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Intra-individual variability in tinnitus patients: Current thoughts and perspectives.
University of Poitiers,  CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5360-8883
University of Bordeaux and CHU of Bordeaux, Tinnitus Clinic, Department of ORL-HNS, CNRS-UMR 5287, Bordeaux.
2015 (English)In: HNO (Berlin. Print), ISSN 0017-6192, E-ISSN 1433-0458, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 302-306Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most tinnitus studies have attempted to compare groups of individuals, thus revealing inter-individuals differences, i.e., variations between compared subjects. For methodological reasons, inter-individual studies cannot take into account the variability of tinnitus experience, which has been known for decades to be relevant in daily practice with tinnitus patients. The concept of intra-individual variability has been promoted in the research literature, in order to shed light on this aspect of individual perception. In previous studies, unrelated to hearing, the concept of intra-individual variability implied inclusion of the environment (i.e., physical and social interactions) as a factor of individual performance. In tinnitus research, we believe that the concept of variability (within a person) could find a place beside the concept of variation (between groups of subjects). In this paper, four perspectives of tinnitus experiences from the clinical and research fields are described: (1) ENT consultation; (2) short-term group psychotherapy; (3) psychodynamic psychotherapy; and (4) clinical psychological research. Intra-individual variability stresses the importance of defining tinnitus in a dynamic way, contrary to the current definition of tinnitus as the perception of sound(s). In clinical practice, it is useful to embrace the perspective of the perceiverof tinnitus, and to include social and cultural circumstances as well as audiological/physical changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2015. Vol. 63, no 4, p. 302-306
Keywords [en]
Tinnitus; Inter-individual variability, Intra-individual variability, Psychotherapy, Sociocultural factors
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7577DOI: 10.1007/s00106-014-2978-2ISI: 000352857400009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7577DiVA, id: diva2:810029
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Lundin, Linda

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