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Psykosocial arbetsmiljö och lärarens vardag
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Teacher's workdays and psycho-social environments (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under de senaste åren har det diskuterats mycket i valdebatter och press om skolan och lärares arbetssituation. Resultaten för svensk skola har sjunkit i internationella undersökningar och brist på behöriga lärare har blivit vanligare (OECD, 2015). Hur påverkas den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och klarar lärarna kraven de ställs inför med bibehållen hälsa? Är utmaningarna realistiska och finns det medvetenhet om hur riskerna påverkar hälsan? Denna kvalitativa studie består av intervjuer med sju lärare i varierande ålder från trettiotre till femtiotvå år i olika västsvenska kommuner. Tre män och fyra kvinnor deltog i semistrukturerade intervjuer, vilka utgick från en intervjuguide och därefter analyserades tematiskt. Det viktigaste resultatet var att lärare uppfattade att arbetsbelastningen var för hög i många fall. Hälsan påverkas för många lärare av stress och därtill relaterade besvär. Stöd från kollegor är nödvändigt för att fungera väl och orka med. Ekonomiska neddragningar minskar mängden resurspersonal och ökar belastningarna ytterligare. Undersökningen visar att det finns en uppfattning bland lärare att om de administrativa uppgifter de fått minskade skulle de kunna utföra sitt arbete bättre. Undersökningens resultat ligger i linje med vad OECD (2015) kom fram till.

Abstract [en]

During the last years there have been many discussions in election debates and in the press about school and teachers work situation. The result in the Swedish school has been decreasing in international studies and a lack of competent teachers has become more common according to the OECD (2015). In what way is the psychosocial work environments affected and are the teachers able to meet the demands without loss of health? Are the challenges realistic and is there an awareness of how this influences the health? This qualitative study consists of interviews with seven teachers in different ages between thirty-three and fifty-two years old in different counties in western Sweden. Three men and four women participated in semi-structured interviews that was based on an interview guide and thematically analyzed. The most important result was that the teachers perceived that their work strain was too high in many cases. The health was affected for many teachers due to stress and pains. Support from the colleagues is necessary to function well and have the strength to go on. Economic cut backs decrease the amount of support personnel and increase the demands further. The study shows that there is an opinion among teachers that if the administrative chores would be decreased their ability to do their work would increase. The results of the study are well in line with the OECD report (2015).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Teachers, work strain, demands, risks, stress, qualitative method, health, psychosocial work environment.
Keyword [sv]
Lärare, arbetsbelastning, krav, risker, stress, kvalitativ metod, hälsa, psykosocial arbetsmiljö.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7819Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7819DiVA: diva2:843420
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-07-28 Last updated: 2015-08-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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More styles
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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