande positioner och de kvinnor som innehar sådana har i regel lägre lön. Syftet med studien är undersöka om respondenterna upplever att det finns olika förutsättningar för kvinnor och män att nå ledande positioner, i utövandet av sitt chefskap samt att försöka förstå hur de ser på frågor kring ledarskap i relation till manligt och kvinnligt? Finns det olika upplevda förutsättningar för kvinnor och män i rollen som chef? Hur ser dessa i sådana fall ut och vad beror de på? Tillskrivs kvinnliga och manliga chefer olika egenskaper? För att försöka få svar på dessa genomfördes en kvalitativ studie där vi intervjuade tre kvinnliga och tre manliga chefer inom en offentlig förvaltning. De huvudteman som framkom var "Chefskapet", "Chefsegenskaper", "Privatliv" samt "Mentorer och förebilder". Resultatet visade att respondenterna hade blivit chefer utav olika anledningar och att det fanns en stor skillnad i utbildningsnivå mellan könen. Respondenterna uppfattade att det fanns skillnader i utövandet av ledarskap mellan män och kvinnor. De kvinnliga och de manliga cheferna beskrev manligt och kvinnligt ledarskap utifrån "mjuka" och "hårda" egenskaper. Detta ligger i linje med redan etablerade fördomar eller kategorier som återfanns i teorin. Framförallt de kvinnliga cheferna upplevde kombinationen mellan chefskap och privatliv som svårbalanserade. Avsaknande av förebilder och mentorer upplevdes som ett problem från flera av respondenterna och som en möjlig åtgärd påtalades kvotering. Ämnet upplevdes som väldigt komplext och en slutsats var att det fanns vissa skillnader i upplevda förutsättningar för män och kvinnor i chefskapet.

Abstract [en]

Fewer women than men are found in leading positions in the society and women who hold these positions more often have lower wages than men. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the respondents felt that there were different circumstances for women and men to achieve leading positions, in exercising their leadership, and to understand how they saw issues around leadership in relation to male and female? Are there different circumstances for women and men in the role as leaders? How do these in such cases look like? Are female and male managers attributed with different properties? To try to answer these questions we conducted a qualitative study in which we interviewed three female and three male managers in public administration. The main themes that emerged were "Manager roles", the "Manager Properties", "Private Life" and "Mentors and role models." The results showed that the respondents had become managers for a variety of reasons and that there was a big difference in education between the sexes. The respondents perceived that there were differences in the exercise of leadership between men and women. The female and male managers described the male and female leadership based on the characteristics "soft" and "hard". This is in line with already established preju-dices or categories that were found in mentioned theory. Especially the female managers felt that the combination of leadership and privacy were hard to balance. The lack of role models and mentors was perceived as a problem by many of the respondents and quotas was pointed out as a possible measure. The topic was perceived as very complex and one conclusion was that there were some differences in the perceived opportunities for men and women in management landscape.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Leadership, gender, role congruity theory, tokens, the glass ceiling, the labyrinth, homosocial reproduction
Keywords [sv]
Ledarskap, kön, role congruity teorin, tokens, glastaket, labyrinten, homosocialitet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8089Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8089DiVA, id: diva2:853086
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-15 Created: 2015-09-11 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved

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