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Samverkansövningar: Om lärande och nytta
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6358-3528
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9463-7341
2015 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)Alternative title
Collaboration Exercises : about learning and usefulness (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien handlar om samverkansövningar med särskilt fokus på fullskaleövningar mellan polis, räddningstjänst och ambulans. För att lyckas i en komplex situation behöver personalens förmåga att samverka organisationsövergripande utvecklas och förfinas.

Det övergripande syftet med denna studie var att studera hur samverkan övas och hur övningarna leder till lärande och nytta. I studien gjordes inledningsvis en forskningsöversikt. Utifrån den har ett antal centrala begrepp tagits fram som varit till hjälp när vi följt svenska samverkansövningar genom intervjuer och observationer. Den samlade analysen har sedan legat till grund för konstruktionen av en ny övningsmodell, 3NS, trenivåsamverkan. Den bygger på erfarenheter vi gjort i studier av traditionella övningar.

De 3NS-övningar som genomfördes bestod av två praktiska moment och tre seminarier. Varje moment följdes av ett utvärderande seminarium som syftade till att deltagarna själva skulle reflektera och utveckla sitt handlingsmönster. De båda praktiska momenten var identiska. Det gav de övande tillfälle att repetera och metodiskt prova nya angreppssätt. Det första övningsmomentet genomfördes enligt de rutiner som normalt tillämpas och styr handlandet vid en skarp händelse. Det andra övningsmomentet föregicks av ett självkritiskt seminarium där deltagarna själva identifierade vad som kunde förbättras till nästa övningsomgång.

Forskningsprojektet har genomförts 2011-2014. Totalt har 19 samverkansövningar studerats, varav 16 fullskaleövningar. I studien har totalt 97 intervjuer och 125 timmar observation genomförts. En enkät (CLU-instrument) har utvecklats, vilken besvarats av 272 övningsdeltagare.

Studien visar att kollaborativa moment vid övningar bidrar till att deltagarna lär sig mer och har större nytta av övningar. 3NS-övningarna uppfattades förbättra lärandet med 26 procent och nyttan med 17 procent jämfört med traditionella övningar. Samverkansövningar gynnas av att de övande själva analyserar sina svagheter. Repetitiva inslag där de övande prövar alternativa strategier förbättrar beredskapen inför skarpa händelser.

Abstract [en]

This study relates to collaboration exercises, with particular focus on the full-scale exercises between the police, rescue services and ambulance. To succeed in a complex situation, it requires that the personnel’s ability to collaborate across organisations be developed and refined.

The overall aim of this study was to examine how collaboration is practised and how exercises lead to learning and usefulness. A research summary was initially done in this study. Based on that, a number of key concepts were developed that proved helpful when we followed the Swedish collaboration exercises through interviews and observations. The collected analysis has since been the basis for the design of a new exercise model, 3LC, three-level collaboration. It is based on the experiences we have had in studies of traditional exercises.

The 3LC exercises that were conducted consisted of two practical sessions and three seminars. Each session was followed by an evaluative seminar with the aim that participants themselves would reflect and develop their patterns of behaviour. The two practical sessions were identical. It gave the participants the opportunity to rehearse and methodically try new approaches. The first exercise session was carried out according to the procedures that normally apply and govern the actions at an actual event. The second exercise session was preceded by a self-critical seminar where participants themselves identified what could be improved for the next exercise session.

The research project was carried out from 2011 to 2014. A total of 19 collaboration exercises were studied, including 16 full-scale exercises. A total of 97 interviews and 125 hours of observation were carried out in this study. A questionnaire (CLU instrument) was developed, which was answered by 272 exercise participants.

The study shows that collaborative sessions in the exercises contributed to the participants learning more and having greater usefulness from the exercises. 3LC exercises were perceived to enhance learning by 26 per cent and usefulness by 17 per cent, compared with traditional exercises. Collaborative exercises are benefitted when participants analyse their weaknesses themselves. Repetitive elements where participants try out alternative strategies improve preparedness prior to actual events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Bokförlaget BAS, 2015, 1. , 544 p.
Keyword [en]
Collaboration, exercise, police, rescue services, ambulance, three-level collaboration, synchronous collaboration, repetition, improvisation, learning, usefulness, interactive protocols, accident, crisis.
Keyword [sv]
Samverkan, övning, polis, räddningstjänst, ambulans, trenivåsamverkan, synkron samverkan, repetition, improvisation, lärande, nytta, interaktivt protokoll, olycka, kris.
National Category
Business Administration Public Administration Studies Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Work Sciences
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Public administration; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Business administration; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7735ISBN: 978-91-7246-331-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7735DiVA: diva2:822257
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-16 Last updated: 2015-07-09Bibliographically approved

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Berlin, JohanCarlström, Eric

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