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Being Multisituated: Characterizing laptoping in networked situations
University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design. Göteborgs universitet, IT-fakulteten.
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During the last 30 years mobile IT has gone from being an exotic ingredient to an everyday artifact. This thesis presents an ethnographic study of laptop use in a university setting. The thesis concludes that it is no longer enough to describe the use of portable IT as an activity in its own right, i.e. using a laptop computer as an activity similar to reading a book or writing an essay. Additionally, describing a person as merely a user of digital technology fails to capture the intervowennessbetween the technology, situation, person and other actors. In order to find more nuanced answers about laptop use the thesis discuss what characterize the use of laptops in everyday life. With support from Actor-Network Theory, the Interaction Order and Experiential computing the thesis explores the hybrid combination of a person-laptop. The contribution is a framework of the driving forces behind the laptoper’s everyday activities. Additionally a model of the networked situation is presented, that uncovers the effects of the laptoper over time, that is, the laptoping process. The contribution is a framework with key characteristics and typified interactions where the multisituated and network dimensions are understood as fundamental elements of hybrid interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: University of Gothenburg , 2015. , 72 p.
Series
Gothenburg Studies in Informatics, ISSN 1400-74147 ; 47
Keyword [en]
Laptoping, laptoper, interaction order, actor-network theory, networked situation, multisituationism.
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7632ISBN: 978-91-982069-2-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7632DiVA: diva2:815684
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2015-06-01Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Laptops in classroom interaction: Deconstructing the networked situation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laptops in classroom interaction: Deconstructing the networked situation
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, ISSN 1560-4624, E-ISSN 1741-5055, Vol. 25, no 2, 226-240 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The screen, as part of networked technologies such as phones, tablets and laptops is at present a debated subject as it affects how people behave in meetings, lectures and other social gatherings. As these networked technologies attract attention and mediates interaction during physical social gatherings, they also change how we perceive and define what a situation is. In this article we focus on the different types of screen related interactions identified in a higher education classroom. Since these networked technologies are commonplace at university campuses it is important to describe their effects on everyday situations such as lectures. While a range of studies have raised questions regarding the negative effects of multitasking, screen peeking and other laptop related side effects this article emphasise the situational impact of student-laptop interaction. The contribution emphasises on the computer mediated interaction with both other students, external others as well as a range of digital resources. The research thus aims at providing educators and researchers with a model to advance their understanding of the laptoped and networked situation.

National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7630 (URN)2-s2.0-84931834966 (Scopus ID)
Note

Ingår i avhandling

Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
2. Breadcrumbs of interaction: situating personal information management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breadcrumbs of interaction: situating personal information management
2008 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th Nordic conference on Human-computer interaction: building bridges, ACM , 2008, 266-273 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM, 2008
Series
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, Vol. 358
Keyword
Personal Information Management, ethnography, laptop
National Category
Information Science
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1740 (URN)978-1-59593-704-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-01 Created: 2009-10-01 Last updated: 2015-06-01Bibliographically approved
3. Laptopers in an educational practice: Promoting the personal learning situation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laptopers in an educational practice: Promoting the personal learning situation
2010 (English)In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 54, no 2, 311-320 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article an ethnographical study of laptopers' activities during lectures in a university milieu is analyzed as different kinds of involvements. Through interviews and observations we have focused on how these involvements influence the laptopers' alignment towards the educational practice. The analysis shows the importance of separating the educational practice and the personal learning situation. Studying students' learning intentions, rather than certain laptop related activities, we get a deeper understanding of the role the laptop can take during learning activities. Five general characteristics of laptoping are found. Negotiating the laptops' different roles in the educational practice opens up for an understanding of the students personal learning situation as being more than just listening to a lecturer. Additionally, competent integration of digital tools into the learning situation extends the dimensions of the lecture beyond the lecturing hours and personal note taking. Such knowledge is vital for creating foundations for digital competency in a digitized society. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

National Category
Information Science
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2092 (URN)10.1016/j.compedu.2009.07.014 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-01-04 Created: 2010-01-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
4. Characterizing the Laptoper: The sustainability struggle of onlineness, content curation and visibility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterizing the Laptoper: The sustainability struggle of onlineness, content curation and visibility
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7631 (URN)
Note

Ingår i avhandling

Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved
5. The laptop as an alibi: Use patterns of unfocused interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The laptop as an alibi: Use patterns of unfocused interaction
2012 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 2012, no 2, 132-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on a qualitative study of laptop-equipped university students, this article investigates the laptop's role in educational practice. Goffman's framework on unfocused interaction was used to develop and analyze three use patterns: screen peeking, online tics and screensaver fear. These patterns advance our understanding of laptop use, unfocused interaction and the the role of the laptop in the studied situations. The laptop introduces an interpretative flexibility that allows a greater range of different behaviors relative to the dominant involvement. © 2012 Universitetsforlaget.

Keyword
Goffman, Involvement, Laptop, Observations, Students
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4618 (URN)2-s2.0-84865101278 (Scopus ID)1891943X (ISSN) (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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