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"Att inte trampa någon på tårna": BVC-sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att samtala med föräldrar till ett barn med övervikt eller fetma
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"Not to step on any toes" : Child health care nurse's experience of talking to the parents of a child with overweight or obesity (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: A Child Health Nurse has great potential to detect and identify children who are at risk for developing overweight and obesity. Overweight and obesity is a contributing cause of ill health later in life. Therefore, prevention and health promotion in life´s early stages is of great importance in order to help prevent obesity.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the Child Health Nurses' experiences and lessons learned of talking to parents about their child's well being in regards to being overweight or obese.

Method: An inductive and qualitative interview study was conducted. Ten pediatric clinical nurses, all working within the field of Child Health Care in the region of Västra Götaland in Sweden, were interviewed. These interviews were then analyzed using a qualitative content analysis method.

Results: This study resulted in a conclusion that can be divided into five categories, each important factors that needs to be considered when dealing and preventing obesity at an early age: to choose pedagogical strategies, to ensure the family's situation, to support healthy eating, to be tactful and gentle, and to focus the thinking on the prevention of obesity.

Conclusion: The Child Health Nurses' are experiencing difficulties when talking with parents about their child being overweight or obese. A good relationship, between the Child Health Nurses and the parents, facilitates the communication, which makes it easier to converse. Another obstacle when addressing these issues with parents is the child's presence during the conversations. Also, it is of great importance to take into account the families' situation as well as potential external factors that can have an impact on their life situation.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: BVC-sjuksköterskan har stora möjligheter att upptäcka och identifiera barn som ligger i riskzonen för att utveckla övervikt eller fetma. Övervikt och fetma är en bidragande orsak till ohälsa senare i livet. Därför behövs förebyggande och hälsofrämjande insatser i tidigt skede för att utveckling av övervikt ska förhindras.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva BVC-sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att samtala med föräldrar om deras barns övervikt eller fetma.

Metod: En induktiv och kvalitativ intervjustudie genomfördes. Tio BVC-sjuksköterskor, verksamma inom barnhälsovården i Västra Götaland, intervjuades och intervjuerna analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Resultatet i studien ledde till fem kategorier som: Att välja pedagogiska strategier, Att se till familjens situation, Att stödja till hälsosamma matvanor, Att vara finkänslig och varsam och Att tänka förebyggande.

Konklusion: BVC-sjuksköterskan upplever svårigheter att samtala med föräldrarna om deras barns övervikt eller fetma. En god relation mellan BVC-sjuksköterskan och föräldrarna underlättar samtalet. Ytterligare en svårighet i samtalet är barnets närvaro under samtalet. Omgivande faktorer som påverkar familjens situation är av stor vikt att ta hänsyn till.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Child, Nurse, Parents, Obesity, Qualitative.
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Sjuksköterska, Föräldrar, Fetma, Kvalitativ
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7707Local ID: EXD800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7707DiVA: diva2:817354
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2015-06-05Bibliographically approved

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